READ Famous Philosophers from Austria

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List of notable or famous philosophers from Austria, with bios and photos, including the top philosophers born in Austria and even some popular philosophers who immigrated to Austria. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Austrian philosophers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These philosophers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known philosopher from Austria is included when available.

A factual list, featuring people like Sigmund Freud and Ludwig Wittgenstein.

This historic philosophers from Austria list can help answer the questions "Who are some Austrian philosophers of note?" and "Who are the most famous philosophers from Austria?" These prominent philosophers of Austria may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Austrian philosophers.

Use this list of renowned Austrian philosophers to discover some new philosophers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (59 items)

1
Alfred Schütz is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Alfred Schütz Died at 60 (1899-1959) Alfred Schütz was an Austrian social scientist, whose work bridged sociological and phenomenological traditions to form a social phenomenology. Notably, Schütz is "gradually ...more

2
André Gorz is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
André Gorz Died at 84 (1923-2007) André Gorz, pen name of Gérard Horst, born Gerhart Hirsch, also known by his pen name Michel Bosquet, was a social philosopher. Also a journalist, he co-founded Le Nouvel ...more

3
Christian von Ehrenfels is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Christian von Ehrenfels Died at 73 (1859-1932) Christian von Ehrenfels was an Austrian philosopher, and is known as one of the founders and precursors of Gestalt psychology.

4
Edmund Husserl is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Edmund Husserl Died at 79 (1859-1938) Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl was a German philosopher who established the school of phenomenology. He broke with the positivist orientation of the science and philosophy of his day. He ...more

5
Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn Died at 90 (1909-1999) Erik Maria Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn was an Austrian Catholic nobleman and socio-political theorist. Describing himself as an "extreme conservative arch-liberal" or "liberal of ...more

6
Ernst Mach is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Ernst Mach Died at 78 (1838-1916) Ernst Waldfried Josef Wenzel Mach was an Austrian physicist and philosopher, noted for his contributions to physics such as the Mach number and the study of shock waves. As a philosopher of ...more

7
Ernst Mally is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Ernst Mally Died at 65 (1879-1944) Ernst Mally was an Austrian philosopher affiliated with the so-called Graz School of phenomenological psychology. A pupil of Alexius Meinong, he was one of the founders of deontic logic and is ...more

8
Felix Kaufmann is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Felix Kaufmann Died at 54 (1895-1949) Felix Kaufmann was an Austrian-American philosopher of law. Kaufmann studied jurisprudence and philosophy in Vienna. From 1922 to 1938 he was a Privatdozent there. During this time Kaufmann was ...more

9
Friedrich Hayek is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Friedrich Hayek Died at 93 (1899-1992) Friedrich Hayek CH, born in Austria-Hungary as Friedrich August von Hayek and frequently referred to as F. A. Hayek, was an Austrian, later British, economist and philosopher best known for his ...more

10
Friedrich Waismann is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Friedrich Waismann Died at 63 (1896-1959) Friedrich Waismann was an Austrian mathematician, physicist, and philosopher. He is best known for being a member of the Vienna Circle and one of the key theorists in logical positivism.

11
Frithjof Bergmann is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Frithjof Bergmann age 87 Frithjof Bergmann is a Professor Emeritus of philosophy at the University of Michigan, where he has taught courses on existentialism and Continental philosophy.

12
Georg Jellinek is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Georg Jellinek Died at 60 (1851-1911) Georg Jellinek was a German public lawyer, considered of Austrian origin. Along with Hans Kelsen and the Hungarian Félix Somló he belonged to the group of Austrian Legal ...more

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13
Gerhard Streminger is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Gerhard Streminger age 66 Gerhard Streminger is an Austrian Philosopher and author, born in Graz in 1952 . From 1970, he studied philosophy and mathematics in Graz, Goettingen, Edinburgh with G.E.Davie and Oxford with J. ...more

14
Gerhard Streminger is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Gerhard Streminger

15
Günther Anders is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Günther Anders Died at 90 (1902-1992) Günther Anders was a German journalist, philosopher and anti-nuclear activist who developed a philosophical anthropology for the age of technology, focusing on such themes as the effects of ...more

16
Gustav Bergmann is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Gustav Bergmann Died at 81 (1906-1987) Gustav Bergmann was a Austrian-born American philosopher. He studied at the University of Vienna and was a member of the Vienna Circle. In the United States, he was a professor of philosophy and ...more

17
Gustav Kafka is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Gustav Kafka Died at 70 (1883-1953) Gustav Kafka was an Austrian philosopher, psychologist. His son Gustav Eduard Kafka was a sociologist and jurist.

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18
Hans Kelsen is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Hans Kelsen Died at 92 (1881-1973) Hans Kelsen was an Austrian jurist, legal philosopher and political philosopher. Due to the rise of national socialism in Germany and Austria, Kelsen left his university post because of his ...more

19
Hans Köchler is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Hans Köchler age 69 Hans Köchler is a retired professor of philosophy at the University of Innsbruck, Austria, and president of the International Progress Organization, a non-governmental organization in ...more

20
Heinrich Gomperz is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Heinrich Gomperz Died at 69 (1873-1942) Heinrich Gomperz was an Austrian philosopher. He was a son of Theodor Gomperz. He was a Sigmund Freud patient and was married to Ada Stepnitz.

21
Helene von Druskowitz is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Helene von Druskowitz Died at 62 (1856-1918) Helene von Druskowitz, born Helena Maria Druschkovich, was an Austrian philosopher, writer and music critic. She was the second woman to obtain a Doctorate in Philosophy, which she obtained in ...more

22
Herbert Feigl is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Herbert Feigl Died at 86 (1902-1988) Herbert Feigl was an Austrian philosopher and a member of the Vienna Circle.

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23
Hubert Schleichert is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Hubert Schleichert age 82 Hubert Schleichert is an Austrian emeritus philosopher, now living in Konstanz. His works have emphasized political philosophy, theory of argument and non-European philosophy, especially Chinese ...more

24
Hugo Bergmann is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Hugo Bergmann Died at 92 (1883-1975) Samuel Hugo Bergman, or Samuel Bergman was an Israeli philosopher born in Austria-Hungary.

25
Inocenc Arnošt Bláha is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Inocenc Arnošt Bláha Died at 81 (1879-1960) Inocenc Arnošt Bláha was a prominent Czech sociologist and philosopher. Since 1922 the professor of sociology at the Masaryk university, Brno, 1950 pensioned. Bláha was the leading ...more

26
Ivan Illich is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Ivan Illich Died at 76 (1926-2002) Ivan Illich was an Austrian philosopher, Roman Catholic priest, and "maverick social critic" of the institutions of contemporary Western culture and their effects on the provenance and ...more

27
Jakob Lorber is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Jakob Lorber Died at 64 (1800-1864) Jakob Lorber was a Christian mystic and visionary from the Duchy of Styria, who promoted liberal Universalism. He referred to himself as "God's scribe". He wrote that on 15 March 1840 ...more

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28
Karl Popper is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Karl Popper Died at 92 (1902-1994) Sir Karl Raimund Popper CH FBA FRS was an Austrian-British philosopher and professor. He is generally regarded as one of the greatest philosophers of science of the 20th century. Popper is known ...more

29
Kurt Baier is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Kurt Baier Died at 93 (1917-2010) Kurt Baier was an Austrian moral philosopher.

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Kurt Gödel is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Kurt Gödel Died at 72 (1906-1978) Kurt Friedrich Gödel was an Austrian, and later American, logician, mathematician, and philosopher. Considered with Aristotle and Gottlob Frege to be one of the most significant logicians ...more

31
Kurt Rudolf Fischer is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Kurt Rudolf Fischer Died at 92 (1922-2014) Kurt Rudolf Fischer was a Jewish-Austrian philosopher who emigrated to Brno, Czechoslovakia in 1938 and to Shanghai in 1940. He was born in Vienna. He became Chinese boxing champion and started ...more

32
Ludwig von Mises is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Ludwig von Mises Died at 92 (1881-1973) Ludwig Heinrich Edler von Mises was a philosopher, Austrian School economist, sociologist, and classical liberal. He became a prominent figure in the Austrian School of economic thought and is ...more

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33
Ludwig Wittgenstein is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Ludwig Wittgenstein Died at 62 (1889-1951) Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language. From ...more

34
Martin A. Hainz is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Martin A. Hainz age 44 Martin Andreas Hainz is an Austrian philologist, theorist and philosopher. He has taught at several universities in Europe and the United States, among them the universities of Vienna, Timişoara ...more

35
Martin Buber is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Martin Buber Died at 87 (1878-1965) Martin Buber was an Austrian-born Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a form of existentialism centered on the distinction between the I–Thou relationship and ...more

36
Nachman Krochmal is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Nachman Krochmal Died at 55 (1785-1840) Nachman Kohen Krochmal was a Jewish Galician philosopher, theologian, and historian.

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Nathan Birnbaum is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Nathan Birnbaum Died at 73 (1864-1937) Nathan Birnbaum was an Austrian writer and journalist, Jewish thinker and nationalist. His life had three main phases, representing a progression in his thinking: a Zionist phase; a Jewish ...more

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38
Norbert Leser is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Norbert Leser age 84 Norbert Leser was an Austrian jurist, political scientist and social philosopher best known for his lifelong affiliation with, and critical work on, the Social Democratic Party of Austria and ...more

39
Olga Hahn-Neurath is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Olga Hahn-Neurath Died at 55 (1882-1937) Olga Hahn-Neurath was an Austrian mathematician and philosopher. She is best known for being a member of the Vienna Circle. She was sister of the mathematician Hans Hahn. Born in Vienna, Hahn ...more

40
Oskar Ewald is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Oskar Ewald Died at 59 (1881-1940) Oskar Ewald, born Oskar Friedländer, or Friedländer Oszkár was a Hungarian-Austrian philosopher.

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Othmar Spann is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Othmar Spann Died at 72 (1878-1950) Othmar Spann was a conservative Austrian philosopher, sociologist and economist whose radical anti-liberal and anti-Socialist views, based on early 19th century Romantic ideas expressed by Adam ...more

42
Otto Bauer is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Otto Bauer Died at 57 (1881-1938) Otto Bauer was an Austrian Social Democrat who is considered one of the leading thinkers of the left-socialist Austro-Marxist grouping. He was also an early inspiration for both the New Left ...more

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43
Otto Neurath is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Otto Neurath Died at 63 (1882-1945) Otto Neurath was an Austrian philosopher of science, sociologist, and political economist. Before he fled his native country in 1934, Neurath was one of the leading figures of the Vienna

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Otto Weininger is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Otto Weininger Died at 23 (1880-1903) Otto Weininger was an Austrian philosopher. In 1903, he published the book Geschlecht und Charakter, which gained popularity after his suicide at the age of 23. Today, Weininger is viewed as ...more

45
Paul Edwards is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Paul Edwards Died at 81 (1923-2004) Paul Edwards was an Austrian-American moral philosopher. He was the editor-in-chief of MacMillan's eight-volume Encyclopedia of Philosophy from 1967, and lectured at New York University, ...more

46
Paul Feyerabend is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Paul Feyerabend Died at 70 (1924-1994) Paul Karl Feyerabend was an Austrian-born philosopher of science best known for his work as a professor of philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley, where he worked for three ...more

47
Pinchas Lapide is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Pinchas Lapide Died at 75 (1922-1997) Pinchas Lapide was a Jewish theologian and Israeli historian. He was an Israeli diplomat from 1951 to 1969, among other position acting as Israeli Consul to Milan, and was instrumental in ...more

48
Robert von Zimmermann is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Robert von Zimmermann Died at 74 (1824-1898) Robert von Zimmermann or Robert Zimmermann was a Czech-born Austrian philosopher. The mathematician and philosopher, Bernard Bolzano, entrusted his unfinished work, Grössenlehre, which had ...more

49
Rudolf Eisler is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Rudolf Eisler Died at 53 (1873-1926) Rudolf Eisler was a philosopher.

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Rudolf Kassner is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Philosophers from Austria
Rudolf Kassner Died at 86 (1873-1959) Rudolf Kassner was an Austrian writer, essayist, translator and cultural philosopher. Although stricken as an infant with poliomyelitis, Kassner traveled widely to northern Africa, the Sahara, ...more