Russian People

Famous Scientists from Russia

List of notable or famous scientists from Russia, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Russia and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Russia. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Russian scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Russia is included when available.

People include everything from Dmitri Mendeleev to Otto Schmidt.

This historic scientists from Russia list can help answer the questions "Who are some Russian scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Russia?" These prominent scientists of Russia may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Russian scientists.

Use this list of renowned Russian scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
  • Abram Samoilovitch Besicovitch (or Besikovitch) (Russian: Абра́м Само́йлович Безико́вич; 23 January 1891 – 2 November 1970) was a Russian mathematician, who worked mainly in England. He was born in ...more
  • Alexei Nikolaevich Leontiev (Russian: Алексе́й Никола́евич Лео́нтьев, IPA: [lʲɪˈonʲtʲjɪf]; February 18, 1903 – January 21, 1979), was a Soviet developmental psychologist, and the founder of activity ...more
  • Alexander Grigoryevich Abramov (Russian: Александр Григорьевич Абрамов, born 1959) is a Russian former scientist who became an industrial magnate as one of the two heads of Evraz, Russia's largest ...more
  • Alexander V. Chayanov (Russian: Александр Васильевич Чаянов; 17 January 1888 – 3 October 1937) was a Soviet agrarian economist, and scholar of rural sociology and advocate of agrarianism and ...more
  • Alexander Yevgenyevich Fersman (Russian: Александр Евгеньевич Ферсман; 8 November 1883 – 20 May 1945) was a prominent Soviet Russian geochemist and mineralogist, and a member of the Soviet Academy of ...more
  • Alexander Vladimirovich Zaporozhets (Russian: Александр Владимирович Запорожец, IPA: [zəpɐˈroʐɨt͡s]; 1905-1981) was a Soviet developmental psychologist and a student of Lev Vygotsky and Alexei ...more
  • Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (Russian: Алексе́й Алексе́евич Абрико́сов; June 25, 1928 – March 29, 2017) was a Soviet, Russian and American theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the ...more
  • Alexei Yuryevich Smirnov (Russian: Алексе́й Ю́рьевич Cмирно́в; born October 16, 1951) is a neutrino physics researcher and one of the discoverers of the MSW Effect.
  • Alexei Andreyevich Tupolev (Russian: Алексе́й Андре́евич Ту́полев; May 20, 1925 – May 12, 2001) was a Soviet aircraft designer who led the development of the first supersonic passenger jet, the ...more
  • Anatoli Petrovich Bugorski (Russian: Анатолий Петрович Бугорский, romanized: Anatoliy Petrovich Bugorskiy), born 25 June 1942, is a Russian scientist who was struck by a particle accelerator beam in ...more
  • Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (Russian: Андре́й Дми́триевич Са́харов; 21 May 1921 – 14 December 1989) was a Russian nuclear physicist, dissident, Nobel laureate, and activist for disarmament, peace and ...more
  • Andrey Konstantinovich Nartov (Russian: Андрей Константинович Нартов) (1683—1756) was a Russian scientist, military engineer, inventor and sculptor. He was a personal craftsman of Peter I of Russia, ...more
  • Arkhip Mikhailovich Lyul'ka (Russian: Архи́п Миха́йлович Лю́лька, Ukrainian: Архип Михайлович Люлька) (1908–1984), was a Soviet scientist and designer of jet engines, head of the OKB Lyulka, member ...more
  • Artem (Artyom) Ivanovich Mikoyan (Russian: Артём Ива́нович Микоя́н; Armenian: Արտյոմ (Անուշավան) Հովհաննեսի Միկոյան, romanized: Artyom (Anushavan) Hovhannesi Mikoyan; 5 August [O.S. 23 July] 1905 – 9 ...more
  • Bluma Wulfovna Zeigarnik (Russian: Блю́ма Ву́льфовна Зейга́рник, IPA: [ˈblʲumə ˈvulʲfəvnə zʲɪjˈɡarnʲɪk]; 9 November (27 October) 1900 – 24 February 1988) was a Soviet psychologist and psychiatrist, a ...more
  • Boris Aleksandrovich Mamyrin (Russian: Борис Александрович Мамырин, May 25, 1919 - March 5, 2007) was a Russian scientist best known for his invention of the electrostatic ion mirror mass ...more
  • Boris Evseyevich Chertok (Russian: Бори́с Евсе́евич Черто́к; 1 March 1912 – 14 December 2011) was a Russian electrical engineer and the control systems designer in the Soviet Union's space program, ...more
  • Boris Viktorovich Rauschenbach (Russian: Бори́с Ви́кторович Раушенба́х, romanized: Borís Víktorovič Raušenbách; 18 January [O.S. 5] 1915, Petrograd – 27 March 2001, Moscow) was a preeminent Soviet ...more
  • Boris Lvovich Rosing (Russian: Борис Львович Розинг; 23 April 1869 (old style, 5 May 1869, new style). – 20 April 1933) was a Russian scientist and inventor in the field of television.
  • Dmitri Iosifovich Ivanovsky (alternative spelling Dmitrii or Dmitry Iwanowski; Russian: Дми́трий Ио́сифович Ивано́вский; 28 October 1864 – 20 June 1920) was a Russian botanist, the discoverer of ...more
  • Dmitry Konstantinovich Belyayev (Russian: Дми́трий Константи́нович Беля́ев, 17 July 1917 – 14 November 1985) was a Russian geneticist and academician who served as director of the Institute of ...more
  • Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (often romanized as Mendeleyev or Mendeleef) (English: MEN-dəl-AY-əf; Russian: Дмитрий Иванович Менделеев, tr. Dmítriy Ivánovich Mendeléyev, IPA: [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ɪˈvanəvʲɪtɕ ...more
  • Dmitri Z. Garbuzov (October 27, 1940, Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg) – August 20, 2006, Princeton, New Jersey) was one of the pioneers and inventors of room temperature continuous-wave-operating diode ...more
  • Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov (Russian: Дми́трий Дми́триевич Максу́тов) (23 April [O.S. 11 April] 1896 – 12 August 1964) was a Russian / Soviet optical engineer and amateur astronomer. He is best ...more
  • Efim Isaakovich Zelmanov (Russian: Ефи́м Исаа́кович Зе́льманов; born 7 September 1955 in Khabarovsk) is a Russian-American mathematician, known for his work on combinatorial problems in ...more