READ Famous Scientists from Iran

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List of notable or famous scientists from Iran, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Iran and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Iran. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Iranian scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Iran is included when available.

This list includes Nizam al-Mulk, Cumrun Vafa and more people.

This historic scientists from Iran list can help answer the questions "Who are some Iranian scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Iran?" These prominent scientists of Iran may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Iranian scientists.

Use this list of renowned Iranian scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (164 items)

Avicenna is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Avicenna Died at 57 (980-1037) Avicenna Arabic: أبو علي الحسين ابن عبد الله ابن سينا‍; c. 980 – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age. ...more

Nasir al-Din Tusi is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Nasir al-Din Tusi Died at 73 (1201-1274) Khawaja Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan Tūsī, better known as Nasīr al-Dīn Tūsī, was a Persian polymath and prolific writer: An architect, astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, ...more

Al-Farabi is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Al-Farabi Died at 78 (872-950) Al-Farabi, known in the West as Alpharabius, was a renowned philosopher of the Islamic Golden Age, who wrote in areas of political philosophy, metaphysics, ethics and logic. He was also a ...more

Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi Died at 71 (854-925) Muhammad ibn Zakariyā Rāzī, was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist and chemist, philosopher and important figure in the history of medicine. A comprehensive thinker, Razi made fundamental ...more

Omar Khayyám is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Omar Khayyám Died at 83 (1048-1131) Omar Khayyám; born Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Abu'l-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyām Nīshāpūrī, was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, ...more

Nizam al-Mulk is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Nizam al-Mulk Died at 74 (1018-1092) Abu Ali Hasan ibn Ali Tusi, better known by his honorific title of Nizam al-Mulk was a Persian scholar and vizier of the Seljuq Empire. He held near absolute power for 20 years after the ...more

Al-Khazini is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Al-Khazini Abu al-Fath Abd al-Rahman Mansour al-Khāzini or simply Abu al-Fath Khāzini was a Muslim astronomer of Persian Greek ethnicity from Merv, then in the Khorasan province of Persia. Merv was known ...more

Lotfi A. Zadeh is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Lotfi A. Zadeh age 97 Lotfali Askar Zadeh, better known as Lotfi A. Zadeh, is a mathematician, electrical engineer, computer scientist, artificial intelligence researcher and professor emeritus of computer science at ...more

Caro Lucas is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Caro Lucas Died at 61 (1949-2010) Caro Lucas was a renowned Iranian Armenian scientist. His many areas of contribution to Iranian scientific society include biological computing, computational intelligence, uncertain systems, ...more

Cumrun Vafa is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Cumrun Vafa age 58 Cumrun Vafa is an Iranian-American leading string theorist from Harvard University, which he first joined as a Harvard Junior Fellow. He is the recipient of the 2008 Dirac Medal.

Nader Engheta is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Nader Engheta age 62 Nader Engheta is an Iranian-American scientist. He has made contributions to the fields of metamaterials, transformation optics, plasmonic optics, nanophotonics, graphene photonics, ...more

Abū al-Wafā' Būzjānī is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Abū al-Wafā' Būzjānī Died at 58 (940-998) Abū al-Wafāʾ, Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Yaḥyā ibn Ismāʿīl ibn al-ʿAbbās al-Būzjānī or Abū al-Wafā Būzhgānī was a Persian mathematician and astronomer who worked in Baghdad. He made important ...more

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Jābir ibn Hayyān is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Jābir ibn Hayyān Abu Mūsā Jābir ibn Hayyān, also known as Geber, was a prominent Muslim polymath: a chemist and alchemist, astronomer and astrologer, engineer, geographer, philosopher, physicist, and pharmacist ...more

Ali Khademhosseini is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Ali Khademhosseini age 42 Ali Khademhosseini is an Iranian American-Canadian academic, a Full Professor at Harvard Medical School, Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology and Associate Faculty at Wyss ...more

Mahmoud Hessaby is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Mahmoud Hessaby Died at 89 (1903-1992) Mahmoud Hessaby was an Iranian scientist, researcher and professor of University of Tehran. During the congress on "60 years of physics in Iran" the services rendered by him were ...more

Firouz Naderi is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Firouz Naderi age 72 Firouz Michael Naderi is an Iranian-American scientist and currently the Director for Solar System Exploration at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. In this role Naderi oversees JPL's robotic ...more

Mina Bissell is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Mina Bissell Mina J. Bissell is an Iranian-American biologist known for her research on breast cancer. In particular, she has studied the effects of a cell's microenvironment, including its extracellular ...more

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Taraneh Javanbakht is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran

Maryam Mirzakhani is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Maryam Mirzakhani age 40 Maryam Mirzakhani is an Iranian mathematician working in the United States. Since 1 September 2008, she has served as a professor of mathematics at Stanford University. In 2014, Mirzakhani ...more

Abu-Mahmud Khojandi is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Abu-Mahmud Khojandi Died at 60 (940-1000) Abu Mahmud Hamid ibn Khidr Khojandi was a Central Asian astronomer and mathematician with Mongol origin who lived in the late 10th century and helped build an observatory, near the city of Ray, ...more

Homayoun Seraji is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Homayoun Seraji Died at 60 (1947-2007) Homayoun Seraji was an Iranian scientist, engineer, a JPL senior researcher and former professor of Sharif University of Technology who published extensively in the field of multivariable ...more

Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Kathīr ... is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Kathīr al-Farghānī Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Kathīr al-Farghānī. also known as Alfraganus in the West, was an Arab or Persian Sunni Muslim astronomer, and one of the most famous astronomers in the 9th ...more

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Ebrahim Victory is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Ebrahim Victory age 85 Ebrahim Victory was born in Teheran, Iran on 26 December 1933.He attended the Kourosh Primary School and the Firooz Bahram High School in Iran. He came to the United States in 1952, and after ...more

Al-Birjandi is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Al-Birjandi Abd Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Husayn Birjandi was a prominent 16th-century Persian astronomer, mathematician and physicist who lived in Birjand, Iran.

Al-Nayrizi is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Al-Nayrizi Died at 57 (865-922) Abū’l-‘Abbās al-Faḍl ibn Ḥātim al-Nairīzī was a 9th-10th century Persian mathematician and astronomer from Nayriz, Fars Province, Iran. He flourished under al-Mu'tadid, Caliph from 892 to 902, ...more

Habash al-Hasib al-Marwazi is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Habash al-Hasib al-Marwazi Ahmad ibn 'Abdallah Habash Hasib Marwazi was a Persian astronomer, geographer, and mathematician from Merv in Khorasan who described first time Trigonometric ratios: SIN, COS, TAN & COT. He ...more

Ahmad Nahavandi is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Ahmad Nahavandi Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Nahavandi was a Persian astronomer of the 8th and 9th centuries. His name indicates that he was from Nahavand, a city in Iran. He lived and worked at the Academy of ...more

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Alireza Alavitabar is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Alireza Alavitabar Alireza Alavitabar is an Iranian political scientist and a leading reformist intellectual and writer. Alavitabar is a member of Islamic Iran Participation Front and was the editor of the now ...more

Majid Samii is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Majid Samii age 80 Madjid Samii is a distinguished Iranian neurosurgeon and medical scientist. Professor Madjid Samii was born in Tehran, Iran, his parents are from north of Iran, Rasht. He got his Doctor of ...more

Al-Saghani is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Al-Saghani Abu Hamid Ahmed ibn Mohammed al-Saghani al-Asturlabi was a Persian astronomer and historian of science. He flourished in Baghdad, where he died in 379-380 A.H/ 990 A.D. An inventor and maker of ...more

Jafar Zafarani is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Jafar Zafarani age 71 Jafar Zafarani is an Iranian mathematician. A professor at the University of Isfahan and chancellor at Sheikhbahaee University, Zafarani's research interests include functional analysis and ...more

Mohammad Khorrami is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Mohammad Khorrami age 51 Mohammad Khorrami, an Iranian mathematical physicist is professor of physics at Alzahra University, Tehran.

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Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi Died at 60 (1149-1209) Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Umar ibn al-Husayn at-Taymi al-Bakri at-Tabaristani Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi, most commonly known as Fakhr ad-Din ar-Razi or Fakhruddin Razi, was a Persian Sunni Muslim ...more

Mehdi Golshani is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Mehdi Golshani age 79 Mehdi Golshani is a contemporary Iranian theoretical physicist and philosopher and Professor of physics at Sharif University of Technology. He received his B.Sc. in Physics from Tehran ...more

Abu Zayd al-Balkhi is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Abu Zayd al-Balkhi Died at 84 (850-934) Abu Zayd Ahmed ibn Sahl Balkhi was a Persian Muslim polymath: a geographer, mathematician, physician, psychologist and scientist. Born in 850 CE in Shamistiyan, in the province of Balkh, ...more

Baha' al-Din al-'Amili is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Baha' al-Din al-'Amili Died at 74 (1547-1621) Bahāʾ al‐Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al‐ʿĀmilī was an Arab scholar, philosopher, architect, mathematician, astronomer and a poet in 16th-century Iran. He was born in Baalbek which is a part of ...more

Ali Eftekhari is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
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Reza Ghadiri is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Reza Ghadiri M. Reza Ghadiri is an Iranian-American chemist who studies nanoscale science and technology. Ghadiri holds a Ph.D. degree in chemistry from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is currently a ...more

Mostafa Ronaghi is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Mostafa Ronaghi age 50 Mostafa Ronaghi is an Iranian molecular biologist, specializing in DNA sequencing methodology. He earned his Ph.D. from the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden in 1998. As of 2008, he is the ...more

Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi Died at 75 (1236-1311) Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi was a 13th-century Persian polymath and poet who made contributions to astronomy, mathematics, medicine, physics, music theory, philosophy and Sufism.

Mehdi Vaez-Iravani is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Mehdi Vaez-Iravani Mehdi Vaez-Iravani is an Iranian scientist, engineer and inventor involved in the invention of Shear-force microscopy. Mehdi Vaez-Iravani graduated with a PhD in Electrical engineering from ...more

Kaveh Pahlavan is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Kaveh Pahlavan age 67 Kaveh Pahlavan, is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, a Professor of Computer Science, and Director of the Center for Wireless Information Network Studies, Worcester Polytechnic ...more

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Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi Died at 99 (787-886) Abū Maʿshar, Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad al-Balkhī, was an astrologer, astronomer, and Islamic philosopher, thought to be the greatest astrologer of the Abbasid court in Baghdad. He was not a major ...more

Seifallah Randjbar-Daemi is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Seifallah Randjbar-Daemi age 68 Seifallah Randjbar-Daemi is an Iranian theoretical physicist. He is Assistant Director and Head of High Energy, Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics Section at the International Centre for ...more

Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi Died at 36 (1155-1191) "Shahāb ad-Dīn" Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardī was a Persian Kurdish philosopher, a Sufi and founder of Illuminationism, an important school in Islamic philosophy and mysticism that drew ...more

Sahl ibn Bishr is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Sahl ibn Bishr Died at 59 (786-845) Sahl ibn Bishr al-Israili, more commonly; Rabban al-Tabari often known as Zahel or Zael was a Syriac Christian astrologer, astronomer and mathematician from Tabaristan. He was the father of Ali ...more

Reihaneh Safavi-Naini is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Reihaneh Safavi-Naini Reihaneh Safavi-Naini is the AITF Strategic Chair in Information Security at the University of Calgary, Canada. Before joining University of Calgary in 2007, she was a Professor of Computer ...more

Albubather is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Albubather Abu Bakr al-Hassan ibn al-Khasib, also al-Khaseb, Albubather in Latin, was a Persian physician and astrologer of the 9th century. He wrote in Persian and Arabic and is best known by his work De ...more

Al-Fadl ibn Naubakht is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Al-Fadl ibn Naubakht Al-Fadl ibn Naubakht, was an 8th-century Persian scholar at the court of the Caliph Harun al-Rashid. He was son of the famous Naubakht, a former Zoroastrian, who had designed Baghdad. Fadl was ...more

Pirouz Mojtahedzadeh is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Scientists from Iran
Pirouz Mojtahedzadeh age 72 Prof. Pirouz Mojtahedzadeh is a renowned Iranian political scientist and historian. Prof. Pirouz Mojtahedzadeh is a prominent Iranologist, geopolitics researcher, historian and political ...more