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Famous Scientists from Turkey

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List of notable or famous scientists from Turkey, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in Turkey and even some popular scientists who immigrated to Turkey. If you're trying to find out the names of famous Turkish scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from Turkey is included when available.

Everything from Kenan Sahin to Halide Edip Adıvar is included on this list.

This historic scientists from Turkey list can help answer the questions "Who are some Turkish scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from Turkey?" These prominent scientists of Turkey may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected Turkish scientists.

Use this list of renowned Turkish scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. (51 items)
1
'Abd al-Hamīd ibn Turk is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
ʿAbd al-Hamīd ibn Turk, known also as ʿAbd al-Hamīd ibn Wase ibn Turk Jili was a ninth-century Turkic Muslim mathematician. Not much is known about his biography. The two records of him, one by ...more
2
Abdullah Atalar is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 64
Abdullah Atalar is a Turkish scientist and academic. Atalar is the Rector of Bilkent University, and a professor at Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering. He received B.S. degree ...more
3
Abu Mansur Maturidi is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 91 (853-944)
Muhammad Abu Mansur al-Maturidi was an Persian Muslim theologian, and a scholar of Islamic jurisprudence and Qur'anic exegesis. Al Maturidi is one of the pioneers of Islamic Jurisprudence ...more
4
Afet İnan is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 77 (1908-1985)
Ayşe Afet İnan was a Turkish historian and sociologist. She was one of the adopted daughters of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Afet İnan was born to Ismail Hakki Bey and Şehzane Hanım from Doyran, ...more
5
Ahmed Cevdet Pasha is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 73 (1822-1895)
Ahmed Cevdet Pasha was an Ottoman scholar, intellectual, bureaucrat, administrator, and historian who was a prominent figure in the Tanzimat reforms of the Ottoman Empire. He was the head of the ...more
6
Ahmet Şimşirgil is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 60
Ahmet Şimşirgil is a Turkish academic. He is a professor of Ottoman history on the historical period which extends from the conquest of Istanbul in the Faculty of Science and Literature at the ...more
7
Ahmet Yalçınkaya is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 56
Ahmet Yalçınkaya is a Turkish poet and academician. Born in Giresun, Turkey, and grew up in Germany. Has studied engineering, robotics, management and business at various universities in ...more
8
Ahmet Yıldız is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Ahmet Yıldız age 40
Ahmet Yıldız is a Turkish professor of Physics and Molecular Cell Biology at the University of California, Berkeley. He has contributed significantly to the understanding of how motor proteins ...more
9
Al-Jazari is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 70 (1136-1206)
Badi'al-Zaman Abū al-'Izz ibn Ismā'īl ibn al-Razāz al-Jazarī was a Muslim polymath: a scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, craftsman, artist, and mathematician from Jazirat ibn Umar, who ...more
10
Ali Erdemir is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Ali Erdemir, born in Kadirli, Adana, Turkey, is a Turkish materials scientist specializing in surface engineering and tribology. He graduated from the Metallurgy Department of the Istanbul ...more
11
Ali Qushji is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 71 (1403-1474)
Ala al-Dīn Ali ibn Muhammed, known as Ali Qushji was an astronomer, mathematician and physicist originally from Samarkand, who settled in the Ottoman Empire some time before 1472. As a disciple ...more
12
Attila Aşkar is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Attila Aşkar is a Turkish mathematician and former president of the Koç University between years 2001 and 2009. Aşkar received his Engineering Diploma from the Istanbul Technical ...more
13
Aykut Barka is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 51 (1951-2002)
Aykut Barka was a Turkish earth scientist specialized in earthquake research. He is best known for his contributions to understanding the behaviour of the North Anatolian Fault Zone, one of the ...more
14
Behram Kurşunoğlu is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 81 (1922-2003)
Behram Kurşunoğlu was a Turkish physicist and the founder and the director of the Center for Theoretical Studies, University of Miami. He was best known for his works on unified field theory, ...more
15
Bülent Atalay is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 79
Bülent Atalay is a Turkish-American educator, author, scientist, and artist. Born in Ankara, Turkey in 1940, Atalay is the author of the best selling book, Math and the Mona Lisa: the Art ...more
16
Cahit Arf is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 87 (1910-1997)
Cahit Arf was a Turkish mathematician. He is known for the Arf invariant of a quadratic form in characteristic 2 in topology, the Hasse–Arf theorem in ramification theory, Arf semigroups, and ...more
17
Cem Yalçın Yıldırım is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 57
Cem Yalçın Yıldırım is a Turkish mathematician who specializes in number theory. He obtained his B.Sc from Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey and his PhD from the ...more
18
Ekmel Özbay is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 53
Ekmel Özbay is a Turkish professor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering and Physics Departments at Bilkent University and the director of the Nanotechnology Research Center, and Space ...more
19
Ekrem. Akurgal is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 91 (1911-2002)
Ekrem Akurgal was a Turkish archaeologist. During a career that spanned more than fifty years, he conducted definitive research in several sites along the western coast of Anatolia such as ...more
20
Erdal İnönü is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 81 (1926-2007)
Erdal İnönü was a Turkish theoretical physicist and politician who served as the interim Prime Minister of Turkey between 16 May and 25 June 1993. He also served as the Deputy Prime ...more
21
Feza Gürsey is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 71 (1921-1992)
Feza Gürsey was a Turkish mathematician and physicist. Among his most prominent contributions to theoretical physics, his works on the Chiral model and on SU are most popular.
22
Gazi Yaşargil is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
age 93
Mahmut Gazi Yaşargil is a Turkish medical scientist and neurosurgeon. He collaborated with Raymond M. P. Donaghy M.D at the University of Vermont in developing microneurosurgery. Yaşargil ...more
23
Gelenbevi Ismail Efendi is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Gelenbevi Ismail Efendi
Ismail Gelenbevi was an Ottoman Turkish mathematician and Professor of Geometry at the Naval College in Istanbul, Turkey. His life and work are well documented in several scholarly works in ...more
24
Halide Edip Adıvar is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Dec. at 80 (1884-1964)
Halide Edip Adıvar was a Turkish novelist, nationalist, and political leader for women's rights. She was best known for her novels criticizing the low social status of Turkish women and what she ...more
25
Halil Mete Soner is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from Turkey
Halil Mete Soner
Halil Mete Soner is a Turkish mathematician born in Ankara. After graduating from the Ankara Science High School, he started his university education at the Middle East Technical University in ...more