Culture Famous Writers from Austria

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List of famous writers from Austria, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Austria is home to many prolific writers, including those who write fiction, non-fiction, poetry, biographies and more. These are some of the best Austrian writers that have ever lived, so if you're a native of Austria and an aspiring writer then use this list as inspiration to achieve your own writing goals.

List features Hans Müller-Einigen, Eugene Braunwald and more writers.

This list answers the questions, "Who are popular Austrian writers?" and "Which writers are from Austria?"

You can click on the names of these renowned writers of Austria in order to get more information about each one. Some of these historic writers may no longer be living in Austria, but they're all of Austria descent.

1
Hungary is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the ...more

2
Franz Kafka is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 41 (1883-1924)
Franz Kafka was a German-language writer of novels and short stories, regarded by critics as one of the most influential authors of the 20th century. Most of his works, such as "Die ...more

3
Franz Schubert is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 31 (1797-1828)
Franz Peter Schubert was an Austrian composer. Schubert 's life ended at 31 but was extremely prolific during his lifetime. His output consists of over six hundred secular vocal works, seven ...more

4
Johann Strauss II is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 74 (1825-1899)
Johann Strauss II, also known as Johann Strauss, Jr., the Younger, the Son, Johann Baptist Strauss, was an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas. He composed ...more

5
Sigmund Freud is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 83 (1856-1939)
Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist, now known as the father of psychoanalysis. Freud qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881, and then carried out research ...more

6
Adolf Hitler is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 56 (1889-1945)
Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party. He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As ...more

7
Gustav Mahler is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 51 (1860-1911)
Gustav Mahler was an Austrian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and ...more

8
Joseph Haydn is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 77 (1732-1809)
Joseph Haydn was a prominent and prolific composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio and his contributions to musical form ...more

9
Elias Canetti is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 89 (1905-1994)
Elias Canetti was a German language author, born in Bulgaria, and later a British citizen. He was a modernist novelist, playwright, memoirist, and non-fiction writer. He won the Nobel Prize in ...more

10
Max Fleischer is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 89 (1883-1972)
Max Fleischer was an Polish Jewish American animator, inventor, film director and producer. Fleischer was a pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon and served as the head of Fleischer ...more

11
Edmund Husserl is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 79 (1859-1938)
Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl was a German philosopher who established the school of phenomenology. He broke with the positivist orientation of the science and philosophy of his day. He ...more

12
Arnold Schwarzenegger is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
age 71
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger is an Austrian-born American actor, model, producer, director, activist, businessman, investor, writer, philanthropist, former professional bodybuilder, and ...more

13
Ludwig Wittgenstein is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 62 (1889-1951)
Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language. From ...more

14
Ludwig Bemelmans is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 64 (1898-1962)
Ludwig Bemelmans was an Austria-Hungary-born American writer and illustrator of children's books and an internationally known gourmet. He is known best for the Madeline picture books. Six were ...more

15
Alfred Adler is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 67 (1870-1937)
Alfred W. Adler was an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology. His emphasis on the importance of feelings of inferiority—the inferiority ...more

16
Richard Neutra is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 78 (1892-1970)
Richard Joseph Neutra was an American architect. Living and building for the majority of his career in Southern California, he came to be considered among the most important modernist

17
Billy Wilder is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 96 (1906-2002)
Billy Wilder was an Austrian-born American filmmaker, screenwriter, producer, artist and journalist, whose career spanned more than 50 years and 60 films. He is regarded as one of the most ...more

18
Anton Bruckner is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 72 (1824-1896)
Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer known for his symphonies, masses, and motets. The first are considered emblematic of the final stage of Austro-German Romanticism because of their rich ...more

19
Maximilian Schell is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 84 (1930-2014)
Maximilian Schell was an Austrian and Swiss film and stage actor, who also wrote, directed and produced some of his own films. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for the 1961 American film ...more

20
Peter Lorre is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 60 (1904-1964)
Peter Lorre was a Hungarian actor. Born László Loewenstein in Austria-Hungary he began his stage career in Vienna, then moved to Germany and had his breakthrough, first on the ...more

21
Otto Preminger is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 81 (1905-1986)
Otto Ludwig Preminger was an Austrian American theatre and film director. He is known for directing over 35 feature films in a five-decade career after leaving the theatre. He first gained ...more

22
Rainer Maria Rilke is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 51 (1875-1926)
René Karl Wilhelm Johann Josef Maria Rilke —better known as Rainer Maria Rilke —was a Bohemian-Austrian poet and novelist, "widely recognized as one of the most lyrically intense ...more

23
Michael Haneke is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
age 76
Michael Haneke is an Austrian film director and screenwriter best known for films such as Caché, Funny Games, The White Ribbon and Amour. His films often document the discontent and ...more

24
Fred Zinnemann is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 90 (1907-1997)
Alfred "Fred" Zinnemann was an Austro-American film director. He won Academy Awards for directing films in many genres, including thrillers, westerns, film noir, and play adaptations. ...more

25
Martin Buber is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 87 (1878-1965)
Martin Buber was an Austrian-born Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a form of existentialism centered on the distinction between the I–Thou relationship and ...more