Famous Scientists from Scotland

List of notable or famous scientists from Scotland, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Scotland and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Scotland. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Scottish scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Scotland is included when available.

Everything from Lyon Playfair, 1st Baron Playfair to James Crichton is included on this list.

This historic scientists from Scotland list can help answer the questions "Who are some Scottish scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Scotland?" These prominent scientists of Scotland may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Scottish scientists.

Use this list of renowned Scottish scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. {#nodes}
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  • Alexander Fleming
    Photo: Metaweb (FB) / Public domain
    Sir Alexander Fleming (6 August 1881 – 11 March 1955) was a Scottish biologist, physician, microbiologist, and pharmacologist. His best-known discoveries are the enzyme lysozyme in 1923 and the world's first antibiotic substance benzylpenicillin (Penicillin G) from the mould Penicillium notatum in 1928, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Howard Florey and Ernst Boris Chain. He wrote many articles on bacteriology, immunology, and chemotherapy. Fleming was knighted for his scientific achievements in 1944. In 1999, he was named in Time magazine's list of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th century. In 2002, he was chosen in the BBC's television ...more
    • Age: Dec. at 73 (1881-1955)
    • Birthplace: Lochfield
  • Charles Bruce

    Charles Edward Rhodes Bruce (C.E.R. Bruce) (19 Apr 1902 in Shettleston – 30 Dec 1979) was a Scottish electrical engineer and amateur astrophysicist.
    • Age: Dec. at 77 (1902-1979)
  • Charles Normand

    Sir Charles William Blyth Normand CIE (10 September 1889 – 25 October 1982) was a Scottish meteorologist.
    • Age: Dec. at 93 (1889-1982)
  • Charlotte Auerbach
    Photo: user uploaded image
    Charlotte "Lotte" Auerbach FRS FRSE (14 May 1899 – 17 March 1994) was a German-Jewish geneticist who contributed to founding the science of mutagenesis. She became well known after 1942 when she discovered with A. J. Clark and J. M. Robson that mustard gas could cause mutations in fruit flies. She wrote 91 scientific papers, and was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and of the Royal Society of London. In 1976, she was awarded the Royal Society's Darwin Medal. Aside her scientific contributions and love of science, she was remarkable in many other ways, including her wide interests, independence, modesty, and transparent honesty.
    • Age: Dec. at 94 (1899-1994)
    • Birthplace: Krefeld, Germany
  • David Cromwell (born 1962) is a British media campaigner and oceanographer. With David Edwards, he is a co-editor of the Media Lens website. Cromwell was born in Glasgow. His mother was a practising Catholic while his father was an activist and communist sympathiser. He spent his formative years in Barrhead and, mostly, Cumbernauld and graduated from the University of Glasgow with a degree in physics and astronomy. After completing a PhD in solar physics from the same university, which he was awarded in 1987, Cromwell moved to the United States in 1988 to pursue a year-long postdoctoral research at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. Returning to Europe, ...more
    • Age: 61
    • Birthplace: Glasgow, United Kingdom