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Famous Writers from Russia

Updated October 13, 2018 21.2k views560 items

List of famous writers from Russia, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Russia is home to many prolific writers, including those who write fiction, non-fiction, poetry, biographies and more. These are some of the best Russian writers that have ever lived, so if you're a native of Russia and an aspiring writer then use this list as inspiration to achieve your own writing goals.

This list is made up of a variety of writers, including Garri Bardin and David Reuben.

This list answers the questions, "Who are popular Russian writers?" and "Which writers are from Russia?"

You can click on the names of these renowned writers of Russia in order to get more information about each one. Some of these historic writers may no longer be living in Russia, but they're all of Russia descent.
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  • 1
    Anton Chekhov

    Anton Chekhov

    Dec. at 44 (1860-1904)

    BirthplaceTaganrog, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    WorksThe Darling, The Seagull, Ivanov, Select tales of Tchehov, Anton Chekhov

    Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: Антон Павлович Чехов, tr. Antón Pávlovič Čéhov, IPA: [ɐnˈton... more on Wikipedia
  • 2
    Leo Tolstoy

    Leo Tolstoy

    Dec. at 82 (1828-1910)

    BirthplaceYasnaya Polyana, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire

    WorksAnna Karenina, War and Peace, The Death of Ivan Ilyich, The Kreutzer Sonata, Father Sergius

    Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (; Russian: Лев Николаевич Толстой, tr. Lev Nikoláyevich... more on Wikipedia
  • 3
    Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

    Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

    Dec. at 53 (1840-1893)

    BirthplaceVotkinsk, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    WorksEugene Onegin, Great Romantic Violin Concertos in Full Score, Pisʹma k blizkim, Vzpomínka na Hapsal, op. 2

    Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (English: chy-KOF-skee; Russian: Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, tr. Pyótr... more on Wikipedia

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    #74 of 2,443 The Most Influential People of All Time#73 of 525 Which Artist Would You Bring Back From The Dead To Write One More Song?

  • 4
    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Dec. at 60 (1821-1881)

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire

    WorksCrime and Punishment, The Brothers Karamazov, The Idiot, Notes from Underground, Demons

    Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (; Russian: Фёдор Михайлович Достоевский, tr. Fyódor... more on Wikipedia

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    #3 of 1,172 The Best Writers of All Time#1 of 303 The Best Novelists of All Time

  • 5
    Maxim Gorky

    Maxim Gorky

    Dec. at 68 (1868-1936)

    BirthplaceEurasia, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, Nizhny Novgorod

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    WorksThe Mother, Bystander, Summerfolk, On Literature, Fragments from My Diary

    Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Russian: Алексе́й Макси́мович Пешко́в or Пе́шков; 28 March [O.S. 16... more on Wikipedia
  • 6
    Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov

    Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov

    Dec. at 78 (1899-1977)

    BirthplaceSaint Petersburg, Russia

    NationalityUnited States of America, Russian Empire

    WorksLolita, Lolita, Pale Fire, Speak, Memory

    Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (; Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Набо́ков [vɫɐˈdʲimʲɪr... more on Wikipedia
  • 7
    Aleksandr Pushkin

    Aleksandr Pushkin

    Dec. at 38 (1799-1837)

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire

    WorksEugene Onegin, The Captain's Daughter, The Tale of the Priest and of His Workman Balda, The Gypsies & Other Narrative Poems, The Bronze Horseman

    Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (English: ; Russian: Александр Сергеевич Пушкин, tr. Aleksándr... more on Wikipedia
  • 8
    Ivan Turgenev

    Ivan Turgenev

    Dec. at 65 (1818-1883)

    BirthplaceOryol, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire

    WorksFathers and Sons, On the Eve, Virgin soil, Diary of a Superfluous Man, Rudin

    Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev (English: ; Russian: Иван Сергеевич Тургенев, tr. Iván Sergéyevich... more on Wikipedia
  • 9
    Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky

    Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky

    Dec. at 42 (1839-1881)

    BirthplaceToropets, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire

    WorksBoris Godunof, Boris Godounov, Moszkowski / Spanish Dances, Piano Complete, Mussorgsky / Pictures at an Exhibition

    Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (Russian: Моде́ст Петро́вич Му́соргский, tr. Modést Petróvich... more on Wikipedia

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    #123 of 150 Bygone Musicians You Most Want to See Perform as Holograms#23 of 67 The Greatest Romantic Era Composers

  • 10
    Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

    Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

    Dec. at 64 (1844-1908)

    BirthplaceTikhvin, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    WorksMozart and Salieri, Op. 48, Antar; Ili︠a︡ simfonii︠a︡ dli︠a︡ orkestra, Fantasy on Russian themes, The golden cockerel

    Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (Russian: Николай Андреевич Римский-Корсаков, IPA:... more on Wikipedia
  • 11
    Nikolai Gogol

    Nikolai Gogol

    Dec. at 43 (1809-1852)

    BirthplaceVelyki Sorochyntsi, Ukraine

    NationalityRussian Empire

    WorksDead Souls, Nevsky Prospekt, The gamblers, Märchen- Samowar. Erzählungen aus dem alten Rußland, Taras Bulba

    Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol (31 March 1809 – 4 March 1852) was a Russian dramatist of Ukrainian... more on Wikipedia
  • 12
    Sergei Rachmaninoff

    Sergei Rachmaninoff

    Dec. at 70 (1873-1943)

    BirthplaceEurasia, Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia

    NationalityUnited States of America, Russia

    WorksComplete Preludes and Etudes-Tableaux, Color by Interval, Russian Rhapsody--Rachmaninoff (Advanced Piano Duet), 14 preludes for piano solo, Der Fruhling

    Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff (Серге́й Васи́льевич Рахма́нинов) (1 April [O.S. 20 March]... more on Wikipedia

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    #188 of 1,891 The Greatest Musical Artists of All Time#5 of 368 The Best Classical Composers

  • 13
    Igor Stravinsky

    Igor Stravinsky

    Dec. at 89 (1882-1971)

    BirthplaceLomonosov, Russia

    NationalityFrance, United States of America, Russia

    WorksLe sacre du printemps: Danse sacrale, for orchestra, Chronicle of my life, The rite of Spring, Poétique musicale sous forme de six lȩcon

    Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (; Russian: И́горь Фёдорович Страви́нский, IPA: [ˈiɡərʲ... more on Wikipedia
  • 14
    Mikhail Glinka

    Mikhail Glinka

    Dec. at 53 (1804-1857)

    BirthplaceSmolensk Governorate

    NationalityRussia

    WorksMemoirs

    Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Russian: Михаил Иванович Глинка, tr. Mikhaíl Ivánovich Glínka; 1... more on Wikipedia
  • 15

    Charles Lamont

    Dec. at 98 (1895-1993)

    BirthplaceNorthwestern Federal District, Eurasia, Russia, Saint Petersburg

    NationalityUnited States of America, Russia

    WorksA Yankee Doodle Duke, Almost a Husband, The Gossipy Plumber, Kid in Hollywood, Educating Buster

    Charles Lamont (May 5, 1895 – September 12, 1993) was a prolific filmmaker, directing over 200... more on Wikipedia
  • 16
    Dmitri Shostakovich

    Dmitri Shostakovich

    Dec. at 69 (1906-1975)

    BirthplaceSaint Petersburg, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire, Soviet Union

    WorksKhovanshchina, Testimony, Katerina Ismailova

    Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian: Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич , tr. Dmitriy... more on Wikipedia
  • 17
    Vladimir Mayakovsky

    Vladimir Mayakovsky

    Dec. at 37 (1893-1930)

    BirthplaceBaghdati, Georgia

    NationalityRussia, Russian Empire, Soviet Union

    WorksMystery-Bouffe, Night & Morning, The bedbug, Izbrannoe iz izbrannogo, The Young Lady and the Holligan

    Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky (; Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Маяко́вский; 19 July... more on Wikipedia
  • 18
    Sergei Prokofiev

    Sergei Prokofiev

    Dec. at 62 (1891-1953)

    BirthplaceDonetsk Oblast, Ukraine

    NationalityRussia

    WorksWinter Bonfire Suite, Op. 122, The duenna, Larghetto from Symphonie classique. Op. 25, Sarcasms

    Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (; Russian: Серге́й Серге́евич Проко́фьев, tr. Sergej Sergejevič... more on Wikipedia
  • 19
    Boris Pasternak

    Boris Pasternak

    Dec. at 70 (1890-1960)

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire, Soviet Union

    WorksDoctor Zhivago, L'an 1905, Récit, Slepai︠a︡ krasavit︠s︡a, In the interlude

    Boris Leonidovich Pasternak (; Russian: Бори́с Леони́дович Пастерна́к, IPA: [bɐˈrʲis... more on Wikipedia
  • 20
    Marina Tsvetaeva

    Marina Tsvetaeva

    Dec. at 49 (1892-1941)

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    NationalityRussian Empire, Soviet Union

    WorksIzbrannai͡a︡ proza v dvukh tomakh, Za vsekh-protivu vsekh!, The Poem of the End, The Demesne of the Swans, Izbrannye proizvedenii͡a︡

    Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva (Russian: Мари́на Ива́новна Цвета́ева; 8 October [O.S. 26 September]... more on Wikipedia

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    #73 of 233 The Best Female Authors of All Time#107 of 369 The Greatest Poets of All Time

  • 21
    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

    Dec. at 90 (1918-2008)

    BirthplaceKislovodsk, Russia

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    WorksOne Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, In the First Circle, The Gulag Archipelago, August 1914, Cancer Ward

    Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (; 11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008) was a Russian novelist,... more on Wikipedia
  • 22
    Peter Kropotkin

    Peter Kropotkin

    Dec. at 79 (1842-1921)

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    WorksMutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution, Orographie de la Sibérie, Origen y evolución de la moral, The Conquest of Bread, Fields

    Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin (; Russian: Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин; December 9, 1842 –... more on Wikipedia
  • 23
    Ivan Bunin

    Ivan Bunin

    Dec. at 83 (1870-1953)

    BirthplaceVoronezh, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    WorksThe Gentleman from San Francisco, Collected Stories of Ivan Bunin, About Chekhov, Dark Avenues, The Life of Arseniev

    Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin ( or ; Russian: Ива́н Алексе́евич Бу́нин, IPA: [ɪˈvan ɐlʲɪˈksʲejɪvʲɪtɕ... more on Wikipedia
  • 24
    Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov

    Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov

    Dec. at 79 (1905-1984)

    BirthplaceEurasia, Vyoshenskaya, Russia

    NationalityRussia, Soviet Union

    WorksAnd Quiet Flows the Don, The Don Flows Home to the Sea, The Silent Don, Tales of the Don, Virgin Soil Upturned

    Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov (Russian: Михаи́л Алекса́ндрович Шо́лохов, IPA: [ˈʂoləxəf];... more on Wikipedia
  • 25
    Victor Pelevin

    BirthplaceMoscow, Russia

    NationalityRussia

    WorksOmon Ra, Sinii fonar', The Life of Insects, Generation "П", Шлем ужаса

    Victor Olegovich Pelevin (Russian: Ви́ктор Оле́гович Пеле́вин, IPA: [ˈvʲiktər ɐˈlʲɛɡəvʲɪtɕ... more on Wikipedia