Russian People Famous Writers from Russia

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List of famous writers from Russia, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Russia is home to many prolific writers, including those who write fiction, non-fiction, poetry, biographies and more. These are some of the best Russian writers that have ever lived, so if you're a native of Russia and an aspiring writer then use this list as inspiration to achieve your own writing goals.

This list is made up of a variety of writers, including Garri Bardin and David Reuben.

This list answers the questions, "Who are popular Russian writers?" and "Which writers are from Russia?"

You can click on the names of these renowned writers of Russia in order to get more information about each one. Some of these historic writers may no longer be living in Russia, but they're all of Russia descent.

1
Anton Chekhov is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Anton Chekhov Died at 44 (1860-1904) Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was a Russian physician, playwright and author who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short stories in history. His career as a playwright produced four ...more

2
Leo Tolstoy is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Leo Tolstoy Died at 82 (1828-1910) Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, commonly referred to as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, playwright and philosopher who primarily wrote novels and short ...more

3
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is listed (or ranked) 3 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Died at 53 (1840-1893) Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, often anglicised as Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, was a Russian composer whose works included symphonies, concertos, operas, ballets, chamber music, and a choral setting of ...more

4
Fyodor Dostoyevsky is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Fyodor Dostoyevsky Died at 60 (1821-1881) Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky, sometimes transliterated Dostoevsky, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher. Dostoyevsky's literary works explore human ...more

5
Maxim Gorky is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Maxim Gorky Died at 68 (1868-1936) Alexei Maximovich Peshkov, primarily known as Maxim Gorky, was a Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the Socialist realism literary method and a political activist. Around fifteen years ...more

6
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov is listed (or ranked) 6 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov Died at 78 (1899-1977) Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov was a Russian-American novelist. While Nabokov's first nine novels were in Russian, he later rose to international prominence as a writer of English prose. He also ...more

7
Aleksandr Pushkin is listed (or ranked) 7 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Aleksandr Pushkin Died at 38 (1799-1837) Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was a Russian author of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature. Pushkin was born ...more

8
Ivan Turgenev is listed (or ranked) 8 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Ivan Turgenev Died at 65 (1818-1883) Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev was a Russian novelist, short story writer, and playwright. His first major publication, a short story collection entitled A Sportsman's Sketches, was a milestone of ...more

9
Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky is listed (or ranked) 9 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky Died at 42 (1839-1881) Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky was a Russian composer, one of the group known as "The Five". He was an innovator of Russian music in the romantic period. He strove to achieve a uniquely ...more

10
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Died at 64 (1844-1908) Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov was a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as The Five. He was a master of orchestration. His best-known orchestral ...more

11
Nikolai Gogol is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Nikolai Gogol Died at 43 (1809-1852) Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol was a Russian dramatist, novelist and short story writer of Ukrainian ethnicity. Russian and Ukrainian scholars debate whether or not Gogol was of their respective ...more

12
Sergei Rachmaninoff is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Sergei Rachmaninoff Died at 70 (1873-1943) Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor. Rachmaninoff is widely considered as one of the finest pianists of his day and, as a composer, one of the last ...more

13
Igor Stravinsky is listed (or ranked) 13 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Igor Stravinsky Died at 89 (1882-1971) Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky was a Russian composer, pianist and conductor. He is widely considered to be one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century. Stravinsky's ...more

14
Mikhail Glinka is listed (or ranked) 14 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Mikhail Glinka Died at 53 (1804-1857) Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition within his own country, and is often regarded as the fountainhead of Russian classical music. Glinka's ...more

15
Charles Lamont is listed (or ranked) 15 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Charles Lamont Died at 98 (1895-1993) Charles Lamont was a prolific film director of over 200 titles, and the producer and writer of many others. He was born in San Francisco, USA, and died in Los Angeles, California, USA.

16
Dmitri Shostakovich is listed (or ranked) 16 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Dmitri Shostakovich Died at 69 (1906-1975) Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich was a Russian composer and pianist, and a prominent figure of 20th-century music. Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet ...more

17
Vladimir Mayakovsky is listed (or ranked) 17 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Vladimir Mayakovsky Died at 37 (1893-1930) Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky was a Russian and Soviet poet, playwright, artist and stage and film actor. 1913-1917 saw Mayakovsky's rise to fame as a leader of the Russian Futurist ...more

18
Sergei Prokofiev is listed (or ranked) 18 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Sergei Prokofiev Died at 62 (1891-1953) Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev was a Russian composer, pianist and conductor. As the creator of acknowledged masterpieces across numerous musical genres, he is regarded as one of the major ...more

19
Boris Pasternak is listed (or ranked) 19 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Boris Pasternak Died at 70 (1890-1960) Boris Leonidovich Pasternak was a Russian poet, novelist, and literary translator. In his native Russian, Pasternak's first book of poems, My Sister, Life, is one of the most influential ...more

20
Marina Tsvetaeva is listed (or ranked) 20 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Marina Tsvetaeva Died at 49 (1892-1941) Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva was a Russian and Soviet poet. Her work is considered among some of the greatest in twentieth century Russian literature. She lived through and wrote of the Russian ...more

21
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn is listed (or ranked) 21 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Died at 90 (1918-2008) Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn was a Russian novelist, historian, and critic of Soviet totalitarianism. He helped to raise global awareness of the gulag and the Soviet Union's forced labor ...more

22
Peter Kropotkin is listed (or ranked) 22 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Peter Kropotkin Died at 79 (1842-1921) Prince Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin was a Russian geographer, economist, activist, philologist, zoologist, evolutionary theorist, philosopher, writer and prominent anarchist. Kropotkin advocated ...more

23
Ivan Bunin is listed (or ranked) 23 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Ivan Bunin Died at 83 (1870-1953) Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin was the first Russian writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. He was noted for the strict artistry with which he carried on the classical Russian traditions in the ...more

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Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokh... is listed (or ranked) 24 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov Died at 79 (1905-1984) Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov was a Soviet/Russian novelist and winner of the 1965 Nobel Prize in Literature. He is known for writing about life and fate of Don Cossacks during Russian ...more

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Victor Pelevin is listed (or ranked) 25 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Victor Pelevin age 56 Victor Olegovich Pelevin is a Russian fiction writer, the author of novels "Omon Ra", "Chapayev and Void" and "Generation P". He is a laureate of multiple literary ...more

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Sergey Lukyanenko is listed (or ranked) 26 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Sergey Lukyanenko age 50 Sergei Vasilievich Lukyanenko is a science fiction and fantasy author, writing in Russian, and is one of the most popular contemporary Russian sci-fi writers. His works often feature intense ...more

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Anna Akhmatova is listed (or ranked) 27 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Anna Akhmatova Died at 77 (1889-1966) Anna Andreyevna Gorenko, better known by the pen name Anna Akhmatova, was a Russian modernist poet, one of the most acclaimed writers in the Russian canon. Akhmatova's work ranges from short ...more

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Mikhail Bakhtin is listed (or ranked) 28 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Mikhail Bakhtin Died at 80 (1895-1975) Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin was a Russian philosopher, literary critic, semiotician and scholar who worked on literary theory, ethics, and the philosophy of language. His writings, on a variety ...more

29
Varlam Shalamov is listed (or ranked) 29 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Varlam Shalamov Died at 75 (1907-1982) Varlam Tikhonovich Shalamov, baptized as Varlaam, was a Russian writer, journalist, poet and Gulag survivor.

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Sergey Mikhalkov is listed (or ranked) 30 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Sergey Mikhalkov Died at 96 (1913-2009) Sergey Vladimirovich Mikhalkov was a Soviet and Russian author of children's books and satirical fables who had the opportunity to write the lyrics of his country's national anthem on three ...more

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Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikola... is listed (or ranked) 31 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia Died at 17 (1901-1918) Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia was the youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, the last sovereign of Imperial Russia, and his wife, Tsarina Alexandra Fyodorovna. Anastasia was a ...more

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Alexandra Marinina is listed (or ranked) 32 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Alexandra Marinina age 61 Alexandra Marinina Russian: Алекса́ндра Мари́нина is a best-selling Russian writer of detective stories.

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Mikhail Lermontov is listed (or ranked) 33 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Mikhail Lermontov Died at 27 (1814-1841) Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov, a Russian Romantic writer, poet and painter, the most important Russian poet after Alexander Pushkin's death in 1837 and the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism. ...more

34
Genndy Tartakovsky is listed (or ranked) 34 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Genndy Tartakovsky age 48 Gennadiy Borisovich Tartakovsky is a Russian-born American animator, director and producer. He is best known for creating the Cartoon Network animated television series Dexter's Laboratory, ...more

35
Sergei Yesenin is listed (or ranked) 35 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Sergei Yesenin Died at 30 (1895-1925) Sergei Alexandrovich Yesenin was a Russian lyrical poet. He was one of the most popular and well-known Russian poets of the 20th century.

36
Leon Trotsky is listed (or ranked) 36 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Leon Trotsky Died at 61 (1879-1940) Leon Trotsky was a Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet politician, and the founder and first leader of the Red Army. Trotsky initially supported the Menshevik Internationalists faction of ...more

37
Maria Rybakova is listed (or ranked) 37 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Maria Rybakova age 45 Maria Aleksadrovna Rybakova is a Russian writer, whose works are published in multiple languages.

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George Sanders is listed (or ranked) 38 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
George Sanders Died at 66 (1906-1972) George Henry Sanders was an English film and television actor, singer-songwriter, music composer, and author. His career as an actor spanned more than 40 years. His upper-class English accent ...more

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Alexander Sokurov is listed (or ranked) 39 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Alexander Sokurov age 67 Alexander Nikolayevich Sokurov, PAR is a Russian filmmaker. His most significant works include a feature film, Russian Ark, filmed in a single unedited shot, and Faust, which was honoured with ...more

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Nikita Mikhalkov is listed (or ranked) 40 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Nikita Mikhalkov age 73 Nikita Sergeyevich Mikhalkov is a Soviet and Russian filmmaker, actor, and head of the Russian Cinematographers' Union. Mikhalkov was born in Moscow into the distinguished, artistic Mikhalkov ...more

41
Mikhail Baryshnikov is listed (or ranked) 41 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Mikhail Baryshnikov age 70 Mikhail Nikolayevich Baryshnikov, nicknamed "Misha", is a Russian-American dancer, choreographer, and actor born in the Soviet Union, often cited alongside Vaslav Nijinsky and Rudolf ...more

42
Mikhail Gorbachev is listed (or ranked) 42 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Mikhail Gorbachev age 87 Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev is a former Soviet statesman. He was the eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union, having served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ...more

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Andrei Konchalovsky is listed (or ranked) 43 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Andrei Konchalovsky age 81 Andrei Sergeyevich Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky is a Russian-American film director, film producer and screenwriter. He was a frequent collaborator of Andrei Tarkovsky earlier in his career. He is the ...more

44
Samuil Marshak is listed (or ranked) 44 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Samuil Marshak Died at 77 (1887-1964) Samuil Yakovlevich Marshak Russian: Самуи́л Я́ковлевич Марша́к; 3 November [O.S. 22 October] 1887 – 4 July 1964 was a Russian and Soviet writer, translator and children's poet. He translated the ...more

45
Yevgeniy Yevtushenko is listed (or ranked) 45 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Yevgeniy Yevtushenko age 85 Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Yevtushenko is a Soviet and Russian poet. He is also a novelist, essayist, dramatist, screenwriter, actor, and editor, and a director of several films.

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Andrei Tarkovsky is listed (or ranked) 46 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Andrei Tarkovsky Died at 54 (1932-1986) Andrei Arsenyevich Tarkovsky was a Soviet and Russian film-maker, writer, film editor, film theorist, theatre and opera director. Tarkovsky's films include Ivan's Childhood, Andrei Rublev, ...more

47
Boris Barnet is listed (or ranked) 47 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Boris Barnet Died at 63 (1902-1965) Boris Vasilyevich Barnet was a Soviet film director, actor and screenwriter of British origin. His grandfather was a printmaker who came to the Russian Empire from Great Britain. He directed 27 ...more

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Vladimir Vysotsky is listed (or ranked) 48 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Vladimir Vysotsky Died at 42 (1938-1980) Vladimir Semyonovich Vysotsky was a Russian singer-songwriter, poet, and actor whose career had an immense and enduring effect on Soviet and Russian culture. He became widely known for his ...more

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Bulat Okudzhava is listed (or ranked) 49 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Bulat Okudzhava Died at 73 (1924-1997) Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava was a Russian poet, writer, musician, novelist, and singer-songwriter of Georgian-Armenian ancestry. He was one of the founders of the Russian genre called ...more

50
Gregory Ratoff is listed (or ranked) 50 on the list Famous Writers from Russia
Gregory Ratoff Died at 63 (1897-1960) Gregory Ratoff was a Russian-born American film director, actor and producer. His most famous role as an actor was as producer Max Fabian in All About Eve.