Culture

Famous Writers from Russia

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List of famous writers from Russia, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Russia is home to many prolific writers, including those who write fiction, non-fiction, poetry, biographies and more. These are some of the best Russian writers that have ever lived, so if you're a native of Russia and an aspiring writer then use this list as inspiration to achieve your own writing goals.

This list is made up of a variety of writers, including Garri Bardin and David Reuben.

This list answers the questions, "Who are popular Russian writers?" and "Which writers are from Russia?"

You can click on the names of these renowned writers of Russia in order to get more information about each one. Some of these historic writers may no longer be living in Russia, but they're all of Russia descent.
1
Anton Chekhov is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 44 (1860-1904)
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was a Russian physician, playwright and author who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short stories in history. His career as a playwright produced four ...more
2
Leo Tolstoy is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 82 (1828-1910)
Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, commonly referred to as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, playwright and philosopher who primarily wrote novels and short ...more
3
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 53 (1840-1893)
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, often anglicised as Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, was a Russian composer whose works included symphonies, concertos, operas, ballets, chamber music, and a choral setting of ...more
4
Fyodor Dostoyevsky is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 60 (1821-1881)
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky, sometimes transliterated Dostoevsky, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher. Dostoyevsky's literary works explore human ...more
5
Maxim Gorky is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 68 (1868-1936)
Alexei Maximovich Peshkov, primarily known as Maxim Gorky, was a Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the Socialist realism literary method and a political activist. Around fifteen years ...more
6
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 78 (1899-1977)
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov was a Russian-American novelist. While Nabokov's first nine novels were in Russian, he later rose to international prominence as a writer of English prose. He also ...more
7
Aleksandr Pushkin is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 38 (1799-1837)
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was a Russian author of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. Pushkin was born ...more
8
Ivan Turgenev is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 65 (1818-1883)
Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev was a Russian novelist, short story writer, and playwright. His first major publication, a short story collection entitled A Sportsman's Sketches, was a milestone of ...more
9
Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 42 (1839-1881)
Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky was a Russian composer, one of the group known as "The Five". He was an innovator of Russian music in the romantic period. He strove to achieve a uniquely ...more
10
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 64 (1844-1908)
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five. He was a master of orchestration. His best-known orchestral ...more
11
Nikolai Gogol is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 43 (1809-1852)
Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol was a Russian dramatist, novelist and short story writer of Ukrainian ethnicity. Russian and Ukrainian scholars debate whether or not Gogol was of their respective ...more
12
Sergei Rachmaninoff is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 70 (1873-1943)
Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor. Rachmaninoff is widely considered as one of the finest pianists of his day and, as a composer, one of the last ...more
13
Igor Stravinsky is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 89 (1882-1971)
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky was a Russian composer, pianist and conductor. He is widely considered to be one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century. Stravinsky's ...more
14
Mikhail Glinka is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 53 (1804-1857)
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition within his own country, and is often regarded as the fountainhead of Russian classical music. Glinka's ...more
15
Charles Lamont is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 98 (1895-1993)
Charles Lamont was a prolific film director of over 200 titles, and the producer and writer of many others. He was born in San Francisco, USA, and died in Los Angeles, California, USA.
16
Dmitri Shostakovich is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 69 (1906-1975)
Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich was a Russian composer and pianist, and a prominent figure of 20th-century music. Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet ...more
17
Vladimir Mayakovsky is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 37 (1893-1930)
Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky was a Russian and Soviet poet, playwright, artist and stage and film actor. 1913-1917 saw Mayakovsky's rise to fame as a leader of the Russian Futurist ...more
18
Sergei Prokofiev is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 62 (1891-1953)
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev was a Russian composer, pianist and conductor. As the creator of acknowledged masterpieces across numerous musical genres, he is regarded as one of the major ...more
19
Boris Pasternak is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 70 (1890-1960)
Boris Leonidovich Pasternak was a Russian poet, novelist, and literary translator. In his native Russian, Pasternak's first book of poems, My Sister, Life, is one of the most influential ...more
20
Marina Tsvetaeva is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 49 (1892-1941)
Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva was a Russian and Soviet poet. Her work is considered among some of the greatest in twentieth century Russian literature. She lived through and wrote of the Russian ...more
21
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 90 (1918-2008)
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn was a Russian novelist, historian, and critic of Soviet totalitarianism. He helped to raise global awareness of the gulag. While his writings were long ...more
22
Peter Kropotkin is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 79 (1842-1921)
Prince Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin was a Russian geographer, economist, activist, philologist, zoologist, evolutionary theorist, philosopher, writer and prominent anarchist. Kropotkin advocated ...more
23
Ivan Bunin is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 83 (1870-1953)
Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin was the first Russian writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. He was noted for the strict artistry with which he carried on the classical Russian traditions in the ...more
24
Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokh... is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dec. at 79 (1905-1984)
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov was a Soviet/Russian novelist and winner of the 1965 Nobel Prize in Literature. He is known for writing about life and fate of Don Cossacks during Russian ...more
25
Victor Pelevin is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
age 57
Victor Olegovich Pelevin is a Russian fiction writer, the author of novels "Omon Ra", "Chapayev and Void" and "Generation P". He is a laureate of multiple literary ...more