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List of notable or famous scientists from Turkey, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Turkey and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Turkey. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Turkish scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Turkey is included when available.

Everything from Kenan Sahin to Halide Edip Adıvar is included on this list.

This historic scientists from Turkey list can help answer the questions "Who are some Turkish scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Turkey?" These prominent scientists of Turkey may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Turkish scientists.

Use this list of renowned Turkish scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (51 items)

1
'Abd al-Hamīd ibn Turk is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
ʿAbd al-Hamīd ibn Turk, known also as ʿAbd al-Hamīd ibn Wase ibn Turk Jili was a ninth-century Turkic Muslim mathematician. Not much is known about his biography. The two records of him, one by ...more

2
Abdullah Atalar is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 63 Abdullah Atalar is a Turkish scientist and academic. Atalar is the Rector of Bilkent University, and a professor at Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering. He received B.S. degree ...more

3
Abu Mansur Maturidi is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 91 (853-944) Muhammad Abu Mansur al-Maturidi was an Persian Muslim theologian, and a scholar of Islamic jurisprudence and Qur'anic exegesis. Al Maturidi is one of the pioneers of Islamic Jurisprudence ...more

4
Afet İnan is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 77 (1908-1985) Ayşe Afet İnan was a Turkish historian and sociologist. She was one of the adopted daughters of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Afet İnan was born to Ismail Hakki Bey and Şehzane Hanım from Doyran, ...more

5
Ahmed Cevdet Pasha is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 73 (1822-1895) Ahmed Cevdet Pasha was an Ottoman scholar, intellectual, bureaucrat, administrator, and historian who was a prominent figure in the Tanzimat reforms of the Ottoman Empire. He was the head of the ...more

6
Ahmet Şimşirgil is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 59 Ahmet Şimşirgil is a Turkish academic. He is a professor of Ottoman history on the historical period which extends from the conquest of Istanbul in the Faculty of Science and Literature at the ...more

7
Ahmet Yalçınkaya is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 55 Ahmet Yalçınkaya is a Turkish poet and academician. Born in Giresun, Turkey, and grew up in Germany. Has studied engineering, robotics, management and business at various universities in ...more

8
Ahmet Yıldız is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Ahmet Yıldız age 39 Ahmet Yıldız is a Turkish professor of Physics and Molecular Cell Biology at the University of California, Berkeley. He has contributed significantly to the understanding of how motor proteins ...more

9
Al-Jazari is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 70 (1136-1206) Badi'al-Zaman Abū al-'Izz ibn Ismā'īl ibn al-Razāz al-Jazarī was a Muslim polymath: a scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman, artist, and mathematician from Jazirat ibn Umar, who ...more

10
Ali Erdemir is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Ali Erdemir, born in Kadirli, Adana, Turkey, is a Turkish materials scientist specializing in surface engineering and tribology. He graduated from the Metallurgy Department of the Istanbul ...more

11
Ali Qushji is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 71 (1403-1474) Ala al-Dīn Ali ibn Muhammed, known as Ali Qushji was an astronomer, mathematician and physicist originally from Samarkand, who settled in the Ottoman Empire some time before 1472. As a disciple ...more

12
Attila Aşkar is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Attila Aşkar is a Turkish mathematician and former president of the Koç University between years 2001 and 2009. Aşkar received his Engineering Diploma from the Istanbul Technical ...more

13
Aykut Barka is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 51 (1951-2002) Aykut Barka was a Turkish earth scientist specialized in earthquake research. He is best known for his contributions to understanding the behaviour of the North Anatolian Fault Zone, one of the ...more

14
Behram Kurşunoğlu is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 81 (1922-2003) Behram Kurşunoğlu was a Turkish physicist and the founder and the director of the Center for Theoretical Studies, University of Miami. He was best known for his works on unified field theory, ...more

15
Bülent Atalay is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 78 Bülent Atalay is a Turkish-American educator, author, scientist, and artist. Born in Ankara, Turkey in 1940, Atalay is the author of the best selling book, Math and the Mona Lisa: the Art ...more

16
Cahit Arf is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 87 (1910-1997) Cahit Arf was a Turkish mathematician. He is known for the Arf invariant of a quadratic form in characteristic 2 in topology, the Hasse–Arf theorem in ramification theory, Arf semigroups, and ...more

17
Cem Yalçın Yıldırım is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 56 Cem Yalçın Yıldırım is a Turkish mathematician who specializes in number theory. He obtained his B.Sc from Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey and his PhD from the ...more

18
Ekmel Özbay is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 52 Ekmel Özbay is a Turkish professor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering and Physics Departments at Bilkent University and the director of the Nanotechnology Research Center, and Space ...more

19
Ekrem. Akurgal is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 91 (1911-2002) Ekrem Akurgal was a Turkish archaeologist. During a career that spanned more than fifty years, he conducted definitive research in several sites along the western coast of Anatolia such as ...more

20
Erdal İnönü is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 81 (1926-2007) Erdal İnönü was a Turkish theoretical physicist and politician who served as the interim Prime Minister of Turkey between 16 May and 25 June 1993. He also served as the Deputy Prime ...more

21
Feza Gürsey is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 71 (1921-1992) Feza Gürsey was a Turkish mathematician and physicist. Among his most prominent contributions to theoretical physics, his works on the Chiral model and on SU are most popular.

22
Gazi Yaşargil is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 92 Mahmut Gazi Yaşargil is a Turkish medical scientist and neurosurgeon. He collaborated with Raymond M. P. Donaghy M.D at the University of Vermont in developing microneurosurgery. Yaşargil ...more

23
Gelenbevi Ismail Efendi is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Gelenbevi Ismail Efendi Ismail Gelenbevi was an Ottoman Turkish mathematician and Professor of Geometry at the Naval College in Istanbul, Turkey. His life and work are well documented in several scholarly works in ...more

24
Halide Edip Adıvar is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 80 (1884-1964) Halide Edip Adıvar was a Turkish novelist, nationalist, and political leader for women's rights. She was best known for her novels criticizing the low social status of Turkish women and what she ...more

25
Halil Mete Soner is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Halil Mete Soner Halil Mete Soner is a Turkish mathematician born in Ankara. After graduating from the Ankara Science High School, he started his university education at the Middle East Technical University in ...more

26
Hezârfen Ahmed Çelebi is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 31 (1609-1640) Hezârfen Ahmed Çelebi was a legendary Ottoman aviator of 17th-century Constantinople, purported in the writings of traveler Evliya Çelebi to have achieved sustained unpowered

27
Hulusi Behçet is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 59 (1889-1948) Hulusi Behçet was a Turkish dermatologist and scientist. He described a disease of inflamed blood vessels in 1937, which is named after him as the Behçet's disease.

28
İrşadi Aksun is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
İrşadi Aksun age 61 M. İrşadi Aksun is an award-winning Turkish professor of electrical and electronics engineering and the dean of College of Engineering at Koç University. He received his Bachelor's and ...more

29
Ismail Akbay is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 73 (1930-2003) Ismail Akbay was the first Turk who worked for NASA. He was born in Mudanya near Bursa, Turkey on October 17, 1930. Early on, Akbay was recognized as a gifted child with exceptional mental ...more

30
K. Aslihan Yener is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
K. Aslihan Yener K. Aslıhan Yener is a Turkish American archaeologist whose work on Bronze Age tin mines in Anatolia revealed a new possible source of the important metal.

31
Kenan Erim is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 61 (1929-1990) Kenan Tevfik Erim was a Turkish archaeologist who excavated from 1961 until his death at the site of Aphrodisias in Turkey.

32
Kenan Sahin is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Kenan Eyup Sahin is a Turkish scientist and entrepreneur in the United States. After graduating from Robert College of Istanbul, he received both his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the MIT Sloan ...more

33
Matrakçı Nasuh is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 84 (1480-1564) Nasuh bin Karagöz bin Abdullah el-Visokavi el-Bosnavî, or Nasuh el-Matrakči ibn Karađoz ibn Abdulah el-Visokavi el-Bosnevi, commonly known as Matrakçı Nasuh for his competence ...more

34
Muzafer Sherif is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 82 (1906-1988) Muzafer Sherif was a Turkish-American social psychologist. He helped develop social judgment theory and realistic conflict theory. Sherif was a founder of modern social psychology, who developed ...more

35
Nihat Berker is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Nihat Berker age 68 Ahmet Nihat Berker, is a Turkish theoretical physicist and emeritus professor of physics at MIT. He is the son of a notable scientist and engineer Ratip Berker, who was deceased on 17.10.1997. ...more

36
Oktay Sinanoğlu is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 83 Oktay Sinanoğlu is a Turkish physical chemist.

37
Ordal Demokan is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 58 (1946-2004) Ordal Demokan was a Turkish physicist.

38
Osman Hamdi Bey is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 68 (1842-1910) Osman Hamdi Bey was an Ottoman administrator, intellectual, art expert and also a prominent and pioneering painter. He was also an accomplished archaeologist, and is considered as the pioneer of ...more

39
Özalp Babaoğlu is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Ozalp Babaoğlu, son of former Turkish foreign officer Nazif Babaoğlu and his wife Şükran Babaoğlu, born in Ankara, Turkey, is a Turkish computer scientist. He is currently Professor of ...more

40
Piri Reis is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Piri Reis was an Ottoman admiral, geographer, and cartographer born between 1465 and 1470. He was executed in 1553. He is primarily known today for his maps and charts collected in his Kitab-ı ...more

41
Sabri Ergun is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
The Ergun equation, derived by the Turkish chemical engineer Sabri Ergun in 1952, expresses the friction factor in a packed column as a function of the modified Reynolds number: where and are ...more

42
Sedat Alp is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Sedat Alp Dec. at 93 (1913-2006) Professor Sedat Alp was the first archaeologist in Turkey with a specialization in Hittitology, and is among the foremost names in the field. Sedat Alp was born in Karaferye, present-day Veroia ...more

43
Selman Akbulut is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 69 Selman Akbulut is a Turkish mathematician and a Professor at Michigan State University. His research is in topology.

44
Semra Dündar is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 62 (1943-2005) Semra Dündar was a Turkish hematologist. Semra Dündar was born in Lüleburgaz in 1943. She graduated from the Ankara University School of Medicine and spent nearly all of her ...more

45
Şerafeddin Sabuncuoğlu is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Şerafeddin Sabuncuoğlu Dec. at 83 (1385-1468) Sabuncuoğlu Şerafeddin was a medieval Ottoman surgeon and physician.

46
Sıraç Dilber is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Sıraç Dilber Sıraç Dilber is a Turkish scientist. NK cells are needed to fight against bacteria and cancerous tumours; but even when they are present, they cannot fight the disease effectively. Dilber ...more

47
Tahsin Özgüç is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Tahsin Özgüç Dec. at 89 (1916-2005) Tahsin Özgüç was an eminent Turkish field archaeologist. His long career, began after the World War II and lasted up to the present, made him doyen of Anatolian archaeology. ...more

48
Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ru... is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 59 (1526-1585) Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ash-Shami al-Asadi was a Muslim polymath: He was the author of more than ninety books on a wide variety of subjects, including astronomy, clocks, engineering, ...more

49
Tekin Dereli is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 68 Tekin Dereli is a Turkish theoretical physicist.

50
Turgay Uzer is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Ahmet Turgay Uzer is a Turkish-American theoretical physicist. Currently Regents' Professor at Georgia Institute of Technology. He has contributed in field of atomic and molecular physics, ...more