Famous Philosophers from Scotland

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List of notable or famous philosophers from Scotland, with bios and photos, including the top philosophers born in Scotland and even some popular philosophers who immigrated to Scotland. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Scottish philosophers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These philosophers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known philosopher from Scotland is included when available.

These people, like Adam Ferguson and Alexander Henderson include images when available.

This historic philosophers from Scotland list can help answer the questions "Who are some Scottish philosophers of note?" and "Who are the most famous philosophers from Scotland?" These prominent philosophers of Scotland may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Scottish philosophers.

Use this list of renowned Scottish philosophers to discover some new philosophers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (23 items)
Adam Ferguson is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Philosophers from Scotland
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Adam Ferguson FRSE also known as Ferguson of Raith was a Scottish philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment. Ferguson was sympathetic to traditional societies, such as the Highlands, for producing courage and loyalty. He criticized commercial society as making men weak, dishonourable and unconcerned for their community. Ferguson has been called "the father of modern sociology." His most well known work is his Essay on the History of Civil Society. ...more on Wikipedia

Age: Dec. at 93 (1723-1816)

Birthplace: Eurasia, United Kingdom, Logierait

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Adam Smith is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Philosophers from Scotland
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Adam Smith was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and key Scottish Enlightenment figure. Smith is best known for two classic works: The Theory of Moral Sentiments, and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. The latter, usually abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations, is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work of economics. Smith is cited as the "father of modern economics" and is still among the most influential thinkers in the field of economics today. Smith studied social philosophy at the University of Glasgow and at Balliol College, Oxford, where he was one of the first students to benefit from scholarships set up by fellow ...more on Wikipedia

Age: Dec. at 67 (1723-1790)

Birthplace: Eurasia, United Kingdom, Kirkcaldy, Fife, United Kingdom, + more

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Alexander Henderson is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Philosophers from Scotland
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Alexander Henderson was a Scottish theologian, and an important ecclesiastical statesman of his period. He is considered the second founder of the Reformed Church in Scotland, and its Presbyterian churches are largely indebted to him for the forms of their dogmas and organisation. ...more on Wikipedia

Age: Dec. at 63 (1583-1646)

Birthplace: Fife, United Kingdom

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Arthur Balfour is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Philosophers from Scotland
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Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour KG OM PC DL was a British Conservative politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from July 1902 to December 1905. When he came into his inheritance at 21, Balfour became one of the wealthiest young men in Britain. He rose to prominence by suppressing agrarian unrest in Ireland through punitive action combined with measures against absentee landlords. In July 1902 he succeeded his uncle, Lord Salisbury as Prime Minister and leader of a Conservative Party that had won two successive landslide majorities, but suffered by virtue of public antipathy to the Boer war. Boer farms on the veldt supplying the guerrillas had been countered by ...more on Wikipedia

Age: Dec. at 82 (1848-1930)

Birthplace: Whittingehame, United Kingdom

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