READ Famous Philosophers from Spain

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List of notable or famous philosophers from Spain, with bios and photos, including the top philosophers born in Spain and even some popular philosophers who immigrated to Spain. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Spanish philosophers then this list is the perfect resource for you. These philosophers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known philosopher from Spain is included when available.

List people include Ramon Llull, George Santayana and many more.

This historic philosophers from Spain list can help answer the questions "Who are some Spanish philosophers of note?" and "Who are the most famous philosophers from Spain?" These prominent philosophers of Spain may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Spanish philosophers.

Use this list of renowned Spanish philosophers to discover some new philosophers that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (49 items)

1
Abiathar Crescas is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Abiathar Crescas was a 15th-century Jewish physician and astrologer from the Crown of Aragon. He was head astrologer to King John of Aragon, father of King Ferdinand of Aragon. Crescas was a ...more

2
Abraham bar Hiyya is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 66 (1070-1136) Abraham bar Ḥiyya ha-Nasi was a Jewish mathematician, astronomer and philosopher, also known as Savasorda or Abraham Judaeus. He was born in Barcelona and scholars suspect he travelled to ...more

3
Abraham ibn Ezra is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 78 (1089-1167) Rabbi Abraham Ben Meir Ibn Ezra was born at Tudela, Navarre in 1089, and died c. 1167, apparently in Calahorra. He was one of the most distinguished Jewish men of letters and writers of the ...more

4
Antonio Comellas y Cluet is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Antonio Comellas y Cluet Dec. at 52 (1832-1884) Antonio Comellas y Cluet was a philosopher. Comellas studied philosophy and theology in Vic, and entered the diocesan seminary in Solsona, Lleida. After his ordination he continued to teach ...more

5
Avempace is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 43 (1095-1138) Avempace is the Latinate form of Ibn Bâjja, full name Abû Bakr Muḥammad Ibn Yaḥyà ibn aṣ-Ṣâ’igh at-Tûjîbî Ibn Bâjja al-Tujibi, a medieval ...more

6
Averroes is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 72 (1126-1198) Averroës is the Latinized form of Ibn Rushd, full name ʾAbū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn ʾAḥmad Ibn Rušd, a Berber medieval Andalusian polymath. He wrote on logic, Aristotelian and Islamic ...more

7
Baltasar Gracián y Morales is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 57 (1601-1658) Baltasar Gracián y Morales, SJ, formerly Anglicized as Baltazar Gracian, was a Spanish Jesuit and baroque prose writer and philosopher. He was born in Belmonte, near Calatayud. His ...more

8
Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 55 (1645-1700) Don Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora was one of the first great intellectuals born in the Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain. He was a creole patriot, exalting New Spain over Old. A ...more

9
Chantal Maillard is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
age 67 Chantal Maillard is a contemporary Spanish poet and philosopher. With a long repertoire behind her, she has received various literary prizes for her poetry. She was awarded the Premio Nacional ...more

10
Domingo de Soto is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Domingo de Soto Dec. at 66 (1494-1560) Domingo de Soto was a Dominican priest and Scholastic theologian born in Segovia, Spain, and died in Salamanca at the age of 66. He is best known as one of the major figures of the philosophical ...more

11
Enrique Colom is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Enrique Colom age 77 Enrique Colom is a member of the Pontifical Academy of St. Thomas Aquinas in Rome and is a Consultor of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, and was contributing editor of their ...more

12
Fernando Ocariz is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Fernando Ocariz Fernando Ocáriz Braña is Vicar General of Opus Dei. He is a Catholic theologian who has published several books and who is regularly consulted by the Congregation of the Faith. He ...more

13
Fernando Rielo is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 81 (1923-2004) Fernando Rielo Pardal was a mystical poet, philosopher, author, metaphysician, and Founder of a Catholic religious institute. Rielo also founded a school of thought and a foundation based on a ...more

14
Fernando Savater is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Fernando Savater age 70 Fernando Fernández-Savater Martín is one of Spain's most popular living philosophers, as well as an essayist and celebrated author. Born in San Sebastián, he was an Ethics ...more

15
Francesc Pujols is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Francesc Pujols Dec. at 80 (1882-1962) Francesc Pujols i Morgades was a Catalan writer and philosopher. Pujols began to write poetry during his studies in secondary school, influenced by the work of Jacint Verdaguer and Joan ...more

16
Francisco de Vitoria is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 54 (1492-1546) Francisco de Vitoria, OP, was a Spanish Renaissance Roman Catholic philosopher, theologian and jurist, founder of the tradition in philosophy known as the School of Salamanca, noted especially ...more

17
Francisco Suárez is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 69 (1548-1617) Francisco Suárez was a Spanish Jesuit priest, philosopher and theologian, one of the leading figures of the School of Salamanca movement, and generally regarded among the greatest ...more

18
Francisco Zumel is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Francisco Zumel Dec. at 67 (1540-1607) Francisco Zumel was a Spanish philosopher and ecclesiastic. He was superior general of the Mercedarian Order and professor of physics and moral philosophy at the University of Salamanca. He was ...more

19
Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 67 (1744-1811) Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos was a Spanish neoclassical statesman, author, philosopher and a major figure of the Age of Enlightenment in Spain.

20
George Santayana is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 89 (1863-1952) Jorge Agustín Nicolás Ruiz de Santayana y Borrás, known as George Santayana, was a philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist. Santayana was raised and educated in the United ...more

21
Gómez Pereira is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 67 (1500-1567) Gómez Pereira was a Spanish philosopher, doctor, and natural humanist from Medina del Campo. Pereira worked hard to dispel medieval concepts of medicine and proposed the application of ...more

22
Gregorio Marañón is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 73 (1887-1960) Gregorio Marañón y Posadillo was a Spanish physician, scientist, historian, writer and philosopher. He married Dolores Moya in 1911, they had four children. An austere, humanist ...more

23
Ibn Shaprut is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Ibn Shaprut Shem-Tob ben Isaac Shaprut of Tudela was a Spanish Jewish philosopher, physician, and polemicist. He is often confused with the physician Shem-Tob ben Isaac of Tortosa, who lived earlier. He may ...more

24
Ibn Tufail is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 80 (1105-1185) Ibn Tufail was an Andalusian Muslim polymath: a writer, novelist, Islamic philosopher, Islamic theologian, physician, astronomer, vizier, and court official. As a philosopher and novelist, he is ...more

25
Isaac ben Sheshet is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Isaac ben Sheshet Dec. at 82 (1326-1408) Isaac ben Sheshet Perfet was a Spanish Talmudic authority, also known by his acronym, Rivash. He was born at Valencia and settled early in life at Barcelona, where he studied under Perez ...more

26
Isaac Cardoso is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Isaac Cardoso Isaac Cardoso was a Jewish physician, philosopher, and polemic writer. He was born of Marrano parents at Trancoso, near Celorico, in the province of Beira, Portugal in 1603 or 1604 and died at ...more

27
Isidore of Seville is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 76 (560-636) Saint Isidore of Seville served as Archbishop of Seville for more than three decades and is considered, as the 19th-century historian Montalembert put it in an oft-quoted phrase, "The last ...more

28
John of the Cross is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 49 (1542-1591) Saint John of the Cross, O.C.D., was a major figure of the Counter-Reformation, a Spanish mystic, a Roman Catholic saint, a Carmelite friar and a priest who was born at Fontiveros, Old Castile. ...more

29
José Gaos is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
José Gaos Dec. at 69 (1900-1969) José Gaos was a Spanish philosopher who obtained political asylum in Mexico during the Spanish Civil War. Gaos was a professor of the University of Zaragoza and University of Madrid. In ...more

30
José Ortega y Gasset is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 72 (1883-1955) José Ortega y Gasset was a Spanish liberal philosopher and essayist working during the first half of the 20th century while Spain oscillated between monarchy, republicanism and ...more

31
Joseph Albo is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Joseph Albo Dec. at 64 (1380-1444) Joseph Albo was a Jewish philosopher and rabbi who lived in Spain during the fifteenth century, known chiefly as the author of Sefer ha-Ikkarim, the classic work on the fundamentals of Judaism.

32
Juan Donoso Cortés is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 44 (1809-1853) Juan Donoso Cortés, marqués de Valdegamas was a Spanish author, conservative and catholic political theorist, and diplomat. He was a descendant, through his father Pedro Donoso ...more

33
Juan Eusebio Nieremberg is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Juan Eusebio Nieremberg Dec. at 63 (1595-1658) Juan Eusebio Nieremberg was a Spanish Jesuit and mystic. Nieremberg was born and died in Madrid, but his parents were German. He studied the classics at the Royal Court, he studied science at ...more

34
Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda Dec. at 83 (1490-1573) Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda was a Spanish humanist, philosopher and theologian.

35
Judah Halevi is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 66 (1075-1141) Judah Halevi was a Spanish Jewish physician, poet and philosopher. He was born in Spain, either in Toledo or Tudela, in 1075 or 1086, and died shortly after arriving in Israel in 1141, at that ...more

36
Julián Marías is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 91 (1914-2005) Julián Marías Aguilera was a Spanish philosopher associated with the Generation of '36 movement. His History of Philosophy is widely accepted as the greatest work written in ...more

37
Mateo Aimerich is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Mateo Aimerich Dec. at 84 (1715-1799) Mateo Aimerich was a philologist born in Bordils, Province of Girona, Spain. He entered the Society of Jesus at eighteen, and, having finished his studies, taught philosophy and theology in ...more

38
Miguel de Barrios is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Miguel de Barrios Dec. at 76 (1625-1701) Miguel Barrios was a Spanish poet and historian from a converso family. He was born in Montilla, Spain and died in Amsterdam. Miguel was the son of a converso, Simon de Barrios—who also called ...more

39
Miguel de Unamuno is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 72 (1864-1936) Miguel de Unamuno y Jugo was a Spanish essayist, novelist, poet, playwright, philosopher, and Greek professor and later rector at the University of Salamanca. His major philosophical essay was ...more

40
Nahmanides is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 76 (1194-1270) Nahmanides [Nah-man-nid-ez], also known as Rabbi Moses ben Naḥman Girondi, Bonastruc ça Porta and by his acronym Ramban, was a leading medieval Jewish scholar, Catalan Sephardic rabbi, ...more

41
Profiat Duran is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Profiat Duran Dec. at 65 (1350-1415) Profiat Duran, full Hebrew name Isaac ben Moses ha-Levi; was a physician, philosopher, grammarian, and controversialist in the 14th century. He was later sometimes referred to by the sobriquet ...more

42
Raimon Panikkar is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 92 (1918-2010) Raimon Panikkar-Alemany was a Spanish Roman Catholic priest and a proponent of inter-religious dialogue. As a scholar, he specialized in comparative religion.

43
Ramon Llull is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 83 (1232-1315) Ramon Llull, T.O.S.F. was a Majorcan writer and philosopher, logician and a Franciscan tertiary. He is credited with writing the first major work of Catalan literature. Recently surfaced ...more

44
Ramón Xirau is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
age 94 {I am not sure if his is the way to add to Xirau's biography. In any case, I was a student in his Philosophy class for one year when he taught at Mexico City College, which became University of ...more

45
Raymond of Sabunde is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Raymond of Sabunde Raymond of Sabunde was a Catalan scholar, teacher of medicine and philosophy and finally regius professor of theology at Toulouse. He was born in Barcelona, and died in Toulouse. His Liber ...more

46
Shem-Tov ibn Falaquera is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Shem-Tov ibn Falaquera Dec. at 65 (1225-1290) Shem-Tov ben Joseph ibn Falaquera, also spelled Palquera was a Spanish Jewish philosopher and poet and commentator. A vast body of work is attributed to Falaquera, including encyclopedias of ...more

47
Solomon ibn Gabirol is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Dec. at 37 (1021-1058) Solomon ibn Gabirol, also known as Solomon ben Judah and traditionally known by his Latinized name Avicebron, was an Andalusian poet and Jewish philosopher with a Neoplatonic bent. He was born ...more

48
Thomas of Villanova is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Thomas of Villanova Dec. at 67 (1488-1555) St. Thomas of Villanova O.S.A. was a Spanish friar of the Order of Saint Augustine who was a noted preacher, ascetic and religious writer of his day. He became an archbishop who was famous for ...more

49
Vincent Ferrer is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Philosophers from Spain
Vincent Ferrer Dec. at 69 (1350-1419) Vincent Ferrer, O.P., was a Valencian Dominican friar, who gained acclaim as a missionary and a logician. He is honored as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church.