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List of famous people who died by guillotine, including photos, birthdates, professions, and other information. These celebrities who were beheaded are listed alphabetically and include the famous guillotine victims’ hometown and biographical info about them when available.

Examples of people on this list include Jean-Baptiste du Val-de-Grâce, baron de Cloots and Princess Élisabeth of France. Featuring famous executions during the French Revolution and more, this list has it all. 

These notable guillotine deaths include modern and long-gone famous men and women, from politicians to religious leaders to writers. Everyone on this list has beheading as a cause of death somewhere in their public records, even if it was just one contributing factor for their death. 
Maximilien de Robespierre is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous People Who Died by Guillotine
Photo: Freebase/Public domain

Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre was a French lawyer and politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution. As a member of the Estates-General, the Constituent Assembly and the Jacobin Club, he opposed the death penalty and advocated the abolition of slavery, while supporting equality of rights, universal male suffrage and the establishment of a republic. He opposed dechristianisation of France, war with Austria and the possibility of a coup by the Marquis de Lafayette. As a member of the Committee of Public Safety, he was an important figure during the period of the Revolution commonly known as the Reign of Terror, which ended a few ...more

Age: Died at 36 (1758-1794)

Birthplace: Arras, France

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Marie Antoinette is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous People Who Died by Guillotine
Photo: Freebase/Public domain

Marie Antoinette, born an Archduchess of Austria, was Dauphine of France from 1770 to 1774 and Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. In April 1770, upon her marriage to Louis-Auguste, Dauphin of France, she became Dauphine of France. She assumed the title Queen of France and of Navarre when her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI upon the death of his grandfather Louis XV in May 1774. After seven years of marriage, she gave birth to a daughter, Marie-Thérèse Charlotte, the first of her four children. Initially charmed by her personality and beauty, the French people ...more

Age: Died at 38 (1755-1793)

Birthplace: Vienna, Austria

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Henri Désiré Landru is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous People Who Died by Guillotine
Photo: Freebase/Public domain

Henri Désiré Landru was a French serial killer and real-life "Bluebeard". ...more

Age: Died at 53 (1869-1922)

Birthplace: Paris, France

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Marcel Petiot is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous People Who Died by Guillotine
Photo: Freebase/GNU Free Documentation License

Marcel André Henri Félix Petiot was a French doctor and serial killer. He was convicted of multiple murders after the discovery of the remains of 23 people in his home in Paris during World War II. He has revendicated the murder of around 60 victims during his life, although the true number remains unknown. ...more

Age: Died at 49 (1897-1946)

Birthplace: Auxerre, France

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