READ Famous Physicians from Germany

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List of notable or famous physicians from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top physicians born in Germany and even some popular physicians who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German physicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physician from Germany is included when available.

Examples include Josef Mengele and Martin Luther.

This historic physicians from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German physicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicians from Germany?" These prominent physicians of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German physicians.

Use this list of renowned German physicians to discover some new physicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (337 items)

1
Albert Schweitzer is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Albert Schweitzer Died at 90 (1875-1965) Albert Schweitzer, OM was a German—and later French—theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary in Africa, also known for his historical work on Jesus. He was born in ...more

2
Josef Mengele is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Josef Mengele Died at 68 (1911-1979) Josef Mengele was a German Schutzstaffel officer and physician in Auschwitz concentration camp during World War II. He was notorious for the selection of victims to be killed in the gas chambers ...more

3
Martin Luther is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Martin Luther Died at 63 (1483-1546) Martin Luther was a German friar, priest and professor of theology who was a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Initially an Augustinian friar, Luther came to reject several teachings ...more

4
Friedrich Schiller is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Friedrich Schiller Died at 46 (1759-1805) Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life, Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, ...more

5
Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa Died at 49 (1486-1535) Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim was a German magician, occult writer, theologian, astrologer, and alchemist.

6
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Died at 61 (1770-1831) Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a German philosopher who was a major figure in German idealism. His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and served as ...more

7
Albertus Magnus is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Albertus Magnus Died at 87 (1193-1280) Albertus Magnus, O.P., also known as Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, is a Catholic saint. He was a German Dominican friar and a Catholic bishop. He was known during his lifetime as ...more

8
Samuel Hahnemann is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Samuel Hahnemann Died at 88 (1755-1843) Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann was a German physician, best known for creating a system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.

9
Magnus Hirschfeld is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Magnus Hirschfeld Died at 67 (1868-1935) Magnus Hirschfeld was a German physician and sexologist. An outspoken advocate for sexual minorities, Hirschfeld founded the Scientific Humanitarian Committee, an organization that Dustin Goltz ...more

10
Karl Gebhardt is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Karl Gebhardt Died at 51 (1897-1948) Karl Franz Gebhardt was a German medical doctor. He served as Medical Superintendent of the Hohenlychen Sanatorium, Consulting Surgeon of the Waffen-SS, Chief Surgeon in the Staff of the Reich ...more

11
Karl Brandt is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Karl Brandt Died at 44 (1904-1948) Karl Brandt was a German physician and Schutzstaffel officer during the Third Reich. Trained in surgery, Brandt joined the Nazi Party in 1932 and became Adolf Hitler's escort physician in August ...more

12
Herta Oberheuser is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Herta Oberheuser Died at 67 (1911-1978) Herta Oberheuser was a Nazi physician at the Auschwitz and Ravensbrück concentration camps from 1940 until 1943.

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13
Gerhard Rose is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Gerhard Rose Died at 96 (1896-1992) Gerhard August Heinrich Rose was a German expert on tropical medicine who was tried for war crimes at the end of World War II. Rose was born in Danzig. He studied at the University of Breslau ...more

14
Viktor Brack is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Viktor Brack Died at 44 (1904-1948) Viktor Hermann Brack was a Nazi war criminal, the organiser of the Euthanasia Programme, Action T4, where the Nazi state systematically murdered disabled German and Austrian people. Following ...more

15
Joachim Mrugowsky is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Joachim Mrugowsky Died at 43 (1905-1948) Joachim Mrugowsky was a German hygienist. He was Associate Professor, Medical Doctorate, Chief of Hygiene Institute of the Waffen-SS, Senior Hygienist at the Reich, SS-Physician, SS and ...more

16
Wolfram Sievers is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Wolfram Sievers Died at 43 (1905-1948) Wolfram Sievers was Reichsgeschäftsführer, or managing director, of the Ahnenerbe from 1935 to 1945.

17
Fritz Fischer is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Fritz Fischer Died at 91 (1912-2003) Fritz Ernst Fischer was a German medical doctor who, under the Nazi regime, participated in medical experiments conducted on inmates of the Ravensbrück concentration camp. Fischer was born ...more

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18
Karl Genzken is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Karl Genzken Died at 72 (1885-1957) Karl August Genzken was a Nazi physician who conducted human experiments on prisoners of several concentration camps. He was a Gruppenführer of the Waffen-SS and the Chief of the Medical ...more

19
Frederick Cook is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Frederick Cook Died at 75 (1865-1940) Frederick Albert Cook was an American explorer, physician, and ethnographer, noted for his claim of having reached the North Pole on April 21, 1908. This was a year before April 6, 1909, the ...more

20
Monika Stolz is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Monika Stolz age 67 Monika Stolz is a German politician for the Christian Democratic Union in Baden-Württemberg and was Minister of Work, Social Order, Women and the Elderly from 2006 to 2011.

21
Maria Furtwängler is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Maria Furtwängler age 51 Maria Furtwängler-Burda is a German physician and television actress.

22
Werner Forssmann is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Werner Forssmann Died at 75 (1904-1979) Werner Theodor Otto Forßmann was a physician from Germany who shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Medicine for developing a procedure that allowed for cardiac catheterization. In 1929, he put ...more

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23
Robert Koch is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Robert Koch Died at 67 (1843-1910) Robert Heinrich Herman Koch was a celebrated German physician and pioneering microbiologist. The founder of modern bacteriology, he is known for his role in identifying the specific causative ...more

24
Kurt Blome is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Kurt Blome Died at 75 (1894-1969) Kurt Blome was a high-ranking Nazi scientist before and during World War II. He was the Deputy Reich Health Leader and Plenipotentiary for Cancer Research in the Reich Research Council. In his ...more

25
Josef Issels is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Josef Issels Died at 91 (1907-1998) Josef M. Issels was a German physician known for promoting an alternative cancer therapy regimen, the Issels treatment. He claimed to cure cancer patients who had been declared incurable by ...more

26
Helmut Poppendick is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Helmut Poppendick Died at 92 (1902-1994) Helmut Poppendick was a German doctor who served inb the SS during World War II. He was an internist and worked in the Medical Doctorate, as Chief of the Personal Staff of the Reich Physician SS ...more

27
Dorothea Erxleben is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dorothea Erxleben Died at 47 (1715-1762) Dorothea Christiane Erxleben née Leporin was the first female medical doctor in Germany. Erxleben was instructed in medicine by her father from an early age. The Italian scientist Laura ...more

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28
Paul Rostock is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Paul Rostock Died at 64 (1892-1956) Paul Rostock was a German official, surgeon, and university professor. He was Chief of the Office for Medical Science and Research under Third Reich Commissioner Karl Brandt and a Full ...more

29
Ferdinand von Mueller is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Ferdinand von Mueller Died at 71 (1825-1896) Baron Sir Ferdinand Jacob Heinrich von Mueller, KCMG was a German-Australian physician, geographer, and most notably, a botanist. He was appointed Government Botanist for the then colony of ...more

30
Hildegard of Bingen is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Hildegard of Bingen Died at 81 (1098-1179) Saint Hildegard of Bingen, O.S.B., also known as Saint Hildegard and Sibyl of the Rhine, was a German writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, Benedictine abbess, visionary, and ...more

31
Otto Fritz Meyerhof is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Otto Fritz Meyerhof Died at 67 (1884-1951) Otto Fritz Meyerhof ForMemRS was a German physician and biochemist.

32
Samuel Mitja Rapoport is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Samuel Mitja Rapoport Died at 92 (1912-2004) Samuel Mitja Rapoport was a prominent physician, biochemist, European Jewish émigré, and Communist who fled to East Germany from McCarthyite persecution in the United States.

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33
Henri Dutrochet is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Henri Dutrochet Died at 71 (1776-1847) René Joachim Henri Dutrochet was a French physician, botanist and physiologist. He is best known for his investigation into osmosis.

34
Rudolf Virchow is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Rudolf Virchow Died at 81 (1821-1902) Rudolf Ludwig Carl Virchow was a German doctor, anthropologist, pathologist, prehistorian, biologist, writer, editor, and politician, known for his advancement of public health. He is known as ...more

35
Carl Weiss is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Carl Weiss Died at 29 (1906-1935) Carl Austin Weiss, Sr., was an American physician from Baton Rouge, Louisiana, who assassinated nationally famous U.S. Senator Huey Pierce Long, Jr., at the Louisiana State Capitol on September ...more

36
Ernst Dieffenbach is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Ernst Dieffenbach Died at 44 (1811-1855) Johann Karl Ernst Dieffenbach, also known as Ernest Dieffenbach, was a German physician, geologist and naturalist, the first trained scientist to live and work in New Zealand, where he travelled ...more

37
Johann Friedrich von Eschschol... is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz Died at 38 (1793-1831) Johann Friedrich Eschscholtz was a Baltic German physician, botanist, zoologist and entomologist. Eschscholtz was born in Dorpat, Governorate of Livonia in the Russian Empire. He studied ...more

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38
Hermann von Helmholtz is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Hermann von Helmholtz Died at 73 (1821-1894) Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz was a German physician and physicist who made significant contributions to several widely varied areas of modern science. In physiology and psychology, he ...more

39
Gunther von Hagens is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Gunther von Hagens age 73 Gunther von Hagens is a German anatomist who invented the technique for preserving biological tissue specimens called plastination.

40
Angelus Silesius is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Angelus Silesius Died at 53 (1624-1677) Angelus Silesius or Johann Angelus Silesius was a German Catholic priest and physician, known as a mystic and religious poet. Born and raised a Lutheran, he adopted the name Angelus and the ...more

41
Carl von Rokitansky is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Carl von Rokitansky Died at 74 (1804-1878) Baron Carl von Rokitansky, was a Bohemian physician, pathologist, humanist philosopher and liberal politician.

42
Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke Died at 73 (1819-1892) Ernst Wilhelm Ritter von Brücke was a German physician and physiologist. He is credited with contributions made in many facets of physiology.

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43
Heinrich Christian Friedrich S... is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher Died at 73 (1757-1830) Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher was a Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy at the University of Copenhagen. Schumacher carried out significant research work in malacology, ...more

44
Johann Bartsch is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Johann Bartsch Died at 29 (1709-1738) Johann Bartsch was a German physician, who graduated in the Netherlands at Leiden University in 1737. His Thesis de Calore Corporis Humani hygraulico is the only work he published. He was much ...more

45
Rudolf Hilferding is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Rudolf Hilferding Died at 64 (1877-1941) Rudolf Hilferding was an Austrian-born Marxist economist, leading socialist theorist, politician and chief theoretician for the Social Democratic Party of Germany during the Weimar Republic, ...more

46
John K. Lattimer is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
John K. Lattimer Died at 93 (1914-2007) Dr. John Kingsley Lattimer was a urologist who did extensive research on the Lincoln and Kennedy assassinations, becoming the first medical specialist not affiliated with the United States ...more

47
Paul Fleming is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Paul Fleming Died at 31 (1609-1640) Paul Fleming, also spelt Flemming, was a German physician and poet. As well as writing notable verse and hymns, he spent several years accompanying the Duke of Holstein's embassies to Russia and ...more

48
Majid Samii is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Majid Samii age 80 Madjid Samii is a distinguished Iranian neurosurgeon and medical scientist. Professor Madjid Samii was born in Tehran, Iran, his parents are from north of Iran, Rasht. He got his Doctor of ...more

49
Augustus Quirinus Rivinus is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Augustus Quirinus Rivinus Died at 71 (1652-1723) Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, also known as August Bachmann or A. Q. Bachmann, was a German physician and botanist who helped to develop better ways of classifying plants.

50
Friedrich Trendelenburg is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Friedrich Trendelenburg Died at 80 (1844-1924) Friedrich Trendelenburg was a German surgeon. He was son of the philosopher Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg, father of the pharmacologist Paul Trendelenburg and grandfather of the pharmacologist ...more