READ Famous Scientists from the United States

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List of notable or famous scientists from the United States, with bios and photos, including the top scientists born in the United States and even some popular scientists who immigrated to the United States. If you're trying to find out the names of famous American scientists then this list is the perfect resource for you. These scientists are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known scientist from the United States is included when available.

The list you're viewing is made up of different people like Alexander Graham Bell and Benjamin Franklin.

This historic scientists from the United States list can help answer the questions "Who are some American scientists of note?" and "Who are the most famous scientists from the United States?" These prominent scientists of the United States may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected American scientists.

Use this list of renowned American scientists to discover some new scientists that you aren't familiar with. Don't forget to share this list by clicking one of the social media icons at the top or bottom of the page. 

1
Benjamin Franklin is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Benjamin Franklin Died at 84 (1706-1790) Benjamin Franklin FRS was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, ...more

2
Hedy Lamarr is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Hedy Lamarr Died at 86 (1914-2000) Hedy Lamarr was an Austrian and American inventor and film actress. After an early and brief film career in Germany, which included a controversial love-making scene in the film Ecstasy, she ...more

3
Deodatta V. Shenai-Khatkhate is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Deodatta V. Shenai-Khatkhate Scientist and Inventor from United States of America. Educated in U.S.A. with M.B.A. in Finance and Marketing. Also holds Ph.D. and M.S. in Polymer and Chemical Engineering from University of ...more

4
Nikola Tesla is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Nikola Tesla Died at 87 (1856-1943) Nikola Tesla was a Serbian American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current ...more

5
Alexander Graham Bell is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Alexander Graham Bell Died at 75 (1847-1922) Alexander Graham Bell was an eminent Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone. Bell's father, grandfather, and ...more

6
Alan Greenspan is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Alan Greenspan age 92 Alan Greenspan is an American economist.

7
Carl Sagan is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Carl Sagan Died at 62 (1934-1996) Carl Sagan appeared in the 2012 documentary film Beyond Expression Bright.

8
Buckminster Fuller is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Buckminster Fuller Died at 88 (1895-1983) Richard Buckminster "Bucky" Fuller was an American neo-futuristic architect, systems theorist, author, designer, and inventor. Fuller published more than 30 books, coining or ...more

9
George Washington Carver is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
George Washington Carver George Washington Carver, was an American botanist and inventor. The exact day and year of his birth are unknown; he was born into slavery in Missouri, either in 1861, or January 1864. Carver's ...more

10
Bill Nye is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Bill Nye age 62 William Sanford "Bill" Nye, popularly known as Bill Nye the Science Guy, is an American science educator, comedian, television host, actor, writer, scientist, and former mechanical ...more

11
Alfred Kinsey is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Alfred Kinsey Died at 62 (1894-1956) Alfred Charles Kinsey was an American biologist, professor of entomology and zoology, and sexologist who in 1947 founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University, now known as the ...more

12
Dian Fossey is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Dian Fossey Died at 53 (1932-1985) Dian Fossey was an American zoologist, primatologist, and anthropologist who undertook an extensive study of gorilla groups over a period of 18 years. She studied them daily in the mountain ...more

13
Robert Oppenheimer is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Robert Oppenheimer Died at 63 (1904-1967) Julius Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is among the persons who are often called the "father ...more

14
Joseph Stiglitz is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Joseph Stiglitz age 75 Joseph Eugene Stiglitz, ForMemRS, FBA is an American economist and a professor at Columbia University. He is a recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences and the John Bates Clark ...more

15
Enrico Fermi is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Enrico Fermi Died at 53 (1901-1954) Enrico Fermi was an Italian physicist, best known for his work on Chicago Pile-1, and for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical ...more

16
Grace Hopper is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Grace Hopper Died at 86 (1906-1992) Grace Murray Hopper was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. She was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer in 1944, and invented the first ...more

17
George Carruthers is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
George Carruthers age 78 George Robert Carruthers is an African-American inventor, physicist, and space scientist. He has lived most of his life in Washington, DC.

18
Linus Pauling is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Linus Pauling Died at 93 (1901-1994) Linus Carl Pauling was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, and educator. He was one of the most influential chemists in history and ranks among the most important scientists ...more

19
Jonas Salk is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Jonas Salk Died at 81 (1914-1995) Jonas Edward Salk was an American medical researcher and virologist. He discovered and developed the first successful inactivated polio vaccine. Born in New York City, he attended New York ...more

20
Mae Jemison is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Mae Jemison age 61 Mae Carol Jemison is an American physician and NASA astronaut. She became the first African American woman to travel in space when she went into orbit aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour on ...more

21
Judith Resnik is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Judith Resnik Died at 37 (1949-1986) Judith Arlene Resnik was an American engineer and a NASA astronaut who died when the Space Shuttle Challenger was destroyed during the launch of mission STS-51-L. Resnik was the second American ...more

22
Mehmet Öz is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Mehmet Öz age 57 Mehmet Cengiz Öz, better known as Dr. Oz, is a Turkish-American cardiothoracic surgeon, author, and television personality. Oz is supportive of alternative medicine, and has been criticized ...more

23
Kalpana Chawla is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Kalpana Chawla Died at 41 (1962-2003) Kalpana Chawla was born in Karnal, India. She was the first Indian-American astronaut and first Indian woman in space. She first flew on Space Shuttle Columbia in 1997 as a mission specialist ...more

24
Milton Friedman is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Milton Friedman Died at 94 (1912-2006) Milton Friedman was an American economist, statistician and writer who taught at the University of Chicago for more than three decades. He received the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic ...more

25
Edward Teller is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Edward Teller Died at 95 (1908-2003) Edward Teller was a Hungarian-born American theoretical physicist who, although he claimed he did not care for the title, is known colloquially as "the father of the hydrogen bomb". He ...more

26
Franklin Chang Díaz is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Franklin Chang Díaz age 68 Franklin Ramón Chang Díaz, Ph.D. is a Costa Rican-American mechanical engineer, physicist and former NASA astronaut. Dr. Chang Díaz became an American citizen in 1977. He is ...more

27
Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin Died at 77 (1858-1935) Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin, Ph.D., LL.D., also known as Michael I. Pupin, was a Serbian American physicist and physical chemist. Pupin is best known for his numerous patents, including a means of ...more

28
John Bidwell is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
John Bidwell Died at 81 (1819-1900) John Bidwell was known throughout California and across the nation as an important pioneer, farmer, soldier, statesman, politician, prohibitionist and philanthropist. He is famous for leading ...more

29
Charles Proteus Steinmetz is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Charles Proteus Steinmetz Died at 58 (1865-1923) Charles Proteus Steinmetz was a German-born American mathematician and electrical engineer. He fostered the development of alternating current that made possible the expansion of the electric ...more

30
Stan Ovshinsky is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Stan Ovshinsky Died at 90 (1922-2012) Stanford Robert Ovshinsky was a prolific American inventor and scientist who had been granted well over 400 patents over fifty years, mostly in the areas of energy and information. Many of his ...more

31
Harrison Schmitt is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Harrison Schmitt age 82 Harrison Hagan "Jack" Schmitt is an American geologist, retired NASA astronaut, university professor and former U.S. senator from New Mexico. In December 1972, as one of the crew on ...more

32
Benoit Mandelbrot is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Benoit Mandelbrot Died at 86 (1924-2010) Benoit B. Mandelbrot was a Polish-born, French and American mathematician, noted for developing a "theory of roughness" and "self-similarity" in nature and the field of ...more

33
Gregory Goodwin Pincus is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Gregory Goodwin Pincus Died at 64 (1903-1967) Dr. Gregory Goodwin Pincus was an American biologist and researcher who co-invented the combined oral contraceptive pill.

34
Michio Kaku is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Michio Kaku age 71 Michio Kaku is an American futurist, theoretical physicist and popularizer of science. Dr. Kaku is a Professor of Theoretical Physics at the City College of New York. He has written several ...more

35
Richard Feynman is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Richard Feynman Died at 70 (1918-1988) Richard Phillips Feynman, ForMemRS was an American theoretical physicist known for his work in the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics, and the ...more

36
Robert H. Goddard is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Robert H. Goddard Died at 63 (1882-1945) Robert Hutchings Goddard was an American engineer, professor, physicist, and inventor who is credited with creating and building the world's first liquid-fueled rocket, which he successfully ...more

37
Robert Jarvik is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Robert Jarvik age 71 Robert Koffler Jarvik, M.D. is an American scientist, researcher and entrepreneur known for his role in developing the Jarvik-7 artificial heart.

38
James D. Watson is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
James D. Watson age 90 James Dewey Watson is an American molecular biologist, geneticist and zoologist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick. Watson, Crick, and ...more

39
Herbert Simon is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Herbert Simon Died at 85 (1916-2001) Herbert Alexander Simon, a Nobel laureate, was an American political scientist, economist, sociologist, psychologist, computer scientist, and Richard King Mellon Professor—most notably at ...more

40
John Bardeen is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
John Bardeen Died at 83 (1908-1991) John Bardeen was an American physicist and electrical engineer, the only person to have won the Nobel Prize in Physics twice: first in 1956 with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the ...more

41
Rusty Schweickart is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Rusty Schweickart age 82 Russell Louis "Rusty" Schweickart is an American aeronautical engineer, and a former NASA astronaut, research scientist, Air Force fighter pilot, as well as a former business executive ...more

42
Dr. Kiki Sanford is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Dr. Kiki Sanford age 43 Kirsten "Kiki" Sanford is an American science communicator. After working at the University of California, Davis as a research scientist in neurophysiology, she left research work to ...more

43
Gregory Olsen is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Gregory Olsen age 72 Gregory Hammond "Greg" Olsen is an American entrepreneur, engineer and scientist who, in October 2005, became the third private citizen to make a self-funded trip to the International ...more

44
David Bohm is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
David Bohm Died at 75 (1917-1992) David Joseph Bohm FRS was an American scientist who has been described as one of the most significant theoretical physicists of the 20th century and who contributed innovative and unorthodox ...more

45
John Muir is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
John Muir Died at 76 (1838-1914) John Muir was a Scottish-American naturalist, author, and early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the United States. His letters, essays, and books telling of his adventures in nature, ...more

46
Edward Witten is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Edward Witten age 66 Edward Witten is an American theoretical physicist and professor of mathematical physics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. Witten is a researcher in string theory, ...more

47
Louis Agassiz Shaw, Jr. is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Louis Agassiz Shaw, Jr. Louis Agassiz Shaw, Jr. was an instructor of physiology at the School of Public Health of Harvard University, where he is credited in 1928 along with Philip Drinker for inventing the Drinker ...more

48
Ken Thompson is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Ken Thompson age 75 Kenneth "Ken" Thompson, commonly referred to as ken in hacker circles, is an American pioneer of computer science. Having worked at Bell Labs for most of his career, Thompson designed ...more

49
Lillian Moller Gilbreth is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
Lillian Moller Gilbreth Died at 94 (1878-1972) Lillian Evelyn Moller Gilbreth was an American psychologist and industrial engineer. One of the first working female engineers holding a Ph.D., she is held to be the first true ...more

50
John McCarthy is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Scientists from the United States
John McCarthy Died at 84 (1927-2011) John McCarthy was an American computer scientist and cognitive scientist. McCarthy was one of the founders of the discipline of artificial intelligence. He coined the term "artificial ...more