India Famous Philosophers from India

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This list of notable or famous philosophers from India, with bios and includes the top philosophers born in India, as well as some popular philosophers who immigrated to India. You might also be interested in celebrities who majored in philosophy and famous Indian gurus. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Indian philosophers, then this list is the ideal resource for you. The best-known philosophers are from India are among the most prominent in all of philosophy. Important information about each well-known philosopher from India is included when available.

Everyone from Mahatma Gandhi to Adi Shankara is included on this list.

This historic philosophers from India list answers the essential questions "Who are some Indian philosophers of note?" and "Who are the most famous philosophers from India?" This is a compilation of historical and modern philosophers, so these prominent philosophers of India may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Indian philosophers. Use this list of renowned Indian philosophers to discover some new and great philosophers that you weren't familiar with before.

1
Acharya Hemachandra is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 83 (1089-1172) Acharya Hemachandra was a Jain scholar, poet, and polymath who wrote on grammar, philosophy, prosody, and contemporary history. Noted as a prodigy by his contemporaries, he gained the title ...more

2
Adi Shankara is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 32 (788-820) Adi Shankara is a widely studied and influential Hindu philosopher and theologian from India who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. His works in Sanskrit discuss the unity of the ...more

3
Agni Shridhar is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Agni Shridhar Agni Shridhar is an Kannada former gangster, writer, critic and artist. He founded Karunada Sene. Later he founded the weekly Kannada newspaper and turned a professional writer, Agni. He has ...more

4
Akka Mahadevi is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Akka Mahadevi, one of the early female poets in the Kannada language was a prominent figure in the Veerashaiva Bhakti movement of the 12th century. Her 430 extant Vachana poems, and the two ...more

5
Asvaghosa is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 70 (80-150) Aśvaghoṣa [əɕʋəgʰoːʂə] was an Indian philosopher-poet, born in Saketa in northern India to a Brahmin family. He is believed to have been the first Sanskrit dramatist, and is considered the ...more

6
Atiśa is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Atiśa Dec. at 74 (980-1054) Atiśa Dīpaṃkara Śrījñāna was a Buddhist teacher from the Pala Empire of Bengal. He was one of the major figures in the spread of 11th-century Mahayana and Vajrayana Buddhism in Asia and ...more

7
B. R. Ambedkar is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 65 (1891-1956) Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social ...more

8
Babu Gulabrai is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Babu Gulabrai Dec. at 75 (1888-1963) Babu Gulabrai was a significant figure in modern Hindi literature.

9
Bhagwan Das is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 89 (1869-1958) Bhagwan Das was an Indian Theosophist and public figure. For a time he served in the Central Legislative Assembly of British India. He became allied with the Hindustani Culture Society and was ...more

10
Bhartṛhari is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Bhartṛhari is a Sanskrit author who is likely to have written two influential Sanskrit texts in the domain of grammar: the Mahābhāṣya-dīpikā, an important, early subcommentary on Patanjali's ...more

11
Bhau Kalchuri is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 86 (1927-2013) Bhau Kalchuri, born Vir Singh Kalchuri, was an Indian author, poet, trust administrator, and one of Meher Baba's mandali. He was also the principal biographer of Meher Baba's life. Kalchuri was ...more

12
Brahmarishi Hussain Sha is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Brahmarishi Hussain Sha Dec. at 76 (1905-1981) Hussain Sha was the seventh head of Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Adhyatmika Peetham in Pithapuram. He was born in Rajahmundry, East Godavari District. He succeeded his father, Kavisekhara Dr Umar ...more

13
Brajendra Nath Seal is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 74 (1864-1938) Sir Brajendra Nath Seal was a renowned Bengali Indian humanist philosopher. He was one of the greatest original thinkers of the Brahmo Samaj and did work in comparative religion and on the ...more

14
Chinmayananda is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 77 (1916-1993) Swami Chinmayananda Saraswati was a Hindu spiritual leader and teacher who inspired the formation of Chinmaya Mission, a worldwide nonprofit organisation, to spread the knowledge of Advaita ...more

15
Complete Works of Kazi Nazrul ... is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Philosophers from India

16
Dadu Dayal is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 59 (1544-1603) Dadu Dayal was a sant from Gujarat, India. "Dadu" means brother, and "Dayal" means "the compassionate one". He was reputedly found by an affluent business man ...more

17
Dayananda Saraswati is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 59 (1824-1883) Dayanand Saraswati born was a Hindu religious leader who founded the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition. He was a profound scholar of the Vedic lore and Sanskrit ...more

18
Debendranath Tagore is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Debendranath Tagore Dec. at 88 (1817-1905) Debendranath Tagore was a Hindu philosopher and religious reformer, active in the Brahmo Samaj, which aimed to reform the Hindu religion and way of life. He was one of the founders in 1848 of ...more

19
Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya Dec. at 75 (1918-1993) Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya was an eminent Bengali Marxist philosopher from India. He made extensive contributions to the exploration of the materialist current in ancient Indian Philosophy. His ...more

20
Deepak Kumar is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Deepak Kumar age 66 Deepak Kumar is an Indian historian. His specialization is history of science in India. Currently, he is a Professor of History of Science and Education, at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New ...more

21
Fathullah Shirazi is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Fathullah Shirazi, sometimes referred to as Amir Fathullah Shirazi, was a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician, ...more

22
Ganganath Jha is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Ganganath Jha Dec. at 69 (1872-1941) Sir Gaṅgānāth Jhā was a scholar of Sanskrit, Indian Philosophy and Buddhist Philosophy. He was also a paṇḍit of Nyāya-Śāstra.

23
Gautama Buddha is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni, or simply the Buddha, was a sage on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in eastern ...more

24
Homi K. Bhabha is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
age 69 Homi K. Bhabha is the Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of English and American Literature and Language, and the Director of the Humanities Center at Harvard University. He is one of the most ...more

25
Jiddu Krishnamurti is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 91 (1895-1986) Jiddu Krishnamurti was an Indian speaker and writer on philosophical and spiritual subjects. In his early life he was groomed to be the new World Teacher but later rejected this mantle and ...more

26
Kabir is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Kabīr was a mystic poet and saint of India, whose writings have greatly influenced the Bhakti movement. The name Kabir comes from Arabic al-Kabīr which means "The Great" – the 37th ...more

27
Kavisekhara Dr Umar Alisha is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Kavisekhara Dr Umar Alisha Dec. at 60 (1885-1945) Kavisekhara Dr Umar Alisha was the sixth Peethadhipathi of Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Adhyatmika Peetham in Pithapuram, India. He succeeded his father Mohiddin Badusha I.

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Kazi Nazrul Islam is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 77 (1899-1976) Kazi Nazrul Islam is the national poet of Bangladesh. He was also a Bengali polymath, poet, writer, musician and revolutionary. Popularly known as Nazrul, his poetry and music espoused ...more

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Kedar Joshi is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Kedar Joshi age 39

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Keshub Chunder Sen is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Keshub Chunder Sen Dec. at 46 (1838-1884) Keshub Chandra Sen was an Indian Bengali Hindu philosopher and social reformer who attempted to incorporate Christian theology within the framework of Hindu thought. Born a Hindu, he became a ...more

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Kumārila Bhaṭṭa is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Kumārila Bhaṭṭa Kumārila Bhaṭṭa was a maithil Brahmin Hindu philosopher and Mimamsa scholar from Assam. He is famous for many of his seminal theses on Mimamsa, such as Mimamsaslokavarttika. Bhaṭṭa was a staunch ...more

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M. N. Roy is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 67 (1887-1954) Manabendra Nath Roy, born Narendra Nath Bhattacharya, was an Indian revolutionary, radical activist and political theorist. Roy was a founder of the Mexican Communist Party and the Communist ...more

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Mahatma Gandhi is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 79 (1869-1948) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and ...more

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Mohiddin Badsha II is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 56 (1933-1989) Sri Mohiddin Badsha II was born on 1933-07-11 at Pithapuram to Sri Brahmarishi Hussain Sha and Ajeemunnisa Begum. He was a scholar in Telugu, Arabic, Urdu, Sanskrit, Parsee and English. He ...more

35
Muhammad Iqbal is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 61 (1877-1938) Sir Muhammad Iqbal, widely known as Allama Iqbal, was an academic, poet, barrister, philosopher, scholar mystic and politician in British India, who is widely regarded as having inspired the ...more

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P. Parameswaran is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
P. Parameswaran age 91 P. Parameshwaran is a renowned Hindutva thinker in Kerala and an orator. He is the director of Bharatiya Vichara Kendra and the president of Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari. He is also one of ...more

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Padmanabhan Palpu is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Padmanabhan Palpu Dec. at 87 (1863-1950) Padmanabhan Palpu LMS, DPH FRIPH was a bacteriologist and social revolutionary. Ritty Lukose describes him as the "political father" of the Ezhavas, who are numerically the largest ...more

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Penmetsa Subbaraju is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Penmetsa Subbaraju Penmetsa Subba Raju is rationalist leader and author. He wrote books criticising Bible and Christian fundamentalism. He is also founder of the Netradana Protsahaka Sangham. This association is ...more

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Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 69 (1921-1990) Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, also known by his spiritual name, Shrii Shrii Anandamurti and known as Baba to his disciples, was an Indian philosopher, author, social revolutionary, poet, composer, and ...more

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Raimon Panikkar is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 92 (1918-2010) Raimon Panikkar-Alemany was a Spanish Roman Catholic priest and a proponent of inter-religious dialogue. As a scholar, he specialized in comparative religion.

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Rajneesh is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 59 (1931-1990) Chandra Mohan Jain, also known as Acharya Rajneesh from the 1960s onwards, as Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh during the 1970s and 1980s, and as Osho from 1989, was an Indian mystic, guru and spiritual ...more

42
Ram Mohan Roy is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 61 (1772-1833) Raja Ram Mohan Roy was a founder of the Brahmo Samaj movement in 1828 which engendered the Brahmo Samaj, an influential Indian socio-religious reform movement. His influence was apparent in the ...more

43
Ramakrishna is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 50 (1836-1886) Ramakrishna, born Gadadhar Chatterji or Gadadhar Chattopadhyay, was an Indian mystic during the 19th-century. His religious school of thought led to the formation of the Ramakrishna Mission by ...more

44
Ranker Video
Dec. at 58 (1926-1984) Dr.Ekkirala Krisnamacharya also known as Master E K was at Nujuveedu, Andhra Pradesh to Sri Ananthacharya and Smt Butchamma. "Serve until you forget that you are serving" ...more

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Ramanuja is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 120 (1017-1137) Ramanuja was a Hindu theologian, philosopher, and scriptural exegete, born in a Tamil Brahmin family in the village of Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu. He is also known as Sri Ramanujacharya, ...more

46
Sant Sri Asaramji Bapu is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
age 76 Asaram, born Asumal Thaumal Harpalani or Asumal Sirumalani on 17 April 1941, also known as Asaram Bapu is from India. He preaches the existence of One Supreme Conscious and claims Bhakti yoga, ...more

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Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 87 (1888-1975) Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an Indian philosopher and statesman who was the first Vice President of India and the second President of India from 1962 to 1967. One of India's most distinguished ...more

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Shibli Nomani is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Shibli Nomani Dec. at 57 (1857-1914) Shibli Nomani was an Islamic scholar from Indian subcontinent during British Raj. He was born at Bindwal in Azamgarh district of present-day Uttar Pradesh. He is known for the founding the ...more

49
Sri Aurobindo is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 78 (1872-1950) Sri Aurobindo, born Aurobindo Ghose, was an Indian nationalist, philosopher, yogi, guru, and poet. He joined the Indian movement for independence from British rule, for a while became one of its ...more

50
Subhash Kak is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
age 71 Subhash Kak is an Indian American computer scientist. He is Regents Professor and a previous Head of Computer Science Department at Oklahoma State University in Stillwater who has made ...more