Russian People Famous Scientists from Soviet Union

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List of notable or famous scientists from soviet union, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in soviet union and even some popular scientists who immigrated to soviet union. If you're trying to find out the names of famous soviet union scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from soviet union is included when available.

List people include Gherman Titov, Otto Schmidt and more.

This historic scientists from soviet union list can help answer the questions "Who are some soviet union scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from soviet union?" These prominent scientists of soviet union may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected soviet union scientists.

Use this list of renowned soviet union scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (88 items)

1
Afrikan Nikolaevich Krishtofov... is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Afrikan Nikolaevich Krishtofovich Afrikan Nikolaevich Krishtofovich was a Soviet paleobotanist. His name be abbreviated as "Krysht." when attributing him as the author of botanical names. He was a fossil hunter ...more

2
Alexander Alexandrovich Vishne... is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexander Alexandrovich Vishnevsky Alexander Alexandrovich Vishnevsky was a Soviet surgeon of Ukrainian descent, member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR, honoured worker of science of the RSFSR, Colonel General of ...more

3
Aleksei N. Leontiev is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Aleksei N. Leontiev Alexei Nikolaevich Leontiev, was a Soviet developmental psychologist, and the founder of activity theory.

4
Alexander Bakulev is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexander Bakulev Aleksandr Nikolayevich Bakulev was a Soviet surgeon, one of the founders of cardiovascular surgery in the USSR. Born in Nevenikovskaya into a peasant family which belonged to the old Vyatka clan ...more

5
Alexander Bereznyak is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexander Bereznyak Alexander Yakovlevich Bereznyak was a Soviet aircraft and missile designer. He was the Chief Designer of MKB "Raduga", from March 1957. He was born on 29 December 1912 in Boyarkino, ...more

6
Alexander Chizhevsky is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexander Chizhevsky Alexander Chizhevsky Russian: Алекса́ндр Леони́дович Чиже́вский was a Soviet-era interdisciplinary scientist, a biophysicist who founded "heliobiology" and "aero-ionization". ...more

7
Alexander Fersman is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexander Fersman Alexander Yevgenyevich Fersman was a prominent Soviet Russian geochemist and mineralogist, and Academician of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.

8
Alexander Luria is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexander Luria Alexander Romanovich Luria was a Soviet neuropsychologist and developmental psychologist. He was one of the founders of Cultural-Historical Psychology, and a leader of the Vygotsky Circle. ...more

9
Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov is a Soviet and Russian theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in

10
Alexei Tupolev is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexei Tupolev Alexei Andreyevich Tupolev was a Soviet aircraft designer who led the development of the first supersonic passenger jet, the Tupolev Tu-144. He also helped design the Buran space shuttle and the ...more

11
Dr. Anatoly M. Sagalevitch is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Dr. Anatoly M. Sagalevitch Anatoly Mikhailovich Sagalevich is a Russian explorer, who works at the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1965. Since 1979 he has been the director of the ...more

12
Andrei Sakharov is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Andrei Sakharov Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov was a Russian nuclear physicist, Soviet dissident and human rights activist. He became renowned as the designer of the Soviet Union's Third Idea, a codename for ...more

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13
Arkhip Lyulka is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Arkhip Lyulka Arkhip Mikhailovich Lyul'ka, was a Soviet scientist and designer of jet engines of Ukrainian origin, head of the OKB Lyulka, member of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

14
Artem Mikoyan is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Artem Mikoyan Artem Ivanovich Mikoyan was a Soviet aircraft designer of Armenian descent. In partnership with Mikhail Iosifovich Gurevich he designed many of the famous MiG military aircraft.

15
Boris Chertok is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Boris Chertok Boris Evseyevich Chertok was a prominent Soviet and Russian rocket designer, responsible for control systems of a number of ballistic missiles and spacecraft. He was the author of a four-volume ...more

16
Borys Paton is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Borys Paton Borys Yevhenovych Paton is the long-term chairman of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He was born in Kiev. Paton joined the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine on November 18, ...more

17
Alexey Bystrow is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Alexey Bystrow Alexey Petrovich Bystrow, sometimes spelled Alexey Petrovich Bystrov and Aleksei Petrovich Bystrow, was a Soviet paleontologist, anatomist, and histologist.

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18
Boris Delibash is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Boris Delibash Boris Apostolovich Delibash was a Soviet scientist and power engineering specialist. He was born in Tiflis, Russia, and died in Moscow, Russia. Delibash graduated from Baku State University with ...more

19
Dimitri Malashenkov is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Dimitri Malashenkov

20
Dmitry Konstantinovich Belyaev is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Dmitry Konstantinovich Belyaev Dmitri Konstantinovich Belyaev was a Russian geneticist who served as director of the Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences from 1959 to 1985. His decades-long ...more

21
Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov Dmitry Dmitrievich Maksutov was a Russian / Soviet optical engineer and amateur astronomer. He is best known as the inventor of the Maksutov telescope.

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Dmitry Okhotsimsky is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Dmitry Okhotsimsky Dmitry Yevgenyevich Okhotsimsky was a Soviet Russian space scientist who was the pioneer of space ballistics in the USSR. He wrote fundamental works in applied celestial mechanics, spaceflight ...more

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23
Dmitry S. Rozhdestvensky is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Dmitry S. Rozhdestvensky Dmitry Syergeyevich Rozhdestvensky (1876-1940), was a Russian physicist and industrialist.

24
Efim Zelmanov is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Efim Zelmanov Efim Isaakovich Zelmanov is a Russian mathematician, known for his work on combinatorial problems in nonassociative algebra and group theory, including his solution of the restricted Burnside ...more

25
Friedrich Zander is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Friedrich Zander Friedrich Zander, was a Baltic German pioneer of rocketry and spaceflight in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. He designed the first liquid-fueled rocket to be launched in the Soviet ...more

26
Genrich Altshuller is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Genrich Altshuller Genrikh Saulovich Altshuller, was a Soviet engineer, inventor, scientist, journalist and writer. He is most notable for the creation of the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, better known by ...more

27
Georgy Langemak is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Georgy Langemak Georgy Erikhovich Langemak was a Soviet rocket designer of German/Swiss background. Beginning in 1928, he worked at the Soviet Gas Dynamics Laboratory along with several other notable Soviet ...more

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28
Gherman Titov is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Gherman Titov Gherman Stepanovich Titov was a Soviet cosmonaut who, on 6 August 1961, became the second human to orbit the Earth, aboard Vostok 2, preceded by Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1. He was the fourth ...more

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Gleb Lozino-Lozinskiy is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Gleb Lozino-Lozinskiy Gleb Evgeniyevich Lozino-Lozinskiy, was a Russian and Ukrainian engineer, General Director and General Designer of the JSC NPO Molniya, lead developer of the Russian Spiral and Shuttle Buran ...more

30
Guy Severin is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Guy Severin Guy Ilyich Severin was an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, full member of the International Academy of Astronautics, who contributed a ...more

31
Igor Gorynin is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Igor Gorynin Igor Vasilievich Gorynin is a Russian metallurgist, creator of many new titanium and aluminium alloys, and reactor steels. He is the director of the Central Research Institute of Structural ...more

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Igor Spassky is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Igor Spassky Igor Dmitriyevich Spasskiy is a Russian scientist, engineer and entrepreneur, General Designer of nearly 200 Soviet and Russian nuclear submarines, and the head of the Central Design Bureau for ...more

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Ilya Zbarsky is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Ilya Zbarsky Ilya Borisovich Zbarsky was the Russian head of Lenin's Mausoleum in Moscow, Russia. Zbarsky worked as the director of the Vladimir Lenin's Mausoleum from 1956 until 1989. He was appointed as ...more

34
Ivan Yefremov is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Ivan Yefremov Ivan Antonovich Yefremov, last sometimes spelled Efremov, was a Soviet paleontologist, science fiction author and social thinker. He originated taphonomy, the study of fossilization patterns.

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Jakub Karol Parnas is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Jakub Karol Parnas Jakub Karol Parnas, also known as Yakov Oskarovich Parnas was a prominent Jewish-Polish–Soviet biochemist who contributed to the discovery of the Embden–Meyerhof–Parnas pathway, together with ...more

36
Kenneth Alibek is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Kenneth Alibek Colonel Kanatzhan Alibekov — known as Ken Alibek since 1992 — is a former Soviet physician, microbiologist and biological warfare expert. He rose rapidly in the ranks of the Soviet Army to ...more

37
Kerim Kerimov is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Kerim Kerimov Lieutenant-General Kerim Aliyevich Kerimov was an Azerbaijani-Soviet/Russian aerospace engineer and a renowned rocket scientist, one of the founders of the Soviet space industry, and for many ...more

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38
Kirill Florensky is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Kirill Florensky Kirill Pavlovich Florensky was a Russian Soviet geochemist and planetologist. He was head of comparative planetology at the Vernadsky Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. He was the second ...more

39
Konstantin Badygin is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Konstantin Badygin Captain Konstantin Sergeyevich Badygin, sometimes also transliterated "Badigin", was a Soviet naval officer, explorer, author, and scientist.

40
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky was a Russian and Soviet rocket scientist and pioneer of the astronautic theory, of Russian and Polish descent. Along with his followers, the German Hermann ...more

41
Leonid Kantorovich is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Leonid Kantorovich Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich was a Soviet mathematician and economist, known for his theory and development of techniques for the optimal allocation of resources. He is regarded as the ...more

42
Lev Landau is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Lev Landau Lev Davidovich Landau was a prominent Soviet physicist who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics. His accomplishments include the independent co-discovery of the ...more

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43
Lev Vygotsky is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Lev Vygotsky Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky was a Soviet psychologist, the founder of a theory of human cultural and bio-social development commonly referred to as cultural-historical psychology, and leader of the ...more

44
Lina Stern is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Lina Stern Lina Solomonovna Stern was a notable Soviet biochemist, physiologist and humanist whose medical discoveries saved thousands of lives at the fronts of World War II. She is best known for her ...more

45
Mikhail Mil is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Mikhail Mil Mikhail Leontyevich Mil was a Soviet aerospace engineer. He founded the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant, which is responsible for many well-known Soviet helicopter models.

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Mikhail Volkenshtein is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Mikhail Volkenshtein Mikhail Vladimirovich Volkenshtein was a notable Russian biophysicist, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor and Doktor nauk. He was Head of the Department of the ...more

47
Mikhail Yangel is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Mikhail Yangel Mikhail Kuzmich Yangel, was a leading missile designer in the Soviet Union. His career started as an aviation engineer, after graduating from Moscow Aviation Institute in 1937. He worked with ...more

48
Mstislav Keldysh is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Mstislav Keldysh Mstislav Vsevolodovich Keldysh was a Soviet scientist in the field of mathematics and mechanics, academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, President of the USSR Academy of Sciences, three ...more

49
Naum Akhiezer is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Naum Akhiezer Naum Ilyich Akhiezer was a Soviet mathematician of Jewish origin, known for his works in approximation theory and the theory of differential and integral operators. He is also known as the ...more

50
Nikolai Kardashev is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Scientists from Soviet Union
Nikolai Kardashev Nikolai Semenovich Kardashev is a Russian astrophysicist, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, and is the deputy director of the Russian Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy ...more