READ Famous Scientists from France

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List of notable or famous scientists from France, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in France and even some popular scientists who immigrated to France. If you're trying to find out the names of famous French scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from France is included when available.

List people range from Marie Curie to Jean-Paul Marat.

This historic scientists from France list can help answer the questions "Who are some French scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from France?" These prominent scientists of France may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected French scientists.

Use this list of renowned French scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (106 items)

1
Albert Aftalion is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 82 (1874-1956) Albert Abram Aftalion was a French Jewish economist. He taught at the Paris University. He co-founded the academic journal Revue économique in 1950 and presided over its board of

2
Albert Calmette is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 70 (1863-1933) Léon Charles Albert Calmette ForMemRS was a French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist, and an important officer of the Pasteur Institute. He discovered the Bacillus ...more

3
Albert Châtelet is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 77 (1883-1960) Albert Châtelet was a French politician and mathematician. Châtelet was a student at the École Normale Supérieure from 1905 to 1908, succeeding to the Agrégation ...more

4
Alberte Pullman is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from France
age 98 Alberte Pullman. She was a theoretical and quantum chemist. She studied at the Sorbonne starting in 1938. During her studies she worked on calculations at Centre National de la Recherche ...more

5
Alfred Joseph Naquet is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 82 (1834-1916) Alfred Joseph Naquet, French chemist and politician, was born at Carpentras, on the 6th of October 1834. He became professor in the faculty of medicine in Paris in 1863, and in the same year ...more

6
Alphonse Milne-Edwards is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 65 (1835-1900) Alphonse Milne-Edwards was a French mammalologist, ornithologist and carcinologist. He was English in origin, the son of Henri Milne-Edwards and grandson of Bryan Edwards, a Jamaican planter who ...more

7
Anatole Abragam is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 97 (1914-2011) Anatole Abragam was a French physicist who wrote The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism and made significant contributions to the field of nuclear magnetic resonance. Originally from Griva, ...more

8
André Guinier is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 89 (1911-2000) André Guinier was a French physicist who did important work in the field of X-ray diffraction and solid-state physics. He worked at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, ...more

9
André Michel Lwoff is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 92 (1902-1994) André Michel Lwoff was a French microbiologist.

10
André Pichot is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from France
André Pichot André Pichot is a researcher in Epistemology and History of Science, based at CNRS in Strasbourg. He was a pupil of Georges Canguilhem. He is known in France for his critical writings on ...more

11
Antoine-Augustin Parmentier is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Antoine-Augustin Parmentier Died at 76 (1737-1813) Antoine-Augustin Parmentier is remembered as a vocal promoter of the potato as a food source for humans in France and throughout Europe. His many other contributions to nutrition and health ...more

12
Arnaud Denjoy is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 90 (1884-1974) Arnaud Denjoy was a French mathematician. Denjoy was born in Auch, Gers. His contributions include work in harmonic analysis and differential equations. His integral was the first to be able to ...more

13
Auguste Ambroise Tardieu is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Auguste Ambroise Tardieu Died at 61 (1818-1879) Auguste Ambroise Tardieu was a French medical doctor and the pre-eminent forensic medical scientist of the mid-19th century. The son of artist and mapmaker Ambroise Tardieu, he achieved his ...more

14
Benoit Mandelbrot is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 86 (1924-2010) Benoit B. Mandelbrot was a Polish-born, French and American mathematician, noted for developing a "theory of roughness" and "self-similarity" in nature and the field of ...more

15
Bernard Brunhes is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Bernard Brunhes Died at 43 (1867-1910) Antoine Joseph Bernard Brunhes was a French geophysicist known for his pioneering work in paleomagnetism, in particular, his 1906 discovery of geomagnetic reversal. The Brunhes–Matuyama reversal ...more

16
Bernard Cabane is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Bernard Cabane Bernard Cabane is a French Scientist, director in the French National Center for Scientific Research in ESPCI ParisTech and corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences. Expert in wine ...more

17
Bernard Pullman is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Bernard Pullman Died at 77 (1919-1996) Bernard Pullman was a French theoretical quantum chemist and quantum biochemist. Pullman studied at the Sorbonne, then spent the Second World War as a French Army officer in Africa and the ...more

18
Camille Guérin is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Camille Guérin Died at 89 (1872-1961) Jean-Marie Camille Guérin was a French veterinarian, bacteriologist and immunologist who, together with Albert Calmette, developed the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, a vaccine for ...more

19
Caroline Moreau is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Caroline Moreau

20
Charles Athanase Walckenaer is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Charles Athanase Walckenaer Died at 81 (1771-1852) Baron Charles Athanase Walckenaer was a French civil servant and scientist.

21
Charles-François Dupuis is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Charles-François Dupuis Died at 67 (1742-1809) Charles François Dupuis was a French savant, a professor of rhetoric at the Collège de Lisieux, Paris, who studied for the law in his spare time and was received as avocat in 1770. ...more

22
Claude Allègre is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from France
age 81 Claude Allègre is a French politician and scientist.

23
Claude Bourgelat is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Claude Bourgelat Died at 67 (1712-1779) Claude Bourgelat was a French veterinary surgeon. Bourgelat was born at Lyon. He was the founder of veterinary colleges at Lyon in 1761, as well as an authority on horse management, and often ...more

24
Claude François Lallemand is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Claude François Lallemand Died at 64 (1790-1854) Claude François Lallemand was a French physician. After serving as assistant surgeon in the armies of the Empire, he studied in Paris at the Hotel Dieu under Guillaume Dupuytren, and, ...more

25
Corentin Louis Kervran is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Corentin Louis Kervran Died at 82 (1901-1983) Corentin Louis Kervran was a French scientist. Kervran was born in Quimper, Finistère, and received a degree as an engineer in 1925. In WWII he was part of the French Resistance. Kervran ...more

26
Daniel Pauly is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Scientists from France
age 71 Daniel Pauly is a French-born marine biologist, well known for his work in studying human impacts on global fisheries. He is a professor and the project leader of the Sea Around Us Project at ...more

27
Edmond Locard is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 89 (1877-1966) Dr. Edmond Locard was a pioneer in forensic science who became known as the "Sherlock Holmes of France". He formulated the basic principle of forensic science: "Every contact ...more

28
Émile Durkheim is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 59 (1858-1917) David Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist, social psychologist and philosopher. He formally established the academic discipline and — with Karl Marx and Max Weber — is commonly cited ...more

29
Émilie du Châtelet is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 43 (1706-1749) Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise du Châtelet was a French mathematician, physicist, and author during the Age of Enlightenment. Her achievement is considered to ...more

30
Ernest-François Mallard is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Ernest-François Mallard Died at 61 (1833-1894) Ernest-François Mallard was a French mineralogist and a member of the French Academy of Sciences. He is also notable for his work with Henri Louis Le Chatelier in combustion as applied to ...more

31
Francis Perrin is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 91 (1901-1992) Francis Perrin was a French physicist, the son of Nobel prize-winning physicist Jean Perrin.

32
François Arago is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 67 (1786-1853) Dominique François Jean Arago, known simply as François Arago, was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politician.

33
François Jacob is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 93 (1920-2013) François Jacob was a French biologist who, together with Jacques Monod, originated the idea that control of enzyme levels in all cells occurs through regulation of transcription. He ...more

34
Françoise Ardré is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Françoise Ardré age 87 Françoise Ardré is a French phycologist and marine scientist; honoured as the namesake of the red alga known as Pterosiphonia ardreana. After gaining a Doctorate in Sciences, ...more

35
Frédéric de Lafresnaye is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Frédéric de Lafresnaye Died at 78 (1783-1861) Baron Nöel Frédéric Armand André de Lafresnaye was a French ornithologist and collector. Lafresnaye was born into an aristocratic family at Chateau de La Fresnaye in ...more

36
Gabriel Lippmann is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 76 (1845-1921) Jonas Ferdinand Gabriel Lippmann was a Franco-Luxembourgish physicist and inventor, and Nobel laureate in physics for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon ...more

37
Georg Friedrich Parrot is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Georg Friedrich Parrot Died at 85 (1767-1852) Georg Friedrich Parrot was a German scientist, the first rector of the Imperial University of Dorpat.

38
Georges Charpy is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Georges Charpy Died at 80 (1865-1945) Georges Charpy, full name Georges Augustin Albert Charpy was the French scientist who created the Charpy impact test. He attended École Polytechnique from 1885 to 1887 and graduated with ...more

39
Gérard Brachet is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Gérard Brachet is a French space scientist.

40
Henri Moissan is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 55 (1852-1907) Ferdinand Frederick Henri Moissan was a French chemist who won the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in isolating fluorine from its compounds. Moissan was one of the original members of ...more

41
Henry Darcy is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Henry Darcy Died at 55 (1803-1858) Henry Philibert Gaspard Darcy was a French engineer who made several important contributions to hydraulics. Darcy was born in Dijon, France. Despite his father's death in 1817 when he was 14, ...more

42
Hippolyte Pixii is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Hippolyte Pixii Died at 27 (1808-1835) Hippolyte Pixii was an instrument maker from Paris, France. In 1832 he built an early form of alternating current electrical generator, based on the principle of magnetic induction discovered by ...more

43
Irène Joliot-Curie is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 59 (1897-1956) Irène Joliot-Curie was a French scientist, the daughter of Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie and the wife of Frédéric Joliot-Curie. Jointly with her husband, ...more

44
Jacques Besson is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Jacques Besson Died at 33 (1540-1573) Jacques Besson was a French Protestant inventor, mathematician, and philosopher, chiefly remembered for his popular treatise on machines Theatrum Instrumentorum, which saw many reprints in ...more

45
Jacques Miller is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Jacques Miller age 87 Jacques Francis Albert Pierre Miller AC FRS FAA is a distinguished research scientist. He is famous for having discovered the function of the thymus and for the identification, in mammalian ...more

46
Jacques Monod is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 66 (1910-1976) Jacques Lucien Monod was a French biologist who was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1965, sharing it with François Jacob and Andre Lwoff "for their discoveries ...more

47
Janine Chasseguet-Smirgel is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 78 (1928-2006) Janine Chasseguet-Smirgel was a leading French psychoanalyst, a training analyst, and past President of the Société psychanalytique de Paris in France. From 1983 to 1989, she was ...more

48
Jean Cruveilhier is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 83 (1791-1874) Jean Cruveilhier was a French anatomist and pathologist.

49
Jean Dausset is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Died at 93 (1916-2009) Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel-Joachim Dausset was a French immunologist born in Toulouse, France. He married Rose Mayoral in 1963, with whom he had two children, Henri and Irène. Dausset received ...more

50
Jean de Noailles, 5th duc de N... is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Scientists from France
Jean de Noailles, 5th duc de Noailles Died at 85 (1739-1824) Jean-Louis-Paul-François de Noailles, 5th Duke of Noailles was a French nobleman and scientist.