Russian People Famous Physicists from Russia

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List of notable or famous physicists from Russia, with bios and photos, including the top physicists born in Russia and even some popular physicists who immigrated to Russia. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Russian physicists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physicist from Russia is included when available.

People on this list include Alexander Stepanovich Popov and Zhores Alferov.

This historic physicists from Russia list can help answer the questions "Who are some Russian physicists of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicists from Russia?" These prominent physicists of Russia may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Russian physicists.

Use this list of renowned Russian physicists to discover some new physicists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (73 items)

1
Abraham Alikhanov is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Abraham Alikhanov Dec. at 66 (1904-1970)
Abraham Isahakovich Alikhanov was a Soviet Armenian physicist, academic of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1945, he founded and became director of the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental ...more

2
Aleksandr Chudakov is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Aleksandr Chudakov Dec. at 80 (1921-2001)
Aleksandr Evgenievich Chudakov was a Soviet Russian physicist in the field of cosmic-ray physics, known for Chudakov Effect, the effect of decreasing ionization losses for narrow ...more

3
Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandr... is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 87 (1912-1999)
Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, was a Soviet/Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher and mountaineer.

4
Alexander Friedmann is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 37 (1888-1925)
Alexander Alexandrovich Friedmann was a Russian and Soviet physicist and mathematician. He is best known for his pioneering theory that the universe was expanding, governed by a set of equations ...more

5
Alexander Ivanovich Popov is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Alexander Ivanovich Popov age 75

6
Alexander Markovich Polyakov is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
age 73
Alexander Markovich Polyakov is a theoretical physicist, formerly at the Landau Institute in Moscow and, since 1990, at Princeton University.

7
Alexander Prokhorov is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 86 (1916-2002)
Alexander Mikhaylovich Prokhorov, or Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov, was a Soviet physicist known for his pioneering research on lasers and masers for which he shared the Nobel Prize in ...more

8
Alexander Stepanovich Popov is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 47 (1859-1906)
Alexander Stepanovich Popov was a Russian physicist who is acclaimed in his homeland and eastern European countries as the inventor of radio. Popov's work as a teacher at a Russian naval school ...more

9
Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
age 90
Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov is a Soviet and Russian theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in

10
Alexei Yuryevich Smirnov is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
age 67
Alexei Yuryevich Smirnov is a neutrino physics researcher and one of the discoverers of the MSW Effect.

11
Alexey Andreevich Anselm is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Alexey Andreevich Anselm Dec. at 64 (1934-1998)
Alexey Andreevich Anselm was a Russian theoretical physicist, known for his discovery of non-universality of the Landau pole in Quantum field theory, contributions to the theory of complex ...more

12
Anatoly Larkin is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 73 (1932-2005)
Anatoly Ivanovich Larkin was a Russian theoretical physicist, universally recognised as a leader in theory of condensed matter, and who was also a celebrated teacher of several generations of ...more

13
Anatoly Petrovich Alexandrov is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 91 (1903-1994)
Anatoly Petrovich Alexandrov was a Soviet and Russian physicist, director of the Kurchatov Institute, academician and president of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. By the end of his life he ...more

14
Anatoly Vlasov is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 67 (1908-1975)
Anatoly Alexandrovich Vlasov was a Russian theoretical physicist prominent in the fields of statistical mechanics, kinetics, and especially in plasma physics.

15
Arkady Migdal is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 80 (1911-1991)
Arkady Beynusovich Migdal was a Soviet physicist, member of the USSR Academy of Sciences. He developed the formula that accounts for the Landau–Pomeranchuk–Migdal effect, a reduction of the ...more

16
Boris Pavlovich Belousov is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 77 (1893-1970)
Boris Pavlovich Belousov was a Soviet chemist / biophysicist who discovered the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in the early 50s. His work initiated the field of modern nonlinear chemical ...more

17
Boris Borisovich Galitzine is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 54 (1862-1916)
Prince Boris Borisovich Golitsyn was a prominent Russian physicist who invented the first electromagnetic seismograph in 1906. He was one of the founders of modern Seismology. In 1911 he was ...more

18
Boris Rauschenbach is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 86 (1915-2001)
Boris Viktorovich Rauschenbach was a preeminent Soviet physicist and rocket engineer, who developed the theory and instruments for interplanetary flight control and navigation in 1955-1960s. He ...more

19
Dmitri Z. Garbuzov is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 66 (1940-2006)
Dmitri Z. Garbuzov was one of the pioneers and inventors of room temperature continuous-wave-operating diode lasers and high-power diode lasers. The first room-temperature, continuous-wave diode ...more

20
Dmitry Lachinov is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 60 (1842-1902)
Dmitry Aleksandrovich Lachinov was a Russian physicist, electrical engineer, inventor, meteorologist and climatologist. Dmitry Lachinov studied in the St. Petersburg University, where he was a ...more

21
Eugene Podkletnov is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Eugene Podkletnov
Eugene Podkletnov is a Russian ceramics engineer known for his claims made in the 1990s of designing and demonstrating gravity shielding devices consisting of rotating disks constructed from ...more

22
Fyodor Grigoryevich Reshetniko... is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
age 99
Fyodor Grigoryevich Reshetnikov was a Russian physicist, chemist, and metallurgist. Reshetnikov became a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1974, academician of the Russian ...more

23
George Gamow is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 64 (1904-1968)
George Gamow, born Georgiy Antonovich Gamov, was a theoretical physicist and cosmologist – notably an early advocate and developer of Lemaître's Big Bang theory. He discovered a ...more

24
Georgy Flyorov is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 77 (1913-1990)
Georgy Nikolayevich Flyorov was a prominent Soviet Russian nuclear physicist. In 2012, he was honored as the namesake for flerovium.

25
Gersh Budker is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Physicists from Russia
Dec. at 59 (1918-1977)
Gersh Itskovich Budker, also named Andrey Mikhailovich Budker, was a Soviet physicist, specialized in nuclear physics and accelerator physics. He was elected a Corresponding Member of the ...more