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Famous Scientists from Iran

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Updated June 14, 2019 12.5k views 164 items

List of notable or famous scientists from Iran, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Iran and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Iran. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Iranian scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Iran is included when available.

This list includes Nizam al-Mulk, Cumrun Vafa and more people.

This historic scientists from Iran list can help answer the questions "Who are some Iranian scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Iran?" These prominent scientists of Iran may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Iranian scientists.

Use this list of renowned Iranian scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (164 items)
1
Avicenna is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Dec. at 57 (980-1037)

Birthplace: Bukhara, Eurasia, Bukhara Province, Asia, Uzbekistan

Ibn Sina (Persian: ابن سینا‎), also known as Abu Ali Sina (ابوعلی سینا), Pur Sina (پورسینا), and often known in the west as Avicenna (; c. 980 – June 1037) was a Persian Muslim polymath who is ...more

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#199 of 2,444 The Most Influential People of All Time #58 of 87 People Who Made The World A Better Place #196 of 1,471 The Greatest Minds of All Time

2
Nasir al-Din Tusi is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Nasir al-Din Tusi Dec. at 73 (1201-1274)

Birthplace: Iran, Eurasia, Tous

Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Tūsī (Persian: محمد بن محمد بن حسن طوسی‎‎ 18 February 1201 – 26 June 1274), better known as Nasir al-Din Tusi (Persian: نصیر الدین طوسی‎; or simply Tusi in ...more
3
Al-Farabi is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Dec. at 78 (872-950)

Birthplace: Otrar, Kazakhstan

Al-Farabi (; Persian: ابو نصر محمد بن محمد فارابي‎ Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al Fārābī; known in the West as Alpharabius; c. 872 – between 14 December, 950 and 12 January, 951) was a ...more
4
Muhammad ibn Zakariya al... is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Dec. at 71 (854-925)

Birthplace: Ray, Tehran, Iran

Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī (Persian: ابوبكر محمّد زکرياى رازى‎ Abūbakr Mohammad-e Zakariyyā-ye Rāzī, also known by his Latinized name Rhazes () or Rasis; 854–925 CE), was a Persian ...more
5
Omar Khayyám is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Dec. at 83 (1048-1131)

Birthplace: Nishapur, Iran

Omar Khayyam (; Persian: عمر خیّام‎ [oˈmæɾ xæjˈjɒːm]; 18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet. He was born in Nishapur, in northeastern Iran, ...more
6
Nizam al-Mulk is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Dec. at 74 (1018-1092)

Birthplace: Iran, Eurasia, Tous

Abu Ali Hasan ibn Ali Tusi (April 10, 1018 – October 14, 1092), better known by his honorific title of Nizam al-Mulk (Persian: نظام‌الملک‎, "Order of the Realm" ) was a Persian scholar ...more
7
Al-Khazini is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Abū al-Fath Abd al-Rahman Mansūr al-Khāzini or simply al-Khāzini (أبوالفتح عبدالرحمن منصور الخازنی (Persian), flourished 1115–1130) was an astronomer of Greek origin from Seljuk Persia. His ...more
8
Lotfi A. Zadeh is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Age: 98

Birthplace: Baku, Azerbaijan

Lotfi Aliasker Zadeh (; Azerbaijani: Lütfəli Rəhim oğlu Ələsgərzadə; Persian: لطفی علی‌عسگرزاده‎; February 4, 1921 – September 6, 2017) was a mathematician, computer scientist, electrical ...more
9
Caro Lucas is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Dec. at 61 (1949-2010)

Birthplace: Isfahan, Iran

Caro Lucas Ghukasian (Armenian: Կարո Լուկաս Ղուկասեան); (Persian: کارو لوکاس قوکاسیان‎; September 4, 1949 – July 8, 2010) was an Iranian Armenian scientist. His many areas of contribution to ...more
10
Cumrun Vafa is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Age: 59

Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

Cumrun Vafa (Persian: کامران وفا‎ [kɒːmˈrɒːn væˈfɒː]; born 1960) is an Iranian-American string theorist from Harvard University, which he first joined as a Harvard Junior Fellow. He is the ...more
11
Nader Engheta is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Age: 63

Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

Nader Engheta (Persian: نادر انقطاع‎) (born 1955 in Tehran) is an Iranian-American scientist. He has made pioneering contributions to the fields of metamaterials, transformation optics, ...more
12
Abū al-Wafā' Būzjānī is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Dec. at 58 (940-998)

Birthplace: Buzhgan, Iran

Abū al-Wafāʾ, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Yaḥyā ibn Ismāʿīl ibn al-ʿAbbās al-Būzjānī or Abū al-Wafā Būzhjānī (Persian: ابوالوفا بوزجانی or بوژگانی‎) (10 June 940 – 15 July 998) was a Persian ...more
13
Jābir ibn Hayyān is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran

Birthplace: Tous, Iran

Abū Mūsā Jābir ibn Hayyān (Arabic/Persian جابر بن حيان, often given the nisbas, al-Azdi, al-Kufi, al-Tusi or al-Sufi; fl. c. 721 – c. 815), is the supposed author of an enormous number and ...more
14
Ali Khademhosseini is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Age: 43

Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

Ali Khademhosseini (born October 30, 1975, Tehran, Iran) is the Levi Knight Endowed Professor at the University of California-Los Angeles. He holds a multi-departmental professorship in ...more
15
Mahmoud Hessaby is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Dec. at 89 (1903-1992)

Birthplace: Iran

Sayyed Mahmoud Hessabi (or Hessaby, Persian: سید محمود حسابی‎, February 23, 1903 – September 3, 1992) was an Iranian nuclear physicist and senator He was the Minister of Education for Iran in ...more
16
Firouz Naderi is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Age: 72

Birthplace: Shiraz, Iran

Firouz Michael Naderi (Persian: فیروز نادری‎: Fīrouz Nāderi; born 25 March 1946) is an Iranian-American scientist who spent 36 years in various technical and executive positions at NASA's Jet ...more
17
Mina Bissell is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran

Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

Mina J. Bissell is an Iranian-American biologist known for her research on breast cancer. In particular, she has studied the effects of a cell's microenvironment, including its extracellular ...more
18
Taraneh Javanbakht is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Age: 45

Birthplace: Tehran, Iran, Tehran Province, Eurasia, Greater Tehran

19
Maryam Mirzakhani is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Age: 41

Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

Maryam Mirzakhani (Persian: مریم میرزاخانی‎, pronounced [mæɾˈjæm miːɾzɑːxɑːˈniː]; 12 May 1977 – 14 July 2017) was an Iranian mathematician and a professor of mathematics at Stanford ...more
20
Abu-Mahmud Khojandi is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Dec. at 60 (940-1000)

Birthplace: Khujand, Tajikistan

Abu Mahmud Hamid ibn Khidr Khojandi (known as Abu Mahmood Khojandi, Alkhujandi or al-Khujandi, Persian: ابومحمود خجندی, c. 940 - 1000) was a Central Asian astronomer and mathematician who lived ...more
21
Homayoun Seraji is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Dec. at 60 (1947-2007)

Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

Homâyun Serâji (Persian: همایون سراجی‎ 1947 – 16 April 2007) was an Iranian scientist, engineer, a JPL senior researcher and former professor of Sharif University of Technology who ...more
22
Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn K... is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran

Birthplace: Fergana, Eurasia, Fergana Province, Uzbekistan

Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Kathīr al-Farghānī. (800/805-870) also known as Alfraganus in the West, was an astronomer in the Abbasid court in Baghdad, and one of the most famous ...more
23
Ebrahim Victory is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Age: 86

Birthplace: Middle East

Ebrahim Victory (Persian : ابراهيم ويكتوري) was born in Tehran, Iran on 26 December 1933 (12 Bahman, 1312). He attended the Kourosh Primary School and the Firooz Bahram High School in Iran. He ...more
24
Al-Birjandi is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Abd Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Husayn Birjandi (Persian: عبدعلی محمد بن حسین بیرجندی‎) (died 1528) was a prominent 16th-century Persian astronomer, mathematician and physicist who lived in Birjand.
25
Al-Nayrizi is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Dec. at 57 (865-922)
Abū’l-‘Abbās al-Faḍl ibn Ḥātim al-Nairīzī (Arabic: أبو العباس الفضل بن حاتم النيريزي‎, Latin: Anaritius, Nazirius, 865–922) was a Persian mathematician and astronomer from Nayriz, Fars Province, ...more