Russian People Famous Scientists from Soviet Union

Reference
1.7k views 88 items

List of notable or famous scientists from soviet union, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in soviet union and even some popular scientists who immigrated to soviet union. If you're trying to find out the names of famous soviet union scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from soviet union is included when available.

List people include Gherman Titov, Otto Schmidt and more.

This historic scientists from soviet union list can help answer the questions "Who are some soviet union scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from soviet union?" These prominent scientists of soviet union may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected soviet union scientists.

Use this list of renowned soviet union scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (88 items)

1
Afrikan Nikolaevich Krishtofov... is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Afrikan Nikolaevich Krishtofovich Afrikan Nikolaevich Krishtofovich was a Soviet paleobotanist. His name be abbreviated as "Krysht." when attributing him as the author of botanical names. He was a fossil hunter ...more

2
Alexander Alexandrovich Vishne... is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexander Alexandrovich Vishnevsky Alexander Alexandrovich Vishnevsky was a Soviet surgeon of Ukrainian descent, member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR, honoured worker of science of the RSFSR, Colonel General of ...more

3
Aleksei N. Leontiev is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexei Nikolaevich Leontiev, was a Soviet developmental psychologist, and the founder of activity theory.

4
Alexander Bakulev is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Aleksandr Nikolayevich Bakulev was a Soviet surgeon, one of the founders of cardiovascular surgery in the USSR. Born in Nevenikovskaya into a peasant family which belonged to the old Vyatka clan ...more

5
Alexander Bereznyak is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexander Bereznyak Alexander Yakovlevich Bereznyak was a Soviet aircraft and missile designer. He was the Chief Designer of MKB "Raduga", from March 1957. He was born on 29 December 1912 in Boyarkino, ...more

6
Alexander Chizhevsky is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexander Chizhevsky Alexander Chizhevsky Russian: Алекса́ндр Леони́дович Чиже́вский was a Soviet-era interdisciplinary scientist, a biophysicist who founded "heliobiology" and "aero-ionization". ...more

7
Alexander Fersman is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexander Fersman Alexander Yevgenyevich Fersman was a prominent Soviet Russian geochemist and mineralogist, and Academician of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.

8
Alexander Luria is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexander Romanovich Luria was a Soviet neuropsychologist and developmental psychologist. He was one of the founders of Cultural-Historical Psychology, and a leader of the Vygotsky Circle. ...more

9
Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov is a Soviet and Russian theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in

10
Alexei Tupolev is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexei Andreyevich Tupolev was a Soviet aircraft designer who led the development of the first supersonic passenger jet, the Tupolev Tu-144. He also helped design the Buran space shuttle and the ...more

11
Dr. Anatoly M. Sagalevitch is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Anatoly Mikhailovich Sagalevich is a Russian explorer, who works at the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1965. Since 1979 he has been the director of the ...more

12
Andrei Sakharov is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov was a Russian nuclear physicist, Soviet dissident and human rights activist. He became renowned as the designer of the Soviet Union's Third Idea, a codename for ...more

13
Arkhip Lyulka is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Arkhip Mikhailovich Lyul'ka, was a Soviet scientist and designer of jet engines of Ukrainian origin, head of the OKB Lyulka, member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

14
Artem Mikoyan is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Artem Ivanovich Mikoyan was a Soviet aircraft designer of Armenian descent. In partnership with Mikhail Iosifovich Gurevich he designed many of the famous MiG military aircraft.

15
Boris Chertok is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Boris Evseyevich Chertok was a prominent Soviet and Russian rocket designer, responsible for control systems of a number of ballistic missiles and spacecraft. He was the author of a four-volume ...more

16
Borys Paton is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Borys Yevhenovych Paton is the long-term chairman of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He was born in Kiev. Paton joined the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine on November 18, ...more

17
Alexey Bystrow is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexey Bystrow Alexey Petrovich Bystrow, sometimes spelled Alexey Petrovich Bystrov and Aleksei Petrovich Bystrow, was a Soviet paleontologist, anatomist, and histologist.

18
Boris Delibash is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Boris Delibash Boris Apostolovich Delibash was a Soviet scientist and power engineering specialist. He was born in Tiflis, Russia, and died in Moscow, Russia. Delibash graduated from Baku State University with ...more

19
Dimitri Malashenkov is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Dimitri Malashenkov

20
Dmitry Konstantinovich Belyaev is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Dmitry Konstantinovich Belyaev Dmitri Konstantinovich Belyaev was a Russian geneticist who served as director of the Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences from 1959 to 1985. His decades-long ...more

21
Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov was a Russian / Soviet optical engineer and amateur astronomer. He is best known as the inventor of the Maksutov telescope.

22
Dmitry Okhotsimsky is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Dmitry Yevgenyevich Okhotsimsky was a Soviet Russian space scientist who was the pioneer of space ballistics in the USSR. He wrote fundamental works in applied celestial mechanics, spaceflight ...more

23
Dmitry S. Rozhdestvensky is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Dmitry S. Rozhdestvensky Dmitry Syergeyevich Rozhdestvensky (1876-1940), was a Russian physicist and industrialist.

24
Efim Zelmanov is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Efim Isaakovich Zelmanov is a Russian mathematician, known for his work on combinatorial problems in nonassociative algebra and group theory, including his solution of the restricted Burnside ...more

25
Friedrich Zander is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Friedrich Zander, was a Baltic German pioneer of rocketry and spaceflight in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. He designed the first liquid-fueled rocket to be launched in the Soviet ...more