READ Famous Scientists from Austria

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List of notable or famous scientists from Austria, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Austria and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Austria. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Austrian scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Austria is included when available.

A list made up of people like Hedy Lamarr and Sigmund Freud.

This historic scientists from Austria list can help answer the questions "Who are some Austrian scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Austria?" These prominent scientists of Austria may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Austrian scientists.

Use this list of renowned Austrian scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (87 items)

1
Adolf von Liebenberg is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Adolf von Liebenberg Died at 69 (1851-1920) Adolf von Liebenberg, or Ritter Adolf Liebenberg von/de Zsittin was an Austrian researcher for the farm products. He taught at Königsberg University and Vienna.

2
Alexandra Adler is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 100 (1901-2001) Alexandra Adler was an Austrian neurologist and the daughter of psychoanalyst Alfred Adler. She has been described as one of the "leading systematizers and interpreters" of Adlerian ...more

3
Alfred Merz is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Alfred Merz Died at 45 (1880-1925) Alfred Merz was an Austrian geographer, oceanographer and director of the Institute of Marine Science in Berlin. He died of pneumonia in Buenos Aires while on an expedition to survey the South ...more

4
Annie Francé-Harrar is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Annie Francé-Harrar Died at 85 (1886-1971) Annie Francé-Harrar was an Austrian writer and scientist. Francé-Harrar created the scientific basis for the humus-compost-economy together with her second husband Raoul Heinrich ...more

5
Bruno Bettelheim is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 87 (1903-1990) Bruno Bettelheim was an Austrian-born American child psychologist and writer. He gained an international reputation for his work on Freud, psychoanalysis, and emotionally disturbed children. ...more

6
Camill Heller is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Camill Heller Died at 94 (1823-1917) Camill Heller was a zoologist and anatomist. Heller was born in Sobochleben near Teplitz in Bohemia. He received a doctorate in medical studies in Vienna in 1849. Heller was the 'Professor of ...more

7
Carl Djerassi is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
age 94 Carl Djerassi was an Austrian-born Bulgarian-American chemist, novelist, and playwright best known for his contribution to the development of oral contraceptive pills.

8
Carl von Rokitansky is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 74 (1804-1878) Baron Carl von Rokitansky, was a Bohemian physician, pathologist, humanist philosopher and liberal politician.

9
Christian Doppler is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 50 (1803-1853) Christian Andreas Doppler was an Austrian mathematician and physicist. He is celebrated for his principle — known as the Doppler effect — that the observed frequency of a wave depends on the ...more

10
Clemens von Pirquet is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 55 (1874-1929) Clemens Peter Freiherr von Pirquet was an Austrian scientist and pediatrician best known for his contributions to the fields of bacteriology and immunology.

11
Conrad Haas is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Conrad Haas Died at 67 (1509-1576) Conrad Haas was a military engineer for the Kingdom of Hungary and Principality of Transilvania, who is often cited as the first person to describe a multistage rocket in writing, although some ...more

12
Count Alois von Beckh Widmanst... is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Count Alois von Beckh Widmanstätten Died at 96 (1753-1849) Count Alois von Beckh Widmanstätten was an Austrian printer and scientist. His name is sometimes given as Alois von Beckh-Widmannstätten or Aloys Beck, Edler von Widmannstätten.

13
Edgar Zilsel is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 53 (1891-1944) Edgar Zilsel was an Austrian historian and philosopher of science. He is considered to be among the modern "pioneers of the sociology of science".

14
Edwin Ernest Salpeter is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 84 (1924-2008) Edwin Ernest Salpeter ForMemRS was an Austrian–Australian–American astrophysicist. Born to a Jewish family, he emigrated from Austria to Australia while in his teens to escape the Nazis. He ...more

15
Efraim Racker is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 78 (1913-1991) Efraim Racker was an Austrian biochemist who was responsible for identifying and purifying Factor 1, the first part of the ATP synthase enzyme to be characterised. F1 is only a part of a larger ...more

16
Emil Lederer is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 57 (1882-1939) Emil Lederer was a Bohemian-born German economist and sociologist. Purged from his position at Humboldt University of Berlin in 1933 for being Jewish, Lederer fled into exile. He helped ...more

17
Ernst Mach is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 78 (1838-1916) Ernst Waldfried Josef Wenzel Mach was an Austrian physicist and philosopher, noted for his contributions to physics such as the Mach number and the study of shock waves. As a philosopher of ...more

18
Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 73 (1819-1892) Ernst Wilhelm Ritter von Brücke was a German physician and physiologist. He is credited with contributions made in many facets of physiology.

19
Eugen Sänger is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 59 (1905-1964) Eugen Sänger was an Austrian aerospace engineer best known for his contributions to lifting body and ramjet technology.

20
Eugen Steinach is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Eugen Steinach Died at 83 (1861-1944) Eugen Steinach was a leading Austrian physiologist and pioneer in endocrinology.

21
Eugene Wigner is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 93 (1902-1995) Eugene Paul "E. P." Wigner, was a Hungarian American theoretical physicist and mathematician. He received a share of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963 "for his contributions to ...more

22
Felix Philipp Kanitz is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 75 (1829-1904) Felix Philipp Kanitz was an Austro-Hungarian naturalist, geographer, ethnographer, archaeologist and author of travel notes.

23
Franz Reinzer is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Franz Reinzer Died at 47 (1661-1708) Franz Reinzer was an Austrian Jesuit professor of rhetoric, philosophy, and theology at Linz, Graz, Vienna, and Krems. His Meteorologia philosophico-politica, in duodecim dissertationes per ...more

24
Fred Singer is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
age 93 Siegfried Fred Singer is an Austrian-born American physicist and emeritus professor of environmental science at the University of Virginia. Singer trained as an atmospheric physicist and is ...more

25
Friedrich Hopfner is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Friedrich Hopfner Died at 68 (1881-1949) Friedrich Hopfner was an Austrian geodesist, geophysicist and planetary scientist. As an officer of the Austro-Hungarian Empire he began his scientific work at the Bureau of Meteorology. In 1921 ...more

26
Friedrich Paneth is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 71 (1887-1958) Friedrich Adolf Paneth was an Austrian-born British chemist. Fleeing the Nazis, he escaped to Britain, becoming a British citizen in 1939, but later returned to Germany to become director of the ...more

27
Fritz Klein is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 74 (1932-2006) Fred "Fritz" Klein was an American psychiatrist and sex researcher who studied bisexuals and their relationships. He helped begin a foundation that promoted bisexual culture. He was an ...more

28
Georg Joseph Kamel is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 45 (1661-1706) Georg Joseph Kamel, also known as Jiří Josef Kamel, Georgio Josepho Camello, Jorge Camello or simply Camellus, was a Czech Jesuit missionary and botanist to the Philippines. He is the ...more

29
Gregor Mendel is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 62 (1822-1884) Gregor Johann Mendel was a German-speaking Moravian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for ...more

30
Gustav Nossal is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
age 86 Sir Gustav Victor Joseph Nossal, AC, CBE is a distinguished Australian research biologist. He is famous for his contributions to the fields of antibody formation and immunological tolerance.

31
Hans Kronberger is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Hans Kronberger Died at 50 (1920-1970) Hans Kronberger CBE, FRS was a British physicist. During his career with the UK Atomic Energy Authority he made important contributions to the development of the British thermonuclear bomb and ...more

32
Hans Selye is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 75 (1907-1982) János Hugo Bruno "Hans" Selye, CC, was a pioneering Austrian-Canadian endocrinologist of Hungarian origin. He conducted much important scientific work on the hypothetical ...more

33
Hedy Lamarr is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 86 (1914-2000) Hedy Lamarr was an Austrian and American inventor and film actress. After an early and brief film career in Germany, which included a controversial love-making scene in the film Ecstasy, she ...more

34
Heinz von Foerster is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Heinz von Foerster Died at 91 (1911-2002) Heinz von Foerster was an Austrian American scientist combining physics and philosophy. Together with Warren McCulloch, Norbert Wiener, John von Neumann, Lawrence J. Fogel, and others, Heinz von ...more

35
Herbert W. Franke is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
age 90 Herbert W. Franke is an Austrian scientist and writer. Die Zeit calls him "the most prominent German writing Science Fiction author". He is also active in the fields of future ...more

36
Hermann Bondi is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 86 (1919-2005) Sir Hermann Bondi, KCB, FRS was an Anglo-Austrian mathematician and cosmologist. He is best known for developing the Steady State theory of the Universe with Fred Hoyle and Thomas Gold as an ...more

37
Ignaz Semmelweis is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 47 (1818-1865) Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis was a Hungarian physician of German extraction now known as an early pioneer of antiseptic procedures. Described as the "savior of mothers", Semmelweis ...more

38
Isidor Isaac Rabi is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 90 (1898-1988) Isidor Isaac Rabi was a Polish-born American physicist and Nobel laureate, recognized in 1944 for his discovery of nuclear magnetic resonance, which is used in magnetic resonance imaging. He was ...more

39
Johann August Georg Edmund Moj... is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Johann August Georg Edmund Mojsisovics von Mojsvar Died at 68 (1839-1907) Johann August Georg Edmund Mojsisovics von Mojsvar was an Austro-Hungarian geologist and palaeontologist. Mojsisovics was the son of the surgeon Georg Mojsisovics von Mojsvar. He was born at ...more

40
Johann Georg Hagen is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 83 (1847-1930) Johann Georg Hagen, was an Austrian Jesuit priest and astronomer. Naturalized American citizen he was called to Rome by Pope Pius IX in 1906 to be the first Jesuit director of the new Vatican ...more

41
Johann Sahulka is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 70 (1857-1927) Johann Sahulka was an Austrian scientist and professor of electrical engineering at Vienna University of Technology. He discovered that mercury arcs act as a rectifier.

42
Johannes Cuspinian is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Johannes Cuspinian Died at 56 (1473-1529) Johannes Cuspinianus, born Johan Spießhaymer, was an Austrian humanist, scientist, diplomat, and historian. Born in Spießheim near Schweinfurt in Franconia, of which Cuspinianus is a ...more

43
Johannes Stabius is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Johannes Stabius Died at 72 (1450-1522) Johannes Stabius was an Austrian cartographer of Vienna who developed, around 1500, the heart-shape projection map later developed further by Johannes Werner. It is called the Werner map ...more

44
Joseph Petzval is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 84 (1807-1891) Joseph Petzval was a mathematician, inventor, and physicist best known for his work in optics. He was born in the town of Zipser Bela in the Kingdom of Hungary. Petzval studied and later ...more

45
Joseph Stefan is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 58 (1835-1893) Joseph Stefan was a Carinthian Slovene physicist, mathematician, and poet of Austrian citizenship.

46
József Károly Hell is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 76 (1713-1789) Jozef Karol Hell was a Hungarian mining engineer and inventor, who invented the water-pillar in 1749. It is mainly used today for oil extraction. He also proposed construction of the tajchy ...more

47
Karl H. Pribram is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
age 99 Karl H. Pribram was a professor at Georgetown University, in the United States, an emeritus professor of psychology and psychiatry at Stanford University and distinguished professor at Radford ...more

48
Karl Koller is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Karl Koller Died at 87 (1857-1944) Karl Koller was an Austrian ophthalmologist who began his medical career as a surgeon at the Vienna General Hospital, and was a colleague of Sigmund Freud. Koller introduced cocaine as a local ...more

49
Karl Landsteiner is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 75 (1868-1943) Karl Landsteiner, ForMemRS, was an Austrian biologist and physician. He is noted for having first distinguished the main blood groups in 1900, having developed the modern system of ...more

50
Karl von Terzaghi is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Scientists from Austria
Died at 80 (1883-1963) Karl von Terzaghi was an Austrian civil engineer and geologist known as the "father of soil mechanics".