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Famous Philosophers from Germany

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List of notable or famous philosophers from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top philosophers born in Germany and even some popular philosophers who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German philosophers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These philosophers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known philosopher from Germany is included when available.

List of famous Germans of philosophy features Albert Einstein, Karl Marx and more.

This historic philosophers from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German philosophers of note?" and "Who are the most famous philosophers from Germany?" These prominent philosophers of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German philosophers.

Use this list of renowned German philosophers to discover some new philosophers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 
1
Albert Einstein is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 76 (1879-1955)
Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the ...more
2
Karl Marx is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 65 (1818-1883)
Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for much of the current understanding of labour and ...more
3
Immanuel Kant is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 80 (1724-1804)
Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that fundamental concepts structure human experience, and that reason is ...more
4
Friedrich Nietzsche is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 56 (1844-1900)
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, composer and Latin and Greek scholar. He wrote several critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, ...more
5
Albert Schweitzer is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 90 (1875-1965)
Albert Schweitzer, OM was a German—and later French—theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary in Africa, also known for his historical work on Jesus. He was born in ...more
6
Friedrich Engels is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 75 (1820-1895)
Friedrich Engels was a German social scientist, author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, together with Karl Marx. In 1845 he published The Condition of the Working ...more
7
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 83 (1749-1832)
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an ...more
8
Friedrich Schiller is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 46 (1759-1805)
Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life, Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, ...more
9
Rosa Luxemburg is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 48 (1871-1919)
Rosa Luxemburg was a Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist of Polish-Jewish descent who became a naturalized German citizen. She was, successively, a member of the ...more
10
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 70 (1646-1716)
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz was a German polymath and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. Most scholars believe Leibniz ...more
11
Heinrich Hertz is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 37 (1857-1894)
Heinrich Rudolf Hertz was a German physicist who first conclusively proved the existence of electromagnetic waves theorized by James Clerk Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light. Hertz proved ...more
12
Max Weber is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 56 (1864-1920)
Karl Emil Maximilian "Max" Weber was a German sociologist, philosopher, and political economist whose ideas profoundly influenced social theory and social research. Weber is often ...more
13
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 52 (1729-1781)
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing was a German writer, philosopher, dramatist, publicist and art critic, and one of the most outstanding representatives of the Enlightenment era. His plays and ...more
14
Martin Heidegger is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 87 (1889-1976)
Martin Heidegger was a German philosopher and a seminal thinker in the Continental tradition, particularly within the fields of existential phenomenology and philosophical hermeneutics. From his ...more
15
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 61 (1770-1831)
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a German philosopher who was a major figure in German idealism. His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and served as ...more
16
Jürgen Habermas is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
age 89
Jürgen Habermas is a German sociologist and philosopher in the tradition of critical theory and pragmatism. He is perhaps best known for his theories on communicative rationality and the ...more
17
Oswald Spengler is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 56 (1880-1936)
Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler was a German historian and philosopher of history whose interests included mathematics, science, and art. He is best known for his book The Decline of the West, ...more
18
Adam Weishaupt is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 82 (1748-1830)
Johann Adam Weishaupt was a German philosopher and founder of the Order of the Illuminati, a secret society.
19
Albertus Magnus is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 87 (1193-1280)
Albertus Magnus, O.P., also known as Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, is a Catholic saint. He was a German Dominican friar and a Catholic bishop. He was known during his lifetime as ...more
20
Gottlob Frege is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 77 (1848-1925)
Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege was a German mathematician, logician and philosopher. He is considered to be one of the founders of modern logic and made major contributions to the foundations of ...more
21
Hannah Arendt is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 69 (1906-1975)
Johanna "Hannah" Arendt was a German-born political theorist. Though often described as a philosopher, she rejected that label on the grounds that philosophy is concerned with ...more
22
Carl von Clausewitz is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 51 (1780-1831)
Carl Philipp Gottfried von Clausewitz was a Prussian general and military theorist who stressed the "moral" and political aspects of war. His most notable work, Vom Kriege, was ...more
23
Ludwig Feuerbach is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 68 (1804-1872)
Ludwig Andreas von Feuerbach was a German philosopher and anthropologist best known for his book The Essence of Christianity, which provided a critique of Christianity which strongly influenced ...more
24
Alfred Rosenberg is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 53 (1893-1946)
Alfred Ernst Rosenberg was a Baltic German philosopher and an influential ideologue of the Nazi Party. Rosenberg was first introduced to Adolf Hitler by Dietrich Eckart; he later held several ...more
25
Karl Jaspers is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Dec. at 86 (1883-1969)
Karl Theodor Jaspers was a German psychiatrist and philosopher who had a strong influence on modern theology, psychiatry and philosophy. After being trained in and practicing psychiatry, Jaspers ...more