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Famous Scientists from Germany

Updated June 14, 2019 49.4k views301 items

List of notable or famous scientists from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Germany and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Germany is included when available.

This list below has a variety of people, like Albert Einstein and Rudolf Peierls, in it.

This historic scientists from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Germany?" These prominent scientists of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German scientists.

Use this list of renowned German scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 
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  • 1

    Albert Einstein

    Dec. at 76 (1879-1955)
    Albert Einstein ( EYEN-styne; German: [ˈalbɛɐ̯t ˈʔaɪnʃtaɪn] (listen); 14 March 1879 – 18 April...  more

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  • 2
    Angela Dorothea Merkel (, German: [aŋˈɡeːla ˈmɛɐ̯kl̩]; née Kasner; born 17 July 1954) is a...  more

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  • 3

    Robert Oppenheimer

    Dec. at 63 (1904-1967)
    Julius Robert Oppenheimer (; April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical...  more

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  • 4

    Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz

    Dec. at 70 (1646-1716)
    Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (sometimes spelled Leibnitz) (; German: [ˈɡɔtfʁiːt ˈvɪlhɛlm...  more

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  • 5

    Max Planck

    Dec. at 89 (1858-1947)
    Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, ForMemRS (German: [ˈplaŋk]; English: ; 23 April 1858 – 4 October...  more

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  • 6

    Rudolf Peierls

    Dec. at 88 (1907-1995)
    Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, (; German: [ˈpaɪɐls]; 5 June 1907 – 19 September 1995) was a Jewish...  more
  • 7

    Johannes Kepler

    Dec. at 59 (1571-1630)
    Johannes Kepler (; German: [joˈhanəs ˈkɛplɐ, -nɛs -]; December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630)...  more
  • 8

    Charles Proteus Steinmetz

    Dec. at 58 (1865-1923)
    Charles Proteus Steinmetz (born Karl August Rudolph Steinmetz, April 9, 1865 – October 26,...  more
  • 9

    Werner Heisenberg

    Dec. at 75 (1901-1976)
    Werner Karl Heisenberg (; German: [ˈvɛɐ̯nɐ ˈhaɪzn̩ˌbɛɐ̯k]; 5 December 1901 – 1 February 1976)...  more
  • 10

    Carl Friedrich Gauss

    Dec. at 78 (1777-1855)
    Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (; German: Gauß [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈɡaʊs] (listen); Latin: Carolus...  more
  • 11

    Wernher von Braun

    Dec. at 65 (1912-1977)
    Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) was a German and...  more

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  • 12

    Reinhard Furrer

    Dec. at 55 (1940-1995)
    Prof. Dr. Reinhard Alfred Furrer (25 November 1940 – 9 September 1995) was a German physicist...  more
  • 13

    Herbert Simon

    Dec. at 85 (1916-2001)
    Herbert Simon may refer to: Herbert A. Simon (1916–2001), American political scientist and...  more
  • 14
    John Charles Polanyi, (born 23 January 1929) is a Hungarian-Canadian chemist who won the...  more
  • 15

    Lillian Moller Gilbreth

    Dec. at 94 (1878-1972)
    Lillian Evelyn Moller Gilbreth (May 24, 1878 – January 2, 1972) was an American psychologist,...  more
  • 16

    Hugo Münsterberg

    Dec. at 53 (1863-1916)
    Hugo Münsterberg (; June 1, 1863 – December 16, 1916) was a German-American psychologist. He...  more
  • 17

    David Rittenhouse

    Dec. at 64 (1732-1796)
    David Rittenhouse (April 8, 1732 – June 26, 1796) was an American astronomer, inventor,...  more
  • 18

    Alexander von Humboldt

    Dec. at 90 (1769-1859)
    Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (, also US: , UK: , German: [ʔalɛkˈsandɐ fɔn...  more
  • 19

    George de Hevesy

    Dec. at 81 (1885-1966)
    George Charles de Hevesy (German: Georg Karl von Hevesy; 1 August 1885 – 5 July 1966) was a...  more
  • 20

    Erna Schneider Hoover

    Age: 94
    Dr. Erna Schneider Hoover (born June 19, 1926) is an American mathematician notable for...  more
  • 21

    Leo Strauss

    Dec. at 74 (1899-1973)
    Leo Strauss (; German: [ˈleːo ˈʃtʁaʊs]; September 20, 1899 – October 18, 1973) was a...  more
  • 22
    Gerhard Ertl (born 10 October 1936) is a German physicist and a Professor emeritus at the...  more
  • 23

    Marie-Louise von Franz

    Dec. at 83 (1915-1998)
    Marie-Louise von Franz (4 January 1915 – 17 February 1998) was a Swiss Jungian psychologist...  more
  • 24

    Edward Sapir

    Dec. at 55 (1884-1939)
    Edward Sapir (; January 26, 1884 – February 4, 1939) was an American anthropologist-linguist,...  more
  • 25

    Fritz Haber

    Dec. at 66 (1868-1934)
    Fritz Haber (German: [ˈhaːbɐ]; 9 December 1868 – 29 January 1934) was a German chemist who...  more