READ Famous Physicists from France

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List of notable or famous physicists from France, with bios and photos, including the top physicists born in France and even some popular physicists who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French physicists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physicist from France is included when available.

The list you're viewing is made up of people like Marie Curie and François Arago.

This historic physicists from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French physicists of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicists from France?" These prominent physicists of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French physicists.

Use this list of renowned French physicists to discover some new physicists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (140 items)

1
A. E. Becquerel is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 71 (1820-1891)
Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel, known as Edmond Becquerel, was a French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics. He is credited with the discovery of the ...more

2
Adhémar Jean Claude Barré de S... is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 89 (1797-1886)
Adhémar Jean Claude Barré de Saint-Venant was a mechanician and mathematician who contributed to early stress analysis and also developed the unsteady open channel flow shallow ...more

3
Alain Aspect is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alain Aspect age 71
Alain Aspect is a French physicist noted for his experimental work on quantum entanglement.

4
Albert Fert is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicists from France
age 80
Albert Fert is a French physicist and one of the discoverers of giant magnetoresistance which brought about a breakthrough in gigabyte hard disks. Currently, he is an emeritus professor at ...more

5
Albert J. Libchaber is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicists from France
age 84
Albert J. Libchaber is a Detlev W. Bronk Professor at Rockefeller University. He won the Wolf Prize in Physics in 1986. In 1999 he received the Prix des Trois Physiciens from the Fondation de

6
Albert Messiah is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Albert Messiah Dec. at 92 (1921-2013)
Albert Messiah was a French physicist. He studied at the Ecole Polytechnique. He spent the Second World War in the French Resistance: he embarked June 22, 1940 in Saint-Jean-de-Luz to England ...more

7
Alex Grossmann is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alex Grossmann age 88
Alexander Grossmann is a Croatian-French physicist at the Université de la Méditerranée Aix-Marseille II in Luminy campus who did pioneering work on wavelet analysis with

8
Alexis Thérèse Petit is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alexis Thérèse Petit Dec. at 29 (1791-1820)
Alexis Thérèse Petit was a French physicist. Petit is known for his work on the efficiencies of air- and steam-engines, published in 1818. His well-known discussions with the ...more

9
Alfred Kastler is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 82 (1902-1984)
Alfred Kastler was a French physicist, and Nobel Prize laureate. Kastler was born in Guebwiller and later attended the Lycée Bartholdi in Colmar, Alsace, and École Normale ...more

10
Alfred Perot is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Alfred Perot Dec. at 62 (1863-1925)
Jean-Baptiste Alfred Perot was a French physicist. Together with his colleague Charles Fabry he developed the Fabry–Pérot interferometer. The French Academy of Sciences awarded him the ...more

11
Alfred-Marie Liénard is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 89 (1869-1958)
Alfred-Marie Liénard, was a French physicist and engineer. He is most well known for his invention of the Liénard–Wiechert potentials. From 1887–1889 Liénard was a student ...more

12
Anatole Abragam is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 97 (1914-2011)
Anatole Abragam was a French physicist who wrote The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism and made significant contributions to the field of nuclear magnetic resonance. Originally from Griva, ...more

13
André Gardes is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Physicists from France
André Gardes

14
André Guinier is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 89 (1911-2000)
André Guinier was a French physicist who did important work in the field of X-ray diffraction and solid-state physics. He worked at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, ...more

15
André Lichnerowicz is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 83 (1915-1998)
André Lichnerowicz was a noted French differential geometer and mathematical physicist of Polish descent.

16
André Maréchal is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 91 (1916-2007)
Robert Gaston André Maréchal was a French researcher and administrator in optics. André Maréchal, an OSA Honorary Member and Fellow and former director general of the ...more

17
André Neveu is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Physicists from France
André Neveu age 72
André Neveu is a French physicist working on string theory and quantum field theory who coinvented the Neveu-Schwarz algebra and the Gross-Neveu model. Neveu studied in Paris at the ...more

18
André-Marie Ampère is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 61 (1775-1836)
André-Marie Ampère was a French physicist and mathematician who was one of the founders of the science of classical electromagnetism, which he referred to as ...more

19
Anselme Payen is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 76 (1795-1871)
Anselme Payen was a French chemist known for discovering the enzyme diastase, and the carbohydrate cellulose.

20
Antoine César Becquerel is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 90 (1788-1878)
Antoine César Becquerel was a French scientist and a pioneer in the study of electric and luminescent phenomena.

21
Antoine Henri Becquerel is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 56 (1852-1908)
Antoine Henri Becquerel was a physicist, Nobel laureate, and the discoverer of radioactivity, for work in this field he, along with Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie, received the 1903 ...more

22
Antoine Saugrain is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 57 (1763-1820)
Dr. Antoine François Saugrain was a French-born physician and chemist. Saugrain was educated in Paris as a physician and chemist by Antoine Fourcroy and Mathurin-Jacques Brisson. In 1783 ...more

23
Auguste Bravais is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 52 (1811-1863)
Auguste Bravais was a French physicist known for his work in crystallography, the conception of Bravais lattices, and the formulation of Bravais law. Bravais also studied magnetism, the northern ...more

24
Augustin-Jean Fresnel is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 39 (1788-1827)
Augustin-Jean Fresnel, was a French engineer and physicist who contributed significantly to the establishment of the theory of wave optics. Fresnel studied the behaviour of light both ...more

25
Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Physicists from France
Dec. at 65 (1799-1864)
Benoît Paul Émile Clapeyron was a French engineer and physicist, one of the founders of thermodynamics.