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Famous People Who Died by Guillotine

Updated June 14, 2019 51.6k views82 items

List RulesFamous People Who Died by Guillotine

List of famous people who died by guillotine, including photos, birthdates, professions, and other information. These celebrities who were beheaded are listed alphabetically and include the famous guillotine victims’ hometown and biographical info about them when available.

Examples of people on this list include Jean-Baptiste du Val-de-Grâce, baron de Cloots and Princess Élisabeth of France. Featuring famous executions during the French Revolution and more, this list has it all. 

These notable guillotine deaths include modern and long-gone famous men and women, from politicians to religious leaders to writers. Everyone on this list has beheading as a cause of death somewhere in their public records, even if it was just one contributing factor for their death. 
  • Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain

    Maximilien de Robespierre

    Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre (French: [mak.si.mi.ljɛ̃ fʁɑ̃.swa ma.ʁi i.zi.dɔʁ də ʁɔ.bɛs.pjɛʁ]; 6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) was a French lawyer and politician, as well as one of the best known and most influential figures associated with the French Revolution. As a member of the Constituent Assembly and the Jacobin Club, he campaigned for universal manhood suffrage, and the abolition of both celibacy for the clergy and of slavery. Robespierre was an outspoken advocate for the citizens without a voice, for their unrestricted admission to the National Guard, to public offices, and for the right to carry arms in self-defence. Robespierre played an important part in the  ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 36 (1758-1794)
    • Birthplace: Arras, France

    #295 of 347 The Most Important Leaders In World History#884 of 1,355 The Greatest Minds of All Time#16 of 19 Signature Afflictions Suffered By History’s Most Famous Despots

  • Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Marie Antoinette (, French: [maʁi ɑ̃twanɛt] (listen); born Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna; 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) was the last Queen of France before the French Revolution. She was born an Archduchess of Austria and was the penultimate child and youngest daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. She became Dauphine of France in May 1770 at age 14 upon her marriage to Louis-Auguste, heir apparent to the French throne. On 10 May 1774, her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI and she assumed the title Queen of France and Navarre, which she held until September 1791, when she became Queen of the French as the French Revolution proceeded, a title that  ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 37 (1755-1793)
    • Birthplace: Europe, Austria, Vienna, Hofburg Palace, Central Europe

    What Life Was Like For Marie Antoinette's Children#7 of 11 People In History Who Were Unfairly Villainized#475 of 2,753 The Most Influential People of All Time

  • Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Henri Désiré Landru (12 April 1869 – 25 February 1922) (French pronunciation: ​[ɑ̃ʁi deziʁe lɑ̃dʁy]) was a French serial killer. He was nicknamed "The Bluebeard of Gambais" by the French press, after the mythical medieval nobleman who murdered his wives and the village of Gambais near Paris where Landru killed at least seven women between December 1915 and January 1919. Landru also killed at least three other women, plus a young man, at a house he rented from December 1914 to August 1915 in the town of Vernouillet, 35 kms northwest of Paris. The true number of Landru's victims, whose remains were never found, was almost certainly higher.Landru was arrested on 12 April 1919 at an apartment  ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 52 (1869-1922)
    • Birthplace: Paris, France
  • Photo: user uploaded image / user uploaded image / user uploaded image

    Marcel Petiot

    Marcel André Henri Félix Petiot (17 January 1897 – 25 May 1946) was a French doctor and serial killer. He was convicted of multiple murders after the discovery of the remains of 23 people in the basement of his home in Paris during World War II. He is suspected of the murder of around 60 victims during his lifetime, although the true number remains unknown.  ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 49 (1897-1946)
    • Birthplace: Auxerre, France

    #11 of 29 The Last Words Of 29 Famous Serial Killers#6 of 26 Serial Killers Who Were Doctors Or Nurses#15 of 19 The Serial Killers Who Seemed the Most Normal