Famous Physicians from Russia

List of notable or famous physicians from Russia, with bios and photos, including the top physicians born in Russia and even some popular physicians who immigrated to Russia. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Russian physicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physician from Russia is included when available.

Boris Morukov and Boris Yegorov are included on this list.

This historic physicians from Russia list can help answer the questions "Who are some Russian physicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicians from Russia?" These prominent physicians of Russia may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Russian physicians.

Use this list of renowned Russian physicians to discover some new physicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
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  • Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov (Russian: Алексе́й Ива́нович Абрико́сов) (January 18, 1875 – April 9, 1955) was a Russian/Soviet pathologist and a member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (since 1939) and the Soviet Academy of Medical Sciences (since 1944).
    • Age: Dec. at 80 (1875-1955)
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
  • Boris Morukov
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    Boris Vladimirovich Morukov (Russian: Бори́с Влади́мирович Моруков; 1 October 1950 – 1 January 2015) was a Russian physician at the State Research Center RF-Institute for Biomedical Problems (IBMP). He trained with the Russian Federal Space Agency as a research-cosmonaut and flew aboard NASA Space Shuttle mission STS-106 as a mission specialist.
    • Age: 72
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
  • Boris Borisovich Yegorov (Russian: Борис Борисович Егоров, Boris Borisovich Egorov; November 26, 1937, Moscow – September 12, 1994, Moscow) was a Soviet physician-cosmonaut who became the first physician to make a space flight. Yegorov came from a medical background, with his father a prominent heart surgeon, and his mother an ophthalmologist. He also selected medicine as a career and graduated from the "First Moscow Medical Institute" in 1961. During the course of his studies, he came into contact with Yuri Gagarin's training and became interested in space medicine. Yegorov earned his doctorate in medicine, with his specialisation being in disorders of the sense of balance. Yegorov was ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 56 (1937-1994)
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
  • Christian Rakovsky
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    Christian Rakovsky (Russian: Христиа́н Гео́ргиевич Рако́вский; August 13 [O.S. August 1] 1873 – September 11, 1941) was a Bulgarian socialist revolutionary, a Bolshevik politician and Soviet diplomat; he was also noted as a journalist, physician, and essayist. Rakovsky's political career took him throughout the Balkans and into France and Imperial Russia; for part of his life, he was also a Romanian citizen. A lifelong collaborator of Leon Trotsky, he was a prominent activist of the Second International, involved in politics with the Bulgarian Workers' Social Democratic Party, Romanian Social Democratic Party, and the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. Rakovsky was expelled at ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 68 (1873-1941)
    • Birthplace: Gradets, Bulgaria
  • Gavriil Ilizarov
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    Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (Russian: Гавриил Абрамович Илизаров; 15 June 1921 – 24 July 1992) was a Soviet physician, known for inventing the Ilizarov apparatus for lengthening limb bones and for the method of surgery named after him, the Ilizarov surgery.
    • Age: Dec. at 71 (1921-1992)
    • Birthplace: Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union
  • Ivan Pavlov
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    Ivan Pavlov

    Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (Russian: Ива́н Петро́вич Па́влов, IPA: [ɪˈvan pʲɪˈtrovʲɪtɕ ˈpavləf] (listen); 26 September [O.S. 14 September] 1849 – 27 February 1936) was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning. From his childhood days Pavlov demonstrated intellectual curiosity along with an unusual energy which he referred to as "the instinct for research". Inspired by the progressive ideas which D. I. Pisarev, the most eminent of the Russian literary critics of the 1860s, and I. M. Sechenov, the father of Russian physiology, were spreading, Pavlov abandoned his religious career and devoted his life to science. In 1870, he enrolled in the physics and ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 86 (1849-1936)
    • Birthplace: Ryazan, Russia