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Famous Scientists from Germany

Updated June 14, 2019 49.5k views301 items

List of notable or famous scientists from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Germany and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Germany is included when available.

This list below has a variety of people, like Albert Einstein and Rudolf Peierls, in it.

This historic scientists from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Germany?" These prominent scientists of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German scientists.

Use this list of renowned German scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 
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  • 26

    Arthur Rudolph

    Dec. at 90 (1906-1996)

    BirthplaceMeiningen, Germany

    Arthur Louis Hugo Rudolph (November 9, 1906 – January 1, 1996) was a German rocket engineer who was a leader of the effort to develop the V-2 rocket for Nazi Germany. After World War II, the United...  more
  • 27
  • 28

    Hermann von Reichenau

    Dec. at 41 (1013-1054)

    BirthplaceAltshausen, Germany

    Blessed Hermann of Reichenau (July 18, 1013 – September 24, 1054), also known by other names, was an 11th-century Benedictine monk and scholar. He composed works on history, music theory,...  more
  • 29

    Klaus Fuchs

    Dec. at 77 (1911-1988)

    BirthplaceRüsselsheim, Germany

    Klaus Emil Julius Fuchs (29 December 1911 – 28 January 1988) was a German theoretical physicist and atomic spy who supplied information from the American, British, and Canadian Manhattan Project to...  more
  • 30

    Magnus von Braun

    Dec. at 84 (1919-2003)

    BirthplaceGreifswald, Germany

    Magnus "Mac" Freiherr von Braun (10 May 1919 – 21 June 2003) was a German chemical engineer, Luftwaffe aviator, and rocket scientist at Peenemünde, the Mittelwerk, and after emigrating to the United...  more
  • 31

    Max Delbrück

    Dec. at 75 (1906-1981)

    BirthplaceBerlin, Germany

    Max Ludwig Henning Delbrück (September 4, 1906 – March 9, 1981), a German–American biophysicist, helped launch the molecular biology research program in the late 1930s. He stimulated physical...  more
  • 32

    Otto von Guericke

    Dec. at 84 (1602-1686)

    BirthplaceMagdeburg, Germany

    Otto von Guericke ( GAIR-ik-ə, also US: GWAIR-, -⁠kee, German: [ˈʔɔto fɔn ˈɡeːʁɪkə]; spelled Gericke until 1666; November 20, 1602 – May 11, 1686 [Julian calendar]; November 30, 1602 – May 21, 1686...  more
  • 33

    Ernst Mayr

    Dec. at 101 (1904-2005)

    BirthplaceKempten, Germany

    Not to be confused with Ernst Mayr (computer scientist), Ernst Mayer, Ernst Meyer, Ernest Mayer or Ernest May.Ernst Walter Mayr (; 5 July 1904 – 3 February 2005) was one of the 20th century's...  more
  • 34

    Erik Erikson

    Dec. at 92 (1902-1994)

    BirthplaceFrankfurt, Germany

    Erik Homburger Erikson (born Erik Salomonsen; 15 June 1902 – 12 May 1994) was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human...  more
  • 35

    Mileva Marić

    Dec. at 73 (1875-1948)

    BirthplaceTitel, Serbia

    Mileva Marić (Serbian Cyrillic: Милева Марић; December 19, 1875 – August 4, 1948), sometimes called Mileva Marić-Einstein or Mileva Marić-Ajnštajn, was a Serbian physicist and the first wife of...  more
  • 36

    Erich Fromm

    Dec. at 80 (1900-1980)

    BirthplaceFrankfurt, Germany

    Erich Seligmann Fromm (; German: [fʁɔm]; March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980) was a German Jew who fled the Nazi regime and settled in the US. He was a social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist,...  more
  • 37

    Rudolf Arnheim

    Dec. at 103 (1904-2007)

    BirthplaceBerlin, Germany

    Rudolf Arnheim (July 15, 1904 – June 9, 2007) was a German-born author, art and film theorist, and perceptual psychologist. He learned Gestalt psychology from studying under Max Wertheimer and...  more
  • 38

    Konrad Dannenberg

    Dec. at 97 (1912-2009)

    BirthplaceWeißenfels, Germany

    Konrad Dannenberg (August 5, 1912 – February 16, 2009) was a German-American rocket pioneer and member of the German rocket team brought to the United States after World War II....  more
  • 39

    BirthplaceNew Haven, Connecticut

    George Arthur Akerlof (born June 17, 1940) is an American economist who is a university professor at the McCourt School of Public Policy at Georgetown University and Koshland Professor of Economics...  more
  • 40

    Leó Szilárd

    Dec. at 66 (1898-1964)

    BirthplaceBudapest, Hungary

    Leo Szilard (; Hungarian: Szilárd Leó [ˈsilaːrd ˈlɛoː]; born Leó Spitz; February 11, 1898 – May 30, 1964) was a Hungarian-German-American physicist and inventor. He conceived the nuclear chain...  more
  • 41

    Kurt Lewin

    Dec. at 57 (1890-1947)

    BirthplaceMogilno, Poland

    Kurt Lewin ( lə-VEEN; 9 September 1890 – 12 February 1947) was a German-American psychologist, known as one of the modern pioneers of social, organizational, and applied psychology in the United...  more
  • 42

    Richard Wilhelm

    Dec. at 57 (1873-1930)

    BirthplaceStuttgart, Germany

    Richard Wilhelm was a German sinologist, theologian, and missionary. He lived in China for 25 years, became fluent in spoken and written Chinese, and grew to love and admire the Chinese people. He is...  more
  • 43

    William Herschel

    Dec. at 84 (1738-1822)

    BirthplaceHanover, Germany

    Frederick William Herschel, (; German: Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel; 15 November 1738 – 25 August 1822) was a German-born British astronomer, composer and brother of fellow astronomer Caroline...  more
  • 44

    Franz Boas

    Dec. at 84 (1858-1942)

    BirthplaceMinden, Germany

    Franz Uri Boas (1858–1942) was a German-born American anthropologist and a pioneer of modern anthropology who has been called the "Father of American Anthropology". His work is associated with the...  more
  • 45

    Hans Adolf Krebs

    Dec. at 81 (1900-1981)

    BirthplaceHildesheim, Germany

    Sir Hans Adolf Krebs (; 25 August 1900 – 22 November 1981) was a German-born British biologist, physician and biochemist. He was a pioneer scientist in the study of cellular respiration, a...  more
  • 46

    Athanasius Kircher

    Dec. at 79 (1601-1680)

    BirthplaceGeisa, Germany

    Athanasius Kircher, S.J. (sometimes erroneously spelled Kirchner; Latin: Athanasius Kircherus, 2 May 1602 – 28 November 1680) was a German Jesuit scholar and polymath who published around 40 major...  more
  • 47

    Fritz Albert Lipmann

    Dec. at 87 (1899-1986)

    BirthplaceKönigsberg, Germany

    Fritz Albert Lipmann (June 12, 1899 – July 24, 1986) was a German-American biochemist and a co-discoverer in 1945 of coenzyme A. For this, together with other research on coenzyme A, he was awarded...  more
  • 48

    Eberhard Rees

    Dec. at 90 (1908-1998)

    BirthplaceTrossingen, Germany

    Eberhard Friedrich Michael Rees (April 28, 1908 – April 2, 1998) was a German-American (by becoming a naturalized citizen of the United States) rocketry pioneer and the second director of NASA's...  more
  • 49

    Niklas Luhmann

    Dec. at 71 (1927-1998)

    BirthplaceLüneburg, Germany

    Niklas Luhmann (; German: [ˈluːman]; December 8, 1927 – November 6, 1998) was a German sociologist, philosopher of social science, and a prominent thinker in systems theory, who is considered one of...  more
  • 50

    Arthur Schuster

    Dec. at 83 (1851-1934)

    BirthplaceFrankfurt, Germany

    Sir Franz Arthur Friedrich Schuster FRS FRSE (12 September 1851 – 17 October 1934) was a German-born British physicist known for his work in spectroscopy, electrochemistry, optics, X-radiography and...  more