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Famous Physicists from France

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List of notable or famous physicists from France, with bios and photos, including the top physicists born in France and even some popular physicists who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French physicists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physicist from France is included when available.

The list you're viewing is made up of people like Marie Curie and François Arago.

This historic physicists from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French physicists of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicists from France?" These prominent physicists of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French physicists.

Use this list of renowned French physicists to discover some new physicists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (140 items)
1
A. E. Becquerel is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 71 (1820-1891)
Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel (24 March 1820 – 11 May 1891), known as Edmond Becquerel, was a French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics. He is credited with ...more
2
Adhémar Jean Clau... is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 89 (1797-1886)
Adhémar Jean Claude Barré de Saint-Venant (23 August 1797, Villiers-en-Bière, Seine-et-Marne – 6 January 1886, Saint-Ouen, Loir-et-Cher) was a mechanician and mathematician ...more
3
Alain Aspect is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alain Aspect age 71
Alain Aspect (French: [aspɛ] (listen); born 15 June 1947) is a French physicist noted for his experimental work on quantum entanglement.
4
Albert Fert is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicists from France
age 80
Albert Fert (French: [fɛʁ]; born 7 March 1938) is a French physicist and one of the discoverers of giant magnetoresistance which brought about a breakthrough in gigabyte hard disks. Currently, ...more
5
Albert J. Libchaber is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicists from France
age 84
Albert Joseph Libchaber (born 23 October 1934, Paris) is a Detlev W. Bronk Professor at The Rockefeller University. He won the Wolf Prize in Physics in 1986. In 1999 he received the Prix des ...more
6
Albert Messiah is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Albert Messiah Dec. at 92 (1921-2013)
Albert Messiah (23 September 1921, Nice – 17 April 2013, Paris) was a French physicist. He studied at the Ecole Polytechnique. He spent the Second World War in the French Resistance: he embarked ...more
7
Alex Grossmann is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alex Grossmann age 88
Alexander Grossmann (born 5 August 1930) is a French-American physicist of Croatian origin at the Université de la Méditerranée Aix-Marseille II in Luminy campus who did ...more
8
Alexis Thér&egrav... is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alexis Thérèse Petit Dec. at 29 (1791-1820)
Alexis Thérèse Petit (French: [pəti]; 2 October 1791, Vesoul, Haute-Saône – 21 June 1820, Paris) was a French physicist. Petit is known for his work on the efficiencies of ...more
9
Alfred Kastler is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 82 (1902-1984)
Alfred Kastler (French: [kastlɛʁ]; 3 May 1902 – 7 January 1984) was a French physicist, and Nobel Prize laureate.
10
Alfred Perot is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alfred Perot Dec. at 62 (1863-1925)
Jean-Baptiste Alfred Perot (French: [pəʁo]; 3 November 1863 – 28 November 1925) was a French physicist. Together with his colleague Charles Fabry he developed the Fabry–Pérot ...more
11
Alfred-Marie Lién... is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 89 (1869-1958)
Alfred-Marie Liénard (2 April 1869 in Amiens – 29 April 1958 in Paris), was a French physicist and engineer. He is most well known for his derivation of the Liénard–Wiechert ...more
12
Anatole Abragam is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 97 (1914-2011)
Anatole Abragam (December 15, 1914 – June 8, 2011) was a French physicist who wrote The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism and made significant contributions to the field of nuclear magnetic ...more
13
André Gardes is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Physicists from France
André Gardes
14
André Guinier is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 89 (1911-2000)
André Guinier (1 August 1911 – 3 July 2000) was a French physicist who did important work in the field of X-ray diffraction and solid-state physics. He worked at the Conservatoire ...more
15
André Lichnerowic... is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 83 (1915-1998)
André Lichnerowicz (January 21, 1915 – December 11, 1998) was a noted French differential geometer and mathematical physicist of Polish descent.
16
André Maré... is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 91 (1916-2007)
Robert Gaston André Maréchal (10 December 1916 – 14 October 2007) was a French researcher and administrator in optics. André Maréchal was former director general of ...more
17
André Neveu is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Physicists from France
André Neveu age 72
André Neveu (French: [nəvø]; born 28 August 1946) is a French physicist working on string theory and quantum field theory who coinvented the Neveu–Schwarz algebra and the
18
André-Marie Amp&e... is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 61 (1775-1836)
André-Marie Ampère (; French: [ɑ̃pɛʁ]; 20 January 1775 – 10 June 1836) was a French physicist and mathematician who was one of the founders of the science of classical ...more
19
Anselme Payen is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 76 (1795-1871)
Anselme Payen (French: [pa.jɛ̃]; 6 January 1795 – 13 May 1871) was a French chemist known for discovering the enzyme diastase, and the carbohydrate cellulose.
20
Antoine César Bec... is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 90 (1788-1878)
Antoine César Becquerel (7 March 1788 – 18 January 1878) was a French scientist and a pioneer in the study of electric and luminescent phenomena.
21
Antoine Henri Becquerel ... is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 56 (1852-1908)
Antoine Henri Becquerel (; French: [ɑ̃ʁi bɛkʁɛl]; 15 December 1852 – 25 August 1908) was a French engineer, physicist, Nobel laureate, and the first person to discover evidence of radioactivity. ...more
22
Antoine Saugrain is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 57 (1763-1820)
Dr. Antoine François Pierre Saugrain (Paris, 17/02/1763 France – St. Louis, Missouri, 05/03/1820) was a French-born physician and chemist. Born in Versailles, Saugrain was educated in ...more
23
Auguste Bravais is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 52 (1811-1863)
Auguste Bravais (French pronunciation: ​[oɡyst bʁavɛ]; 23 August 1811, Annonay, Ardèche – 30 March 1863, Le Chesnay, France) was a French physicist known for his work in crystallography, ...more
24
Augustin-Jean Fresnel is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 39 (1788-1827)
Augustin-Jean Fresnel ( FRAYN-, FREN-el, -⁠əl or fray-NEL; French: [oɡystɛ̃ʒɑ̃ fʁɛnɛl]; 10 May 1788 – 14 July 1827) was a French civil engineer and physicist whose research in optics led to the ...more
25
Benoît Paul &Eacut... is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 65 (1799-1864)
Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron (French: [klapɛʁɔ̃]; 26 January 1799 – 28 January 1864) was a French engineer and physicist, one of the founders of thermodynamics.