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Famous Modernist Artists, Ranked

Updated June 19, 2018 2.4k votes 438 voters 77.6k views79 items

List RulesVote up the best Modernist artists.

List of famous Modernism artists, with images, bios, and information about their notable works. All the greatest artists associated with the Modernism movement are included here, along with clickable names for more details on that particular painter or sculptor. Make sure to also check out famous rococo artists and famous dada artists. These notable Modernism period artists are organized by popularity, so the best artists are at the top of the list. If you think the best Modernism artist isn't as high as they should be then be sure to give them an upvote.

List features artists like Georgia O'Keeffe, Henri Matisse, and more!

This list answers the questions, "Who are the most famous Modernism artists?" and "Who are the best Modernism artists?"

Almost every well-known or influential figure in this movement is listed below. You may want to copy this factual list to build your own just like it, re-rank it to fit your views, then publish it to share it on Facebook, Twitter or any other social sites you frequent.

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  • Photo: George Rinhart/Contributor / Corbis Historical/Getty Images
    Pablo Ruiz Picasso (UK: , US: , Spanish: [ˈpaβlo piˈkaso]; 25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a dramatic portrayal of the bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian airforces during the Spanish Civil...  more
    • Artworks: Guernica, The Old Guitarist, Family of Saltimbanques, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Las Meninas (after Velázquez)
    • Birthplace: Málaga, Spain
    • Associated periods or movements: Picasso's African Period, Analytic cubism, Cubism, Picasso's Rose Period, Picasso's Blue Period
    • Nationality: Spain
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Ceramic art, Painting, Printmaking, Drawing
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  • Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Henri Émile Benoît Matisse (French: [ɑ̃ʁi emil bənwɑ matis]; 31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Pablo Picasso, as one of the artists who best helped to define the revolutionary developments in the visual arts throughout the opening decades of the twentieth century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture.The intense colorism of the works he painted between 1900 and 1905 brought him notoriety as one of the Fauves (wild beasts). Many of his...  more
    • Artworks: Woman with a Hat, Blue Nude II, Les toits de Collioure, Green Stripe, Madras Rouge
    • Birthplace: Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France
    • Associated periods or movements: Fauvism, Modernism, Impressionism, Neo-impressionism
    • Nationality: France
    • Art Forms: Sculpture, Collage, Painting, Printmaking, Drawing
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  • Photo: Vincent van Gogh / Wikimedia Commons / Public domain
    Vincent Willem van Gogh (Dutch: [ˈvɪnsɛnt ˈʋɪləm vɑŋ ˈɣɔx] (listen); 30 March 1853 – 29 July 1890) was a Dutch post-impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings, most of which date from the last two years of his life. They include landscapes, still lifes, portraits and self-portraits, and are characterised by bold colours and dramatic, impulsive and expressive brushwork that contributed to the foundations of modern art. He was not commercially successful, and his suicide at 37 came after years of mental illness and poverty. Born into an...  more
    • Artworks: The Starry Night, The Potato Eaters, Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers, Portrait of Adeline Ravoux, Portrait of Dr. Gachet (First Version)
    • Birthplace: Zundert, Kingdom of the Netherlands
    • Associated periods or movements: Post-Impressionism
    • Nationality: Netherlands
    • Art Forms: Painting, Printmaking, Drawing
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  • Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Charles Henry Buckius Demuth (November 8, 1883 – October 23, 1935) was an American watercolorist who turned to oils late in his career, developing a style of painting known as Precisionism. "Search the history of American art," wrote Ken Johnson in The New York Times, "and you will discover few watercolors more beautiful than those of Charles Demuth. Combining exacting botanical observation and loosely Cubist abstraction, his watercolors of flowers, fruit and vegetables have a magical liveliness and an almost shocking sensuousness."Demuth was a lifelong resident of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. The home he shared with his mother is now the Demuth Museum, which showcases his work. He graduated...  more
    • Artworks: Eggplant and Green Pepper, Sail: In Two Movements, Trees and Barns: Bermuda, I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold, Eggplant
    • Birthplace: Lancaster, Pennsylvania
    • Associated periods or movements: Modernism, American modernism
    • Nationality: United States of America
    • Art Forms: Painting
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