READ Famous Physicians from France

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List of notable or famous physicians from France, with bios and photos, including the top physicians born in France and even some popular physicians who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French physicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physician from France is included when available.

Examples of people on this list: Jean-Paul Sartre, Marcel Petiot and many more.

This historic physicians from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French physicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicians from France?" These prominent physicians of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French physicians.

Use this list of renowned French physicians to discover some new physicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (220 items)

1
Jean-Paul Sartre is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Jean-Paul Sartre Died at 75 (1905-1980) Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of ...more

2
Albert Schweitzer is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Albert Schweitzer Died at 90 (1875-1965) Albert Schweitzer, OM was a German—and later French—theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary in Africa, also known for his historical work on Jesus. He was born in ...more

3
Louis Pasteur is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Louis Pasteur Died at 73 (1822-1895) Louis Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization. He is remembered for his ...more

4
Jean-Paul Marat is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Jean-Paul Marat Died at 50 (1743-1793) Jean-Paul Marat was a physician, political theorist and scientist best known for his career in France as a radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution. His journalism became ...more

5
Marcel Petiot is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Marcel Petiot Died at 49 (1897-1946) Marcel André Henri Félix Petiot was a French doctor and serial killer. He was convicted of multiple murders after the discovery of the remains of 23 people in his home in Paris ...more

6
Samuel Hahnemann is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Samuel Hahnemann Died at 88 (1755-1843) Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann was a German physician, best known for creating a system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.

7
Alfred de Musset is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Alfred de Musset Died at 47 (1810-1857) Alfred Louis Charles de Musset-Pathay was a French dramatist, poet, and novelist. Along with his poetry, he is known for writing La Confession d'un enfant du siècle from 1836.

8
Georges Clémenceau is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Georges Clémenceau Died at 88 (1841-1929) Georges Benjamin Clemenceau was a French statesman who led the nation in the First World War. A leader of the Radical Party, he played a central role in politics during the Third Republic. ...more

9
Julien Offray de La Mettrie is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Julien Offray de La Mettrie Died at 42 (1709-1751) Julien Offray de La Mettrie was a French physician and philosopher, and one of the earliest of the French materialists of the Enlightenment. He is best known for his work L'homme machine ...more

10
Jean-Martin Charcot is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Jean-Martin Charcot Died at 68 (1825-1893) Jean-Martin Charcot was a French neurologist and professor of anatomical pathology. He is known as "the founder of modern neurology", and his name has been associated with at least 15 ...more

11
Fernando Arrabal is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Fernando Arrabal age 85 Fernando Arrabal Terán is a Spanish playwright, screenwriter, film director, novelist and poet. Arrabal was born in Melilla, Spain, but settled in France in 1955; he describes himself as ...more

12
Eugène Ionesco is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Eugène Ionesco Died at 85 (1909-1994) Eugène Ionesco was a Romanian playwright who wrote mostly in French, and one of the foremost figures of the French Avant-garde theatre. Beyond ridiculing the most banal situations, ...more

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W. Somerset Maugham is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Physicians from France
W. Somerset Maugham Died at 91 (1874-1965) William Somerset Maugham CH was a British playwright, novelist and short story writer. He was among the most popular writers of his era and reputedly the highest paid author during the 1930s. ...more

14
Thérèse de Lisieux is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Thérèse de Lisieux Died at 24 (1873-1897) Saint Thérèse of Lisieux, or Saint Thérèse of the Child Jesus and the Holy Face, O.C.D., was a French Discalced Carmelite nun. She is popularly known as "The ...more

15
François-Vincent Raspail is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Physicians from France
François-Vincent Raspail Died at 84 (1794-1878) François-Vincent Raspail, L.L.D., M.D. was a French chemist, naturalist, physician, physiologist, attorney, and socialist politician.

16
Boris Vian is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Boris Vian Died at 39 (1920-1959) Boris Vian was a French polymath: writer, poet, musician, singer, translator, critic, actor, inventor and engineer. He is best remembered today for his novels. Those published under the ...more

17
Joseph-Ignace Guillotin is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Joseph-Ignace Guillotin Died at 76 (1738-1814) Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin was a French physician and freemason who proposed on 10 October 1789 the use of a device to carry out death penalties in France, as a less painful method of ...more

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18
Bernard of Clairvaux is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Bernard of Clairvaux Died at 63 (1090-1153) Bernard of Clairvaux, O.Cist was a French abbot and the primary builder of the reforming Cistercian order. After the death of his mother, Bernard sought admission into the Cistercian order. ...more

19
Dominique Jean Larrey is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Dominique Jean Larrey Died at 76 (1766-1842) Dominique Jean Larrey was a French surgeon in Napoleon's army and an important innovator in battlefield medicine.

20
Guillaume Dupuytren is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Guillaume Dupuytren Died at 58 (1777-1835) Baron Guillaume Dupuytren was a French anatomist and military surgeon. Although he gained much esteem for treating Napoleon Bonaparte's hemorrhoids, he is best known today for Dupuytren's ...more

21
Jacques Coitier is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Jacques Coitier Died at 76 (1430-1506) Jacques Coitier was a French doctor. He was chief physician to Louis XI of France and president of the Chambre des comptes. Coitier was born at Poligny, Franche-Comté. His name is spelled ...more

22
Raymond Queneau is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Raymond Queneau Died at 73 (1903-1976) Raymond Queneau was a French novelist, poet, and co-founder of Ouvroir de littérature potentielle, notable for his wit and his cynical humour.

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23
Hippolyte Bernheim is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Hippolyte Bernheim Died at 79 (1840-1919) Hippolyte Bernheim was a French physician and neurologist, born at Mülhausen, Alsace. He is chiefly known for his theory of suggestibility in relation to hypnotism.

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Georges Duhamel is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Georges Duhamel Died at 82 (1884-1966) Georges Duhamel, was a French author, born in Paris. Duhamel trained as a doctor, and during World War I was attached to the French Army. In 1920, he published Confession de minuit, the first of ...more

25
Antoine Saugrain is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Antoine Saugrain Died at 57 (1763-1820) Dr. Antoine François Saugrain was a French-born physician and chemist. Saugrain was educated in Paris as a physician and chemist by Antoine Fourcroy and Mathurin-Jacques Brisson. In 1783 ...more

26
Jean Baudrillard is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Jean Baudrillard Died at 78 (1929-2007) Jean Baudrillard was a French sociologist, philosopher, cultural theorist, political commentator, and photographer. His work is frequently associated with postmodernism and specifically ...more

27
Roger Guillemin is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Roger Guillemin age 94 Roger Charles Louis Guillemin received the National Medal of Science in 1976, and the Nobel prize for medicine in 1977 for his work on neurohormones, sharing the prize that year with Andrew ...more

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Henri Dutrochet is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Henri Dutrochet Died at 71 (1776-1847) René Joachim Henri Dutrochet was a French physician, botanist and physiologist. He is best known for his investigation into osmosis.

29
Anthony of Sourozh is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Anthony of Sourozh Died at 89 (1914-2003) Metropolitan Anthony of Sourozh was best known as a writer and broadcaster on prayer and the Christian life. He was a monk and Metropolitan bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church. He was founder ...more

30
Alexis Carrel is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Alexis Carrel Died at 71 (1873-1944) Alexis Carrel was a French surgeon and biologist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1912 for pioneering vascular suturing techniques. He invented the first perfusion ...more

31
François Rabelais is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Physicians from France
François Rabelais Died at 59 (1494-1553) François Rabelais was a major French Renaissance writer, doctor, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar. He has historically been regarded as a writer of fantasy, satire, the ...more

32
Jacques Mathieu Delpech is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Jacques Mathieu Delpech Died at 55 (1777-1832) Jacques Mathieu Delpech was a French surgeon born in Toulouse. He earned his doctorate from the University of Paris in 1801 and spent the next several years as a teacher of anatomy in Toulouse. ...more

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33
Louis-Ferdinand Céline is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Louis-Ferdinand Céline Died at 67 (1894-1961) Louis-Ferdinand Céline was the pen name of Dr. Louis Ferdinand Auguste Destouches, a French novelist, pamphleteer and physician. The name Céline was the first name of his ...more

34
Didier Fassin is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Didier Fassin Didier Fassin is the James Wolfensohn Professor of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study.

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Guillaume Rondelet is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Guillaume Rondelet Died at 59 (1507-1566) Guillaume Rondelet, known also as Rondeletus, was Regus Professor of medicine at the University of Montpellier in southern France and Chancellor of the University between 1556 and his death in ...more

36
Robert Giffard de Moncel is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Robert Giffard de Moncel Died at 81 (1587-1668) Robert Giffard de Moncel was a French surgeon and apothecary who became a prestigious colonist and businessman and eventually a nobleman of New France. As a naval surgeon, Giffard made several ...more

37
François Boissier de Sauvages ... is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Physicians from France
François Boissier de Sauvages de Lacroix Died at 61 (1706-1767) François Boissier de Sauvages de Lacroix was a French physician and botanist who was a native of Alès. He was the brother of botanist Pierre Augustin Boissier de Sauvages. He ...more

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Sophie Morgenstern is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Sophie Morgenstern Died at 65 (1875-1940) Sophie Morgenstern was a French psychiatrist and psychoanalyst. She is known in France as a pioneer of child psychoanalysis and an influence on more famous figures such as Françoise ...more

39
Antoine de Jussieu is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Antoine de Jussieu Died at 72 (1686-1758) Antoine de Jussieu was a French naturalist. Jussieu was born in Lyon, the son of Christophe de Jussieu, an apothecary of some repute, who published a Nouveau traité de la theriaque. ...more

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François Pouqueville is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Physicians from France
François Pouqueville Died at 68 (1770-1838) François Charles Hugues Laurent Pouqueville was a French diplomat, writer, explorer, physician and historian, member of the Institut de France. First as the Turkish Sultan's hostage, then ...more

41
Pierre Gassendi is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Pierre Gassendi Died at 63 (1592-1655) Pierre Gassendi was a French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer, and mathematician. While he held a church position in south-east France, he also spent much time in Paris, where he was a ...more

42
François Le Lionnais is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Physicians from France
François Le Lionnais Died at 83 (1901-1984) François Le Lionnais was a French chemical engineer and writer. He was a co-founder of the literary movement Oulipo.

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43
Jean Hamburger is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Jean Hamburger Died at 83 (1909-1992) Jean Hamburger was a French physician, surgeon and essayist. He is particularly known for his contribution to nephrology, and for having performed the first renal transplantation in France in

44
Maurice Dongier is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Maurice Dongier Maurice Dongier is a neuropsychiatrist at the Douglas Hospital Research Centre in Montreal, Canada. He is a Knight of the French Legion of Honour as well as a connoisseur of wine and fine ...more

45
Francesco Antommarchi is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Francesco Antommarchi Died at 58 (1780-1838)

46
Serge Voronoff is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Serge Voronoff Died at 85 (1866-1951) Serge Abrahamovitch Voronoff was a French surgeon of Russian extraction who gained fame for his technique of grafting monkey testicle tissue on to the testicles of men for purportedly ...more

47
Claude Perrault is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Claude Perrault Died at 75 (1613-1688) Claude Perrault is best known as the architect of the east wing of the Louvre Palace in Paris. He also achieved success as a physician and anatomist, and as an author, who wrote treatises on ...more

48
Paul Broca is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Paul Broca Died at 56 (1824-1880) Pierre Paul Broca was a French physician, surgeon, anatomist, and anthropologist. He was born in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, Gironde. He is best known for his research on Broca's area, a region of the ...more

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Félix Vicq-d'Azyr is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Félix Vicq-d'Azyr Died at 48 (1746-1794) Félix Vicq d'Azyr was a French physician and anatomist, the originator of comparative anatomy and discoverer of the theory of homology in biology.

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Madeleine Pelletier is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Physicians from France
Madeleine Pelletier Died at 65 (1874-1939) Madeleine Pelletier was a French physician, psychiatrist, first-wave feminist, and socialist activist.