Famous Scientists from England

List of notable or famous scientists from England, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in England and even some popular scientists who immigrated to England. If you're trying to find out the names of famous English scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from England is included when available.

This is a list that features people like Stephen Hawking and Arthur Stanley Eddington. Featuring British scientists and more, this list has it all. 

This historic scientists from England list can help answer the questions "Who are some English scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from England?" These prominent scientists of England may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected English scientists.

Use this list of renowned English scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 
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  • A. D. Gardner

    A. D. Gardner

    Dec. at 92 (1884-1977)
    Arthur Duncan Gardner, FRCP, FRCS (28 March 1884 – 28 January 1977) was a member of the team of Oxford University scientists who developed penicillin and was Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford from 1948 to 1954.
  • A. Follett Osler

    A. Follett Osler

    Dec. at 95 (1808-1903)
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
    Abraham Follett Osler (22 March 1808 – 26 April 1903), known as A. Follett Osler, was a pioneer in the measurement of meteorological and chronological data in Birmingham, England.
  • Abraham Manie Adelstein

    Abraham Manie Adelstein

    Dec. at 76 (1916-1992)
    • Birthplace: South Africa
    Abraham Manie "Abe" Adelstein (28 March 1916 – 18 October 1992) was a South African born doctor who became the United Kingdom's Chief Medical Statistician.
  • Ada Lovelace
    Dec. at 36 (1815-1852)
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
    Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (née Byron; 10 December 1815 – 27 November 1852) was an English mathematician and writer, chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's proposed mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. She was the first to recognise that the machine had applications beyond pure calculation, and published the first algorithm intended to be carried out by such a machine. As a result, she is sometimes regarded as the first to recognise the full potential of a "computing machine" and one of the first computer programmers.Lovelace was the only legitimate child of poet Lord Byron and his wife Lady Byron. All of Byron's other children were born out of wedlock to other women. Byron separated from his wife a month after Ada was born and left England forever four months later. He commemorated the parting in a poem that begins, "Is thy face like thy mother's my fair child! ADA! sole daughter of my house and heart?". He died of disease in the Greek War of Independence when Ada was eight years old. Her mother remained bitter and promoted Ada's interest in mathematics and logic in an effort to prevent her from developing her father's perceived insanity. Despite this, Ada remained interested in Byron. Upon her eventual death, she was buried next to him at her request. Although often ill in her childhood, Ada pursued her studies assiduously. She married William King in 1835. King was made Earl of Lovelace in 1838, Ada thereby becoming Countess of Lovelace. Her educational and social exploits brought her into contact with scientists such as Andrew Crosse, Charles Babbage, Sir David Brewster, Charles Wheatstone, Michael Faraday and the author Charles Dickens, contacts which she used to further her education. Ada described her approach as "poetical science" and herself as an "Analyst (& Metaphysician)".When she was a teenager, her mathematical talents led her to a long working relationship and friendship with fellow British mathematician Charles Babbage, who is known as "the father of computers". She was in particular interested in Babbage's work on the Analytical Engine. Lovelace first met him in June 1833, through their mutual friend, and her private tutor, Mary Somerville. Between 1842 and 1843, Ada translated an article by Italian military engineer Luigi Menabrea on the calculating engine, supplementing it with an elaborate set of notes, simply called Notes. These notes contain what many consider to be the first computer program—that is, an algorithm designed to be carried out by a machine. Other historians reject this perspective and point out that Babbage's personal notes from the years 1836/1837 contain the first programs for the engine. Lovelace's notes are important in the early history of computers. She also developed a vision of the capability of computers to go beyond mere calculating or number-crunching, while many others, including Babbage himself, focused only on those capabilities. Her mindset of "poetical science" led her to ask questions about the Analytical Engine (as shown in her notes) examining how individuals and society relate to technology as a collaborative tool.She died of uterine cancer in 1852 at the age of 36.
  • Alexander William Williamson

    Alexander William Williamson

    Dec. at 80 (1824-1904)
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
    Prof Alexander William Williamson FRS FRSE PCS MRIA (1 May 1824 – 6 May 1904) was an English chemist of Scottish descent. He is best known today for the Williamson ether synthesis.
  • Michael A. Epstein

    Michael A. Epstein

    Age: 102
    • Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
    Sir Michael Anthony Epstein, CBE, FRS, FMedSci (born 18 May 1921) is a British pathologist and academic. He is one of the discoverers of the Epstein–Barr virus, along with Yvonne Barr and Bert Achong.