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Famous Scientists from Germany

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Updated June 14, 2019 48k views 301 items

List of notable or famous scientists from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Germany and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Germany is included when available.

This list below has a variety of people, like Albert Einstein and Rudolf Peierls, in it.

This historic scientists from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Germany?" These prominent scientists of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German scientists.

Use this list of renowned German scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 
1
Albert Einstein is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 76 (1879-1955)

Birthplace: Ulm, Germany

Albert Einstein ( EYEN-styne; German: [ˈalbɛɐ̯t ˈʔaɪnʃtaɪn] (listen); 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the ...more

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2
Angela Merkel is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Age: 64

Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany

Angela Dorothea Merkel (, German: [aŋˈɡeːla ˈmɛɐ̯kl̩]; née Kasner; born 17 July 1954) is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2005. She served as the leader of the ...more

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3
Robert Oppenheimer is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 63 (1904-1967)

Birthplace: New York City, New York

Julius Robert Oppenheimer (; April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. Oppenheimer was the ...more

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4
Gottfried Wilhelm von Le... is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 70 (1646-1716)

Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany

Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (sometimes spelled Leibnitz) (; German: [ˈɡɔtfʁiːt ˈvɪlhɛlm fɔn ˈlaɪbnɪts] or [ˈlaɪpnɪts]; French: Godefroi Guillaume Leibnitz; 1 July 1646 [O.S. 21 June] – 14 ...more

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5
Max Planck is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 89 (1858-1947)

Birthplace: Kiel, Germany

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, ForMemRS (German: [ˈplaŋk]; English: ; 23 April 1858 – 4 October 1947) was a German theoretical physicist whose discovery of energy quanta won him the Nobel Prize ...more

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6
Rudolf Peierls is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 88 (1907-1995)

Birthplace: Berlin, Germany

Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, (; German: [ˈpaɪɐls]; 5 June 1907 – 19 September 1995) was a Jewish German-born British physicist who played a major role in the Manhattan Project and Tube Alloys, ...more
7
Johannes Kepler is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 59 (1571-1630)

Birthplace: Weil der Stadt, Germany

Johannes Kepler (; German: [joˈhanəs ˈkɛplɐ, -nɛs -]; December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer. He is a key figure in the 17th-century ...more

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8
Charles Proteus Steinmet... is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 58 (1865-1923)

Birthplace: Europe, Poland, Wrocław, Central Europe, Silesia, + more

Charles Proteus Steinmetz (born Karl August Rudolph Steinmetz, April 9, 1865 – October 26, 1923) was a German-born American mathematician and electrical engineer and professor at Union College. ...more
9
Werner Heisenberg is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 75 (1901-1976)

Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany

Werner Karl Heisenberg (; German: [ˈvɛɐ̯nɐ ˈhaɪzn̩ˌbɛɐ̯k]; 5 December 1901 – 1 February 1976) was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics. He published ...more

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10
Carl Friedrich Gauss is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 78 (1777-1855)

Birthplace: Braunschweig, Germany

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (; German: Gauß [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈɡaʊs] (listen); Latin: Carolus Fridericus Gauss; (30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855) was a German mathematician and ...more

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11
Wernher von Braun is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 65 (1912-1977)

Birthplace: Wyrzysk, Poland

Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) was a German and later American aerospace engineer and space architect. He was the leading figure in the development ...more

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12
Reinhard Furrer is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 55 (1940-1995)

Birthplace: Wörgl, Austria

Prof. Dr. Reinhard Alfred Furrer (25 November 1940 – 9 September 1995) was a German physicist and astronaut. Furrer was born in Wörgl, Ostmark (now Austria). After the end of World War II, ...more
13
Herbert Simon is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 85 (1916-2001)

Birthplace: Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Herbert Simon may refer to: Herbert A. Simon (1916–2001), American political scientist and economist Herbert Simon (real estate) (born 1934), American real estate developer
14
John Polanyi is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Age: 90

Birthplace: Berlin, Germany

John Charles Polanyi, (born 23 January 1929) is a Hungarian-Canadian chemist who won the 1986 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, for his research in chemical kinetics. Polanyi was born in Berlin, Germany ...more
15
Lillian Moller Gilbreth ... is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 94 (1878-1972)

Birthplace: Oakland, California

Lillian Evelyn Moller Gilbreth (May 24, 1878 – January 2, 1972) was an American psychologist, industrial engineer, consultant, and educator who was an early pioneer in applying psychology to ...more
16
Hugo Münsterberg is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 53 (1863-1916)

Birthplace: Gdańsk, Poland

Hugo Münsterberg (; June 1, 1863 – December 16, 1916) was a German-American psychologist. He was one of the pioneers in applied psychology, extending his research and theories to ...more
17
David Rittenhouse is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 64 (1732-1796)

Birthplace: Paper Mill Run, Pennsylvania

David Rittenhouse (April 8, 1732 – June 26, 1796) was an American astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman, and public official. Rittenhouse was ...more
18
Alexander von Humboldt ... is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 90 (1769-1859)

Birthplace: Berlin, Germany

Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (, also US: , UK: , German: [ʔalɛkˈsandɐ fɔn ˈhʊmbɔlt] (listen); 14 September 1769 – 6 May 1859) was a Prussian polymath, geographer, ...more

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19
George de Hevesy is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 81 (1885-1966)

Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary

George Charles de Hevesy (German: Georg Karl von Hevesy; 1 August 1885 – 5 July 1966) was a Hungarian radiochemist and Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate, recognized in 1943 for his key role in ...more
20
Erna Schneider Hoover is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Erna Schneider Hoover Age: 92

Birthplace: Irvington, New Jersey

Dr. Erna Schneider Hoover (born June 19, 1926) is an American mathematician notable for inventing a computerized telephone switching method which "revolutionized modern communication" ...more
21
Leo Strauss is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 74 (1899-1973)

Birthplace: Kirchhain, Germany

Leo Strauss (; German: [ˈleːo ˈʃtʁaʊs]; September 20, 1899 – October 18, 1973) was a German-American political philosopher and classicist who specialized in classical political philosophy. Born ...more
22
Gerhard Ertl is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Age: 82

Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany

Gerhard Ertl (born 10 October 1936) is a German physicist and a Professor emeritus at the Department of Physical Chemistry, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft in Berlin, Germany. ...more
23
Marie-Louise von Franz ... is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 83 (1915-1998)

Birthplace: Munich, Germany

Marie-Louise von Franz (4 January 1915 – 17 February 1998) was a Swiss Jungian psychologist and scholar, renowned for her psychological interpretations of fairy tales and of alchemical
24
Edward Sapir is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 55 (1884-1939)

Birthplace: Lębork, Poland

Edward Sapir (; January 26, 1884 – February 4, 1939) was an American anthropologist-linguist, who is widely considered to be one of the most important figures in the early development of the ...more
25
Fritz Haber is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 66 (1868-1934)

Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland

Fritz Haber (German: [ˈhaːbɐ]; 9 December 1868 – 29 January 1934) was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber–Bosch process, a method ...more