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Famous Physicians from Germany

Updated June 14, 2019 11.3k views337 items

List of notable or famous physicians from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top physicians born in Germany and even some popular physicians who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German physicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physician from Germany is included when available.

Examples include Josef Mengele and Martin Luther.

This historic physicians from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German physicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicians from Germany?" These prominent physicians of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German physicians.

Use this list of renowned German physicians to discover some new physicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
  • 1
    Dec. at 90 (1875-1965)

    BirthplaceKaysersberg, France

    NationalityFrance, Germany

    Albert Schweitzer (14 January 1875 – 4 September 1965) was an Alsatian polymath. He was a theologian, organist, writer, humanitarian, philosopher, and physician. A Lutheran, Schweitzer challenged...  more
  • 2
    Dec. at 67 (1911-1979)

    BirthplaceGünzburg, Germany


    Josef Mengele ([ˈjoːzɛf ˈmɛŋələ] (listen); 16 March 1911 – 7 February 1979), also known as the Angel of Death (German: Todesengel) and the White Angel (German: der Weisse Engel or Weißer Engel), was...  more

    Chilling Facts About Nazi Doctor Josef Mengele#2 of 13 Famous Nazi War Criminals Who Escaped Punishment#10 of 26 Serial Killers Who Were Doctors Or Nurses

  • 3
    Dec. at 62 (1483-1546)

    BirthplaceEisleben, Germany

    NationalityHoly Roman Empire

    Martin Luther, , (; German: [ˈmaɐ̯tiːn ˈlʊtɐ]; 10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German professor of theology, composer, priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant...  more

    All The Many Ways Martin Luther Was Out Of His Ever-Loving Mind#16 of 347 The Most Important Leaders In World History#60 of 344 Famous Role Models We'd Like to Meet In Person

  • 4
    Dec. at 45 (1759-1805)

    BirthplaceMarbach am Neckar, Germany


    Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (German: [ˈjoːhan ˈkʁɪstɔf ˈfʁiːdʁɪç fɔn ˈʃɪlɐ]; 10 November 1759 – 9 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright. During...  more

    The Best Johann Christoph Friedrich Von Schiller Quotes#75 of 1,172 The Best Writers of All Time#145 of 753 People We Wish Were Still Alive

  • 5
    Dec. at 48 (1486-1535)

    BirthplaceCologne, Germany


    Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim (; German: [aˈgʀɪpa]; 14 September 1486 – 18 February 1535) was a German polymath, physician, legal scholar, soldier, theologian, and occult writer....  more

    #5 of 13 13 Famous Historical Figures Who Allegedly Sold Their Souls To The Devil#4 of 10 10 Notorious Henchmen, Clairvoyants, And Magicians Who Advised Royals#5 of 175 List of First Wave Feminists

  • 6
    Dec. at 61 (1770-1831)

    BirthplaceStuttgart, Germany


    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (, German: [ˈɡeːɔɐ̯k ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈheːɡl̩]; August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher and an important figure of German idealism. He achieved...  more

    The Best Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Quotes#790 of 2,753 The Most Influential People of All Time#124 of 1,355 The Greatest Minds of All Time

  • 7
    Dec. at 87 (1193-1280)

    BirthplaceLauingen, Germany


    Albertus Magnus, (before 1200 – November 15, 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, was a German Catholic Dominican friar and bishop. Later canonised as a Catholic saint,...  more
  • 8
    Dec. at 88 (1755-1843)

    BirthplaceMeissen, Germany

    NationalityFrance, Germany

    Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann (German: [ˈhaːnəman]; 10 April 1755 – 2 July 1843) was a German physician, best known for creating the pseudoscientific system of alternative medicine called...  more
  • 9
    Dec. at 67 (1868-1935)

    BirthplaceKołobrzeg, Poland


    Magnus Hirschfeld (14 May 1868 – 14 May 1935) was a German physician and sexologist educated primarily in Germany; he based his practice in Berlin-Charlottenburg during the Weimar period. An...  more
  • 10
    Dec. at 50 (1897-1948)

    BirthplaceHaag in Oberbayern, Germany


    Karl Franz Gebhardt (23 November 1897 – 2 June 1948) was a German medical doctor and a war criminal during World War II. He served as Medical Superintendent of the Hohenlychen Sanatorium, Consulting...  more
  • 11
    Dec. at 44 (1904-1948)

    BirthplaceMulhouse, France


    Karl Brandt (8 January 1904 – 2 June 1948) was a German physician and Schutzstaffel (SS) officer in Nazi Germany. Trained in surgery, Brandt joined the Nazi Party in 1932 and became Adolf Hitler's...  more
  • 12
    Dec. at 66 (1911-1978)

    BirthplaceCologne, Germany


    Herta Oberheuser (15 May 1911 in Cologne, German Empire – 24 January 1978 in Linz am Rhein, West Germany) was a Nazi physician and a war criminal who worked at the Auschwitz and Ravensbrück...  more
  • 13
    Dec. at 95 (1896-1992)

    BirthplaceGdańsk, Poland


    Gerhard August Heinrich Rose (November 30, 1896 in Danzig – January 13, 1992 in Obernkirchen) was a German expert on tropical medicine. Participating in Nazi human experimentation at Dachau and...  more
  • 14
    Dec. at 43 (1904-1948)

    BirthplaceAachen, Germany


    Viktor Hermann Brack (9 November 1904 – 2 June 1948) was a German Nazi war criminal, an organiser of the euthanasia programme Action T4, where the Nazi state systematically murdered over 70,000...  more
  • 15
    Dec. at 42 (1905-1948)

    BirthplaceRathenow, Germany


    Joachim Mrugowsky (15 August 1905 in Rathenow, Brandenburg – 2 June 1948 in Landsberg Prison, Landsberg am Lech) was a German hygienist. He was Associate Professor, Medical Doctorate, Chief of...  more
  • 16
    Dec. at 42 (1905-1948)

    BirthplaceHildesheim, Germany


    Wolfram Sievers (10 July 1905 – 2 June 1948) was Reichsgeschäftsführer, or managing director, of the Ahnenerbe from 1935 to 1945....  more
  • 17

    BirthplaceTegel, Germany


    Fritz Ernst Fischer (5 October 1912 – 2003) was a German medical doctor who, under the Nazi regime, participated in medical experiments conducted on inmates of the Ravensbrück concentration...  more
  • 18
    Dec. at 72 (1885-1957)

    BirthplacePreetz, Germany


    Karl August Genzken (born June 8, 1885 in Preetz, Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia – October 10, 1957 in Hamburg, Germany) was a Nazi physician who conducted human experiments on prisoners of several...  more
  • 19
    Dec. at 75 (1865-1940)

    BirthplaceCallicoon, New York

    NationalityUnited States of America, Germany

    Frederick Albert Cook (June 10, 1865 – August 5, 1940) was an American explorer, physician, and ethnographer, noted for his claim of having reached the North Pole on April 21, 1908. This was nearly a...  more
  • 20

    BirthplaceWorms, Germany


    Monika Stolz (born March 24, 1951) is a German politician for the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) in Baden-Württemberg and was Minister of Work, Social Order, Women and the Elderly from 2006 to 2011....  more
  • 21

    BirthplaceMunich, Germany


    Maria Furtwängler-Burda (born 13 September 1966) is a German physician and television actress....  more
  • 22
    Dec. at 74 (1904-1979)

    BirthplaceBerlin, Germany


    Werner Theodor Otto Forßmann (Forssmann in English; 29 August 1904 – 1 June 1979) was a physician from Germany who shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Medicine (with Andre Frederic Cournand and Dickinson...  more
  • 23
    Dec. at 66 (1843-1910)

    BirthplaceClausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany


    Heinrich Hermann Robert Koch (English: ; German: [kʰɔχ]; 11 December 1843 – 27 May 1910) was a German physician and microbiologist. As one of the main founders of modern bacteriology, he identified...  more

    #936 of 1,347 Every Person Who Has Been Immortalized in a Google Doodle#9 of 153 Famous German Inventors List

  • 24
    Dec. at 75 (1894-1969)

    BirthplaceBielefeld, Germany


    Kurt Blome (31 January 1894, Bielefeld, Westphalia – 10 October 1969) was a high-ranking Nazi scientist before and during World War II. He was the Deputy Reich Health Leader (Reichsgesundheitsführer)...  more
  • 25
    Dec. at 90 (1907-1998)

    BirthplaceMönchengladbach, Germany


    Josef M. Issels (November 21, 1907 – February 11, 1998) was a German physician known for promoting an alternative cancer therapy regimen, the Issels treatment. He claimed to cure cancer patients who...  more