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Famous Physicists from Germany

Updated June 14, 2019 26.7k views373 items

List of notable or famous physicists from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top physicists born in Germany and even some popular physicists who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German physicists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physicist from Germany is included when available.

List is made up of people like Albert Einstein and Rudolf Peierls.

This historic physicists from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German physicists of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicists from Germany?" These prominent physicists of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German physicists.

Use this list of renowned German physicists to discover some new physicists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 
  • Albert Einstein1

    Albert Einstein

    Dec. at 76 (1879-1955)

    BirthplaceUlm, Germany

    Albert Einstein ( EYEN-styne; German: [ˈalbɛɐ̯t ˈʔaɪnʃtaɪn] (listen); 14 March 1879 – 18 April... more on Wikipedia

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  • Angela Merkel2

    BirthplaceHamburg, Germany

    Angela Dorothea Merkel (, German: [aŋˈɡeːla ˈmɛɐ̯kl̩]; née Kasner; born 17 July 1954) is a... more on Wikipedia

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  • Robert Oppenheimer3

    Robert Oppenheimer

    Dec. at 63 (1904-1967)

    BirthplaceNew York City, New York

    Julius Robert Oppenheimer (; April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical... more on Wikipedia

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  • Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz4

    Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz

    Dec. at 70 (1646-1716)

    BirthplaceLeipzig, Germany

    Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (sometimes spelled Leibnitz) (; German: [ˈɡɔtfʁiːt ˈvɪlhɛlm... more on Wikipedia

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  • Heinrich Hertz5

    Heinrich Hertz

    Dec. at 37 (1857-1894)

    BirthplaceHamburg, Germany

    Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (; German: [ˈhaɪ̯nʁɪç ˈhɛɐ̯ts]; 22 February 1857 – 1 January 1894) was a... more on Wikipedia
  • Max Planck6

    Max Planck

    Dec. at 89 (1858-1947)

    BirthplaceKiel, Germany

    Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, ForMemRS (German: [ˈplaŋk]; English: ; 23 April 1858 – 4 October... more on Wikipedia

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  • Rudolf Peierls7

    Rudolf Peierls

    Dec. at 88 (1907-1995)

    BirthplaceBerlin, Germany

    Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, (; German: [ˈpaɪɐls]; 5 June 1907 – 19 September 1995) was a Jewish... more on Wikipedia
  • Werner Heisenberg8

    Werner Heisenberg

    Dec. at 75 (1901-1976)

    BirthplaceWürzburg, Germany

    Werner Karl Heisenberg (; German: [ˈvɛɐ̯nɐ ˈhaɪzn̩ˌbɛɐ̯k]; 5 December 1901 – 1 February 1976)... more on Wikipedia
  • Carl Friedrich Gauss9

    Carl Friedrich Gauss

    Dec. at 78 (1777-1855)

    BirthplaceBraunschweig, Germany

    Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (; German: Gauß [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈɡaʊs] (listen); Latin: Carolus... more on Wikipedia
  • Wernher von Braun10

    Wernher von Braun

    Dec. at 65 (1912-1977)

    BirthplaceWyrzysk, Poland

    Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) was a German and... more on Wikipedia
  • Reinhard Furrer11

    Reinhard Furrer

    Dec. at 55 (1940-1995)

    BirthplaceWörgl, Austria

    Prof. Dr. Reinhard Alfred Furrer (25 November 1940 – 9 September 1995) was a German physicist... more on Wikipedia
  • Georg Ohm12

    Georg Ohm

    Dec. at 65 (1789-1854)

    BirthplaceErlangen, Germany

    Georg Simon Ohm (; German: [ˈɡeːɔɐ̯k ˈʔoːm]; 16 March 1789 – 6 July 1854) was a German... more on Wikipedia
  • Julius Edgar Lilienfeld13

    Julius Edgar Lilienfeld

    Dec. at 81 (1882-1963)

    BirthplaceUkraine, Lviv, Eurasia, Lviv Oblast

    Julius Edgar Lilienfeld (April 18, 1882 – August 28, 1963) was an Austro-Hungarian American... more on Wikipedia
  • Ernst Messerschmid14

    BirthplaceReutlingen, Germany

    Ernst Willi Messerschmid (born 21 May 1945) is a German physicist and former astronaut. Born... more on Wikipedia
  • Hans Bethe15

    Hans Bethe

    Dec. at 99 (1906-2005)

    BirthplaceStrasbourg, France

    Hans Albrecht Bethe (German: [ˈhans ˈalbʁɛçt ˈbeːtə]; July 2, 1906 – March 6, 2005) was a... more on Wikipedia
  • Ulf Merbold16

    BirthplaceGreiz, Germany

    Dr. Ulf Dietrich Merbold (born June 20, 1941) is the first West German citizen and second... more on Wikipedia
  • Hans Schlegel17

    BirthplaceÜberlingen, Germany

    Hans Wilhelm Schlegel (Überlingen, 3 August 1951) is a German physicist, a former ESA... more on Wikipedia
  • Gerhard Thiele18

    BirthplaceHeidenheim an der Brenz, Germany

    Dr. Gerhard Paul Julius Thiele (born September 2, 1953) is a German physicist and a former ESA... more on Wikipedia
  • Ulrich Walter19

    BirthplaceIserlohn, Germany

    Prof. Dr. Ulrich Hans Walter (born February 9, 1954) is a German physicist/engineer and a... more on Wikipedia
  • Reinhold Ewald20

    BirthplaceMönchengladbach, Germany

    Reinhold Ewald (born December 18, 1956) is a German physicist and ESA astronaut.
  • Benjamin Thompson21

    Benjamin Thompson

    Dec. at 61 (1753-1814)

    BirthplaceWoburn, Massachusetts

    Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford, FRS (German: Reichsgraf von Rumford; March 26, 1753 –... more on Wikipedia
  • Wilhelm Röntgen22

    Wilhelm Röntgen

    Dec. at 78 (1845-1923)

    BirthplaceRemscheid, Germany

    Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (; German: [ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈʁœntɡən]; 27 March 1845 – 10 February 1923) was a... more on Wikipedia
  • Benedict Friedlaender23

    Benedict Friedlaender

    Dec. at 42 (1866-1908)

    BirthplaceBerlin, Germany

    Benedict Friedlaender (8 July 1866 – 21 June 1908; first name occasionally spelled Benedikt)... more on Wikipedia
  • Erwin Schrödinger24

    Erwin Schrödinger

    Dec. at 74 (1887-1961)

    BirthplaceVienna, Austria

    Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger (UK: , US: ; German: [ˈɛɐ̯viːn ˈʃʁøːdɪŋɐ]; 12 August... more on Wikipedia
  • Klaus Fuchs25

    Klaus Fuchs

    Dec. at 77 (1911-1988)

    BirthplaceRüsselsheim, Germany

    Klaus Emil Julius Fuchs (29 December 1911 – 28 January 1988) was a German theoretical... more on Wikipedia