READ Famous Scientists from Italy

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List of notable or famous scientists from Italy, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Italy and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Italy. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Italian scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Italy is included when available.

The list you're viewing is made up of many different people, including Leonardo da Vinci and Enrico Fermi.

This historic scientists from Italy list can help answer the questions "Who are some Italian scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Italy?" These prominent scientists of Italy may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Italian scientists.

Use this list of renowned Italian scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (58 items)

1
Agostino Gemelli is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Agostino Gemelli Died at 81 (1878-1959) Agostino Gemelli, O.F.M., was an Italian Franciscan friar, physician and psychologist, who was also the founder and first Rector of Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore of Milan. ...more

2
Alberto Conti is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
age 51 Alberto Conti, is an astrophysicist and Innovation Manager at Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems. He is one of the creators of the GoogleSky concept, of the idea of astronomical outreach at ...more

3
Aldo Castellani is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Aldo Castellani Died at 94 (1877-1971) Aldo Castellani was an Italian pathologist and bacteriologist.

4
Anthony Fauci is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
age 77 Anthony Stephen "Tony" Fauci is an immunologist who has made substantial contributions to HIV/AIDS research and other immunodeficiencies, both as a scientist and as the head of the ...more

5
Antonio Lanzavecchia is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
age 66 Antonio Lanzavecchia is an Italian immunologist. He was a fellow of Collegio Borromeo and obtained his degree with honors in Medicine in 1976 from the University of Pavia where he specialized in ...more

6
Antonio Vallisneri is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Antonio Vallisneri Died at 69 (1661-1730) Antonio Vallisneri was an Italian medical scientist, physician and naturalist.

7
Bartolomeo Eustachi is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Bartolomeo Eustachi, also known by his Latin name of Eustachius, was one of the founders of the science of human anatomy.

8
Benedikt Kotruljević is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 53 (1416-1469) Benedetto Cotrugli was a Ragusan merchant, economist, scientist, diplomat and humanist.

9
Camillo Golgi is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 83 (1843-1926) Camillo Golgi was an Italian physician, pathologist, scientist, and Nobel laureate. Several structures and phenomena in anatomy and physiology are named for him, including the Golgi apparatus, ...more

10
Carlo Amoretti is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Carlo Amoretti Died at 75 (1741-1816) Carlo Amoretti was an ecclesiastic, scholar, writer, and scientist. He entered the Augustinian order in 1757. To further his studies, he went to Pavia and Parma where he also taught ...more

11
Chiara Nappi is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Chiara R. Nappi is an Italian physicist. Her research areas have included mathematical physics, particle physics, and string theory.

12
Enrico Fermi is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 53 (1901-1954) Enrico Fermi was an Italian physicist, best known for his work on Chicago Pile-1, and for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical ...more

13
Federico Capasso is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
age 69 Federico Capasso, a prominent applied physicist, was one of the inventors of the quantum cascade laser during his work at Bell Laboratories. He is currently on the faculty of Harvard University. ...more

14
Ferdinando Galiani is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 59 (1728-1787) Ferdinando Galiani was an Italian economist, a leading Italian figure of the Enlightenment. Friedrich Nietzsche referred to him as "a most fastidious and refined intelligence" as well ...more

15
Filippo Salviati is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Filippo Salviati Died at 32 (1582-1614) Filippo Salviati was an Italian scientist and astronomer from a noble Florentine family. He was a senator of Florence and a member of the Accademia dei Lincei. In his friend Galileo's Dialogue ...more

16
Fortunio Liceti is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Fortunio Liceti Died at 80 (1577-1657) Fortunio Liceti, was an Italian physician, philosopher, and scientist.

17
Franciscus Patricius is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 68 (1529-1597) Franciscus Patricius was a philosopher and scientist from the Republic of Venice. He was known as a defender of Platonism and an opponent of Aristotelianism. In Croatia he is referred to as ...more

18
Franco Modigliani is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 85 (1918-2003) Franco Modigliani was an Italian economist naturalized American, a professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management and MIT Department of Economics who won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics ...more

19
Gaetano Crocco is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Gaetano Crocco Died at 91 (1877-1968) Gaetano Arturo Crocco was an Italian scientist and aeronautics pioneer, the founder of the Italian Rocket Society, and went on to become Italy's leading space scientist. He was born in Naples. ...more

20
Giacopo Belgrado is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Giacopo Belgrado Died at 85 (1704-1789) Giacopo Belgrado, Italian Jesuit and natural philosopher. Giacopo belonged to a noble family and received his education at Padua. He entered the novitiate of the Society of Jesus 16 October ...more

21
Giambattista della Porta is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 80 (1535-1615) Giambattista della Porta, also known as Giovanni Battista Della Porta was an Italian scholar, polymath and playwright who lived in Naples at the time of the Scientific Revolution and ...more

22
Giovanni Antonelli is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 54 (1818-1872) Giovanni Antonelli was an Italian scientist, astronomer and engineer. Antonelli was born in Pistoia, Tuscany. A Catholic priest, he was director of the Ximenian Observatory of Florence from 1851 ...more

23
Giovanni Battista Brocchi is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Giovanni Battista Brocchi Died at 54 (1772-1826) Giovanni Battista Brocchi was an Italian naturalist, mineralogist and geologist. He was born in Bassano del Grappa, Italy, and studied jurisprudence at the University of Padova, but his ...more

24
Giovanni Battista Morgagni is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 89 (1682-1771) Giovanni Battista Morgagni was an Italian anatomist, celebrated as the father of modern anatomical pathology.

25
Giuseppe Moscati is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 47 (1880-1927) Saint Giuseppe Moscati was an Italian doctor, scientific researcher, and university professor noted both for his pioneering work in biochemistry and for his piety. Moscati was canonized by the ...more

26
Giuseppe Olivi is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Giuseppe Olivi Died at 26 (1769-1795) Giuseppe Olivi was an Italian naturalist. Olivi was born at Chioggia. He was the author of Zoologia Adriatica. He died in Padua.

27
Guido Barbujani is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Guido Barbujani age 63 Guido Barbujani is an Italian population geneticist, evolutionist and literary author born in Adria, who has been working at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, at the Padua and ...more

28
Guido of Pisa is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Guido of Pisa Guido of Pisa was a geographer from Pisa. In 1119 he edited and updated the Geographica, a geographic encyclopedia first created in the eighth century by Anonymous of Ravenna. It followed in the ...more

29
Jacopo Berengario da Carpi is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Jacopo Berengario da Carpi Died at 70 (1460-1530) Jacopo Berengario da Carpi was an Italian physician. His book "Anatomia Carpi" published in 1535 made him the most important anatomist before Andreas Vesalius.

30
Jordanus de Nemore is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Jordanus de Nemore Jordanus de Nemore, also known as Jordanus Nemorarius and Giordano of Nemi, was a thirteenth-century European mathematician and scientist. The literal translation of Jordanus de Nemore would ...more

31
Juan Martín Maldacena is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
age 49 Juan Martín Maldacena is a theoretical physicist born in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Among his many discoveries, the most famous one is the most reliable realization of the holographic ...more

32
Lazzaro Spallanzani is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 70 (1729-1799) Lazzaro Spallanzani was an Italian Catholic priest, biologist and physiologist who made important contributions to the experimental study of bodily functions, animal reproduction, and ...more

33
Leonardo da Vinci is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 67 (1452-1519) Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian polymath, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. He is ...more

34
Luko Stulić is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Luko Stulić Died at 56 (1772-1828) Luko Stulić, also Luca Stulli, was a scientist from the Republic of Ragusa in today's southern Croatia who first made epidemiological studies of heritable skin disorders. His treatise of what ...more

35
Luigi Aloysius Colla is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Luigi Aloysius Colla Died at 82 (1766-1848) Luigi Aloysius Colla was an Italian botanist of the late 18th and early 19th Centuries. He was a member of the Provisional Government of Savoy from December 12, 1798 to April 2, 1799, taking his ...more

36
Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza age 96 Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza is an Italian population geneticist born in Genoa, who has been a professor at Stanford University since 1970.

37
Marco Dorigo is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Marco Dorigo age 56 Marco Dorigo is a research director for the Belgian Funds for Scientific Research and a co-director of IRIDIA, the artificial intelligence lab of the Université Libre de Bruxelles. He is ...more

38
Mario Capecchi is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
age 80 Mario Ramberg Capecchi is an Italian-born American molecular geneticist and a co-winner of the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering a method to create mice in which a ...more

39
Michelangelo Fardella is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Michelangelo Fardella Died at 68 (1650-1718) Michelangelo Fardella was an Italian scientist. Fardella was born at Trapani, Sicily, and died in Naples. He was a member of the Order of Saint-François, where he excelled in physics and ...more

40
Nicolò Arrighetti is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Nicolò Arrighetti Died at 58 (1709-1767) Nicolò Arrighetti was an Italian professor of natural philosophy. He was born in Florence, Italy in 1709. On October 21, 1724 he became a member of the Society of Jesus; he taught natural ...more

41
Nikola Vitov Gučetić is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Nikola Vitov Gučetić Died at 61 (1549-1610) Nikola Vitov Gučetić was a Croatian statesman, philosopher, science writer from the Republic of Dubrovnik and author of one of the first scientific dissertations regarding speleology.

42
Paolo Gorini is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Paolo Gorini Died at 68 (1813-1881) Paolo Gorini was an Italian scientist.

43
Piero Sraffa is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 85 (1898-1983) Piero Sraffa was an influential Italian economist, who served as lecturer of economics at the University of Cambridge. His book Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities is taken as ...more

44
Rita Levi-Montalcini is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 103 (1909-2012) Rita Levi-Montalcini was an Italian Nobel Laureate honored for her work in neurobiology. She was awarded the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly with colleague Stanley Cohen for ...more

45
Robert Fano is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
age 101 Robert Mario Fano is an Italian-American computer scientist, currently professor emeritus of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Fano is known ...more

46
Robert Gallo is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
age 81 Robert Charles Gallo is an American biomedical researcher. He is best known for his role in the discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus as the infectious agent responsible for acquired ...more

47
Roberto Mantovani is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 79 (1854-1933) Roberto Mantovani, was an Italian geologist and violinist. Mantovani was born in Parma. His father, Timoteo, died seven months after his birth. His mother, Luigia Ferrari, directed him to ...more

48
Roger Joseph Boscovich is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 76 (1711-1787) Roger Joseph Boscovich was a Ragusan physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, theologian, Jesuit priest, and a polymath from the city of Dubrovnik in the Republic of ...more

49
Salvador Luria is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Died at 79 (1912-1991) Salvador Edward Luria was an Italian microbiologist, later a naturalized American citizen. He won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1969, with Max Delbrück and Alfred Hershey, ...more

50
Scipione Breislak is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Scientists from Italy
Scipione Breislak Died at 78 (1748-1826) Scipione Breislak, Italian geologist of German parentage, was born in Rome in 1748. He distinguished himself as professor of mathematical and mechanical philosophy in the college of Ragusa; but ...more