READ Famous Physicians from Poland

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List of notable or famous physicians from Poland, with bios and photos, including the top physicians born in Poland and even some popular physicians who immigrated to Poland. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Polish physicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physician from Poland is included when available.

The list you're viewing contains people like George Chapman and Albert Sabin.

This historic physicians from Poland list can help answer the questions "Who are some Polish physicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicians from Poland?" These prominent physicians of Poland may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Polish physicians.

Use this list of renowned Polish physicians to discover some new physicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (59 items)

1
Adam Gruca is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Adam Gruca Died at 90 (1893-1983) Adam Gruca was a famous Polish orthopaedist, inventor, and surgeon. He is considered to be the founder of modern orthopedic in Poland. Gruca also invented various orthopaedic instruments and ...more

2
Albert Sabin is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Albert Sabin Died at 87 (1906-1993) Albert Bruce Sabin was a Polish American medical researcher best known for having developed an oral polio vaccine. Sabin was born in Białystok, in Russian Poland to Polish-Jewish parents, Jacob ...more

3
Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz Died at 71 (1850-1921) Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz was a Polish-Jewish pathologist born in Żerków. In 1873 he earned his medical doctorate from the University of Breslau, where he was a student-assistant to ...more

4
Antoni Cieszyński is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Antoni Cieszyński Died at 59 (1882-1941) Antoni Cieszyński was a Polish physician, dentist and surgeon. Antoni was a professor and head of the Institute of Stomatology at Lviv University. He became the editor and publisher of Polska ...more

5
August Chełkowski is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
August Chełkowski Died at 72 (1927-1999) August Chełkowski was a prominent Polish physicist and politician. Born in the small village of Telkwice, then in East Prussia he was a son of Franciszek Chełkowski, a wealthy landowner and ...more

6
August Dehnel is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
August Dehnel Died at 59 (1903-1962) August Dehnel was a Polish zoologist. He is credited with discovering that the braincase of shrews shrinks significantly over the winter and expands again in the spring. This fact, which he ...more

7
Biernat of Lublin is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Biernat of Lublin Died at 64 (1465-1529) Biernat of Lublin was a Polish poet, fabulist, translator and physician. He was one of the first Polish-language writers known by name, and the most interesting of the earliest ones. He ...more

8
Burzynski Clinic is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Burzynski Clinic age 75 The Burzynski Clinic is a medical clinic in Texas, United States founded in 1976 and offering unproven cancer treatment. It is best known for the controversial "antineoplaston ...more

9
Benedykt Dybowski is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Benedykt Dybowski Died at 97 (1833-1930) Benedykt Tadeusz Dybowski was a Polish naturalist and physician. Benedykt Dybowski was born in Adamaryni of Navahrudak Uyezd of Grodno Governorate in the Russian Empire and was the brother of ...more

10
Edmund Biernacki is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Edmund Biernacki Died at 45 (1866-1911) Edmund Faustyn Biernacki was a Polish physician. Biernacki was the first one to note a relationship between the sedimentation rate of red blood cells in a human blood sample and the general ...more

11
Edmund Dejter is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Edmund Dejter

12
Edmund Wojtyła is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Edmund Wojtyła Died at 26 (1906-1932) Edmund Wojtyła was the elder brother of Pope John Paul II.

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13
Edward Flatau is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Edward Flatau Died at 64 (1868-1932) Edward Flatau - Polish neurologist and psychiatrist. He was a co-founder of the modern Polish neurology, an authority on the physiology and pathology of meningitis. Co-founder of medical ...more

14
Filip Adwent is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Filip Adwent Died at 50 (1955-2005) Filip Adwent was a Polish politician and a Member of the European Parliament for the Pomeranian Voivodship. He ran as a candidate from the League of Polish Families, and sat on the European ...more

15
Gavriil Ilizarov is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Gavriil Ilizarov Died at 71 (1921-1992) Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov was a Soviet physician, known for inventing the Ilizarov apparatus for lengthening limb bones and for the method of surgery named after him, the Ilizarov surgery.

16
George Chapman is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
George Chapman Died at 38 (1865-1903) George Chapman was a Polish serial killer known as the Borough Poisoner. Born Seweryn Antonowicz Kłosowski in Congress Poland, he moved as an adult to England, where he committed his crimes. He ...more

17
Henryk Jordan is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Henryk Jordan Died at 65 (1842-1907) Henryk Jordan, was a Polish philanthropist, physician and pioneer of physical education in Poland. A professor of obstetrics from 1895 at Kraków's Jagiellonian University, Jordan became ...more

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18
Hilary Koprowski is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Hilary Koprowski Died at 97 (1916-2013) Hilary Koprowski was a Polish and American virologist and immunologist, and the inventor of the world's first effective live polio vaccine. He authored or co-authored over 875 scientific papers ...more

19
Ignacy Żagiell is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Ignacy Żagiell Died at 65 (1826-1891) Ignacy Żagiell was a physician, traveler and Polish-language writer, descending from Lithuanian nobility.

20
Jan Brożek is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Jan Brożek Died at 67 (1585-1652) Jan Brożek was a Polish polymath: a mathematician, astronomer, physician, poet, writer, musician and rector of the Kraków Academy.

21
Jan Buzek is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Jan Buzek Died at 66 (1874-1940) Dr. Jan Jerzy Buzek was a Polish physician, activist and politician from the region of Zaolzie, Czechoslovakia. Buzek was born in Końska as a son of a peasant. He graduated from primary school ...more

22
Jan Stanisław Olbrycht is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Jan Stanisław Olbrycht Died at 82 (1886-1968) Jan Stanisław Olbrycht was a Polish medic, university professor and one of the most renowned specialists in forensics of the early 20th century. Throughout his life he served as a chief ...more

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23
Jędrzej Śniadecki is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Jędrzej Śniadecki Died at 70 (1768-1838) Jędrzej Śniadecki was a Polish writer, physician, chemist and biologist. His achievements include the creation of modern Polish terminology in the field of chemistry.

24
Johann Bachstrom is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Johann Bachstrom Died at 54 (1688-1742) Jan Fryderyk or Johann Friedrich Bachstrom was a writer, scientist and Lutheran theologian who spent the last decade of his life in Leiden. His surname is sometimes spelt Bachstroem or ...more

25
John Jonston is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
John Jonston Died at 72 (1603-1675) John Jonston was a Polish scholar and physician, descended from Scottish nobility and closely associated with the Polish magnate family of the Leszczyńskis.

26
Józef Dietl is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Józef Dietl Died at 74 (1804-1878) Józef Dietl was an Austrian-Polish physician born to an Austrian father and Polish mother. He studied medicine in Lviv and Vienna. He was a pioneer in balneology, and a professor of ...more

27
Józef Krzymiński is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Józef Krzymiński Died at 82 (1858-1940) Józef Krzymiński was a Polish physician, social and political activist, and a member of parliament. In March 1940, he was arrested by the Nazi occupation authorities and died in a ...more

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28
Józef Świeżyński is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Józef Świeżyński Died at 80 (1868-1948) Józef Świeżyński was the prime minister of the Kingdom of Poland for a short time — from October 23, 1918 to November 4, 1918.

29
Karol Marcinkowski is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Karol Marcinkowski Died at 46 (1800-1846) Karol Marcinkowski was a Polish physician, social activist in the Greater Poland region, supporter of the basic education programmes, organizer of the Scientific Help Society and the Poznań ...more

30
Kazimierz Dąbrowski is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Kazimierz Dąbrowski Died at 78 (1902-1980) Kazimierz Dąbrowski was a Polish psychologist, psychiatrist, and physician. Dąbrowski developed the theory of Positive Disintegration, which describes how a person's development grows as a ...more

31
Kazimierz Lutosławski is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Kazimierz Lutosławski Died at 44 (1880-1924) Kazimierz Lutosławski was a Polish physician, priest and Polish Scouting founder and activist. He designed the Krzyż Harcerski. Kazimierz was born in 1880 at an estate in Drozdowo northeast of ...more

32
Kazimierz Pelczar is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Kazimierz Pelczar Died at 49 (1894-1943) Kazimierz Pelczar was a Polish academic and physician. Professor of the Stefan Batory University in Vilnius and pioneer of oncology research and treatment, he was murdered in the Ponary

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33
Ksawery Zakrzewski is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Ksawery Zakrzewski Died at 39 (1876-1915) Ksawery Faustyn Ignacy Zakrzewski was a Polish physician, independence activist, director of Poznań's Polish Gymnastic Society "Falcon", co-editor of biweekly magazine Sokół, ...more

34
Marcin of Urzędów is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Marcin of Urzędów Died at 73 (1500-1573) Marcin of Urzędów was a Polish Roman Catholic priest, physician, pharmacist and botanist known especially for his Herbarz polski. Marcin, son of Szymon, was born ca. 1500-1502 in ...more

35
Maria Zakrzewska is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Maria Zakrzewska Died at 73 (1829-1902) Maria Elizabeth Zakrzewska was a German-born physician of Polish descent who made her name as a pioneering female doctor in the United States. Zakrzewska was born in Berlin, the eldest of six ...more

36
Marian Gieszczykiewicz is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Marian Gieszczykiewicz Died at 53 (1889-1942) Marian Teodor Ludwik Gieszczykiewicz was a Polish physician, bacteriologist. Gieszczykiewicz was professor at the Jagiellonian University starting in 1924 and member of the Polish Academy of ...more

37
Mark R. Graczynski is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Mark R. Graczynski

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38
Michalina Wisłocka is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Michalina Wisłocka Died at 84 (1921-2005) Michalina Anna Wisłocka was a Polish gynecologist, sexologist, and author of Sztuka kochania, the first guide to sexual life in Communist countries. Her book became a bestseller, with a total ...more

39
Pedro Luiz Napoleão Chernoviz is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Pedro Luiz Napoleão Chernoviz Died at 70 (1812-1882) Pedro Luiz Napoleão Chernoviz, was a physician, scientific writer and publisher. He was born in Łuków and immigrated to Brazil in the mid 19th century on a mission on behalf of ...more

40
Ryszard Gryglewski is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Ryszard Gryglewski age 85 Ryszard Jerzy Gryglewski is a Polish pharmacologist and physician. Member of the Polish Academy of Learning and the Polish Academy of Sciences. Gryglewski graduated in Medicine in Kraków, ...more

41
Stanisław Kuczborski is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Stanisław Kuczborski Died at 92 (1912-2004) Stanisław Kuczborski was a Polish pulmonologist. Kuczborski obtained his high school diploma in 1930, at the Mikołaj Kopernik Boys’ High School in Łódź. In 1930 he began his studies at ...more

42
Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Tadeusz Boy-Żeleński Died at 67 (1874-1941) Tadeusz Kamil Marcjan Żeleński was a Polish stage writer, poet, critic above all, and translator of over 100 French literary classics into Polish. He was a pediatrician and gynecologist by ...more

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43
Tadeusz Krwawicz is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Tadeusz Krwawicz Died at 78 (1910-1988) Tadeusz Krwawicz was a Polish ophthalmologist. He pioneered the use of cryosurgery in ophthalmology. He was the first to describe a method of cataract extraction by cryoadhesion in 1961, and to ...more

44
Tadeusz Michejda is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Tadeusz Michejda Died at 77 (1879-1956) Tadeusz Michejda was a Polish physician and politician from the region of Cieszyn Silesia. Tadeusz Michejda was born to Franciszek Michejda, Lutheran pastor. He graduated from a state gymnasium ...more

45
Teodor Teofil Matecki is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Teodor Teofil Matecki Died at 76 (1810-1886) Teodor Teofil Matecki was a Polish physician, social activist and member of Poznań Society of Friends of Learning. He died in his home town of Poznań.

46
Tobias Cohn is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Tobias Cohn Died at 77 (1652-1729) Tobias Cohn or Tobias Kohn was a Polish-Jewish physician of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was born at Metz in 1652.

47
Tomasz J Guzik is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Tomasz J Guzik age 44 Tomasz Guzik is a Polish physician scientist. Member of the American Heart Association and scientific societies of Poland, United Kingdom and the United States of America. Dr Guzik graduated in ...more

48
Tytus Chałubiński is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Tytus Chałubiński Died at 69 (1820-1889) Tytus Chałubiński was a Polish physician and co-founder of the Polish Tatra Society. Chałubiński established tuberculosis sanatoria in Zakopane, in the Tatra Mountains. He was a professor at the ...more

49
Wacław Szybalski is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Wacław Szybalski age 97 Wacław Szybalski is a professor of oncology at the McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research, University of Wisconsin–Madison Medical School.

50
Walery Jaworski is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Physicians from Poland
Walery Jaworski Died at 75 (1849-1924) Walery Jaworski, was one of the pioneers of gastroenterology in Poland. In 1899 he described bacteria living in the human stomach that he named "Vibrio rugula". He speculated that they ...more