Writers Famous Writers from Austria

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List of famous writers from Austria, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Austria is home to many prolific writers, including those who write fiction, non-fiction, poetry, biographies and more. These are some of the best Austrian writers that have ever lived, so if you're a native of Austria and an aspiring writer then use this list as inspiration to achieve your own writing goals.

List features Hans Müller-Einigen, Eugene Braunwald and more writers.

This list answers the questions, "Who are popular Austrian writers?" and "Which writers are from Austria?"

You can click on the names of these renowned writers of Austria in order to get more information about each one. Some of these historic writers may no longer be living in Austria, but they're all of Austria descent.

1
Hungary is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the ...more

2
Franz Kafka is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 41 (1883-1924) Franz Kafka was a German-language writer of novels and short stories, regarded by critics as one of the most influential authors of the 20th century. Most of his works, such as "Die ...more

3
Franz Schubert is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 31 (1797-1828) Franz Peter Schubert was an Austrian composer. Schubert died at 31 but was extremely prolific during his lifetime. His output consists of over six hundred secular vocal works, seven complete ...more

4
Johann Strauss II is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 74 (1825-1899) Johann Strauss II, also known as Johann Strauss, Jr., the Younger, the Son, Johann Baptist Strauss, was an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas. He composed ...more

5
Sigmund Freud is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 83 (1856-1939) Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist, now known as the father of psychoanalysis. Freud qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881, and then carried out research ...more

6
Adolf Hitler is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 56 (1889-1945) Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party. He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As ...more

7
Gustav Mahler is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 51 (1860-1911) Gustav Mahler was an Austrian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and ...more

8
Joseph Haydn is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 77 (1732-1809) Joseph Haydn was a prominent and prolific composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio and his contributions to musical form ...more

9
Elias Canetti is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 89 (1905-1994) Elias Canetti was a German language author, born in Bulgaria, and later a British citizen. He was a modernist novelist, playwright, memoirist, and non-fiction writer. He won the Nobel Prize in ...more

10
Max Fleischer is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 89 (1883-1972) Max Fleischer was an Polish Jewish American animator, inventor, film director and producer. Fleischer was a pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon and served as the head of Fleischer ...more

11
Edmund Husserl is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 79 (1859-1938) Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl was a German philosopher who established the school of phenomenology. He broke with the positivist orientation of the science and philosophy of his day. He ...more

12
Arnold Schwarzenegger is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
age 71 Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger is an Austrian-born American actor, model, producer, director, activist, businessman, investor, writer, philanthropist, former professional bodybuilder, and ...more

13
Ludwig Wittgenstein is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 62 (1889-1951) Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language. From ...more

14
Ludwig Bemelmans is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 64 (1898-1962) Ludwig Bemelmans was an Austria-Hungary-born American writer and illustrator of children's books and an internationally known gourmet. He is known best for the Madeline picture books. Six were ...more

15
Alfred Adler is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 67 (1870-1937) Alfred W. Adler was an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology. His emphasis on the importance of feelings of inferiority—the inferiority ...more

16
Richard Neutra is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 78 (1892-1970) Richard Joseph Neutra was an American architect. Living and building for the majority of his career in Southern California, he came to be considered among the most important modernist

17
Billy Wilder is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 96 (1906-2002) Billy Wilder was an Austrian-born American filmmaker, screenwriter, producer, artist and journalist, whose career spanned more than 50 years and 60 films. He is regarded as one of the most ...more

18
Anton Bruckner is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 72 (1824-1896) Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer known for his symphonies, masses, and motets. The first are considered emblematic of the final stage of Austro-German Romanticism because of their rich ...more

19
Maximilian Schell is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 84 (1930-2014) Maximilian Schell was an Austrian and Swiss film and stage actor, who also wrote, directed and produced some of his own films. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for the 1961 American film ...more

20
Peter Lorre is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 60 (1904-1964) Peter Lorre was a Hungarian actor. Born László Loewenstein in Austria-Hungary he began his stage career in Vienna, then moved to Germany and had his breakthrough, first on the ...more

21
Otto Preminger is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 81 (1905-1986) Otto Ludwig Preminger was an Austrian American theatre and film director. He is known for directing over 35 feature films in a five-decade career after leaving the theatre. He first gained ...more

22
Rainer Maria Rilke is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 51 (1875-1926) René Karl Wilhelm Johann Josef Maria Rilke —better known as Rainer Maria Rilke —was a Bohemian-Austrian poet and novelist, "widely recognized as one of the most lyrically intense ...more

23
Michael Haneke is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
age 76 Michael Haneke is an Austrian film director and screenwriter best known for films such as Caché, Funny Games, The White Ribbon and Amour. His films often document the discontent and ...more

24
Fred Zinnemann is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 90 (1907-1997) Alfred "Fred" Zinnemann was an Austro-American film director. He won Academy Awards for directing films in many genres, including thrillers, westerns, film noir, and play adaptations. ...more

25
Martin Buber is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 87 (1878-1965) Martin Buber was an Austrian-born Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a form of existentialism centered on the distinction between the I–Thou relationship and ...more

26
Arnold Schoenberg is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 77 (1874-1951) Arnold Schoenberg or Schönberg was an Austrian composer and painter, associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. With the ...more

27
Arthur Schnitzler is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 69 (1862-1931) Arthur Schnitzler was an Austrian author and dramatist.

28
Christine Nöstlinger is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
age 82 Christine Nöstlinger is an Austrian writer best known for children's books. For her career contribution to "children's and young adult literature in the broadest sense", she ...more

29
Fritz Lang is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 86 (1890-1976) Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang was a German-Austrian filmmaker, screenwriter, and occasional film producer and actor. One of the best known émigrés from Germany's ...more

30
Thomas Bernhard is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 58 (1931-1989) Thomas Bernhard was an Austrian novelist, playwright and poet. Bernhard, whose body of work has been called "the most significant literary achievement since World War II," is widely ...more

31
Christoph Waltz is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
age 62 Christoph Waltz is an German-Austrian actor. He is best known for his works with American filmmaker Quentin Tarantino, receiving acclaim for portraying SS-Standartenführer Hans Landa in ...more

32
Erich von Stroheim is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 72 (1885-1957) Erich von Stroheim is a an actor, screenwriter. film director and film producer.

33
Hedy Lamarr is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 86 (1914-2000) Hedy Lamarr was an Austrian and American inventor and film actress. After an early and brief film career in Germany, which included a controversial love-making scene in the film Ecstasy, she ...more

34
Georg Wilhelm Pabst is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 82 (1885-1967) Georg Wilhelm Pabst, known professionally as G. W. Pabst, was an Austrian film director.

35
Josef von Sternberg is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 75 (1894-1969) Josef von Sternberg, born Jonas Sternberg was an Austrian-American film director. His family emigrated permanently to the United States when he was fourteen, and he grew up in New York City. He ...more

36
Hermann Oberth is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 95 (1894-1989) Hermann Julius Oberth was an Austro-Hungarian-born German physicist and engineer. He is considered one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics.

37
Tomáš Masaryk is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 87 (1850-1937) Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, sometimes called Thomas Masaryk in English, was a Czechoslovak politician, sociologist and philosopher, who as an eager advocate of Czechoslovak independence ...more

38
Erwin Schrödinger is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 74 (1887-1961) Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger, sometimes written as Erwin Schrodinger or Erwin Schroedinger, was a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist who developed a number of fundamental ...more

39
Joseph Roth is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 45 (1894-1939) Joseph Roth, born Moses Joseph Roth, was an Austrian-Jewish journalist and novelist, best known for his family saga Radetzky March, which is about the decline and fall of the Austro-Hungarian ...more

40
Henry Lehrman is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 60 (1886-1946) Henry Lehrman was an American actor, screenwriter, director and producer.

41
Rudolf Nureyev is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 55 (1938-1993) Rudolf Khametovich Nureyev was a Soviet-born dancer of ballet and modern dance, one of the most celebrated of the 20th century. Nureyev's artistic skills explored expressive areas of the dance, ...more

42
Bernhard Wicki is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 81 (1919-2000) Bernhard Wicki was an Austrian actor and film director. Wicki studied in the city of Breslau such topics as Art History, History und German Literature. In 1938, he transferred to the drama ...more

43
Otto von Habsburg is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 99 (1912-2011) Otto von Habsburg, also known by his royal name as Archduke Otto of Austria, was the last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary from 1916 until the dissolution of the empire in 1918, a realm which ...more

44
Theodor Herzl is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 44 (1860-1904) Theodor Herzl, born Benjamin Ze'ev Herzl was an Austro-Hungarian journalist, playwright, political activist, and writer. He was one of the fathers of modern political Zionism. Herzl formed the ...more

45
Erich Wolfgang Korngold is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 60 (1897-1957) Erich Wolfgang Korngold was an Austro-Hungarian composer who adopted US nationality. While his late Romantic compositional style was considered well out of vogue at the time he died, his music ...more

46
Franz Werfel is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 55 (1890-1945) Franz Viktor Werfel was an Austrian-Bohemian novelist, playwright, and poet whose career spanned World War I, the Interwar period, and World War II. He is primarily known as the author of The ...more

47
Edgar G. Ulmer is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 68 (1904-1972) Edgar Georg Ulmer was a Jewish-Moravian, Austrian-American film director. He is best remembered for the movies The Black Cat and Detour. These stylish and eccentric works have achieved cult ...more

48
Richard Oswald is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Richard Oswald Died at 83 (1880-1963) Richard Oswald was an Austrian director, producer, and screenwriter.

49
Paul Czinner is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
Died at 82 (1890-1972) Paul Czinner was a writer, film director, and producer. Czinner was born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary. After studying literature and philosophy at the University of Vienna, he worked as a ...more

50
Nikolaus Harnoncourt is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Writers from Austria
age 89 Nikolaus Harnoncourt is an Austrian conductor, particularly known for his historically informed performances of music from the Classical era and earlier. Starting out as a classical cellist, he ...more