Famous Scientists from Russia

List of notable or famous scientists from Russia, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Russia and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Russia. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Russian scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Russia is included when available.

People include everything from Dmitri Mendeleev to Otto Schmidt.

This historic scientists from Russia list can help answer the questions "Who are some Russian scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Russia?" These prominent scientists of Russia may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Russian scientists.

Use this list of renowned Russian scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
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  • Abram Samoilovitch Besicovitch
    Dec. at 79 (1891-1970)
    • Birthplace: Berdyansk, Ukraine
    Abram Samoilovitch Besicovitch (or Besikovitch) (Russian: Абра́м Само́йлович Безико́вич; 23 January 1891 – 2 November 1970) was a Russian mathematician, who worked mainly in England. He was born in ...more
  • Aleksei N. Leontiev
    Dec. at 75 (1903-1979)
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
    Alexei Nikolaevich Leontiev (Russian: Алексе́й Никола́евич Лео́нтьев, IPA: [lʲɪˈonʲtʲjɪf]; February 18, 1903 – January 21, 1979), was a Soviet developmental psychologist, and the founder of activity ...more
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
    Alexander Grigoryevich Abramov (Russian: Александр Григорьевич Абрамов, born 1959) is a Russian former scientist who became an industrial magnate as one of the two heads of Evraz, Russia's largest ...more
  • Alexander Chayanov
    Dec. at 49 (1888-1937)
    • Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
    Alexander V. Chayanov (Russian: Александр Васильевич Чаянов; 17 January 1888 – 3 October 1937) was a Soviet agrarian economist, and scholar of rural sociology and advocate of agrarianism and ...more
  • Alexander Fersman

    Alexander Fersman

    Dec. at 62 (1883-1945)
    • Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
    Alexander Yevgenyevich Fersman (Russian: Александр Евгеньевич Ферсман; 8 November 1883 – 20 May 1945) was a prominent Soviet Russian geochemist and mineralogist, and a member of the Soviet Academy of ...more
  • Alexander Zaporozhets
    Dec. at 76 (1905-1981)
    Alexander Vladimirovich Zaporozhets (Russian: Александр Владимирович Запорожец, IPA: [zəpɐˈroʐɨt͡s]; 1905-1981) was a Soviet developmental psychologist and a student of Lev Vygotsky and Alexei ...more