READ Famous Physicists from France

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List of notable or famous physicists from France, with bios and photos, including the top physicists born in France and even some popular physicists who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French physicists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physicist from France is included when available.

The list you're viewing is made up of people like Marie Curie and François Arago.

This historic physicists from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French physicists of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicists from France?" These prominent physicists of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French physicists.

Use this list of renowned French physicists to discover some new physicists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (140 items)

1
A. E. Becquerel is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Physicists from France
A. E. Becquerel Died at 71 (1820-1891) Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel, known as Edmond Becquerel, was a French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics. He is credited with the discovery of the ...more

2
Adhémar Jean Claude Barré de S... is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Adhémar Jean Claude Barré de Saint-Venant Died at 89 (1797-1886) Adhémar Jean Claude Barré de Saint-Venant was a mechanician and mathematician who contributed to early stress analysis and also developed the unsteady open channel flow shallow ...more

3
Alain Aspect is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alain Aspect age 70 Alain Aspect is a French physicist noted for his experimental work on quantum entanglement.

4
Albert Fert is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Albert Fert age 80 Albert Fert is a French physicist and one of the discoverers of giant magnetoresistance which brought about a breakthrough in gigabyte hard disks. Currently, he is an emeritus professor at ...more

5
Albert J. Libchaber is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Albert J. Libchaber age 83 Albert J. Libchaber is a Detlev W. Bronk Professor at Rockefeller University. He won the Wolf Prize in Physics in 1986. In 1999 he received the Prix des Trois Physiciens from the Fondation de

6
Albert Messiah is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Albert Messiah Died at 92 (1921-2013) Albert Messiah was a French physicist. He studied at the Ecole Polytechnique. He spent the Second World War in the French Resistance: he embarked June 22, 1940 in Saint-Jean-de-Luz to England ...more

7
Alex Grossmann is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alex Grossmann age 87 Alexander Grossmann is a Croatian-French physicist at the Université de la Méditerranée Aix-Marseille II in Luminy campus who did pioneering work on wavelet analysis with

8
Alexis Thérèse Petit is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alexis Thérèse Petit Died at 29 (1791-1820) Alexis Thérèse Petit was a French physicist. Petit is known for his work on the efficiencies of air- and steam-engines, published in 1818. His well-known discussions with the ...more

9
Alfred Kastler is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alfred Kastler Died at 82 (1902-1984) Alfred Kastler was a French physicist, and Nobel Prize laureate. Kastler was born in Guebwiller and later attended the Lycée Bartholdi in Colmar, Alsace, and École Normale ...more

10
Alfred Perot is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alfred Perot Died at 62 (1863-1925) Jean-Baptiste Alfred Perot was a French physicist. Together with his colleague Charles Fabry he developed the Fabry–Pérot interferometer. The French Academy of Sciences awarded him the ...more

11
Alfred-Marie Liénard is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alfred-Marie Liénard Died at 89 (1869-1958) Alfred-Marie Liénard, was a French physicist and engineer. He is most well known for his invention of the Liénard–Wiechert potentials. From 1887–1889 Liénard was a student ...more

12
Anatole Abragam is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Anatole Abragam Died at 97 (1914-2011) Anatole Abragam was a French physicist who wrote The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism and made significant contributions to the field of nuclear magnetic resonance. Originally from Griva, ...more

13
André Gardes is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Physicists from France
André Gardes

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André Guinier is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Physicists from France
André Guinier Died at 89 (1911-2000) André Guinier was a French physicist who did important work in the field of X-ray diffraction and solid-state physics. He worked at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, ...more

15
André Lichnerowicz is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Physicists from France
André Lichnerowicz Died at 83 (1915-1998) André Lichnerowicz was a noted French differential geometer and mathematical physicist of Polish descent.

16
André Maréchal is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Physicists from France
André Maréchal Died at 91 (1916-2007) Robert Gaston André Maréchal was a French researcher and administrator in optics. André Maréchal, an OSA Honorary Member and Fellow and former director general of the ...more

17
André Neveu is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Physicists from France
André Neveu age 71 André Neveu is a French physicist working on string theory and quantum field theory who coinvented the Neveu-Schwarz algebra and the Gross-Neveu model. Neveu studied in Paris at the ...more

18
André-Marie Ampère is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Physicists from France
André-Marie Ampère Died at 61 (1775-1836) André-Marie Ampère was a French physicist and mathematician who was one of the founders of the science of classical electromagnetism, which he referred to as ...more

19
Anselme Payen is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Anselme Payen Died at 76 (1795-1871) Anselme Payen was a French chemist known for discovering the enzyme diastase, and the carbohydrate cellulose.

20
Antoine César Becquerel is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Antoine César Becquerel Died at 90 (1788-1878) Antoine César Becquerel was a French scientist and a pioneer in the study of electric and luminescent phenomena.

21
Antoine Henri Becquerel is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Antoine Henri Becquerel Died at 56 (1852-1908) Antoine Henri Becquerel was a physicist, Nobel laureate, and the discoverer of radioactivity, for work in this field he, along with Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie, received the 1903 ...more

22
Antoine Saugrain is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Antoine Saugrain Died at 57 (1763-1820) Dr. Antoine François Saugrain was a French-born physician and chemist. Saugrain was educated in Paris as a physician and chemist by Antoine Fourcroy and Mathurin-Jacques Brisson. In 1783 ...more

23
Auguste Bravais is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Auguste Bravais Died at 52 (1811-1863) Auguste Bravais was a French physicist known for his work in crystallography, the conception of Bravais lattices, and the formulation of Bravais law. Bravais also studied magnetism, the northern ...more

24
Augustin-Jean Fresnel is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Augustin-Jean Fresnel Died at 39 (1788-1827) Augustin-Jean Fresnel, was a French engineer and physicist who contributed significantly to the establishment of the theory of wave optics. Fresnel studied the behaviour of light both ...more

25
Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron Died at 65 (1799-1864) Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron was a French engineer and physicist, one of the founders of thermodynamics.

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Bernard d'Espagnat is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Bernard d'Espagnat age 96 Bernard d'Espagnat is a French theoretical physicist, philosopher of science, and author, best known for his work on the nature of reality. Quote: "The doctrine that the world is made up of ...more

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Bernard Julia is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Bernard Julia age 66 Bernard Julia is a French theoretical physicist who has made contributions to the theory of supergravity. He graduated from Université Paris-Sud in 1978, and is directeur de recherche ...more

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Bernard Picinbono is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Bernard Picinbono age 85 Bernard Picinbono is an emeritus professor at l'Université de Paris-Sud and at the French Grande Ecole Supélec.

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Blaise Pascal is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Blaise Pascal Died at 39 (1623-1662) Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's ...more

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Catherine Bréchignac is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Catherine Bréchignac age 71 Catherine Bréchignac is a French physicist. She is an Officer of the Légion d'honneur, President of the International Council for Science and former president of the CNRS, Europe's ...more

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Charles Cagniard de la Tour is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Charles Cagniard de la Tour Died at 82 (1777-1859) Charles Cagniard de la Tour was a French engineer and physicist. Charles Cagniard was born in Paris, and after attending the École Polytechnique became one of the ingénieurs ...more

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Charles Édouard Guillaume is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Charles Édouard Guillaume Died at 77 (1861-1938) Charles Édouard Guillaume was a Swiss physicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1920 in recognition of the service he had rendered to precision measurements in physics by his ...more

33
Charles Fabry is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Charles Fabry Died at 78 (1867-1945) Maurice Paul Auguste Charles Fabry ForMemRS was a French physicist.

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Charles Guillaume Alexandre Bo... is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Charles Guillaume Alexandre Bourgeois Died at 73 (1759-1832) Charles Guillaume Alexandre Bourgeois was a French physicist and painter. As a painter, he's known by his gray camaïeux; some of his portraits are in the Musée du Louvre. As a ...more

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Charles Haldat is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Charles Haldat Died at 82 (1770-1852) Charles Nicolas Alexandre Haldat du Lys was a French physicist who performed experimental work in hydrostatics. He was a critic of the reliability of Benjamin Thompson's researches on the ...more

36
Charles-Augustin de Coulomb is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Charles-Augustin de Coulomb Died at 70 (1736-1806) Charles-Augustin de Coulomb was a French physicist. He was best known for developing Coulomb's law, the definition of the electrostatic force of attraction and repulsion, but also did important ...more

37
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji age 85 Claude Cohen-Tannoudji is a French physicist and Nobel Laureate. He shared the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics with Steven Chu and William Daniel Phillips for research in methods of laser cooling ...more

38
Claude Pouillet is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Claude Pouillet Died at 78 (1790-1868) Claude Servais Mathias Pouillet was a French physicist and a professor of physics at the Sorbonne and member of the French Academy of Science. Succeeding Dulong, he became the fourth holder of ...more

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Claude-Louis Navier is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Claude-Louis Navier Died at 51 (1785-1836) Claude-Louis Navier, was a French engineer and physicist who specialized in mechanics. The Navier–Stokes equations are named after him and George Gabriel Stokes.

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Constantin Senlecq is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Constantin Senlecq Died at 92 (1842-1934) Constantin Senlecq was a French scientist and inventor who is credited with the invention of telectroscope. He worked independently of the American inventor George R. Carey, who came up with a ...more

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Daniel Kastler is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Daniel Kastler Daniel Kastler is a French theoretical physicist, working at University of Aix-Marseille on non-commutative geometry. He is best known for his 1964 article with Rudolf Haag on algebraic quantum ...more

42
Edme Mariotte is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Edme Mariotte Died at 64 (1620-1684) Edme Mariotte was a French physicist and priest.

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Édouard Branly is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Édouard Branly Died at 96 (1844-1940) Édouard Eugène Désiré Branly was a French inventor, physicist and professor at the Institut Catholique de Paris. He is primarily known for his early involvement in ...more

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Édouard Brézin is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Édouard Brézin age 79 Édouard Brézin is a French theoretical physicist. He is professor at Université Paris 6, working at the laboratory for theoretical physics of the École Normale ...more

45
Émile Verdet is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Émile Verdet Died at 42 (1824-1866) Émile Verdet was a French physicist. He worked in magnetism and optics, editing the works of Augustin-Jean Fresnel. Verdet did much to champion the early theory of the conservation of ...more

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Émilie du Châtelet is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Émilie du Châtelet Died at 43 (1706-1749) Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise du Châtelet was a French mathematician, physicist, and author during the Age of Enlightenment. Her achievement is considered to ...more

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Étienne-Louis Malus is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Étienne-Louis Malus Died at 37 (1775-1812) Étienne-Louis Malus was a French officer, engineer, physicist, and mathematician. Malus was born in Paris, France. He participated in Napoleon's expedition into Egypt and was a member of ...more

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Eugène Cremmer is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Eugène Cremmer age 76 Eugène Cremmer is a French physicist. He is directeur de recherche at the CNRS working at the École Normale Supérieure. In 1978, together with Bernard Julia and Joël ...more

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Félix Savart is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Félix Savart Died at 50 (1791-1841) Félix Savart was a physicist who is primarily known for the Biot–Savart law of electromagnetism, which he discovered together with his colleague Jean-Baptiste Biot. His main interest was ...more

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Fernand Holweck is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Fernand Holweck Died at 51 (1890-1941) Fernand Holweck was a French physicist who made important contributions in the fields of vacuum technology, electromagnetic radiation and gravitation. He is also remembered for his personal ...more