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Famous Scientists from Germany

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List of notable or famous scientists from Germany, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Germany and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Germany. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Germany is included when available.

This list below has a variety of people, like Albert Einstein and Rudolf Peierls, in it.

This historic scientists from Germany list can help answer the questions "Who are some German scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Germany?" These prominent scientists of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German scientists.

Use this list of renowned German scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 
1
Albert Einstein is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 76 (1879-1955)
Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the ...more
2
Angela Merkel is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
age 64
Angela Merkel is the current Chancellor of Germany and the head of the political party CDU in Germany. In addition to being the first female German Chanchellor, she is also considered by Forbes ...more
3
Robert Oppenheimer is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 63 (1904-1967)
Julius Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is among the persons known for their role in the Manhattan ...more
4
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 70 (1646-1716)
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz was a German polymath and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. Most scholars believe Leibniz ...more
5
Max Planck is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 89 (1858-1947)
Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, FRS was a German theoretical physicist who originated quantum theory, which won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918. Planck made many contributions to ...more
6
Rudolf Peierls is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 88 (1907-1995)
Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, CBE was a German-born British physicist. Rudolf Peierls had a major role in Britain's nuclear programme, but he also had a role in many modern sciences. His obituary in ...more
7
Johannes Kepler is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 59 (1571-1630)
Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he is best known for his laws of planetary motion, based on his ...more
8
Charles Proteus Steinmetz is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 58 (1865-1923)
Charles Proteus Steinmetz was a German-born American mathematician and electrical engineer. He fostered the development of alternating current that made possible the expansion of the electric ...more
9
Werner Heisenberg is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 75 (1901-1976)
Werner Karl Heisenberg was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics. He published his work in 1925 in a breakthrough paper. In the subsequent series of ...more
10
Carl Friedrich Gauss is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 78 (1777-1855)
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, ...more
11
Wernher von Braun is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Died at 65 (1912-1977)
Wernher Magnus Maximilian, Freiherr von Braun was a German and later American aerospace engineer and space architect, but made his greatest contributions as an aerospace program manager. He was ...more
12
Reinhard Furrer is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 55 (1940-1995)
Prof. Dr. Reinhard Alfred Furrer was a German physicist and astronaut. Furrer was born in Wörgl, Austria. After the end of World War II, his father was expelled from Austria. The family ...more
13
Herbert Simon is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 85 (1916-2001)
Herbert Alexander Simon, a Nobel laureate, was an American political scientist, economist, sociologist, psychologist, computer scientist, and Richard King Mellon Professor—most notably at ...more
14
John Polanyi is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
age 90
John Charles Polanyi, PC CC FRSC OOnt FRS is a Hungarian-Canadian chemist who won the 1986 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, for his research in chemical kinetics. Polanyi was educated at Manchester ...more
15
Lillian Moller Gilbreth is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 94 (1878-1972)
Lillian Evelyn Moller Gilbreth was an American psychologist and industrial engineer. One of the first working female engineers holding a Ph.D., she is held to be the first true ...more
16
Hugo Münsterberg is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 53 (1863-1916)
Hugo Münsterberg was a German-American psychologist. He was one of the pioneers in applied psychology, extending his research and theories to Industrial/Organizational, legal, medical, ...more
17
David Rittenhouse is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 64 (1732-1796)
David Rittenhouse was a renowned American astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman and public official. Rittenhouse was a member of the American ...more
18
Alexander von Humboldt is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 90 (1769-1859)
Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt was a Prussian geographer, naturalist, and explorer, and the younger brother of the Prussian minister, philosopher and linguist Wilhelm von ...more
19
George de Hevesy is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 81 (1885-1966)
George Charles de Hevesy was a Hungarian radiochemist and Nobel laureate, recognized in 1943 for his key role in the development of radioactive tracers to study chemical processes such as in the ...more
20
Erna Schneider Hoover is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
age 92
Dr. Erna Schneider Hoover is an American mathematician notable for inventing a computerized telephone switching method which "revolutionized modern communication" according to several ...more
21
Leo Strauss is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 74 (1899-1973)
Leo Strauss was a German-American political philosopher and classicist who specialized in classical political philosophy. He was born in Germany to Jewish parents and later emigrated from ...more
22
Gerhard Ertl is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
age 82
Gerhard Ertl is a German physicist and a Professor emeritus at the Department of Physical Chemistry, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft in Berlin, Germany. Ertl’s research laid the ...more
23
Marie-Louise von Franz is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 83 (1915-1998)
Marie-Louise von Franz was a Swiss Jungian psychologist and scholar, renowned for her psychological interpretations of fairy tales and of alchemical manuscripts.
24
Edward Sapir is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 55 (1884-1939)
Edward Sapir was an American anthropologist-linguist, who is widely considered to be one of the most important figures in the early development of the discipline of linguistics. Sapir was born ...more
25
Fritz Haber is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Germany
Dec. at 66 (1868-1934)
Fritz Haber was a German chemist of Jewish origin who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his development of the Haber process, which was the first industrially perfected method of ...more