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Famous Philosophers from India

Updated June 14, 2019 200.4k views58 items

This list of notable or famous philosophers from India, with bios and includes the top philosophers born in India, as well as some popular philosophers who immigrated to India. You might also be interested in celebrities who majored in philosophy and famous Indian gurus. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Indian philosophers, then this list is the ideal resource for you. The best-known philosophers are from India are among the most prominent in all of philosophy. Important information about each well-known philosopher from India is included when available.

Everyone from Mahatma Gandhi to Adi Shankara is included on this list.

This historic philosophers from India list answers the essential questions "Who are some Indian philosophers of note?" and "Who are the most famous philosophers from India?" This is a compilation of historical and modern philosophers, so these prominent philosophers of India may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Indian philosophers. Use this list of renowned Indian philosophers to discover some new and great philosophers that you weren't familiar with before.

  • 1

    Acharya Hemachandra

    Dec. at 83 (1089-1172)

    BirthplaceDhandhuka, India


    Acharya Hemachandra was a Jain scholar, poet, and polymath who wrote on grammar, philosophy, prosody, and contemporary history. Noted as a prodigy by his contemporaries, he gained the title...  more
  • 2

    Adi Shankara

    Dec. at 32 (788-820)

    BirthplaceKalady, India


    Adi Shankaracharya (Sanskrit: आदि शङ्कराआचार्य [aːdɪ ɕɐŋkɐɽɐ]) was an early 8th century Indian philosopher and theologian who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. He is credited with...  more
  • 3

    Agni Shridhar

    Agni Shridhar (Kannada: ಅಗ್ನಿ ಶ್ರೀಧರ) is a Kannada former gangster, writer, critic and artist. He founded Karunada Sene. Later he founded the weekly Kannada newspaper and turned a professional...  more
  • 4
    Akka Mahadevi (ಅಕ್ಕ ಮಹಾದೇವಿ) (c.1130–1160) was one of the early female poets of the Kannada language and a prominent personality in the Lingayat sect of Hinduism in the 12th century. Her 430 extant...  more
  • 5


    Dec. at 70 (80-150)



    Aśvaghoṣa or Ashvaghosha (/'əɕʋə'gʰoːʂə/; c. 80 – c. 150 CE) was a Buddhist philosopher, dramatist, poet and orator from India. He was born in Saketa in northern India. He is believed to have been...  more
  • 6


    Dec. at 74 (980-1054)



    Atiśa Dīpaṃkara Śrījñāna (Bengali: অতীশ দীপংকর শ্রীজ্ঞান, romanized: otish dipônkor sriggan; Standard Tibetan: ཇོ་བོ་རྗེ་དཔལ་ལྡན་ཨ་ཏི་ཤ།; Chinese: 燃燈吉祥智; pinyin: Rándēng Jíxiángzhì) (982 - 1054 CE)...  more
  • 7

    B. R. Ambedkar

    Dec. at 65 (1891-1956)

    BirthplaceMhow, India


    Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), popularly known as Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist...  more

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  • 8

    Babu Gulabrai

    Dec. at 75 (1888-1963)

    BirthplaceEtawah, India


    Babu Gulabrai (17 January 1888 – 13 April 1963) was a significant figure in modern Hindi literature....  more
  • 9

    Bhagwan Das

    Dec. at 89 (1869-1958)

    BirthplaceVaranasi, India


    Bhagwan Das (12 January 1869 – 18 September 1958) was an Indian Theosophist and public figure. For a time he served in the Central Legislative Assembly of British India. He became allied with the...  more
  • 10


    Bhartṛhari (Devanagari: भर्तृहरि; also romanised as Bhartrihari; fl. c. 5th century CE) is a Sanskrit writer to whom are normally ascribed two influential Sanskrit texts: the Vākyapadīya, on...  more
  • 11

    Bhau Kalchuri

    Dec. at 86 (1927-2013)

    BirthplaceKatangi, India


    Bhau Kalchuri (January 13, 1927 – 23 October 2013), born Vir Singh Kalchuri, was an Indian author, poet, trust administrator, and one of Meher Baba's mandali (close disciples). He was also the...  more
  • 12

    Brahmarishi Hussain Sha

    Dec. at 76 (1905-1981)

    BirthplaceRajahmundry, India


    Hussain Sha (September 9, 1905 – September 24, 1981) was the seventh head of Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Adhyatmika Peetham in Pithapuram. He was born in Rajahmundry, East Godavari District. He succeeded...  more
  • 13

    Brajendra Nath Seal

    Dec. at 74 (1864-1938)

    BirthplaceKolkata, India


    Sir Brajendra Nath Seal (Bengali: ব্রজেন্দ্রনাথ শীল; September 3, 1864 – 1938) was a renowned Bengali Indian humanist philosopher. He was one of the greatest original thinkers of the Brahmo Samaj and...  more
  • 14


    Dec. at 77 (1916-1993)

    BirthplaceErnakulam, India


    Swami Chinmayananda Saraswati (born Balakrishna Menon; 8 May 1916 – 3 August 1993) was a Hindu spiritual leader and a teacher who inspired the formation of Chinmaya Mission, a worldwide nonprofit...  more
  • 15

    Kazi Nazrul Islam

    This is a complete listing of the works by Kazi Nazrul Islam, in the Bengali language....  more
  • 16

    Dadu Dayal

    Dec. at 59 (1544-1603)

    BirthplaceAhmedabad, India


    Dadu Dayal (Hindi: दादूदयाल Dādūdayāl, 1544—1603) was a poet-sant from Gujarat, India, a religious reformator which have said against formalism and priestcraft. "Dadu" means brother, and "Dayal"...  more
  • 17

    Dayananda Saraswati

    Dec. at 59 (1824-1883)



    Dayanand Saraswati pronunciation (12 February 1824 – 30 October 1883) was an Indian social leader and founder of the Arya Samaj, a reform movement of the Vedic dharma. He was the first to give the...  more
  • 18

    Debendranath Tagore

    Dec. at 88 (1817-1905)

    BirthplaceKolkata, India


    Debendranath Tagore (15 May 1817 – 19 January 1905) was a Bengali philosopher and religious Savant, active in the Brahmo Samaj ("Community of Brahmins"). He was the founder in 1848 of the Brahmo...  more
  • 19

    Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya

    Dec. at 75 (1918-1993)

    BirthplaceKolkata, India


    Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya was an eminent Bengali Marxist philosopher from India. He made extensive contributions to the exploration of the materialist current in ancient Indian Philosophy. His most...  more
  • 20

    Deepak Kumar

    Age: 68


    Deepak Kumar is an Indian historian. His specialization is history of science in India. Currently, he is a Professor of History of Science and Education, at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi,...  more
  • 21
    Fathullah Shirazi (c. 1582), sometimes referred to as Amir Fathullah Shirazi, was a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician,...  more
  • 22

    Ganganath Jha

    Dec. at 69 (1872-1941)

    BirthplaceMadhubani, India, India


    Sir Gaṅgānāth Jhā (25 December 1872 – 9 November 1941) was a scholar of Sanskrit, Indian philosophy and Buddhist philosophy. He was also a paṇḍit of Nyāya-Śāstra....  more
  • 23
    Siddhārtha Gautama (Sanskrit: सिद्धार्थ गौतम Siddhāṛtha Gautama, c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE) or Siddhattha Gotama (शिद्धत्थ गोतम) in Pali, also called the Gautama Buddha, the Shakyamuni (i.e. "Sage...  more

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  • 24

    BirthplaceMumbai, India


    Homi K. Bhabha (; born 1 November 1949) is an Indian English scholar and critical theorist. He is the Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of English and American Literature and Language, and the Director of...  more
  • 25

    Jiddu Krishnamurti

    Dec. at 91 (1895-1986)

    BirthplaceMadanapalle, India


    Jiddu Krishnamurti (; 12 May 1895 – 17 February 1986) was an Indian philosopher, speaker and writer. In his early life he was groomed to be the new World Teacher but later rejected this mantle and...  more