Politics Famous Politicians from Afghanistan

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List of famous politicians from Afghanistan, listed alphabetically with photos when available. This list of popular Afghan politicians includes members of the government who are either active or inactive, some of who might even now be dead. These are some of the most well-known Afghan politicians of all time, so if you're a native of Afghanistan and want to work for your country then these are the people you should look up to. If you're searching for a particular politician from Afghanistan, then use the "search" box to find who you're looking for.

This list includes Ayub Shah Durrani, Shukria Barakzai and more.

You can click on the names of these renowned politicians of Afghanistan in order to get more information about each one.

1
Abdul Rahim Hatef is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 87 (1926-2013) Abdul Rahim Hatak was a Senior Teacher of Kandahar. He served as Vice President during the last years of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. He was born in Kandahar, Afghanistan. Before the ...more

2
Abdul Rahman is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 49 (1953-2002) Abdul Rahman was the aviation and tourism minister of Afghanistan until his death on February 14, 2002. He was murdered in what appeared to be a mob attack on his plane at Kabul International ...more

3
Abdul Sabur Farid Kohistani is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 55 (1952-2007) Abdul Sabur Farid Kohistani served as Prime Minister of Afghanistan from July 6, 1992 until August 15, 1992. He was a member of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's Hezbi Islami. He later served as a member of ...more

4
Abdullah Abdullah is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
age 58 Abdullah Abdullah is an Afghan politician, serving as Chief Executive Officer of Afghanistan since September 2014. From October 2001 to April 2005, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs. ...more

5
Abdur Rahman Khan is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 57 (1844-1901) Abdur Rahman Khan was Emir of Afghanistan from 1880 to 1901. He was the third son of Mohammad Afzal Khan, and grandson of Dost Mohammad Khan. Abdur Rahman Khan was considered a strong ruler who ...more

6
Ahmad Shah Durrani is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 51 (1722-1773) Ahmad Shāh Durrānī, also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī, was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan. He began his career by enlisting as ...more

7
Ali Shah Durrani is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Ali Shah Durrani Sultan Ali Shah Durrani was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1818 to 1819. He was the son of Timur Shah Durrani, and the penultimate Durrani Emperor. He was deposed by his brother Ayub Shah.

8
Amānullāh Khān is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 68 (1892-1960) Amanullah Khan was the Sovereign of the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929, first as Emir and after 1926 as Malik. He led Afghanistan to independence over its foreign affairs from the ...more

9
Amrullah Saleh is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Amrullah Saleh age 47 Amrullah Saleh is a former warlord and politician in Afghanistan who served as head of the National Directorate of Security from 2004 until his resignation in 2010. Prior to that he was a member ...more

10
Ayub Shah Durrani is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Ayub Shah Durrani Ayub Shah, a son of Timur Shah, ruled Afghanistan from 1819 to 1823. The loss of Kashmir during his reign opened a new chapter in Indian history. In 1823, he was deposed and imprisoned by the ...more

11
Azra Jafari is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Azra Jafari age 39 Azra Jafari was appointed as the first female mayor in Afghanistan by President Hamid Karzai in December 2008. She became the mayor of Nili, a town in Daykundi Province of Afghanistan. Jafari is ...more

12
Babrak Karmal is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Babrak Karmal Died at 67 (1929-1996) Babrak Karmal was an Afghan politician and statesman during the Cold War. Karmal was born in Kamari and educated at Kabul University. When the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan was ...more

13
Burhanuddin Rabbani is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 71 (1940-2011) Burhanuddin Rabbani was President of the Islamic State of Afghanistan from 1992 to 1996. After the Taliban government was toppled during Operation Enduring Freedom, Rabbani returned to Kabul and ...more

14
Daud Arsala is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Daud Arsala age 53 Daud Arsala is an Afghan politician, who ran for the Afghan parliamentarian election in 2005. He was a chief campaigner of Hamid Karzia's presidential election in N.W.F.P in 2004. He and his ...more

15
Dost Mohammad Khan is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Dost Mohammad Khan Died at 70 (1793-1863) Dost Mohammad Khan was the founder of the Barakzai dynasty and one of the prominent rulers of Afghanistan during the First Anglo-Afghan War. With the decline of the Durrani dynasty, he became ...more

16
General Khodaidad is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
General Khodaidad age 63 Colonel General Khodaidad is a former Minister of Counter Narcotics of Afghanistan.

17
Habibullah Khan is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 47 (1872-1919) Habibullah Khan was the Emir of Afghanistan from 1901 until 1919. He was born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, the eldest son of the Emir Abdur Rahman Khan, whom he succeeded by right of primogeniture ...more

18
Hafizullah Amin is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 50 (1929-1979) Hafizullah Amin was an Afghan politician and statesman during the Cold War. Amin was born in Paghman and educated at Kabul University, after which he started his career as a teacher. After a few ...more

19
Hamid Karzai is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
age 61 Hamid Karzai served as President of Afghanistan for almost a decade, from 7 December 2004 to 29 September 2014. He comes from a politically active family, Karzai's father, uncle and grandfather ...more

20
Hedayat Amin Arsala is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
age 76 Hedayat Amin Arsala, is an economist and a prominent politician in Afghanistan. Mr. Arsala is a former Finance Minister, Foreign Minister and Vice President of Afghanistan and until October 2013 ...more

21
Inayatullah Khan is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Inayatullah Khan Died at 58 (1888-1946) Inayatullah Khan Seraj was the King of Afghanistan from 14 January 1929 to 17 January 1929. He was the son of former Afghan King, Habibullah Khan. Inayatullah's brief reign ended with his ...more

22
Karim Khalili is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Karim Khalili age 68 Karim Khalili is the former Vice President of Afghanistan in the administration of President Hamid Karzai. Khalili was appointed first time as Vice President in 2002 and was elected as running ...more

23
Mahmud Shah Durrani is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Mahmud Shah Durrani Died at 60 (1769-1829) Mahmud Shah Durrani was born Prince and ruler of the Durrani Empire between 1801 and 1803, and again between 1809 and 1818. An ethnic Sadozai tribe section of the Popalzai sub clan of Durrani ...more

24
Mahmud Tarzi is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 68 (1865-1933) Mahmūd Bēg Tarzī was one of Afghanistan's greatest intellectuals. He is known as the father of Afghan journalism. As a prominent modern thinker, he became a key figure in the history of ...more

25
Malalai Joya is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
age 40 Malalai Joya is an activist, writer, and a former politician from Afghanistan. She served as a Parliamentarian in the National Assembly of Afghanistan from 2005 until early 2007, after being ...more

26
Mohammad Golab Mangal is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Mohammad Golab Mangal age 60 Gulab Mangal, is the former Governor of Helmand, Afghanistan, and the former Governor of Laghman and Paktika. He also served as head of the Committee that drafted Afghanistan's most recent ...more

27
Mohammad Mohaqiq is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Mohammad Mohaqiq age 63 Mohammad Mohaqiq is a politician in Afghanistan, serving as a member of the Afghan Parliament. He is also the founder and chairman of the People's Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan. During the ...more

28
Mohammad Najibullah is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 49 (1947-1996) Dr. Mohammad Najibullah Ahmadzai, commonly known as Najibullah or Najib, was President of Afghanistan from 1987 until 1992, when the mujahideen took over Kabul. He had previously held different ...more

29
Mohammad Rabbani is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Mohammad Rabbani Died at 46 (1955-2001) Mullah Mohammad Rabbani Akhund was one of the main founders of the Taliban movement. He was second in power only to the supreme leader, Mullah Mohammed Omar, in the Taliban hierarchy. When the ...more

30
Mohammad Yaqub Khan is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Mohammad Yaqub Khan Died at 74 (1849-1923) Mohammad Yaqub Khan was Emir of Afghanistan from February 21 to October 12, 1879. He was the son of the previous ruler, Sher Ali Khan. Mohammad Yaqub Khan was the governor of Herat province in ...more

31
Mohammed Daoud Khan is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 69 (1909-1978) Sardar Mohammed Daoud Khan or Daud Khan was the Prime Minister of Afghanistan from 1953 to 1963, and later became the first President of Afghanistan. He overthrew the monarchy of his first ...more

32
Mohammed Fahim is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Mohammed Fahim Died at 57 (1957-2014) Mohammad Qasim Fahim was a politician in Afghanistan who served as Vice President from June 2002 until December 2004 and from November 2009 until his death. Between September 2001 and December ...more

33
Mohammed Nadir Shah is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 50 (1883-1933) Mohammed Nadir Shah was King of Afghanistan from 15 October 1929 until his assassination in November 1933. Previously, he served as Minister of War, Afghan Ambassador to France, and as a general ...more

34
Mohammed Omar is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
age 59 Mullah Mohammed Omar, often simply called Mullah Omar, is the spiritual leader of the Taliban. He was Afghanistan's de facto 11th head of state from 1996 to late 2001, under the official title ...more

35
Mohammed Zahir Shah is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 93 (1914-2007) Mohammed Zahir Shah was the last King of Afghanistan, reigning for four decades, from 1933 until he was ousted by a coup in 1973. Following his return from exile, he was given the title 'Father ...more

36
Nasrullah Baryalai Arsalai is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Nasrullah Baryalai Arsalai age 60 Haji Nasrullah Baryalai Arsalai is an Afghan politician, who was a candidate during Afghanistan's 2009 Presidential election.

37
Nur Muhammad Taraki is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 62 (1917-1979) Nur Muhammad Taraki was an Afghan politician and statesman during the Cold War. Taraki was born near Kabul and educated at Kabul University, after which he started his political career as a ...more

38
Rangin Dadfar Spanta is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
age 65 Dr. Rangin Dadfar Spanta is a politician in Afghanistan who last served as National Security Advisor of President Hamid Karzai. Prior to that he served as Foreign Minister from April 2006 to ...more

39
Said Mohammad Ali Jawid is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Said Mohammad Ali Jawid age 67 Said Mohammad Ali Jawid is the leader of Harkat party Afghanistan. He was born in Polebaraq, Mazar-e-Sharif, in the Islamic calendar year 1330 in a poor and religious family. He completed his ...more

40
Sarwar Danish is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Sarwar Danish age 67 Mohammad Sarwar Danish is an Afghan politician who has served as Vice President of Afghanistan since 2014. He previously served as Acting Minister of Justice from 2004 to 2010 and as Acting ...more

41
Sayed Mustafa Kazemi is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Sayed Mustafa Kazemi Died at 48 (1959-2007) Sayed Mustafa Kazemi from Parwan was a prominent Afghan politician. He was one of the leaders and the spokesmen for the opposition movement known as the United National Front. He was a former ...more

42
Shah Shujah Durrani is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Shah Shujah Durrani Died at 57 (1785-1842) Emir of Afghanistan

43
Sher Ali Khan is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Sher Ali Khan Died at 54 (1825-1879) Sher Ali Khan was Amir of Afghanistan from 1863 to 1866 and from 1868 until his death in 1879. He was the third son of Dost Mohammed Khan, founder of the Barakzai Dynasty in Afghanistan. Sher ...more

44
Shukria Barakzai is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Shukria Barakzai age 46 Shukria Barakzai is an Afghan politician, journalist and entrepreneur, and a prominent Muslim feminist.

45
Sibghatullah Mojaddedi is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Sibghatullah Mojaddedi age 92 Sibghatullah Mojaddedi is a politician in Afghanistan, who served as Interim President after the fall of Mohammad Najibullah's government in April 1992. He is also the founder of the Afghan ...more

46
Sima Samar is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
age 61 Sima Samar is a well known woman’s and human rights advocate, activist and a social worker within national and international forums, who served as Minister of Women's Affairs of Afghanistan from ...more

47
Sulaiman Layeq is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
age 88 Sulaiman Layeq was an Afghan politician, ideologue and poet.

48
Timur Shah Durrani is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Died at 45 (1748-1793) Timur Shah Durrani, was the second ruler of the Durrani Empire, from October 16, 1772 until his death in 1793. An ethnic Pashtun, he was the second and eldest son of Ahmad Shah Durrani.

49
Zalmai Rassoul is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Zalmai Rassoul age 75 Zalmai Rassoul is an Afghan politician who served as Foreign Minister of Afghanistan from January 2010 to October 2013. He previously served as National Security Advisor beginning in June 2002. ...more

50
Zaman Shah Durrani is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Politicians from Afghanistan
Zaman Shah Durrani Died at 74 (1770-1844) Zaman Shah Durrani, was ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1793 until 1800. He was the grandson of Ahmad Shah Durrani and the fifth son of Timur Shah Durrani. An ethnic Pashtun like the rest of ...more