READ Famous Scientists from Germany

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List of notable or famous scientists from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Germany and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Germany is included when available.

This list below has a variety of people, like Albert Einstein and Rudolf Peierls, in it.

This historic scientists from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Germany?" These prominent scientists of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German scientists.

Use this list of renowned German scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 

1
Albert Einstein is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Albert Einstein Died at 76 (1879-1955) Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the ...more

2
Angela Merkel is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Angela Merkel age 63 Angela Merkel is the current Chancellor of Germany and the head of the political party CDU in Germany. In addition to being the first female German Chanchellor, she is also considered by Forbes ...more

3
Robert Oppenheimer is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Robert Oppenheimer Died at 63 (1904-1967) Julius Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is among the persons who are often called the "father ...more

4
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz Died at 70 (1646-1716) Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz was a German polymath and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. Most scholars believe Leibniz ...more

5
Max Planck is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Max Planck Died at 89 (1858-1947) Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, FRS was a German theoretical physicist who originated quantum theory, which won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918. Planck made many contributions to ...more

6
Rudolf Peierls is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Rudolf Peierls Died at 88 (1907-1995) Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, CBE was a German-born British physicist. Rudolf Peierls had a major role in Britain's nuclear programme, but he also had a role in many modern sciences. His obituary in ...more

7
Johannes Kepler is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Johannes Kepler Died at 59 (1571-1630) Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he is best known for his laws of planetary motion, based on his ...more

8
Charles Proteus Steinmetz is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Charles Proteus Steinmetz Died at 58 (1865-1923) Charles Proteus Steinmetz was a German-born American mathematician and electrical engineer. He fostered the development of alternating current that made possible the expansion of the electric ...more

9
Werner Heisenberg is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Werner Heisenberg Died at 75 (1901-1976) Werner Karl Heisenberg was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics. He published his work in 1925 in a breakthrough paper. In the subsequent series of ...more

10
Carl Friedrich Gauss is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Carl Friedrich Gauss Died at 78 (1777-1855) Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, ...more

11
Wernher von Braun is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Wernher von Braun Died at 65 (1912-1977) Wernher Magnus Maximilian, Freiherr von Braun was a German and later American aerospace engineer and space architect, but made his greatest contributions as an aerospace program manager. He was ...more

12
Reinhard Furrer is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Reinhard Furrer Died at 55 (1940-1995) Prof. Dr. Reinhard Alfred Furrer was a German physicist and astronaut. Furrer was born in Wörgl, Austria. After the end of World War II, his father was expelled from Austria. The family ...more

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13
Herbert Simon is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Herbert Simon Died at 85 (1916-2001) Herbert Alexander Simon, a Nobel laureate, was an American political scientist, economist, sociologist, psychologist, computer scientist, and Richard King Mellon Professor—most notably at ...more

14
John Polanyi is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
John Polanyi age 89 John Charles Polanyi, PC CC FRSC OOnt FRS is a Hungarian-Canadian chemist who won the 1986 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, for his research in chemical kinetics. Polanyi was educated at Manchester ...more

15
Lillian Moller Gilbreth is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Lillian Moller Gilbreth Died at 94 (1878-1972) Lillian Evelyn Moller Gilbreth was an American psychologist and industrial engineer. One of the first working female engineers holding a Ph.D., she is held to be the first true ...more

16
Hugo Münsterberg is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Hugo Münsterberg Died at 53 (1863-1916) Hugo Münsterberg was a German-American psychologist. He was one of the pioneers in applied psychology, extending his research and theories to Industrial/Organizational, legal, medical, ...more

17
David Rittenhouse is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
David Rittenhouse Died at 64 (1732-1796) David Rittenhouse was a renowned American astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman and public official. Rittenhouse was a member of the American ...more

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18
Alexander von Humboldt is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Alexander von Humboldt Died at 90 (1769-1859) Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt was a Prussian geographer, naturalist, and explorer, and the younger brother of the Prussian minister, philosopher and linguist Wilhelm von ...more

19
George de Hevesy is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
George de Hevesy Died at 81 (1885-1966) George Charles de Hevesy was a Hungarian radiochemist and Nobel laureate, recognized in 1943 for his key role in the development of radioactive tracers to study chemical processes such as in the ...more

20
Erna Schneider Hoover is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Erna Schneider Hoover age 91 Dr. Erna Schneider Hoover is an American mathematician notable for inventing a computerized telephone switching method which "revolutionized modern communication" according to several ...more

21
Leo Strauss is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Leo Strauss Died at 74 (1899-1973) Leo Strauss was a German-American political philosopher and classicist who specialized in classical political philosophy. He was born in Germany to Jewish parents and later emigrated from ...more

22
Gerhard Ertl is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Gerhard Ertl age 81 Gerhard Ertl is a German physicist and a Professor emeritus at the Department of Physical Chemistry, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft in Berlin, Germany. Ertl’s research laid the ...more

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23
Marie-Louise von Franz is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Marie-Louise von Franz Died at 83 (1915-1998) Marie-Louise von Franz was a Swiss Jungian psychologist and scholar, renowned for her psychological interpretations of fairy tales and of alchemical manuscripts.

24
Edward Sapir is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Edward Sapir Died at 55 (1884-1939) Edward Sapir was an American anthropologist-linguist, who is widely considered to be one of the most important figures in the early development of the discipline of linguistics. Sapir was born ...more

25
Fritz Haber is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Fritz Haber Died at 66 (1868-1934) Fritz Haber was a German chemist of Jewish origin who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his development of the Haber process, which was the first industrially perfected method of ...more

26
Arthur Rudolph is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Arthur Rudolph Died at 90 (1906-1996) Arthur Louis Hugo Rudolph was a rocket engineer who played a key role in the development of the V-2 rocket and a former high-level Nazi given sanctuary by the US government following World War ...more

27
Arnold Reisman is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany

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28
Hermann von Reichenau is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Hermann von Reichenau Died at 41 (1013-1054) Hermann of Reichenau, also called Hermannus Contractus or Hermannus Augiensis or Herman the Cripple, was an 11th-century scholar, composer, music theorist, mathematician, and astronomer. He ...more

29
Klaus Fuchs is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Klaus Fuchs Died at 77 (1911-1988) Emil Julius Klaus Fuchs was a German-born British theoretical physicist and atomic spy who in 1950 was convicted of supplying information from the American, British, and Canadian Manhattan ...more

30
Magnus von Braun is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Magnus von Braun Died at 84 (1919-2003) Magnus "Mac" Freiherr von Braun was a German chemical engineer, Luftwaffe aviator, and rocket scientist at Peenemünde, the Mittelwerk, and after emigrating to the United States ...more

31
Max Delbrück is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Max Delbrück Died at 75 (1906-1981) Max Ludwig Henning Delbrück, FRS, a German–American biophysicist, helped launch the molecular biology research program in the late 1930s. He stimulated physical scientists' interest into ...more

32
Otto von Guericke is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Otto von Guericke Died at 84 (1602-1686) Otto von Guericke was a German scientist, inventor, and politician. His major scientific achievements were the establishment of the physics of vacuums, the discovery of an experimental method ...more

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33
Ernst Mayr is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Ernst Mayr Died at 101 (1904-2005) Ernst Walter Mayr was one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists. He was also a renowned taxonomist, tropical explorer, ornithologist, and historian of science. His work ...more

34
Erik Erikson is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Erik Erikson Died at 92 (1902-1994) Erik Homburger Erikson was a German-born American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychosocial development of human beings. He may be most famous for coining ...more

35
Mileva Marić is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Mileva Marić Died at 73 (1875-1948) Mileva Marić was a Serbian physicist. She was the only woman among Albert Einstein's fellow students at the Zurich Polytechnic. They developed a relationship and had a daughter before their ...more

36
Erich Fromm is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Erich Fromm Died at 80 (1900-1980) Erich Seligmann Fromm was a German social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist. He was associated with the Frankfurt School of critical

37
Rudolf Arnheim is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Rudolf Arnheim Died at 103 (1904-2007) Rudolf Arnheim was a German-born author, art and film theorist, and perceptual psychologist. He learned Gestalt psychology from studying under Max Wertheimer and Wolfgang Köhler at the ...more

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38
Konrad Dannenberg is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Konrad Dannenberg Died at 97 (1912-2009) Konrad Dannenberg was a German-American rocket pioneer and member of the German rocket team brought to the United States after World War II.

39
George Akerlof is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
George Akerlof age 77 George Arthur Akerlof is an American economist and Koshland Professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley. He won the 2001 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. In ...more

40
Leó Szilárd is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Leó Szilárd Died at 66 (1898-1964) Leó Szilárd was a Hungarian-American physicist and inventor. He conceived the nuclear chain reaction in 1933, patented the idea of a nuclear reactor with Enrico Fermi, and in late ...more

41
Kurt Lewin is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Kurt Lewin Died at 57 (1890-1947) Kurt Zadek Lewin was a German-American psychologist, known as one of the modern pioneers of social, organizational, and applied psychology in the United States. Kurt Lewin, exiled from the land ...more

42
Richard Wilhelm is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Richard Wilhelm Died at 57 (1873-1930) Richard Wilhelm was a German sinologist, theologian, and missionary. He lived in China for 25 years, became fluent in spoken and written Chinese, and grew to love and admire the Chinese people. ...more

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43
William Herschel is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
William Herschel Died at 84 (1738-1822) Sir Frederick William Herschel, KH, FRS was a German-born British astronomer, composer, and brother of Caroline Herschel. Born in the Electorate of Hanover, Herschel followed his father into the ...more

44
Franz Boas is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Franz Boas Died at 84 (1858-1942) Franz Uri Boas was a German-American anthropologist and a pioneer of modern anthropology who has been called the "Father of American Anthropology". Studying in Germany, Boas was ...more

45
Hans Adolf Krebs is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Hans Adolf Krebs Died at 81 (1900-1981) Sir Hans Adolf Krebs was a German-born British physician and biochemist. He was the pioneer scientist in study of cellular respiration, a biochemical pathway in cells for production of energy. ...more

46
Athanasius Kircher is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Athanasius Kircher Died at 79 (1601-1680) Athanasius Kircher, S.J. was a 17th-century German Jesuit scholar and polymath who published around 40 major works, most notably in the fields of Oriental studies, geology, and medicine. Kircher ...more

47
Fritz Albert Lipmann is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Fritz Albert Lipmann Died at 87 (1899-1986) Fritz Albert Lipmann, ForMemRS was a German-American biochemist and a co-discoverer in 1945 of coenzyme A. For this, together with other research on coenzyme A, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in ...more

48
Eberhard Rees is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Eberhard Rees Died at 90 (1908-1998) Eberhard Friedrich Michael Rees was a German-American rocketry pioneer and the second director of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center.

49
Niklas Luhmann is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Niklas Luhmann Died at 71 (1927-1998) Niklas Luhmann was a German sociologist, and a prominent thinker in systems theory, who is increasingly recognized as one of the most important social theorists of the 20th century.

50
Arthur Schuster is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Arthur Schuster Died at 83 (1851-1934) Sir Franz Arthur Friedrich Schuster FRS FRSE was a German-born British physicist known for his work in spectroscopy, electrochemistry, optics, X-radiography and the application of harmonic ...more