READ Famous Philosophers from Germany

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List of notable or famous philosophers from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top philosophers born in Germany and even some popular philosophers who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German philosophers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These philosophers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known philosopher from Germany is included when available.

List of famous Germans of philosophy features Albert Einstein, Karl Marx and more.

This historic philosophers from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German philosophers of note?" and "Who are the most famous philosophers from Germany?" These prominent philosophers of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German philosophers.

Use this list of renowned German philosophers to discover some new philosophers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 

1
Albert Einstein is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Albert Einstein Died at 76 (1879-1955) Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the ...more

2
Karl Marx is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Karl Marx Died at 65 (1818-1883) Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for much of the current understanding of labour and ...more

3
Immanuel Kant is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Immanuel Kant Died at 80 (1724-1804) Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that fundamental concepts structure human experience, and that reason is ...more

4
Friedrich Nietzsche is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Friedrich Nietzsche Died at 56 (1844-1900) Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, composer and Latin and Greek scholar. He wrote several critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, ...more

5
Albert Schweitzer is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Albert Schweitzer Died at 90 (1875-1965) Albert Schweitzer, OM was a German—and later French—theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary in Africa, also known for his historical work on Jesus. He was born in ...more

6
Friedrich Engels is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Friedrich Engels Died at 75 (1820-1895) Friedrich Engels was a German social scientist, author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, together with Karl Marx. In 1845 he published The Condition of the Working ...more

7
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Died at 83 (1749-1832) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an ...more

8
Friedrich Schiller is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Friedrich Schiller Died at 46 (1759-1805) Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life, Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, ...more

9
Rosa Luxemburg is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Rosa Luxemburg Died at 48 (1871-1919) Rosa Luxemburg was a Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist of Polish-Jewish descent who became a naturalized German citizen. She was, successively, a member of the ...more

10
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz Died at 70 (1646-1716) Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz was a German polymath and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. Most scholars believe Leibniz ...more

11
Heinrich Hertz is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Heinrich Hertz Died at 37 (1857-1894) Heinrich Rudolf Hertz was a German physicist who first conclusively proved the existence of electromagnetic waves theorized by James Clerk Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light. Hertz proved ...more

12
Max Weber is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Max Weber Died at 56 (1864-1920) Karl Emil Maximilian "Max" Weber was a German sociologist, philosopher, and political economist whose ideas profoundly influenced social theory and social research. Weber is often ...more

13
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing Died at 52 (1729-1781) Gotthold Ephraim Lessing was a German writer, philosopher, dramatist, publicist and art critic, and one of the most outstanding representatives of the Enlightenment era. His plays and ...more

14
Martin Heidegger is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Martin Heidegger Died at 87 (1889-1976) Martin Heidegger was a German philosopher and a seminal thinker in the Continental tradition, particularly within the fields of existential phenomenology and philosophical hermeneutics. From his ...more

15
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Died at 61 (1770-1831) Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a German philosopher who was a major figure in German idealism. His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and served as ...more

16
Jürgen Habermas is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Jürgen Habermas age 88 Jürgen Habermas is a German sociologist and philosopher in the tradition of critical theory and pragmatism. He is perhaps best known for his theories on communicative rationality and the ...more

17
Oswald Spengler is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Oswald Spengler Died at 56 (1880-1936) Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler was a German historian and philosopher of history whose interests included mathematics, science, and art. He is best known for his book The Decline of the West, ...more

18
Adam Weishaupt is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Adam Weishaupt Died at 82 (1748-1830) Johann Adam Weishaupt was a German philosopher and founder of the Order of the Illuminati, a secret society.

19
Albertus Magnus is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Albertus Magnus Died at 87 (1193-1280) Albertus Magnus, O.P., also known as Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, is a Catholic saint. He was a German Dominican friar and a Catholic bishop. He was known during his lifetime as ...more

20
Gottlob Frege is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Gottlob Frege Died at 77 (1848-1925) Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege was a German mathematician, logician and philosopher. He is considered to be one of the founders of modern logic and made major contributions to the foundations of ...more

21
Hannah Arendt is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Hannah Arendt Died at 69 (1906-1975) Johanna "Hannah" Arendt was a German-born political theorist. Though often described as a philosopher, she rejected that label on the grounds that philosophy is concerned with ...more

22
Carl von Clausewitz is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Carl von Clausewitz Died at 51 (1780-1831) Carl Philipp Gottfried von Clausewitz was a Prussian general and military theorist who stressed the "moral" and political aspects of war. His most notable work, Vom Kriege, was ...more

23
Ludwig Feuerbach is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Ludwig Feuerbach Died at 68 (1804-1872) Ludwig Andreas von Feuerbach was a German philosopher and anthropologist best known for his book The Essence of Christianity, which provided a critique of Christianity which strongly influenced ...more

24
Alfred Rosenberg is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Alfred Rosenberg Died at 53 (1893-1946) Alfred Ernst Rosenberg was a Baltic German philosopher and an influential ideologue of the Nazi Party. Rosenberg was first introduced to Adolf Hitler by Dietrich Eckart; he later held several ...more

25
Karl Jaspers is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Karl Jaspers Died at 86 (1883-1969) Karl Theodor Jaspers was a German psychiatrist and philosopher who had a strong influence on modern theology, psychiatry and philosophy. After being trained in and practicing psychiatry, Jaspers ...more

26
Paul Tillich is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Paul Tillich Died at 79 (1886-1965) Paul Johannes Tillich was a German American Christian existentialist philosopher and theologian who is widely regarded as one of the most influential theologians of the twentieth century. Among ...more

27
Edith Stein is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Edith Stein Died at 51 (1891-1942) Edith Stein, also known as St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, OCD, was a German Jewish philosopher who converted to the Roman Catholic Church and became a Discalced Carmelite nun. She is a ...more

28
Gershom Scholem is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Gershom Scholem Died at 85 (1897-1982) Gerhard Scholem who, after his immigration from Germany to Palestine, changed his name to Gershom Scholem, was a German-born Israeli philosopher and historian. He is widely regarded as the ...more

29
Leo Strauss is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Leo Strauss Died at 74 (1899-1973) Leo Strauss was a German-American political philosopher and classicist who specialized in classical political philosophy. He was born in Germany to Jewish parents and later emigrated from ...more

30
Rudolf Carnap is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Rudolf Carnap Died at 79 (1891-1970) Rudolf Carnap was a German-born philosopher who was active in Europe before 1935 and in the United States thereafter. He was a major member of the Vienna Circle and an advocate of logical

31
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schel... is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling Died at 79 (1775-1854) Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, later von Schelling, was a German philosopher. Standard histories of philosophy make him the midpoint in the development of German idealism, situating him ...more

32
Abraham Joshua Heschel is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Abraham Joshua Heschel Died at 65 (1907-1972) Abraham Joshua Heschel was a Polish-born American rabbi and one of the leading Jewish theologians and Jewish philosophers of the 20th century. Heschel, a professor of Jewish mysticism at the ...more

33
Carl Reichenbach is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Carl Reichenbach Died at 81 (1788-1869) Baron Dr. Carl Ludwig von Reichenbach was a notable chemist, geologist, metallurgist, naturalist, industrialist and philosopher, and a member of the prestigious Prussian Academy of Sciences. He ...more

34
Johann Gottlieb Fichte is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Johann Gottlieb Fichte Died at 52 (1762-1814) Johann Gottlieb Fichte was a German philosopher. He was one of the founding figures of the philosophical movement known as German idealism, which developed from the theoretical and ethical ...more

35
Johann Bernhard Basedow is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Johann Bernhard Basedow Died at 66 (1724-1790) Johann Bernhard Basedow was a German educational reformer, teacher and writer. He founded the Philanthropinum, a short-lived but influential progressive school in Dessau, and was the author of ...more

36
Walter Benjamin is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Walter Benjamin Died at 48 (1892-1940) Walter Bendix Schönflies Benjamin was a German philosopher and cultural critic. An eclectic thinker, combining elements of German idealism, Romanticism, historical materialism, and Jewish ...more

37
Hans Blumenberg is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Hans Blumenberg Died at 76 (1920-1996) Hans Blumenberg was a German philosopher and intellectual historian. He studied philosophy, Germanistics and classics and is considered to be one of the most important German philosophers of ...more

38
Meister Eckhart is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Meister Eckhart Died at 68 (1260-1328) Eckhart von Hochheim O.P., commonly known as Meister Eckhart, was a German theologian, philosopher and mystic, born near Gotha, in the Landgraviate of Thuringia in the Holy Roman Empire. Eckhart ...more

39
Georg Cantor is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Georg Cantor Died at 73 (1845-1918) Georg Ferdinand Ludwig Philipp Cantor was a German mathematician, best known as the inventor of set theory, which has become a fundamental theory in mathematics. Cantor established the ...more

40
Klaus Klostermaier is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Klaus Klostermaier age 85 Klaus K. Klostermaier is a researcher on Hinduism and Indian history and culture. He obtained a PhD in philosophy from the Gregorian University in Rome in 1961, and another in "Ancient ...more

41
Ernst Mayr is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Ernst Mayr Died at 101 (1904-2005) Ernst Walter Mayr was one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists. He was also a renowned taxonomist, tropical explorer, ornithologist, and historian of science. His work ...more

42
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleie... is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher Died at 66 (1768-1834) Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher was a German theologian, philosopher, and biblical scholar known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional ...more

43
Hermann Weyl is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Hermann Weyl Died at 70 (1885-1955) Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl, ForMemRS was a German mathematician, theoretical physicist and philosopher. Although much of his working life was spent in Zürich, Switzerland and then Princeton, ...more

44
Theodor W. Adorno is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Theodor W. Adorno Died at 66 (1903-1969) Theodor W. Adorno was a German sociologist, philosopher and musicologist known for his critical theory of society. He was a leading member of the Frankfurt School of critical theory, whose work ...more

45
Erich Fromm is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Erich Fromm Died at 80 (1900-1980) Erich Seligmann Fromm was a German social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist. He was associated with the Frankfurt School of critical

46
Baron d'Holbach is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Baron d'Holbach Died at 66 (1723-1789) Paul-Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach French; was a French-German author, philosopher, encyclopedist and a prominent figure in the French Enlightenment. He was born Paul Heinrich Dietrich in ...more

47
Carl Schmitt is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Carl Schmitt Died at 97 (1888-1985) Carl Schmitt was a German philosopher, jurist and political theorist. Schmitt is a major figure in 20th century legal and political theory, writing extensively on the effective wielding of ...more

48
Moses Hess is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Moses Hess Died at 63 (1812-1875) Moses Hess was a German-French-Jewish philosopher and socialist, and one of the founders of Labor Zionism.

49
Richard Dedekind is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Richard Dedekind Died at 85 (1831-1916) Julius Wilhelm Richard Dedekind was a German mathematician who made important contributions to abstract algebra, algebraic number theory and the foundations of the real numbers.

50
Bruno Bauer is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Philosophers from Germany
Bruno Bauer Died at 73 (1809-1882) Bruno Bauer was a German philosopher and historian. As a student of G. W. F. Hegel, Bauer was a radical Rationalist in philosophy, politics and Biblical criticism. Bauer investigated the sources ...more