American People Famous Physicists from the United States

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List of notable or famous physicists from the United States, with bios and photos, including the top physicists born in the United States and even some popular physicists who immigrated to the United States. If you're trying to find out the names of famous American physicists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These physicists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known physicist from the United States is included when available.

This list below has everything from Albert Einstein to Alexander Graham Bell.

This historic physicists from the United States list can help answer the questions "Who are some American physicists of note?" and "Who are the most famous physicists from the United States?" These prominent physicists of the United States may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected American physicists.

Use this list of renowned American physicists to discover some new physicists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (935 items)

1
Albert Einstein is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 76 (1879-1955)
Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the ...more

2
Nikola Tesla is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 87 (1856-1943)
Nikola Tesla was a Serbian American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current ...more

3
Alexander Graham Bell is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 75 (1847-1922)
Alexander Graham Bell was an eminent Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone. Bell's father, grandfather, and ...more

4
Carl Sagan is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 62 (1934-1996)
Carl Sagan appeared in the 2012 documentary film Beyond Expression Bright.

5
Sally Ride is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 61 (1951-2012)
Sally Kristen Ride was an American physicist and astronaut. Born in Los Angeles, Ride joined NASA in 1978 and, at the age of 32, became the first American woman in space and still remains the ...more

6
William Shockley is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 79 (1910-1989)
William Bradford Shockley Jr. was an American physicist and inventor. Shockley was the manager of a research group that included John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain, the duo who invented the ...more

7
Robert Oppenheimer is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 63 (1904-1967)
Julius Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is among the persons known for their role in the Manhattan ...more

8
Enrico Fermi is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 53 (1901-1954)
Enrico Fermi was an Italian physicist, best known for his work on Chicago Pile-1, and for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical ...more

9
George Carruthers is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
age 79
George Robert Carruthers is an African-American inventor, physicist, and space scientist. He has lived most of his life in Washington, DC.

10
Linus Pauling is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 93 (1901-1994)
Linus Carl Pauling was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, and educator. He was one of the most influential chemists in history and ranks among the most important scientists ...more

11
Ronald McNair is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 36 (1950-1986)
Ronald Ervin McNair, Ph.D. was a physicist and NASA astronaut. McNair died during the launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger on mission STS-51-L.

12
Edward Teller is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 95 (1908-2003)
Edward Teller was a Hungarian-born American theoretical physicist who, although he claimed he did not care for the title. He made numerous contributions to nuclear and molecular physics, ...more

13
Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 77 (1858-1935)
Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin, Ph.D., LL.D., also known as Michael I. Pupin, was a Serbian American physicist and physical chemist. Pupin is best known for his numerous patents, including a means of ...more

14
Franklin Chang Díaz is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
age 68
Franklin Ramón Chang Díaz, Ph.D. is a Costa Rican-American mechanical engineer, physicist and former NASA astronaut. Dr. Chang Díaz became an American citizen in 1977. He is ...more

15
John Hagelin is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
age 64
John Samuel Hagelin is an American particle physicist, three-time candidate of the Natural Law Party for President of the United States, and director of the Transcendental Meditation movement ...more

16
Nick Holonyak is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
age 90
Nick Holonyak, Jr. is an American engineer and educator. He is noted particularly for his 1962 invention of a light-emitting diode that emitted visible red light instead of infrared light; ...more

17
Brian Greene is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
age 56
Brian Randolph Greene is an American theoretical physicist and string theorist. He has been a professor at Columbia University since 1996 and chairman of the World Science Festival since ...more

18
Chester Carlson is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 62 (1906-1968)
Chester Floyd Carlson was an American physicist, inventor, and patent attorney born in Seattle, Washington. He is best known for having invented the process of electrophotography, which produced ...more

19
Wernher von Braun is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 65 (1912-1977)
Wernher Magnus Maximilian, Freiherr von Braun was a German and later American aerospace engineer and space architect, but made his greatest contributions as an aerospace program manager. He was ...more

20
Michio Kaku is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
age 72
Michio Kaku is an American futurist, theoretical physicist and popularizer of science. Dr. Kaku is a Professor of Theoretical Physics at the City College of New York. He has written several ...more

21
James H. Newman is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
age 62
James Hansen Newman is an American physicist and a former NASA astronaut who flew on four Space Shuttle missions.

22
Richard Feynman is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 70 (1918-1988)
Richard Phillips Feynman, ForMemRS was an American theoretical physicist known for his work in the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics, and the ...more

23
Robert Noyce is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 63 (1927-1990)
Robert Norton Noyce, nicknamed "the Mayor of Silicon Valley," co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and Intel Corporation in 1968. He is also credited with the realization of the ...more

24
Robert H. Goddard is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
Dec. at 63 (1882-1945)
Robert Hutchings Goddard was an American engineer, professor, physicist, and inventor who is credited with creating and building the world's first liquid-fueled rocket, which he successfully ...more

25
James D. Watson is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Physicists from the United States
age 90
James Dewey Watson is an American molecular biologist, geneticist and zoologist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick. Watson, Crick, and ...more