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Famous Poets from Germany

Updated June 14, 2019 21.1k views48 items

List of notable or famous poets from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top poets born in Germany and even some popular poets who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German poets then this list is the perfect resource for you. These poets are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known poet from Germany is included when available.

John Denver and Charles Bukowski are a great starting point for your to rank your favorites on this list

This historic poets from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German poets of note?" and "Who are the most famous poets from Germany?" These prominent poets of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German poets.

Use this list of renowned German poets to discover some new poets that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
  • 1

    BirthplaceTehran, Iran

    NationalityIran, Germany

    Alexios Schandermani (born October 25, 1953) is an Iranian German writer.  ...more
  • 2
    Dec. at 52 (1624-1677)

    BirthplaceWrocław, Poland


    Angelus Silesius (c. 1624 – 9 July 1677), born Johann Scheffler and also known as Johann Angelus Silesius, was a German Catholic priest and physician, known as a mystic and religious poet. Born and  ...more
  • 3
    Dec. at 66 (1863-1929)

    BirthplaceKętrzyn, Poland


    Arno Holz (26 April 1863 Rastenburg – October 1929, Berlin) was a German naturalist poet and dramatist. He is best known for his poetry collection Phantasus (1898). He was nominated for a Nobel prize  ...more
  • 4
    Dec. at 41 (1874-1915)

    BirthplaceMünster, Germany


    August Stramm (29 July 1874 – 1 September 1915) was a German poet and playwright who is considered one of the first of the expressionists. He also served in the German Army and was killed in action  ...more
  • 5
    Dec. at 66 (1680-1747)

    BirthplaceHamburg, Germany


    Barthold Heinrich Brockes (September 22, 1680 – January 16, 1747) was a German poet. He was born in Hamburg and educated at the Gelehrtenschule des Johanneums. He studied jurisprudence at Halle,  ...more
  • 6
    Dec. at 58 (1898-1956)

    BirthplaceAugsburg, Germany

    NationalityAustria, German Empire, German Democratic Republic

    Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (, German: [ˈbɛɐ̯tɔlt ˈbʁɛçt] (listen); 10 February 1898 – 14 August 1956), known professionally as Bertolt Brecht, was a German theatre practitioner, playwright, and  ...more

    #271 of 1,172 The Best Writers of All Time#50 of 153 The Best Poets of the 20th Century#79 of 250 The Best Gay Authors

  • 7
    Dec. at 73 (1920-1994)

    BirthplaceAndernach, Germany

    NationalityUnited States of America, Germany

    Henry Charles Bukowski (born Heinrich Karl Bukowski; August 16, 1920 – March 9, 1994) was a German-American poet, novelist, and short story writer. His writing was influenced by the social, cultural,  ...more

    Charles Bukowski Quotes#48 of 345 The Greatest American Writers of All Time#43 of 171 The Best Short Story Writers of All Time

  • 8
    Dec. at 50 (1813-1863)

    BirthplaceWesselburen, Germany


    Christian Friedrich Hebbel (18 March 1813 – 13 December 1863), was a German poet and dramatist.  ...more
  • 9
    Dec. at 75 (1899-1974)

    BirthplaceDresden, Germany


    Emil Erich Kästner (German: [ˈʔeːʁɪç ˈkɛstnɐ]; 23 February 1899 – 29 July 1974) was a German author, poet, screenwriter and satirist, known primarily for his humorous, socially astute poems and for  ...more
  • 10
    Dec. at 80 (1930-2011)

    BirthplaceNeuruppin, Germany


    Eva Strittmatter (née Braun; 8 February 1930 – 3 January 2011) was a German writer of poetry, prose, and children's literature.Her books of poems sold millions of copies, reportedly making her the  ...more
  • 11
    Dec. at 66 (1856-1923)

    BirthplaceBerlin, Germany


    Ferdinand Avenarius (20 December 1856, in Berlin – 22 September 1923, in Kampen) was a German lyric poet, a leading representative of the culture reform movement of his time and the first popularizer  ...more
  • 12
    Dec. at 73 (1770-1843)

    BirthplaceLauffen am Neckar, Germany


    Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin (UK: , US: ; German: [ˈjoːhan ˈkʁɪsti̯aːn ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈhœldɐliːn]; 20 March 1770 – 7 June 1843) was a German poet and philosopher. Described by Norbert von  ...more
  • 13
    Dec. at 77 (1788-1866)

    BirthplaceSchweinfurt, Germany


    Friedrich Rückert (16 May 1788 – 31 January 1866) was a German poet, translator, and professor of Oriental languages.  ...more
  • 14

    BirthplaceBayan-Ölgii Province, Mongolia


    Galsan Tschinag (German pronunciation: [ˈɡalzan ˈtʃʰɪnak], Mongolian: Чинаагийн Галсан, romanized: Qinaagiin Galsan, ᠴᠢᠨᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠭᠠᠯᠰᠠᠩ, [ˈtʃʰinɑːɡiːŋ ˈɢɑɮsəŋ], born Irgit Şınıkay oğlu Çuruk-Uvaa  ...more
  • 15
    Dec. at 86 (1860-1947)

    BirthplaceJosefův Důl, Czech Republic


    Gustav Leutelt (21 September 1860 – 17 February 1947) was a German Bohemian poet and writer. Most of his poetry concerned the area around his birthplace of Josefsthal causing him to be described as a  ...more
  • 16
    Dec. at 77 (1878-1956)

    BirthplaceBad Tölz, Germany


    Hans Carossa (15 December 1878 in Bad Tölz, Kingdom of Bavaria – 12 September 1956 in Rittsteig near Passau) was a German novelist and poet, known mostly for his autobiographical novels, and his  ...more
  • 17

    BirthplaceVersmold, Germany


    Hans-Ulrich Treichel is a Germanist, novelist and poet. His earliest published books were collections of poetry, but prose writing has become a larger part of his output since the critical and  ...more
  • 18
    Dec. at 66 (1929-1995)

    BirthplaceEppendorf, Saxony, Germany


    Heiner Müller (German: [haɪnɐ mʏlɐ]; 9 January 1929 – 30 December 1995) was a German (formerly East German) dramatist, poet, writer, essayist and theatre director. His "enigmatic, fragmentary pieces"  ...more
  • 19
    Dec. at 58 (1797-1856)

    BirthplaceDüsseldorf, Germany


    Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (German: [ˈhaɪnʁɪç ˈhaɪnə]; 13 December 1797 – 17 February 1856) was a German poet, playwright, journalist, essayist, and literary critic. He is best known outside  ...more
  • 20
    Dec. at 85 (1877-1962)

    BirthplaceCalw, Germany

    NationalitySwitzerland, Germany

    Hermann Karl Hesse (German: [ˈhɛɐ̯man ˈhɛsə]; July 2, 1877 – August 9, 1962) was a German-born poet, novelist, and painter. His best-known works include Demian, Steppenwolf, Siddhartha, and The Glass  ...more

    #31 of 306 The Best Novelists of All Time#727 of 2,753 The Most Influential People of All Time#78 of 344 Famous Role Models We'd Like to Meet In Person

  • 21

    BirthplaceNițchidorf, Romania

    NationalityGermany, Romania

    Herta Müller (born 17 August 1953) is a Romanian-born German novelist, poet, essayist and recipient of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Literature. Born in Nițchidorf, Timiș County in Romania, her native  ...more
  • 22
    Dec. at 71 (1926-1997)

    BirthplaceHeligoland, Germany


    James Krüss (31 May 1926 – 2 August 1997) was a German writer of children's and picture books, illustrator, poet, dramatist, scriptwriter, translator, and collector of children's poems and folk  ...more
  • 23
    Dec. at 45 (1759-1805)

    BirthplaceMarbach am Neckar, Germany


    Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (German: [ˈjoːhan ˈkʁɪstɔf ˈfʁiːdʁɪç fɔn ˈʃɪlɐ]; 10 November 1759 – 9 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright. During  ...more

    The Best Johann Christoph Friedrich Von Schiller Quotes#145 of 753 People We Wish Were Still Alive#49 of 1,355 The Greatest Minds of All Time

  • 24
    Dec. at 82 (1749-1832)

    BirthplaceFree City of Frankfurt

    NationalityHoly Roman Empire, German Confederation

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (, also US: GURT-ə, GAYT-ə, -⁠ee; German: [ˈjoːhan ˈvɔlfɡaŋ fɔn ˈɡøːtə] (listen); 28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman. His works include:  ...more

    #995 of 1,891 The Greatest Musical Artists of All Time#155 of 330 The All-Time Greatest Horror Writers#243 of 369 The Greatest Poets of All Time

  • 25
    Dec. at 34 (1892-1927)

    BirthplaceSzczecin, Poland


    Johannes Theodor Baargeld was a pseudonym of Alfred Emanuel Ferdinand Grünwald (9 October 1892 – 16 or 17 August 1927), a German painter and poet who, together with Max Ernst, founded the Cologne  ...more