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Famous Physicians from Germany

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List of notable or famous physicians from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top physicians born in Germany and even some popular physicians who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German physicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physician from Germany is included when available.

Examples include Josef Mengele and Martin Luther.

This historic physicians from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German physicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicians from Germany?" These prominent physicians of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German physicians.

Use this list of renowned German physicians to discover some new physicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (337 items)
1
Albert Schweitzer is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 90 (1875-1965)
Albert Schweitzer, OM was a German—and later French—theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary in Africa, also known for his historical work on Jesus. He was born in ...more
2
Josef Mengele is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 68 (1911-1979)
Josef Mengele was a German Schutzstaffel officer and physician in Auschwitz concentration camp during World War II. He was notorious for the selection of victims to be killed in the gas chambers ...more
3
Martin Luther is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 63 (1483-1546)
Martin Luther was a German friar, priest and professor of theology who was a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Initially an Augustinian friar, Luther came to reject several teachings ...more
4
Friedrich Schiller is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 46 (1759-1805)
Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life, Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, ...more
5
Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 49 (1486-1535)
Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim was a German magician, occult writer, theologian, astrologer, and alchemist.
6
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 61 (1770-1831)
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a German philosopher who was a major figure in German idealism. His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and served as ...more
7
Albertus Magnus is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 87 (1193-1280)
Albertus Magnus, O.P., also known as Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, is a Catholic saint. He was a German Dominican friar and a Catholic bishop. He was known during his lifetime as ...more
8
Samuel Hahnemann is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 88 (1755-1843)
Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann was a German physician, best known for creating a system of alternative medicine called homeopathy.
9
Magnus Hirschfeld is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Died at 67 (1868-1935)
Magnus Hirschfeld was a German physician and sexologist. An outspoken advocate for sexual minorities, Hirschfeld founded the Scientific Humanitarian Committee, an organization that Dustin Goltz ...more
10
Karl Gebhardt is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 51 (1897-1948)
Karl Franz Gebhardt was a German medical doctor. He served as Medical Superintendent of the Hohenlychen Sanatorium, Consulting Surgeon of the Waffen-SS, Chief Surgeon in the Staff of the Reich ...more
11
Karl Brandt is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 44 (1904-1948)
Karl Brandt was a German physician and Schutzstaffel officer during the Third Reich. Trained in surgery, Brandt joined the Nazi Party in 1932 and became Adolf Hitler's escort physician in August ...more
12
Herta Oberheuser is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 67 (1911-1978)
Herta Oberheuser was a Nazi physician at the Auschwitz and Ravensbrück concentration camps from 1940 until 1943.
13
Gerhard Rose is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 96 (1896-1992)
Gerhard August Heinrich Rose was a German expert on tropical medicine who was tried for war crimes at the end of World War II. Rose was born in Danzig. He studied at the University of Breslau ...more
14
Viktor Brack is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 44 (1904-1948)
Viktor Hermann Brack was a Nazi war criminal, the organiser of the Euthanasia Programme, Action T4, where the Nazi state systematically murdered disabled German and Austrian people. Following ...more
15
Joachim Mrugowsky is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 43 (1905-1948)
Joachim Mrugowsky was a German hygienist. He was Associate Professor, Medical Doctorate, Chief of Hygiene Institute of the Waffen-SS, Senior Hygienist at the Reich, SS-Physician, SS and ...more
16
Wolfram Sievers is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 43 (1905-1948)
Wolfram Sievers was Reichsgeschäftsführer, or managing director, of the Ahnenerbe from 1935 to 1945.
17
Fritz Fischer is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 91 (1912-2003)
Fritz Ernst Fischer was a German medical doctor who, under the Nazi regime, participated in medical experiments conducted on inmates of the Ravensbrück concentration camp. Fischer was born ...more
18
Karl Genzken is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 72 (1885-1957)
Karl August Genzken was a Nazi physician who conducted human experiments on prisoners of several concentration camps. He was a Gruppenführer of the Waffen-SS and the Chief of the Medical ...more
19
Frederick Cook is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 75 (1865-1940)
Frederick Albert Cook was an American explorer, physician, and ethnographer, noted for his claim of having reached the North Pole on April 21, 1908. This was a year before April 6, 1909, the ...more
20
Monika Stolz is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
age 67
Monika Stolz is a German politician for the Christian Democratic Union in Baden-Württemberg and was Minister of Work, Social Order, Women and the Elderly from 2006 to 2011.
21
Maria Furtwängler is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
age 52
Maria Furtwängler-Burda is a German physician and television actress.
22
Werner Forssmann is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 75 (1904-1979)
Werner Theodor Otto Forßmann was a physician from Germany who shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Medicine for developing a procedure that allowed for cardiac catheterization. In 1929, he put ...more
23
Robert Koch is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 67 (1843-1910)
Robert Heinrich Herman Koch was a celebrated German physician and pioneering microbiologist. The founder of modern bacteriology, he is known for his role in identifying the specific causative ...more
24
Kurt Blome is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Dec. at 75 (1894-1969)
Kurt Blome was a high-ranking Nazi scientist before and during World War II. He was the Deputy Reich Health Leader and Plenipotentiary for Cancer Research in the Reich Research Council. In his ...more
25
Josef Issels is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Physicians from Germany
Josef Issels Dec. at 91 (1907-1998)
Josef M. Issels was a German physician known for promoting an alternative cancer therapy regimen, the Issels treatment. He claimed to cure cancer patients who had been declared incurable by ...more