Famous Psychologists from Russia

List of notable or famous psychologists from Russia, with bios and photos, including the top psychologists born in Russia and even some popular psychologists who immigrated to Russia. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Russian psychologists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These psychologists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known psychologist from Russia is included when available.

This list has everything from Ivan Pavlov to Lev Vygotsky.

This historic psychologists from Russia list can help answer the questions "Who are some Russian psychologists of note?" and "Who are the most famous psychologists from Russia?" These prominent psychologists of Russia may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Russian psychologists.

Use this list of renowned Russian psychologists to discover some new psychologists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}

  • Alexei Nikolaevich Leontiev (Russian: Алексе́й Никола́евич Лео́нтьев, IPA: [lʲɪˈonʲtʲjɪf]; February 18, 1903 – January 21, 1979), was a Soviet developmental psychologist, and the founder of activity theory.
    • Age: Dec. at 75 (1903-1979)
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
  • Alexander Vladimirovich Zaporozhets (Russian: Александр Владимирович Запорожец, IPA: [zəpɐˈroʐɨt͡s]; 1905-1981) was a Soviet developmental psychologist and a student of Lev Vygotsky and Alexei Leontiev. Zaporozhets studied the psychological mechanisms of voluntary movements, perception and action, as well as the development of thought in children. He was one of the major representatives of the Kharkov School of Psychology.
    • Age: Dec. at 76 (1905-1981)
  • Bluma Zeigarnik
    Photo: user uploaded image

    Bluma Zeigarnik

    Bluma Wulfovna Zeigarnik (Russian: Блю́ма Ву́льфовна Зейга́рник, IPA: [ˈblʲumə ˈvulʲfəvnə zʲɪjˈɡarnʲɪk]; 9 November (27 October) 1900 – 24 February 1988) was a Soviet psychologist and psychiatrist, a member of the Berlin School of experimental psychology and Vygotsky Circle. She discovered the Zeigarnik effect and contributed to the establishment of experimental psychopathology as a separate discipline in the Soviet Union in the post-World War II period. In the 1920s she conducted a study on memory, in which she compared memory in relation to incomplete and complete tasks. She had found that incomplete tasks are easier to remember than successful ones. This is now known as the Zeigarnik ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 86 (1901-1988)
    • Birthplace: Prienai, Lithuania
  • Boris Teplov

    Boris Mikhailovich Teplov (Russian: Борис Михайлович Теплов, 21 October [O.S. 9 October] 1896 Tula, Russia - 28 September 1965 Moscow) was a Russian psychologist who studied problems of inborn individual differences and talents (e.g. musical talents, warlord talents etc.) and a founder of a Soviet psychological school of Differential psychology. His well-known opponent was Aleksey Leontyev who believed that people's talents are not inborn but rather determined by education and other external influence. Boris Teplov was editor-in-chief of the principal Russian journal on psychology Voprosy Psikhologii.
    • Age: Dec. at 69 (1896-1965)
    • Birthplace: Soviet Union
  • Igor Kon

    Igor Semyonovich Kon (Russian: Игорь Семёнович Кон; 21 May 1928 – 27 April 2011) was a Soviet and Russian philosopher, psychologist, and sexologist. His scientific publications have been translated into many languages, such as English, German, and French.
    • Age: Dec. at 82 (1928-2011)
    • Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Ivan Pavlov
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain

    Ivan Pavlov

    Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (Russian: Ива́н Петро́вич Па́влов, IPA: [ɪˈvan pʲɪˈtrovʲɪtɕ ˈpavləf] (listen); 26 September [O.S. 14 September] 1849 – 27 February 1936) was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning. From his childhood days Pavlov demonstrated intellectual curiosity along with an unusual energy which he referred to as "the instinct for research". Inspired by the progressive ideas which D. I. Pisarev, the most eminent of the Russian literary critics of the 1860s, and I. M. Sechenov, the father of Russian physiology, were spreading, Pavlov abandoned his religious career and devoted his life to science. In 1870, he enrolled in the physics and ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 86 (1849-1936)
    • Birthplace: Eurasia, Ryazan Oblast, Russia, Ryazan