India

Famous Philosophers from India

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Updated June 14, 2019 187.6k views 59 items

This list of notable or famous philosophers from India, with bios and includes the top philosophers born in India, as well as some popular philosophers who immigrated to India. You might also be interested in celebrities who majored in philosophy and famous Indian gurus. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Indian philosophers, then this list is the ideal resource for you. The best-known philosophers are from India are among the most prominent in all of philosophy. Important information about each well-known philosopher from India is included when available.

Everyone from Mahatma Gandhi to Adi Shankara is included on this list.

This historic philosophers from India list answers the essential questions "Who are some Indian philosophers of note?" and "Who are the most famous philosophers from India?" This is a compilation of historical and modern philosophers, so these prominent philosophers of India may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Indian philosophers. Use this list of renowned Indian philosophers to discover some new and great philosophers that you weren't familiar with before.

1
Acharya Hemachandra is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 83 (1089-1172)

Birthplace: Dhandhuka, India

Acharya Hemachandra was a Jain scholar, poet, and polymath who wrote on grammar, philosophy, prosody, and contemporary history. Noted as a prodigy by his contemporaries, he gained the title ...more
2
Adi Shankara is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 32 (788-820)

Birthplace: Kalady, India

Adi Shankaracharya (Sanskrit: आदि शङ्कराआचार्य [aːdɪ ɕɐŋkɐɽɐ]) was an early 8th century Indian philosopher and theologian who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. He is credited with ...more
3
Agni Shridhar is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Agni Shridhar
Agni Shridhar (Kannada: ಅಗ್ನಿ ಶ್ರೀಧರ) is a Kannada former gangster, writer, critic and artist. He founded Karunada Sene. Later he founded the weekly Kannada newspaper and turned a professional ...more
4
Akka Mahadevi is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Philosophers from India

Birthplace: Karnataka, India

Akka Mahadevi (ಅಕ್ಕ ಮಹಾದೇವಿ) (c.1130–1160) was one of the early female poets of the Kannada language and a prominent personality in the Lingayat sect of Hinduism in the 12th century. Her 430 ...more
5
Asvaghosa is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 70 (80-150)

Birthplace: India

Aśvaghoṣa or Ashvaghosha (/'əɕʋə'gʰoːʂə/; c. 80 – c. 150 CE) was a Buddhist philosopher, dramatist, poet and orator from India. He was born in Saketa in northern India. He is believed to have ...more
6
Atiśa is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Atiśa Dec. at 74 (980-1054)

Birthplace: Bikrampur

Atiśa Dīpaṃkara Śrījñāna (Bengali: অতীশ দীপংকর শ্রীজ্ঞান, romanized: otish dipônkor sriggan; Standard Tibetan: ཇོ་བོ་རྗེ་དཔལ་ལྡན་ཨ་ཏི་ཤ།; Chinese: 燃燈吉祥智; pinyin: Rándēng ...more
7
B. R. Ambedkar is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 65 (1891-1956)

Birthplace: Mhow, India

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), popularly known as Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Dalit ...more

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8
Babu Gulabrai is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Babu Gulabrai Dec. at 75 (1888-1963)

Birthplace: Etawah, India

Babu Gulabrai (17 January 1888 – 13 April 1963) was a significant figure in modern Hindi literature.
9
Bhagwan Das is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 89 (1869-1958)

Birthplace: Eurasia, Uttar Pradesh, Varanasi, India, Varanasi district

Bhagwan Das (12 January 1869 – 18 September 1958) was an Indian Theosophist and public figure. For a time he served in the Central Legislative Assembly of British India. He became allied with ...more
10
Bhartṛhari is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Bhartṛhari

Birthplace: Ujjain, India

Bhartṛhari (Devanagari: भर्तृहरि; also romanised as Bhartrihari; fl. c. 5th century CE) is a Sanskrit writer to whom are normally ascribed two influential Sanskrit texts: the Vākyapadīya, on ...more
11
Bhau Kalchuri is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 86 (1927-2013)

Birthplace: Katangi, India

Bhau Kalchuri (January 13, 1927 – 23 October 2013), born Vir Singh Kalchuri, was an Indian author, poet, trust administrator, and one of Meher Baba's mandali (close disciples). He was also the ...more
12
Brahmarishi Hussain Sha ... is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Brahmarishi Hussain Sha Dec. at 76 (1905-1981)

Birthplace: Rajahmundry, India

Hussain Sha (September 9, 1905 – September 24, 1981) was the seventh head of Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Adhyatmika Peetham in Pithapuram. He was born in Rajahmundry, East Godavari District. He ...more
13
Brajendra Nath Seal is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 74 (1864-1938)

Birthplace: Kolkata, India

Sir Brajendra Nath Seal (Bengali: ব্রজেন্দ্রনাথ শীল; September 3, 1864 – 1938) was a renowned Bengali Indian humanist philosopher. He was one of the greatest original thinkers of the Brahmo ...more
14
Chinmayananda is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 77 (1916-1993)

Birthplace: Ernakulam, India

Swami Chinmayananda Saraswati (born Balakrishna Menon; 8 May 1916 – 3 August 1993) was a Hindu spiritual leader and a teacher who inspired the formation of Chinmaya Mission, a worldwide ...more
15
Complete Works of Kazi N... is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Kazi Nazrul Islam
This is a complete listing of the works by Kazi Nazrul Islam, in the Bengali language.
16
Dadu Dayal is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 59 (1544-1603)

Birthplace: Ahmedabad, Eurasia, India, Gujarat

Dadu Dayal (Hindi: दादूदयाल Dādūdayāl, 1544—1603) was a poet-sant from Gujarat, India, a religious reformator which have said against formalism and priestcraft. "Dadu" means brother, ...more
17
Dayananda Saraswati is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 59 (1824-1883)

Birthplace: Tankara

Dayanand Saraswati pronunciation (12 February 1824 – 30 October 1883) was an Indian social leader and founder of the Arya Samaj, a reform movement of the Vedic dharma. He was the first to give ...more
18
Debendranath Tagore is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Debendranath Tagore Dec. at 88 (1817-1905)

Birthplace: Kolkata, India

Debendranath Tagore (15 May 1817 – 19 January 1905) was a Bengali philosopher and religious Savant, active in the Brahmo Samaj ("Community of Brahmins"). He was the founder in 1848 of ...more
19
Debiprasad Chattopadhyay... is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya Dec. at 75 (1918-1993)

Birthplace: Kolkata, India

Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya was an eminent Bengali Marxist philosopher from India. He made extensive contributions to the exploration of the materialist current in ancient Indian Philosophy. His ...more
20
Deepak Kumar is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Deepak Kumar Age: 67
Deepak Kumar is an Indian historian. His specialization is history of science in India. Currently, he is a Professor of History of Science and Education, at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New ...more
21
Fathullah Shirazi is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Fathullah Shirazi (c. 1582), sometimes referred to as Amir Fathullah Shirazi, was a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, ...more
22
Ganganath Jha is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Ganganath Jha Dec. at 69 (1872-1941)

Birthplace: Madhubani, India, India

Sir Gaṅgānāth Jhā (25 December 1872 – 9 November 1941) was a scholar of Sanskrit, Indian philosophy and Buddhist philosophy. He was also a paṇḍit of Nyāya-Śāstra.
23
Buddha is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Philosophers from India

Birthplace: Lumbini, Nepal

Siddhārtha Gautama (Sanskrit: सिद्धार्थ गौतम Siddhāṛtha Gautama, c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE) or Siddhattha Gotama (शिद्धत्थ गोतम) in Pali, also called the Gautama Buddha, the Shakyamuni (i.e. ...more

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24
Homi K. Bhabha is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Age: 70

Birthplace: Mumbai, India

Homi K. Bhabha (; born 1 November 1949) is an Indian English scholar and critical theorist. He is the Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of English and American Literature and Language, and the ...more
25
Jiddu Krishnamurti is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Jiddu Krishnamurti Dec. at 91 (1895-1986)

Birthplace: South India, Eurasia, Chittoor district, India, Madanapalle, + more

Jiddu Krishnamurti (; 12 May 1895 – 17 February 1986) was an Indian philosopher, speaker and writer. In his early life he was groomed to be the new World Teacher but later rejected this mantle ...more

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