READ Famous Physicians from Italy

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List of notable or famous physicians from Italy, with bios and photos, including the top physicians born in Italy and even some popular physicians who immigrated to Italy. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Italian physicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physician from Italy is included when available.

People here include everything from Philip Mazzei to Francis de Sales.

This historic physicians from Italy list can help answer the questions "Who are some Italian physicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicians from Italy?" These prominent physicians of Italy may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Italian physicians.

Use this list of renowned Italian physicians to discover some new physicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (113 items)

1
Abella is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Abella Abella sometimes known as Abella of Salerno was a mid-14th century Roman physician who taught general medicine at the Salerno school of medicine. Though her dates are not established, she is ...more

2
Abraham de Balmes is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Abraham de Balmes Abraham de Balmes ben Meir was an Italian Jewish physician and translator of the early 16th century. A short time before his death he was physician in ordinary to the cardinal Dominico Grimani ...more

3
Aldo Castellani is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Aldo Castellani Died at 94 (1877-1971) Aldo Castellani was an Italian pathologist and bacteriologist.

4
Alessandro Achillini is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Alessandro Achillini Died at 49 (1463-1512) Alessandro Achillini was an Italian philosopher and physician.

5
Alexius Pedemontanus is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Alexius Pedemontanus Alessio Piemontese, also known under his Latinized name of Alexius Pedemontanus, was the pseudonym of a 16th-century Italian physician, alchemist, and author of the immensely popular book, The ...more

6
Alfanus I is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Alfanus I Saint Alfanus I or Alfano I was the Archbishop of Salerno from 1058 to his death. He was famed as a translator, writer, theologian, and medical doctor in the eleventh century. He was a physician ...more

7
Aloysius Lilius is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Aloysius Lilius Died at 66 (1510-1576) Aloysius Lilius, also variously referred to as Luigi Lilio, Luigi Giglio, was an Italian doctor, astronomer, philosopher and chronologist, and also the "primary author" who provided ...more

8
Alphonsus Liguori is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Alphonsus Liguori Died at 91 (1696-1787) Alphonsus Maria de' Liguori, C.Ss.R., was an Italian Catholic bishop, spiritual writer, composer, scholastic philosopher and theologian. He founded the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer. In ...more

9
Amato Lusitano is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Amato Lusitano Died at 57 (1511-1568) João Rodrigues de Castelo Branco, better known as Amato Lusitano and Amatus Lusitanus, was a notable Portuguese Jewish physician of the 16th century. Like Herophilus, Galen, Ibn al-Nafis, ...more

10
Amos Luzzatto is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Amos Luzzatto age 89 Amos Luzzatto is an Italian writer and essayist of Jewish descent, born in a family of ancient tradition.

11
Andrea Cesalpino is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Andrea Cesalpino Died at 84 (1519-1603) Andrea Cesalpino was an Italian physician, philosopher and botanist. In his works he classified plants according to their fruits and seeds, rather than alphabetically or by medicinal properties. ...more

12
Andrea Verga is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Andrea Verga Died at 84 (1811-1895) Andrea Verga was an Italian psychiatrist and neurologist who was a native of Treviglio. He was clinical professor of psychiatry at the Ospedale Maggiore in Milan. In 1864, with Serafino Biffi, ...more

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13
Anthony Fauci is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Anthony Fauci age 77 Anthony Stephen "Tony" Fauci is an immunologist who has made substantial contributions to HIV/AIDS research and other immunodeficiencies, both as a scientist and as the head of the ...more

14
Antonio Cocchi is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Antonio Cocchi Died at 63 (1695-1758) Antonio Cocchi was an Italian physician, naturalist and writer. He was best known for his work on anatomy. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1736, his candidature citation ...more

15
Antonio Maria Valsalva is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Antonio Maria Valsalva Died at 57 (1666-1723) Antonio Maria Valsalva, was an Italian anatomist born in Imola. His research focused on the anatomy of the ears. He coined the term Eustachian tube and he described the aortic sinuses of ...more

16
Antonio Musa Brassavola is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Antonio Musa Brassavola Died at 55 (1500-1555) Antonio Musa Brassavola was an Italian physician and one of the most famous of his time. He studied under Niccolò Leoniceno and Manardi. He was the friend and physician of Ercolo II, the ...more

17
Antonio Salvi is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Antonio Salvi Died at 60 (1664-1724) Antonio Salvi was an Italian physician, court poet and librettist. He was in the service of the ducal court in Florence and the favourite librettist of Prince Ferdinando de' Medici. Salvi was ...more

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18
Antonio Vallisneri is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Antonio Vallisneri Died at 69 (1661-1730) Antonio Vallisneri was an Italian medical scientist, physician and naturalist.

19
Arturo Castiglioni is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Arturo Castiglioni Died at 79 (1874-1953) Arturo Castiglioni was an Italian-born American medical historian and university professor.

20
Augusto and Michaela Odone is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Augusto and Michaela Odone Augusto Odone and Michaela Teresa Murphy Odone were the parents of Lorenzo Odone, a child afflicted with the illness adrenoleukodystrophy. They became famous for discovering a treatment using ...more

21
Bartolomeo Eustachi is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Bartolomeo Eustachi Bartolomeo Eustachi, also known by his Latin name of Eustachius, was one of the founders of the science of human anatomy.

22
Bernardino Genga is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Bernardino Genga Died at 70 (1620-1690) Bernardino Genga was a scholar of Classical medical texts, editing several works of Hippocrates. He also had a great interest in the preparation of anatomical specimens as well as the anatomy of ...more

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23
Bernardino Ramazzini is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Bernardino Ramazzini Died at 81 (1633-1714) Bernardino Ramazzini was an Italian physician. Ramazzini was an early proponent of the use of cinchona bark in the treatment of Malaria. His most important contribution to medicine was his book ...more

24
Bonaventure is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Bonaventure Died at 53 (1221-1274) Saint Bonaventure, O.F.M., born Giovanni di Fidanza, was an Italian medieval scholastic theologian and philosopher. The seventh Minister General of the Order of Friars Minor, he was also a ...more

25
Camillo Bozzolo is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Camillo Bozzolo Died at 75 (1845-1920) Camillo Bozzolo was an Italian physician who was a native of Milan. In 1868 he received his medical doctorate from the University of Pavia, and afterwards continued his studies in Austria and ...more

26
Camillo Golgi is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Camillo Golgi Died at 83 (1843-1926) Camillo Golgi was an Italian physician, pathologist, scientist, and Nobel laureate. Several structures and phenomena in anatomy and physiology are named for him, including the Golgi apparatus, ...more

27
Carlo Alonza is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Carlo Alonza Died at 80 (1881-1961) Carlo Alzona was an Italian medical doctor, an entomologist and a malacologist. He was born on 26 May 1881 at Turin and died on 14 May 1961 at Gênes. He was the director of the ...more

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Carlo Forlanini is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Carlo Forlanini Died at 71 (1847-1918) Carlo Forlanini was an Italian physician. He was the older brother of aviation pioneer Enrico Forlanini. In 1870 he earned his medical degree from the University of Pavia, where he studied as an ...more

29
Carlo Levi is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Carlo Levi Died at 73 (1902-1975) Dr. Carlo Levi was an Italian-Jewish painter, writer, activist, anti-fascist, and doctor. He is best known for his book Cristo si è fermato a Eboli, published in 1945, a memoir of his ...more

30
Carlo Michelstaedter is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Carlo Michelstaedter Died at 23 (1887-1910) Carlo Michelstaedter or Michelstädter was an Italian writer, philosopher, and man of letters.

31
Carlo Urbani is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Carlo Urbani Died at 47 (1956-2003) Carlo Urbani was an Italian doctor and microbiologist and the first to identify severe acute respiratory syndrome as a new and dangerously contagious viral disease. Although he himself became ...more

32
Catherine of Siena is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Catherine of Siena Died at 33 (1347-1380) Saint Catherine of Siena, T.O.S.D., was a tertiary of the Dominican Order and a Scholastic philosopher and theologian. She also worked to bring the papacy of Gregory XI back to Rome from its ...more

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33
Cecco d'Ascoli is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Cecco d'Ascoli Died at 70 (1257-1327) Cecco d'Ascoli is the popular name of Francesco degli Stabili, a famous Italian encyclopaedist, physician and poet. Cecco is the diminutive of Francesco.

34
Cesare Lombroso is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Cesare Lombroso Died at 74 (1835-1909) Cesare Lombroso, was an Italian criminologist, physician, and founder of the Italian School of Positivist Criminology. Lombroso rejected the established classical school, which held that crime ...more

35
Claudio Stampi is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Claudio Stampi Dr. Claudio Stampi is the founder, director and sole proprietor of the Chronobiology Research Institute which he runs from his home in Newton, Massachusetts. He is a researcher of the use of ...more

36
Domenico Cotugno is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Domenico Cotugno Died at 86 (1736-1822) Domenico Felice Antonio Cotugno was an Italian physician.

37
Dorotea Bucca is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Dorotea Bucca Died at 76 (1360-1436) Dorotea Bucca was an Italian physician. Little is known of her life, except that she held a chair of medicine and philosophy at the University of Bologna for over forty years from 1390. Her ...more

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38
Edoardo Porro is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Edoardo Porro Died at 60 (1842-1902) Eduardo Porro was an Italian obstetrician. He was born in Padua and took his M. D. in 1865 at the University of Pavia, where, after spending several years as assistant at the Ospedale Maggiore ...more

39
Elio De Anna is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Elio De Anna age 68 Elio De Anna is an Italian former rugby union player turned politician, currently president of the Province of Pordenone. As rugby player, De Anna twice won the Italian title with Rugby Rovigo, ...more

40
Emanuel Calvo is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Emanuel Calvo Emanuel Calvo was an Italian physician and Neo-Hebraic poet. He was born at Thessaloniki. In early youth he went to Livorno with his learned father, Raphael Calvo, and on October 23, 1724, he ...more

41
Enrico Sertoli is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Enrico Sertoli Died at 68 (1842-1910) Enrico Sertoli was an Italian physiologist, testes and histologist who was a native of Sondrio. He studied medicine at the University of Pavia, where one of his instructors was physiologist ...more

42
Ettore Marchiafava is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Ettore Marchiafava Died at 88 (1847-1935) Ettore Marchiafava was an Italian physician, pathologist and neurologist. He spent most of his career as professor of medicine at the University of Rome. His works on malaria laid down the ...more

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43
Eusebio Valli is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Eusebio Valli Died at 61 (1755-1816) Eusebio Valli was a physician from Lari, Pisa, Italy, who in the shadows of Luigi Galvani and Alessandro Volta also studied the phenomenon of animal electricity or bioelectricity.

44
Faritius is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Faritius Faritius was an Italian Benedictine Abbot of Abingdon and physician.

45
Ferdinando Palasciano is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Ferdinando Palasciano Died at 76 (1815-1891) Ferdinando Palasciano was an Italian physician and politician, considered one of the forerunners of the foundation of the Red Cross.

46
Filippo de Filippi is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Filippo de Filippi Died at 53 (1814-1867) Filippo de Filippi was an Italian doctor, traveler and zoologist. Filippo De Filippi was born in Pavia. In 1836, he received his medical degree from the University of Pavia, where afterwards he ...more

47
Filippo Ongaro is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Filippo Ongaro Filippo Ongaro is an Italian physician and an expert in sports sciences, performance medicine and functional medicine. Ongaro started his career in Italy at the Center for Biomedical Studies ...more

48
Francesco Redi is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Francesco Redi Died at 71 (1626-1697) Francesco Redi was an Italian physician, naturalist, and poet. He was the first scientist to challenge the theory of spontaneous generation by demonstrating that maggots come from eggs of flies. ...more

49
Francis de Sales is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Francis de Sales Died at 55 (1567-1622) Francis de Sales, C.O., O.M., O.F.M. Cap. was a Bishop of Geneva and is honored as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. He became noted for his deep faith and his gentle approach to the ...more

50
Gabriele Falloppio is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Physicians from Italy
Gabriele Falloppio Died at 39 (1523-1562) Gabriele Falloppio, often known by his Latin name Fallopius, was one of the most important anatomists and physicians of the sixteenth century.