Russian People Famous Scientists from Russia

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List of notable or famous scientists from Russia, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Russia and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Russia. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Russian scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Russia is included when available.

People include everything from Dmitri Mendeleev to Otto Schmidt.

This historic scientists from Russia list can help answer the questions "Who are some Russian scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Russia?" These prominent scientists of Russia may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Russian scientists.

Use this list of renowned Russian scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (86 items)

1
Abram Samoilovitch Besicovitch is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Abram Samoilovitch Besicovitch Died at 79 (1891-1970) Abram Samoilovitch Besicovitch was a Russian mathematician, who worked mainly in England. He was born in Berdyansk on the Sea of Azov to a Karaite family.

2
Aleksei N. Leontiev is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Aleksei N. Leontiev Died at 76 (1903-1979) Alexei Nikolaevich Leontiev, was a Soviet developmental psychologist, and the founder of activity theory.

3
Alexander Abramov is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Alexander Abramov age 59 Alexander Grigoryevich Abramov is a former scientist who became an industrial magnate as one of the two heads of Evraz, Russia's largest steel producer. Beginning in 1998, he has amassed the ...more

4
Alexander Chayanov is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Alexander Chayanov Died at 49 (1888-1937) Alexander V. Chayanov was a Soviet agrarian economist, and scholar of rural sociology and advocate of agrarianism and cooperatives.

5
Alexander Fersman is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Alexander Fersman Died at 62 (1883-1945) Alexander Yevgenyevich Fersman was a prominent Soviet Russian geochemist and mineralogist, and Academician of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.

6
Alexander Zaporozhets is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Alexander Zaporozhets Died at 76 (1905-1981) Alexander Vladimirovich Zaporozhets was a Soviet developmental psychologist, a student of Lev Vygotsky and Alexei Leontiev. Zaporozhets studied psychological mechanisms of voluntary movements, ...more

7
Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov age 89 Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov is a Soviet and Russian theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in

8
Alexei Yuryevich Smirnov is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Alexei Yuryevich Smirnov age 66 Alexei Yuryevich Smirnov is a neutrino physics researcher and one of the discoverers of the MSW Effect.

9
Alexei Tupolev is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Alexei Tupolev Died at 76 (1925-2001) Alexei Andreyevich Tupolev was a Soviet aircraft designer who led the development of the first supersonic passenger jet, the Tupolev Tu-144. He also helped design the Buran space shuttle and the ...more

10
Anatoli Bugorski is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Anatoli Bugorski age 76 Anatoli Petrovich Bugorski is a Russian scientist who was struck by a particle accelerator beam in 1978.

11
Andrei Sakharov is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Andrei Sakharov Died at 68 (1921-1989) Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov was a Russian nuclear physicist, Soviet dissident and human rights activist. He became renowned as the designer of the Soviet Union's Third Idea, a codename for ...more

12
Andrey Nartov is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Andrey Nartov Died at 73 (1683-1756) Andrey Konstantinovich Nartov was a Russian scientist, military engineer, inventor and sculptor. He was a personal craftsman of Peter I of Russia, and later a member of the Russian Academy of ...more

13
Arkhip Lyulka is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Arkhip Lyulka Died at 76 (1908-1984) Arkhip Mikhailovich Lyul'ka, was a Soviet scientist and designer of jet engines of Ukrainian origin, head of the OKB Lyulka, member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

14
Artem Mikoyan is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Artem Mikoyan Died at 65 (1905-1970) Artem Ivanovich Mikoyan was a Soviet aircraft designer of Armenian descent. In partnership with Mikhail Iosifovich Gurevich he designed many of the famous MiG military aircraft.

15
Bluma Zeigarnik is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Bluma Zeigarnik Died at 87 (1901-1988) Bluma Wulfovna Zeigarnik was a Soviet psychologist and psychiatrist, a member of Berlin School of experimental psychology and Vygotsky Circle. She discovered the Zeigarnik effect and contributed ...more

16
Boris Aleksandrovich Mamyrin is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Boris Aleksandrovich Mamyrin Died at 88 (1919-2007) Boris Aleksandrovich Mamyrin was a Russian scientist best known for his invention of the electrostatic ion mirror mass spectrometer known as the reflectron.

17
Boris Chertok is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Boris Chertok Died at 99 (1912-2011) Boris Evseyevich Chertok was a prominent Soviet and Russian rocket designer, responsible for control systems of a number of ballistic missiles and spacecraft. He was the author of a four-volume ...more

18
Boris Rauschenbach is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Boris Rauschenbach Died at 86 (1915-2001) Boris Viktorovich Rauschenbach was a preeminent Soviet physicist and rocket engineer, who developed the theory and instruments for interplanetary flight control and navigation in 1955-1960s. He ...more

19
Boris Rosing is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Boris Rosing Died at 64 (1869-1933) Boris Lvovich Rosing was a Russian scientist and inventor in the field of television.

20
Dmitri Ivanovsky is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dmitri Ivanovsky Died at 56 (1864-1920) Dmitri Iosifovich Ivanovsky was a Russian botanist, the first man to discover viruses and thus one of the founders of virology. Ivanovsky studied at the University of St Petersburg under Andrei ...more

21
Dmitry Konstantinovich Belyaev is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dmitry Konstantinovich Belyaev Died at 68 (1917-1985) Dmitri Konstantinovich Belyaev was a Russian geneticist who served as director of the Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences from 1959 to 1985. His decades-long ...more

22
Dmitri Mendeleev is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dmitri Mendeleev Died at 73 (1834-1907) Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev was a Russian chemist and inventor. He formulated the Periodic Law, created his own version of the periodic table of elements, and used it to correct the properties of ...more

23
Dmitri Z. Garbuzov is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dmitri Z. Garbuzov Died at 66 (1940-2006) Dmitri Z. Garbuzov was one of the pioneers and inventors of room temperature continuous-wave-operating diode lasers and high-power diode lasers. The first room-temperature, continuous-wave diode ...more

24
Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov Died at 68 (1896-1964) Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov was a Russian / Soviet optical engineer and amateur astronomer. He is best known as the inventor of the Maksutov telescope.

25
Efim Zelmanov is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Efim Zelmanov age 62 Efim Isaakovich Zelmanov is a Russian mathematician, known for his work on combinatorial problems in nonassociative algebra and group theory, including his solution of the restricted Burnside ...more

26
Franz Ulrich Theodor Aepinus is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Franz Ulrich Theodor Aepinus Died at 78 (1724-1802) Franz Ulrich Theodor Aepinus was a German and Russian Empire natural philosopher. Aepinus is best known for his researches, theoretical and experimental, in electricity and magnetism.

27
Georgy Adelson-Velsky is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Georgy Adelson-Velsky age 96 Georgy Maximovich Adelson-Velsky was a Soviet and Israeli mathematician and computer scientist. Born at Samara, Adelson-Velsky was originally educated as a pure mathematician. His first paper, ...more

28
Gersh Budker is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Gersh Budker Died at 59 (1918-1977) Gersh Itskovich Budker, also named Andrey Mikhailovich Budker, was a Soviet physicist, specialized in nuclear physics and accelerator physics. He was elected a Corresponding Member of the ...more

29
Gleb Lozino-Lozinskiy is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Gleb Lozino-Lozinskiy Died at 92 (1909-2001) Gleb Evgeniyevich Lozino-Lozinskiy, was a Russian and Ukrainian engineer, General Director and General Designer of the JSC NPO Molniya, lead developer of the Russian Spiral and Shuttle Buran ...more

30
Grigori Perelman is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Grigori Perelman age 51 Grigori Yakovlevich Perelman is a Russian mathematician who made landmark contributions to Riemannian geometry and geometric topology before apparently withdrawing from mathematics. In 1994, ...more

31
Igor Ansoff is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Igor Ansoff Died at 84 (1918-2002) H. Igor Ansoff was a Russian American applied mathematician and business manager. He is known as the father of strategic management.

32
Ilya Prigogine is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Ilya Prigogine Died at 86 (1917-2003) Viscount Ilya Romanovich Prigogine was a Belgian physical chemist and Nobel Laureate noted for his work on dissipative structures, complex systems, and irreversibility.

33
Ion InculeČ› is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Ion InculeČ› Died at 56 (1884-1940) Ion C. InculeČ› was a Bessarabian politician and the president of the Moldavian Democratic Republic. Also, he was a minister in Romania.

34
Iosif Shklovsky is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Iosif Shklovsky Died at 69 (1916-1985) Iosif Samuilovich Shklovsky was a Soviet astronomer and astrophysicist. He is remembered for work in theoretical astrophysics and other topics, as well as for his 1962 book on extraterrestrial ...more

35
Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov age 98 Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov is a Soviet physicist, well known for his role in developing the BKL conjecture in general relativity.

36
Ivan Yefremov is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Ivan Yefremov Died at 64 (1908-1972) Ivan Antonovich Yefremov, last sometimes spelled Efremov, was a Soviet paleontologist, science fiction author and social thinker. He originated taphonomy, the study of fossilization patterns.

37
J. M. Robson is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
J. M. Robson Died at 82 (1900-1982) John Michael 'Rab' Rabinovich, later known as J. M. Robson was a geneticist and physicist who co-founded the science of mutagenesis by mutations in fruit flies exposed to mustard gas, and who ...more

38
Kerim Kerimov is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Kerim Kerimov Died at 86 (1917-2003) Lieutenant-General Kerim Aliyevich Kerimov was an Azerbaijani-Soviet/Russian aerospace engineer and a renowned rocket scientist, one of the founders of the Soviet space industry, and for many ...more

39
Vadim Knizhnik is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Vadim Knizhnik Died at 25 (1962-1987) Vadim Genrikhovich Knizhnik was a Soviet physicist of Jewish and Russian descent. "Vadim studied physics from 1978 to 1984 at the Moscow Institute for Physics and Technology. He has ...more

40
Konstantin Badygin is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Konstantin Badygin Died at 74 (1910-1984) Captain Konstantin Sergeyevich Badygin, sometimes also transliterated "Badigin", was a Soviet naval officer, explorer, author, and scientist.

41
Konstantin Konstantinov is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Konstantin Konstantinov Died at 54 (1817-1871) Konstantin Ivanovich Konstantinov was a Russian artillery officer and scientist in the fields of artillery, rocketry and instrument making. He completed his military career at the rank of ...more

42
Konstantin Novoselov is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Konstantin Novoselov age 43 Sir Konstantin Sergeevich Novoselov, FRS, HonFRSC, HonFInstP is a Russian-British physicist, and Langworthy Professor in the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Manchester. His ...more

43
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky Died at 78 (1857-1935) Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky was a Russian and Soviet rocket scientist and pioneer of the astronautic theory, of Russian and Polish descent. Along with his followers, the German Hermann ...more

44
Leonid Kantorovich is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Leonid Kantorovich Died at 74 (1912-1986) Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich was a Soviet mathematician and economist, known for his theory and development of techniques for the optimal allocation of resources. He is regarded as the ...more

45
Leonid Mandelstam is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Leonid Mandelstam Died at 65 (1879-1944) Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam or Mandelshtam was a Soviet physicist of Belarusian-Jewish background.

46
Lev Vygotsky is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Lev Vygotsky Died at 38 (1896-1934) Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky was a Soviet psychologist, the founder of a theory of human cultural and bio-social development commonly referred to as cultural-historical psychology, and leader of the ...more

47
Maxim Kontsevich is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Maxim Kontsevich age 53 Maxim Lvovich Kontsevich is a Russian and French mathematician. He holds both Russian and French citizenship. He is a professor at the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques and a ...more

48
Mikhail Matinsky is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Mikhail Matinsky Died at 70 (1750-1820) Mikhail Alexeyevich Matinsky was a Russian scientist, dramatist, librettist and opera composer.

49
Mikhail Mil is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Mikhail Mil Died at 61 (1909-1970) Mikhail Leontyevich Mil was a Soviet aerospace engineer. He founded the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant, which is responsible for many well-known Soviet helicopter models.

50
Mikhail Tugan-Baranovsky is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Mikhail Tugan-Baranovsky Died at 54 (1865-1919) Mikhail Ivanovich Tugan-Baranovsky was a Russian-Ukrainian economist, politician, statesman. He is remembered as a leading exponent of Legal Marxism in the Tsarist Russian Empire and was the ...more