Whether wih pistold or swords, here is a list of people who were killed in duels. These famous men killed in a duel were notable for other reasons, but when a challenge was laid down they accepted and ultimately lost. Former president Andrew Jackson killed someone in a duel, and First Secretary of the treasury Alexander Hamilton famously lost in a duel with Aaron Burr. Feel free to sort the list by name, profession or date of birth.Who are some famous men killed in a duel? These famous duelists unfortunately for them, met their match and died by the hand of the sword. What's the old adage, you win some you lose some?