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Famous Philosophers from Germany

Updated June 14, 2019 35.5k views367 items

List of notable or famous philosophers from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top philosophers born in Germany and even some popular philosophers who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German philosophers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These philosophers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known philosopher from Germany is included when available.

List of famous Germans of philosophy features Albert Einstein, Karl Marx and more.

This historic philosophers from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German philosophers of note?" and "Who are the most famous philosophers from Germany?" These prominent philosophers of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German philosophers.

Use this list of renowned German philosophers to discover some new philosophers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 
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  • 1
    Albert Einstein

    Albert Einstein

    Dec. at 76 (1879-1955)

    BirthplaceUlm, Germany

    Albert Einstein ( EYEN-styne; German: [ˈalbɛɐ̯t ˈʔaɪnʃtaɪn] (listen); 14 March 1879 – 18 April... more on Wikipedia

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  • 2
    Karl Marx

    Karl Marx

    Dec. at 65 (1818-1883)

    BirthplaceTrier, Germany

    Karl Marx (German: [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈmaɐ̯ks]; 5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher,... more on Wikipedia
  • 3
    Immanuel Kant

    Immanuel Kant

    Dec. at 80 (1724-1804)

    BirthplaceKönigsberg, Germany

    Immanuel Kant (; German: [ʔɪˈmaːnu̯eːl ˈkant, -nu̯ɛl]; 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was... more on Wikipedia
  • 4
    Friedrich Nietzsche

    Friedrich Nietzsche

    Dec. at 56 (1844-1900)

    BirthplaceRöcken, Germany

    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (, German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːtʃə] (listen) or [- ˈniːtsʃə];... more on Wikipedia

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  • 5
    Albert Schweitzer

    Albert Schweitzer

    Dec. at 90 (1875-1965)

    BirthplaceKaysersberg, France

    Albert Schweitzer (14 January 1875 – 4 September 1965) was an Alsatian polymath. He was a... more on Wikipedia
  • 6
    Friedrich Engels

    Friedrich Engels

    Dec. at 75 (1820-1895)

    BirthplaceWuppertal, Germany

    Friedrich Engels ( ENG-(g)əlz; German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈʔɛŋl̩s]; sometimes anglicised Frederick... more on Wikipedia
  • 7
    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    Dec. at 83 (1749-1832)

    BirthplaceFree City of Frankfurt

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (, also US: GURT-ə, GAYT-ə, -⁠ee; German: [ˈjoːhan ˈvɔlfɡaŋ fɔn... more on Wikipedia
  • 8
    Friedrich Schiller

    Friedrich Schiller

    Dec. at 46 (1759-1805)

    BirthplaceMarbach am Neckar, Germany

    Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (German: [ˈjoːhan ˈkʁɪstɔf ˈfʁiːdʁɪç fɔn ˈʃɪlɐ]; 10... more on Wikipedia

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  • 9
    Rosa Luxemburg

    Rosa Luxemburg

    Dec. at 48 (1871-1919)

    BirthplaceZamość, Poland

    Rosa Luxemburg (German: [ˈʁoːza ˈlʊksəmbʊʁk] (listen); Polish: Róża Luksemburg; also Rozalia... more on Wikipedia
  • 10
    Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz

    Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz

    Dec. at 70 (1646-1716)

    BirthplaceLeipzig, Germany

    Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (sometimes spelled Leibnitz) (; German: [ˈɡɔtfʁiːt ˈvɪlhɛlm... more on Wikipedia
  • 11
    Heinrich Hertz

    Heinrich Hertz

    Dec. at 37 (1857-1894)

    BirthplaceHamburg, Germany

    Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (; German: [ˈhaɪ̯nʁɪç ˈhɛɐ̯ts]; 22 February 1857 – 1 January 1894) was a... more on Wikipedia
  • 12
    Max Weber

    Max Weber

    Dec. at 56 (1864-1920)

    BirthplaceErfurt, Germany

    Maximilian Karl Emil Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist,... more on Wikipedia
  • 13
    Gotthold Ephraim Lessing

    Gotthold Ephraim Lessing

    Dec. at 52 (1729-1781)

    BirthplaceKamenz, Germany

    Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (; German: [ˈlɛsɪŋ]; 22 January 1729 – 15 February 1781) was a German... more on Wikipedia
  • 14
    Martin Heidegger

    Martin Heidegger

    Dec. at 87 (1889-1976)

    BirthplaceMesskirch, Germany

    Martin Heidegger (; German: [ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈhaɪdɛɡɐ]; 26 September 1889 – 26 May 1976) was a... more on Wikipedia

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  • 15
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

    Dec. at 61 (1770-1831)

    BirthplaceStuttgart, Germany

    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (, German: [ˈɡeːɔɐ̯k ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈheːɡl̩]; August 27,... more on Wikipedia
  • 16
    Jürgen Habermas

    BirthplaceDüsseldorf, Germany

    Jürgen Habermas (UK: , US: ; German: [ˈjʏɐ̯ɡn̩ ˈhaːbɐmaːs]; born 18 June 1929) is a German... more on Wikipedia

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  • 17
    Oswald Spengler

    Oswald Spengler

    Dec. at 56 (1880-1936)

    BirthplaceBlankenburg (Harz), Germany

    Oswald Arnold Gottfried Spengler (German: [ˈɔsvalt ˈʃpɛŋlɐ]; 29 May 1880 – 8 May 1936) was a... more on Wikipedia
  • 18
    Adam Weishaupt

    Adam Weishaupt

    Dec. at 82 (1748-1830)

    BirthplaceIngolstadt, Germany

    Johann Adam Weishaupt ([ˈjoːhan ˈaːdam ˈvaɪ̯s.haʊ̯pt], 6 February 1748 – 18 November 1830) was... more on Wikipedia
  • 19
    Albertus Magnus

    Albertus Magnus

    Dec. at 87 (1193-1280)

    BirthplaceLauingen, Germany

    Albertus Magnus, (before 1200 – November 15, 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great and... more on Wikipedia
  • 20
    Gottlob Frege

    Gottlob Frege

    Dec. at 77 (1848-1925)

    BirthplaceWismar, Germany

    Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege (; German: [ˈɡɔtloːp ˈfreːɡə]; 8 November 1848 – 26 July 1925)... more on Wikipedia
  • 21
    Hannah Arendt

    Hannah Arendt

    Dec. at 69 (1906-1975)

    BirthplaceHanover, Germany

    Johanna "Hannah" Cohn Arendt (, also US: , German: [ˈaːʁənt]; 14 October 1906 – 4 December... more on Wikipedia

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  • 22
    Carl von Clausewitz

    Carl von Clausewitz

    Dec. at 51 (1780-1831)

    BirthplaceSaxony-Anhalt, Eurasia, Burg bei Magdeburg, Germany

    Carl Philipp Gottfried (or Gottlieb) von Clausewitz (; 1 June 1780 – 16 November 1831) was a... more on Wikipedia

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  • 23
    Ludwig Feuerbach

    Ludwig Feuerbach

    Dec. at 68 (1804-1872)

    BirthplaceLandshut, Germany

    Ludwig Andreas von Feuerbach (German: [ˈluːtvɪç ˈfɔʏ̯ɐbax]; 28 July 1804 – 13 September 1872)... more on Wikipedia
  • 24
    Alfred Rosenberg

    Alfred Rosenberg

    Dec. at 53 (1893-1946)

    BirthplaceTallinn, Estonia

    Alfred Ernst Rosenberg was a Baltic German philosopher and an influential ideologue of the... more on Wikipedia

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  • 25
    Karl Jaspers

    Karl Jaspers

    Dec. at 86 (1883-1969)

    BirthplaceOldenburg, Germany

    Karl Theodor Jaspers (; German: [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈjaspɐs]; 23 February 1883 – 26 February 1969) was a... more on Wikipedia