India

Famous Philosophers from India

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This list of notable or famous philosophers from India, with bios and includes the top philosophers born in India, as well as some popular philosophers who immigrated to India. You might also be interested in celebrities who majored in philosophy and famous Indian gurus. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Indian philosophers, then this list is the ideal resource for you. The best-known philosophers are from India are among the most prominent in all of philosophy. Important information about each well-known philosopher from India is included when available.

Everyone from Mahatma Gandhi to Adi Shankara is included on this list.

This historic philosophers from India list answers the essential questions "Who are some Indian philosophers of note?" and "Who are the most famous philosophers from India?" This is a compilation of historical and modern philosophers, so these prominent philosophers of India may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Indian philosophers. Use this list of renowned Indian philosophers to discover some new and great philosophers that you weren't familiar with before.

1
Acharya Hemachandra is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 83 (1089-1172)
Acharya Hemachandra was a Jain scholar, poet, and polymath who wrote on grammar, philosophy, prosody, and contemporary history. Noted as a prodigy by his contemporaries, he gained the title ...more
2
Adi Shankara is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 32 (788-820)
Adi Shankara is a widely studied and influential Hindu philosopher and theologian from India who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. His works in Sanskrit discuss the unity of the ...more
3
Agni Shridhar is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Agni Shridhar
Agni Shridhar is an Kannada former gangster, writer, critic and artist. He founded Karunada Sene. Later he founded the weekly Kannada newspaper and turned a professional writer, Agni. He has ...more
4
Akka Mahadevi is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Akka Mahadevi, one of the early female poets in the Kannada language was a prominent figure in the Veerashaiva Bhakti movement of the 12th century. Her 430 extant Vachana poems, and the two ...more
5
Asvaghosa is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 70 (80-150)
Aśvaghoṣa [əɕʋəgʰoːʂə] was an Indian philosopher-poet, born in Saketa in northern India to a Brahmin family. He is believed to have been the first Sanskrit dramatist, and is considered the ...more
6
Atiśa is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Atiśa Dec. at 74 (980-1054)
Atiśa Dīpaṃkara Śrījñāna was a Buddhist teacher from the Pala Empire of Bengal. He was one of the major figures in the spread of 11th-century Mahayana and Vajrayana Buddhism in Asia and ...more
7
B. R. Ambedkar is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 65 (1891-1956)
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social ...more
8
Babu Gulabrai is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Babu Gulabrai Dec. at 75 (1888-1963)
Babu Gulabrai was a significant figure in modern Hindi literature.
9
Bhagwan Das is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 89 (1869-1958)
Bhagwan Das was an Indian Theosophist and public figure. For a time he served in the Central Legislative Assembly of British India. He became allied with the Hindustani Culture Society and was ...more
10
Bhartṛhari is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Bhartṛhari is a Sanskrit author who is likely to have written two influential Sanskrit texts in the domain of grammar: the Mahābhāṣya-dīpikā, an important, early subcommentary on Patanjali's ...more
11
Bhau Kalchuri is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 86 (1927-2013)
Bhau Kalchuri, born Vir Singh Kalchuri, was an Indian author, poet, trust administrator, and one of Meher Baba's mandali. He was also the principal biographer of Meher Baba's life. Kalchuri was ...more
12
Brahmarishi Hussain Sha is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Brahmarishi Hussain Sha Dec. at 76 (1905-1981)
Hussain Sha was the seventh head of Sri Viswa Viznana Vidya Adhyatmika Peetham in Pithapuram. He was born in Rajahmundry, East Godavari District. He succeeded his father, Kavisekhara Dr Umar ...more
13
Brajendra Nath Seal is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 74 (1864-1938)
Sir Brajendra Nath Seal was a renowned Bengali Indian humanist philosopher. He was one of the greatest original thinkers of the Brahmo Samaj and did work in comparative religion and on the ...more
14
Chinmayananda is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 77 (1916-1993)
Swami Chinmayananda Saraswati was a Hindu spiritual leader and teacher who inspired the formation of Chinmaya Mission, a worldwide nonprofit organisation, to spread the knowledge of Advaita ...more
15
Complete Works of Kazi Nazrul ... is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
16
Dadu Dayal is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 59 (1544-1603)
Dadu Dayal was a sant from Gujarat, India. "Dadu" means brother, and "Dayal" means "the compassionate one". He was reputedly found by an affluent business man ...more
17
Dayananda Saraswati is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 59 (1824-1883)
Dayanand Saraswati born was a Hindu religious leader who founded the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement of the Vedic tradition. He was a profound scholar of the Vedic lore and Sanskrit ...more
18
Debendranath Tagore is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Debendranath Tagore Dec. at 88 (1817-1905)
Debendranath Tagore was a Hindu philosopher and religious reformer, active in the Brahmo Samaj, which aimed to reform the Hindu religion and way of life. He was one of the founders in 1848 of ...more
19
Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya Dec. at 75 (1918-1993)
Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya was an eminent Bengali Marxist philosopher from India. He made extensive contributions to the exploration of the materialist current in ancient Indian Philosophy. His ...more
20
Deepak Kumar is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Deepak Kumar age 67
Deepak Kumar is an Indian historian. His specialization is history of science in India. Currently, he is a Professor of History of Science and Education, at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New ...more
21
Fathullah Shirazi is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Fathullah Shirazi, sometimes referred to as Amir Fathullah Shirazi, was a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician, ...more
22
Ganganath Jha is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Ganganath Jha Dec. at 69 (1872-1941)
Sir Gaṅgānāth Jhā was a scholar of Sanskrit, Indian Philosophy and Buddhist Philosophy. He was also a paṇḍit of Nyāya-Śāstra.
23
Buddha is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Gautama Buddha, also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni, or simply the Buddha, was a sage on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in eastern ...more
24
Homi K. Bhabha is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
age 70
Homi K. Bhabha is the Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of English and American Literature and Language, and the Director of the Humanities Center at Harvard University. He is one of the most ...more
25
Jiddu Krishnamurti is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Philosophers from India
Dec. at 91 (1895-1986)
Jiddu Krishnamurti was an Indian speaker and writer on philosophical and spiritual subjects. In his early life he was groomed to be the new World Teacher but later rejected this mantle and ...more