Famous Philosophers from Russia

List of notable or famous philosophers from Russia, with bios and photos, including the top philosophers born in Russia and even some popular philosophers who immigrated to Russia. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Russian philosophers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These philosophers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known philosopher from Russia is included when available.

This list features Vladimir Lenin, Leo Tolstoy and more.

This historic philosophers from Russia list can help answer the questions "Who are some Russian philosophers of note?" and "Who are the most famous philosophers from Russia?" These prominent philosophers of Russia may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Russian philosophers.

Use this list of renowned Russian philosophers to discover some new philosophers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}

  • Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov
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    Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov (Russian: Алекса́ндр Дани́лович Алекса́ндров, alternative transliterations: Alexandr or Alexander (first name), and Alexandrov (last name)) (August 4, 1912 – July 27, 1999), was a Soviet/Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher and mountaineer.
    • Age: Dec. at 86 (1912-1999)
    • Birthplace: Soviet Union
  • Aleksey Khomyakov
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    Aleksey Stepanovich Khomyakov (Russian: Алексе́й Степа́нович Хомяко́в) (May 13 (O.S. May 1) 1804 in Moscow – October 5 (O.S. September 23), 1860 in Moscow) was a Russian theologian, philosopher, poet and amateur artist. He co-founded the Slavophile movement along with Ivan Kireyevsky, and he became one of its most distinguished theoreticians. His son Nikolay Khomyakov was a speaker of the State Duma.
    • Age: Dec. at 56 (1804-1860)
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
  • Anatoly Mikhailovich Khazanov (Russian: Анато́лий Миха́йлович Хазáнов, born December 13, 1937) is an anthropologist and historian. Born in Moscow, Khazanov attended Moscow State University, where he received an M.A. in 1960. He earned a Ph.D. degree in 1966 and Dr.Sc. in 1976 from the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1990, he became Professor of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison; and at the moment he is the Ernest Gellner Professor of Anthropology (Emeritus). He is a Fellow of the British Academy, Corresponding Member of the UNESCO International Institute for the Study of Nomadic Civilizations, and Honorary Member of the Central Asian Studies Society; as ...more
    • Age: 85
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Eurasia, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Russia, Soviet Union
  • Antiochus Kantemir
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    Antiochus or Antioch Kantemir or Cantemir (Russian: Антиох Дмитриевич Кантемир, Antiokh Dmitrievich Kantemir; Romanian: Antioh Cantemir; Turkish: Antioh Kantemiroğlu; French: Antioche Cantemir; 8 September 1708 – 31 March 1744) was a Moldavian who served as a man of letters, diplomat, and prince during the Russian Enlightenment. He has been called "the father of Russian poetry".
    • Age: Dec. at 35 (1708-1744)
    • Birthplace: Iași, Nord-Est, Romania
  • Dmitry Yevgenyevich Galkovsky (Russian: Дмитрий Евгеньевич Галковский; born 4 June 1960 in the USSR) is a Russian writer, journalist, philosopher and blogger. Most famous as author of the novel The Infinite Deadlock (Бесконечный тупик).
    • Age: 62
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
  • Dmitry Merezhkovsky
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    Dmitry Sergeyevich Merezhkovsky (Russian: Дми́трий Серге́евич Мережко́вский, IPA: [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj sʲɪrˈɡʲejɪvʲɪtɕ mʲɪrʲɪˈʂkofskʲɪj]; 14 August [O.S. 2 August] 1866 – December 9, 1941) was a Russian novelist, poet, religious thinker, and literary critic. A seminal figure of the Silver Age of Russian Poetry, regarded as a co-founder of the Symbolist movement, Merezhkovsky – with his poet wife Zinaida Gippius – was twice forced into political exile. During his second exile (1918–1941) he continued publishing successful novels and gained recognition as a critic of the Soviet Union. Known both as a self-styled religious prophet with his own slant on apocalyptic Christianity, and as the author of ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 76 (1865-1941)
    • Birthplace: Northwestern Federal District, Eurasia, Russia, Saint Petersburg