READ Famous Physicians from Scotland

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List of notable or famous physicians from Scotland, with bios and photos, including the top physicians born in Scotland and even some popular physicians who immigrated to Scotland. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Scottish physicians then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicians are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physician from Scotland is included when available.

Arthur Conan Doyle and John Arbuthnot are a great starting point for your to rank your favorites on this list

This historic physicians from Scotland list can help answer the questions "Who are some Scottish physicians of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicians from Scotland?" These prominent physicians of Scotland may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Scottish physicians.

Use this list of renowned Scottish physicians to discover some new physicians that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (50 items)

1
A. J. Cronin is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
A. J. Cronin Died at 85 (1896-1981) Archibald Joseph Cronin, MB, ChB, MD, DPH, MRCP was a Scottish novelist and physician. His best-known novel was The Citadel, about a doctor in a Welsh mining village who quickly moves up the ...more

2
Alexander Crichton is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Alexander Crichton Died at 93 (1763-1856) Sir Alexander Crichton was a Scottish physician and author.

3
Alexander Henderson is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Alexander Henderson Died at 83 (1780-1863) Alexander Henderson was a Scottish physician and author. Born in Aberdeenshire, he was educated at Edinburgh University, where he graduated as a doctor of medicine in 1803. He went to London and ...more

4
Alexander Leighton is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Alexander Leighton Died at 62 (1587-1649) Alexander Leighton was a Scottish medical doctor and puritan preacher and pamphleteer best known for his 1630 pamphlet that attacked the Anglican church and which led to his torture by King

5
Andrew Murray is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Andrew Murray Andrew Murray is a Scottish doctor, runner and author who works for the Scottish Government promoting physical activity for health. He became widely known in January 2011 when he completed a ...more

6
Arthur Conan Doyle is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Arthur Conan Doyle Died at 71 (1859-1930) Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle KStJ, DL was a Scottish writer and physician, most noted for his fictional stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered milestones ...more

7
Daniel Rutherford is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Daniel Rutherford Died at 70 (1749-1819) Daniel Rutherford FRSE FRCPE FLS FSA was a Scottish physician, chemist and botanist who is most famous for the isolation of nitrogen in 1772. Rutherford was the uncle of the novelist Sir Walter ...more

8
David Bruce is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
David Bruce Died at 76 (1855-1931) David Bruce was a Scottish physician that flourished around 1660.

9
David Ferrier is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
David Ferrier Died at 85 (1843-1928) Sir David Ferrier FRS was a pioneering Scottish neurologist and psychologist.

10
David Livingstone is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
David Livingstone Died at 60 (1813-1873) David Livingstone was a Scottish Congregationalist pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society and an explorer in Africa. His meeting with H. M. Stanley on 10 November 1871 ...more

11
David Macbeth Moir is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
David Macbeth Moir Died at 53 (1798-1851) David Macbeth Moir was a Scottish physician and writer. Moir was born at Musselburgh and studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, taking his degree in 1816. Entering into partnership ...more

12
George Cheyne is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
George Cheyne Died at 72 (1671-1743) George Cheyne M.D. R.C. E.d. R.S.S. was a pioneering physician, early proto-psychologist, philosopher and mathematician.

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13
Gilbert Blane is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Gilbert Blane Died at 85 (1749-1834) Sir Gilbert Blane of Blanefield, 1st Baronet FRSE FRS MRCP was a Scottish physician who instituted health reform in the Royal Navy. Born in Blanefield, by Kirkoswald, in Ayrshire, he studied ...more

14
Graeme Garden is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Graeme Garden age 75 David Graeme Garden OBE is a British comedian, author, actor, artist and television presenter, best known as a member of The Goodies.

15
Ian Donald is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Ian Donald Died at 77 (1910-1987) Ian Donald was a Scottish physician who pioneered the use of diagnostic ultrasound in medicine. Whilst Professor of Midwifery at Glasgow University, he first explored the use of ultrasound in ...more

16
James Black is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
James Black Died at 86 (1924-2010) Sir James Whyte Black OM FRS FRSE FRCP was a Scottish pharmacologist. Black established the physiology department at the University of Glasgow, where he became interested in the effects of ...more

17
James Braid is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
James Braid Died at 65 (1795-1860) James Braid was a Scottish surgeon and "gentleman scientist". He was a significant innovator in the treatment of club-foot and an important and influential pioneer of hypnotism and ...more

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18
James Craik is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
James Craik Died at 84 (1730-1814) James Craik was Physician General of the United States Army, as well as George Washington's personal physician and close friend.

19
James Hector is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
James Hector Died at 73 (1834-1907) Sir James Hector KCMG was a Scottish geologist, naturalist, and surgeon who accompanied the Palliser Expedition as a surgeon and geologist. He went on to have a lengthy career as a government ...more

20
James Hutton is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
James Hutton Died at 71 (1726-1797) James Hutton FRSE was a Scottish geologist, physician, chemical manufacturer, naturalist, and experimental agriculturalist. He originated the theory of uniformitarianism—a fundamental principle ...more

21
James Mackenzie is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
James Mackenzie Died at 72 (1853-1925) Sir James Mackenzie FRS was a Scottish cardiologist, pioneer in the study of cardiac arrhythmias.

22
James Makittrick Adair is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
James Makittrick Adair Died at 74 (1728-1802) James Makittrick Adair M.D., a native of Inverness, and youngest son of James Makittrick, held several occupations but is best remembered for his medical ethics and treatment of slaves and the ...more

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23
John Abercrombie is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
John Abercrombie Died at 64 (1780-1844) John Abercrombie, FRSE, FRCSE, FRCPE, was a Scottish physician and philosopher. The Chambers Biographical Dictionary says of him that after Dr James Gregory's death, he was "recognized as ...more

24
John Arbuthnot is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
John Arbuthnot Died at 68 (1667-1735) John Arbuthnot, often known simply as Dr Arbuthnot, was a Scottish physician, satirist and polymath in London. He is best remembered for his contributions to mathematics, his membership in the ...more

25
John Boyd Orr, 1st Baron Boyd-... is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
John Boyd Orr, 1st Baron Boyd-Orr Died at 91 (1880-1971) John Boyd Orr, 1st Baron Boyd-Orr CH, DSO, MC, FRS, known as Sir John Boyd Orr from 1935 to 1949, was a Scottish teacher, doctor, biologist and politician who received the Nobel Peace Prize for ...more

26
John Brown is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
John Brown Died at 72 (1810-1882) John Brown FRSE FRCPE was a Scottish physician and essayist. He was the son of the clergyman John Brown, and was born in Biggar, Scotland. He is best known for his 3 volume collection Horae ...more

27
John Gregory is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
John Gregory Died at 49 (1724-1773) John Gregory, a.k.a. John Gregorie, was an eighteenth-century Scottish physician, medical writer and moralist. Gregory, the grandson of James Gregory, was born in Aberdeen, Scotland to the ...more

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28
John James Richard Macleod is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
John James Richard Macleod Died at 59 (1876-1935) John James Rickard Macleod, FRS was a Scottish biochemist and physiologist. He devoted his career to diverse topics in physiology and biochemistry, but was chiefly interested in carbohydrate ...more

29
John Milne Bramwell is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
John Milne Bramwell Died at 73 (1852-1925) John Milne Bramwell was a Scottish physician, surgeon and specialist medical hypnotist. He was born in Perth and educated at the University of Edinburgh.

30
John Pringle is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
John Pringle Died at 75 (1707-1782) Sir John Pringle, 1st Baronet, PRS was a Scottish physician who has been called the "father of military medicine".

31
John Rae is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
John Rae Died at 76 (1796-1872) John Rae, was a Scottish/Canadian economist. He was born to an unknown mother and a merchant father whose bankruptcy caused him to move to Montreal in 1822, after he graduated from the ...more

32
John Rae is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
John Rae Died at 80 (1813-1893) John Rae was a Scottish doctor who explored Northern Canada, surveyed parts of the Northwest Passage and reported the fate of the Franklin Expedition. In 1846–47 he explored the Gulf of Boothia ...more

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33
Kenneth Calman is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Kenneth Calman age 76 Sir Kenneth Charles Calman, KCB, DL, FRSE is a Scottish cancer researcher and former Chief Medical Officer of Scotland, and then England and Wales. He was Warden and Vice-Chancellor of Durham ...more

34
Kenny Deuchar is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Kenny Deuchar age 37 Dr Kenneth Robert John "Kenny" Deuchar is a Scottish professional footballer who currently plays for Arbroath. He is also a practicing medical doctor. His professional footballing ...more

35
Liam Fox is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Liam Fox age 56 Liam Fox is a British Conservative politician, Member of Parliament for North Somerset, and former Secretary of State for Defence. Fox studied medicine at the University of Glasgow and worked as ...more

36
Matthew Baillie is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Matthew Baillie Died at 62 (1761-1823) Matthew Baillie FRS FRSE FRCP FRCSE FRSE was a Scottish-born physician and pathologist.

37
Matthew Hay is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Matthew Hay Died at 77 (1855-1932) Matthew Hay was a Scottish doctor and champion of Public Health. He was appointed Medical Officer of Health for the City of Aberdeen in 1888, a post he held until 1923. He was also Professor of ...more

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38
Mungo Park is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Mungo Park Died at 35 (1771-1806) Mungo Park was a Scottish explorer of the African continent. He was the first Westerner known to have travelled to the central portion of the Niger River.

39
Neil Arnott is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Neil Arnott Died at 86 (1788-1874) Neil Arnott was a Scottish physician. Neil Arnott FRS was a distinguished graduate of Marischal College, University of Aberdeen and subsequently learned in London under Sir Everard Home, through ...more

40
Patrick Abercromby is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Patrick Abercromby Died at 60 (1656-1716) Patrick Abercromby, Scottish physician and antiquarian, noted for being physician to King James VII and his fervent opposition to the Act of Union between Scotland and England.

41
Patrick Manson is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Patrick Manson Died at 78 (1844-1922) Sir Patrick Manson GCMG, FRS was a Scottish physician who made important discoveries in parasitology, and was the founder of the field of tropical medicine. He graduated from University of ...more

42
Robert Sibbald is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Robert Sibbald Died at 81 (1641-1722) Sir Robert Sibbald was a Scottish physician and antiquary.

43
Ronald David Laing is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Ronald David Laing Died at 62 (1927-1989) Ronald David Laing, usually cited as R. D. Laing, was a Scottish psychiatrist who wrote extensively on mental illness – in particular, the experience of psychosis. Laing's views on the causes ...more

44
Thomas Brown is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Thomas Brown Died at 42 (1778-1820) Thomas Brown FRSE was a Scottish philosopher and poet.

45
Thomas Neill Cream is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Thomas Neill Cream Died at 42 (1850-1892) Dr. Thomas Neill Cream, also known as the Lambeth Poisoner, was a Scottish-Canadian serial killer, who claimed his first proven victims in the United States and the rest in England, and possibly ...more

46
Tobias Smollett is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
Tobias Smollett Died at 50 (1721-1771) Tobias George Smollett was a Scottish poet and author. He was best known for his picaresque novels, such as The Adventures of Roderick Random and The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, which ...more

47
William Balfour Baikie is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
William Balfour Baikie Died at 40 (1824-1864) William Balfour Baikie was a Scottish explorer, naturalist and philologist.

48
William Cullen is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
William Cullen Died at 80 (1710-1790) William Cullen FRS FRSE FRCPE FPSG was a Scottish physician, chemist and agriculturalist, and one of the most important professors at the Edinburgh Medical School, during its heyday as the ...more

49
William Hunter is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
William Hunter Died at 65 (1718-1783) William Hunter FRS was a Scottish anatomist and physician. He was a leading teacher of anatomy, and the outstanding obstetrician of his day. His guidance and training of his ultimately more ...more

50
William Mackenzie is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Physicians from Scotland
William Mackenzie Died at 77 (1791-1868) William Mackenzie was a Scottish ophthalmologist. He wrote Practical Treatise of the Diseases of the Eye, one of the first British textbooks of ophthalmology.