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Famous Poets from Germany

Updated June 14, 2019 20.7k views48 items

List of notable or famous poets from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top poets born in Germany and even some popular poets who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German poets then this list is the perfect resource for you. These poets are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known poet from Germany is included when available.

John Denver and Charles Bukowski are a great starting point for your to rank your favorites on this list

This historic poets from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German poets of note?" and "Who are the most famous poets from Germany?" These prominent poets of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German poets.

Use this list of renowned German poets to discover some new poets that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
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  • 1

    BirthplaceTehran, Iran

    Alexios Schandermani (born October 25, 1953) is an Iranian German writer....  more
  • 2

    Angelus Silesius

    Dec. at 53 (1624-1677)

    BirthplaceWrocław, Poland

    Angelus Silesius (c. 1624 – 9 July 1677), born Johann Scheffler and also known as Johann Angelus Silesius, was a German Catholic priest and physician, known as a mystic and religious poet. Born and...  more
  • 3

    Arno Holz

    Dec. at 66 (1863-1929)

    BirthplaceKętrzyn, Poland

    Arno Holz (26 April 1863 Rastenburg – October 1929, Berlin) was a German naturalist poet and dramatist. He is best known for his poetry collection Phantasus (1898). He was nominated for a Nobel prize...  more
  • 4

    August Stramm

    Dec. at 41 (1874-1915)

    BirthplaceMünster, Germany

    August Stramm (29 July 1874 – 1 September 1915) was a German poet and playwright who is considered one of the first of the expressionists. He also served in the German Army and was killed in action...  more
  • 5

    Barthold Heinrich Brockes

    Dec. at 67 (1680-1747)

    BirthplaceHamburg, Germany

    Barthold Heinrich Brockes (September 22, 1680 – January 16, 1747) was a German poet. He was born in Hamburg and educated at the Gelehrtenschule des Johanneums. He studied jurisprudence at Halle,...  more
  • 6

    Bertolt Brecht

    Dec. at 58 (1898-1956)

    BirthplaceAugsburg, Germany

    Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (, German: [ˈbɛɐ̯tɔlt ˈbʁɛçt] (listen); 10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and...  more

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  • 7

    Charles Bukowski

    Dec. at 74 (1920-1994)

    BirthplaceAndernach, Germany

    Henry Charles Bukowski (born Heinrich Karl Bukowski; August 16, 1920 – March 9, 1994) was a German-American poet, novelist, and short story writer. His writing was influenced by the social, cultural,...  more

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  • 8

    Christian Friedrich Hebbel

    Dec. at 50 (1813-1863)

    BirthplaceWesselburen, Germany

    Christian Friedrich Hebbel (18 March 1813 – 13 December 1863), was a German poet and dramatist....  more
  • 9

    Erich Kästner

    Dec. at 75 (1899-1974)

    BirthplaceDresden, Germany

    Emil Erich Kästner (German: [ˈʔeːʁɪç ˈkɛstnɐ]; 23 February 1899 – 29 July 1974) was a German author, poet, screenwriter and satirist, known primarily for his humorous, socially astute poems and for...  more
  • 10

    Eva Strittmatter

    Dec. at 81 (1930-2011)

    BirthplaceNeuruppin, Germany

    Eva Strittmatter (née Braun; 8 February 1930 – 3 January 2011) was a German writer of poetry, prose, and children's literature.Her books of poems sold millions of copies, reportedly making her the...  more
  • 11

    Ferdinand Avenarius

    Dec. at 67 (1856-1923)

    BirthplaceBerlin, Germany

    Ferdinand Avenarius (20 December 1856, in Berlin – 22 September 1923, in Kampen) was a German lyric poet, a leading representative of the culture reform movement of his time and the first popularizer...  more
  • 12

    Friedrich Hölderlin

    Dec. at 73 (1770-1843)

    BirthplaceLauffen am Neckar, Germany

    Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin (UK: , US: ; German: [ˈjoːhan ˈkʁɪsti̯aːn ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈhœldɐliːn]; 20 March 1770 – 7 June 1843) was a German poet and philosopher. Described by Norbert von...  more
  • 13

    Friedrich Rückert

    Dec. at 78 (1788-1866)

    BirthplaceSchweinfurt, Germany

    Friedrich Rückert (16 May 1788 – 31 January 1866) was a German poet, translator, and professor of Oriental languages....  more
  • 14

    BirthplaceBayan-Ölgii Province, Mongolia

    Galsan Tschinag (German pronunciation: [ˈɡalzan ˈtʃʰɪnak], Mongolian: Чинаагийн Галсан, romanized: Qinaagiin Galsan, ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠠᠯᠰᠠᠩ, [ˈtʃʰinɑːɡiːŋ ˈɢɑɮsəŋ], born Irgit Şınıkay oğlu Çuruk-Uvaa...  more
  • 15

    Gustav Leutelt

    Dec. at 87 (1860-1947)

    BirthplaceJosefův Důl, Czech Republic

    Gustav Leutelt (21 September 1860 – 17 February 1947) was a German Bohemian poet and writer. Most of his poetry concerned the area around his birthplace of Josefsthal causing him to be described as a...  more
  • 16

    Hans Carossa

    Dec. at 78 (1878-1956)

    BirthplaceBad Tölz, Germany

    Hans Carossa (15 December 1878 in Bad Tölz, Kingdom of Bavaria – 12 September 1956 in Rittsteig near Passau) was a German novelist and poet, known mostly for his autobiographical novels, and his...  more
  • 17

    BirthplaceVersmold, Germany

    Hans-Ulrich Treichel is a Germanist, novelist and poet. His earliest published books were collections of poetry, but prose writing has become a larger part of his output since the critical and...  more
  • 18

    Heiner Müller

    Dec. at 66 (1929-1995)

    BirthplaceEppendorf, Saxony, Germany

    Heiner Müller (German: [haɪnɐ mʏlɐ]; 9 January 1929 – 30 December 1995) was a German (formerly East German) dramatist, poet, writer, essayist and theatre director. His "enigmatic, fragmentary pieces"...  more
  • 19

    Heinrich Heine

    Dec. at 59 (1797-1856)

    BirthplaceDüsseldorf, Germany

    Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (German: [ˈhaɪnʁɪç ˈhaɪnə]; 13 December 1797 – 17 February 1856) was a German poet, playwright, journalist, essayist, and literary critic. He is best known outside...  more
  • 20

    Hermann Hesse

    Dec. at 85 (1877-1962)

    BirthplaceCalw, Germany

    Hermann Karl Hesse (German: [ˈhɛɐ̯man ˈhɛsə]; July 2, 1877 – August 9, 1962) was a German-born poet, novelist, and painter. His best-known works include Demian, Steppenwolf, Siddhartha, and The Glass...  more
  • 21

    BirthplaceNițchidorf, Romania

    Herta Müller (born 17 August 1953) is a Romanian-born German novelist, poet, essayist and recipient of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born in Nițchidorf, Timiș County in Romania, her native...  more
  • 22

    James Krüss

    Dec. at 71 (1926-1997)

    BirthplaceHeligoland, Germany

    James Krüss (31 May 1926 – 2 August 1997) was a German writer of children's and picture books, illustrator, poet, dramatist, scriptwriter, translator, and collector of children's poems and folk...  more
  • 23

    Friedrich Schiller

    Dec. at 46 (1759-1805)

    BirthplaceMarbach am Neckar, Germany

    Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (German: [ˈjoːhan ˈkʁɪstɔf ˈfʁiːdʁɪç fɔn ˈʃɪlɐ]; 10 November 1759 – 9 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright. During...  more

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  • 24

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    Dec. at 83 (1749-1832)

    BirthplaceFree City of Frankfurt

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (, also US: GURT-ə, GAYT-ə, -⁠ee; German: [ˈjoːhan ˈvɔlfɡaŋ fɔn ˈɡøːtə] (listen); 28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman. His works include:...  more

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  • 25

    Johannes Theodor Baargeld

    Dec. at 35 (1892-1927)

    BirthplaceSzczecin, Poland

    Johannes Theodor Baargeld was a pseudonym of Alfred Emanuel Ferdinand Grünwald (9 October 1892 – 16 or 17 August 1927), a German painter and poet who, together with Max Ernst, founded the Cologne...  more