Russian People Famous Scientists from Russia

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List of notable or famous scientists from Russia, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Russia and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Russia. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Russian scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Russia is included when available.

People include everything from Dmitri Mendeleev to Otto Schmidt.

This historic scientists from Russia list can help answer the questions "Who are some Russian scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Russia?" These prominent scientists of Russia may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Russian scientists.

Use this list of renowned Russian scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (86 items)

1
Abram Samoilovitch Besicovitch is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 79 (1891-1970) Abram Samoilovitch Besicovitch was a Russian mathematician, who worked mainly in England. He was born in Berdyansk on the Sea of Azov to a Karaite family.

2
Aleksei N. Leontiev is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 76 (1903-1979) Alexei Nikolaevich Leontiev, was a Soviet developmental psychologist, and the founder of activity theory.

3
Alexander Abramov is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
age 60 Alexander Grigoryevich Abramov is a former scientist who became an industrial magnate as one of the two heads of Evraz, Russia's largest steel producer. Beginning in 1998, he has amassed the ...more

4
Alexander Chayanov is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 49 (1888-1937) Alexander V. Chayanov was a Soviet agrarian economist, and scholar of rural sociology and advocate of agrarianism and cooperatives.

5
Alexander Fersman is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Alexander Fersman Dec. at 62 (1883-1945) Alexander Yevgenyevich Fersman was a prominent Soviet Russian geochemist and mineralogist, and Academician of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.

6
Alexander Zaporozhets is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 76 (1905-1981) Alexander Vladimirovich Zaporozhets was a Soviet developmental psychologist, a student of Lev Vygotsky and Alexei Leontiev. Zaporozhets studied psychological mechanisms of voluntary movements, ...more

7
Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
age 90 Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov is a Soviet and Russian theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in

8
Alexei Yuryevich Smirnov is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
age 67 Alexei Yuryevich Smirnov is a neutrino physics researcher and one of the discoverers of the MSW Effect.

9
Alexei Tupolev is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 76 (1925-2001) Alexei Andreyevich Tupolev was a Soviet aircraft designer who led the development of the first supersonic passenger jet, the Tupolev Tu-144. He also helped design the Buran space shuttle and the ...more

10
Anatoli Bugorski is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Anatoli Bugorski age 77 Anatoli Petrovich Bugorski is a Russian scientist who was struck by a particle accelerator beam in 1978.

11
Andrei Sakharov is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 68 (1921-1989) Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov was a Russian nuclear physicist, Soviet dissident and human rights activist. He became renowned as the designer of the Soviet Union's Third Idea, a codename for ...more

12
Andrey Nartov is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 73 (1683-1756) Andrey Konstantinovich Nartov was a Russian scientist, military engineer, inventor and sculptor. He was a personal craftsman of Peter I of Russia, and later a member of the Russian Academy of ...more

13
Arkhip Lyulka is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 76 (1908-1984) Arkhip Mikhailovich Lyul'ka, was a Soviet scientist and designer of jet engines of Ukrainian origin, head of the OKB Lyulka, member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

14
Artem Mikoyan is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 65 (1905-1970) Artem Ivanovich Mikoyan was a Soviet aircraft designer of Armenian descent. In partnership with Mikhail Iosifovich Gurevich he designed many of the famous MiG military aircraft.

15
Bluma Zeigarnik is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 87 (1901-1988) Bluma Wulfovna Zeigarnik was a Soviet psychologist and psychiatrist, a member of Berlin School of experimental psychology and Vygotsky Circle. She discovered the Zeigarnik effect and contributed ...more

16
Boris Aleksandrovich Mamyrin is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Boris Aleksandrovich Mamyrin Dec. at 88 (1919-2007) Boris Aleksandrovich Mamyrin was a Russian scientist best known for his invention of the electrostatic ion mirror mass spectrometer known as the reflectron.

17
Boris Chertok is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 99 (1912-2011) Boris Evseyevich Chertok was a prominent Soviet and Russian rocket designer, responsible for control systems of a number of ballistic missiles and spacecraft. He was the author of a four-volume ...more

18
Boris Rauschenbach is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 86 (1915-2001) Boris Viktorovich Rauschenbach was a preeminent Soviet physicist and rocket engineer, who developed the theory and instruments for interplanetary flight control and navigation in 1955-1960s. He ...more

19
Boris Rosing is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 64 (1869-1933) Boris Lvovich Rosing was a Russian scientist and inventor in the field of television.

20
Dmitri Ivanovsky is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dmitri Ivanovsky Dec. at 56 (1864-1920) Dmitri Iosifovich Ivanovsky was a Russian botanist, the first man to discover viruses and thus one of the founders of virology. Ivanovsky studied at the University of St Petersburg under Andrei ...more

21
Dmitry Konstantinovich Belyaev is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dmitry Konstantinovich Belyaev Dec. at 68 (1917-1985) Dmitri Konstantinovich Belyaev was a Russian geneticist who served as director of the Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences from 1959 to 1985. His decades-long ...more

22
Dmitri Mendeleev is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 73 (1834-1907) Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev was a Russian chemist and inventor. He formulated the Periodic Law, created his own version of the periodic table of elements, and used it to correct the properties of ...more

23
Dmitri Z. Garbuzov is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 66 (1940-2006) Dmitri Z. Garbuzov was one of the pioneers and inventors of room temperature continuous-wave-operating diode lasers and high-power diode lasers. The first room-temperature, continuous-wave diode ...more

24
Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
Dec. at 68 (1896-1964) Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov was a Russian / Soviet optical engineer and amateur astronomer. He is best known as the inventor of the Maksutov telescope.

25
Efim Zelmanov is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Russia
age 63 Efim Isaakovich Zelmanov is a Russian mathematician, known for his work on combinatorial problems in nonassociative algebra and group theory, including his solution of the restricted Burnside ...more