Feodor Vassilyev was one of the most prolific fathers in recorded history. A peasant from Shuya, Russia, he lived from 1707-1782 and fathered 87 children before dying at the age of 76. And nearly all of these children were twins, triplets, or quadruplets. Vassilyev's first wife, who holds the world record for most children born to a single woman, birthed 69 of those children, while his second wife had 18.
Though little information exists about Vassilyev's descendants, we know an astonishing 82 out of the 87 children survived infancy, and many lived in Moscow on government assistance. To some, the story may seem impossible, but others find the evidence quite reasonable.
Feodor Vassilyev's contribution to the whole arrangement remains mind-boggling enough, but he isn't even the most impressive person in the story. Vassilyev's first wife gave birth to a total of 69 children, spread over 27 births, pushing the limits of the human body in a way many scientists believe should hardly be possible.
Pregnancy and childbirth are some of the most physically intense experiences the human body can endure, and Mrs. Vassilyev did it continuously for 18 years. That's the same amount of time it takes to raise one child to maturity. Mrs. Vassilyev - whose first name was never revealed - holds the world record for bearing the largest number of children.
Shockingly, 82 of Feodor Vassilyev's 87 children survived infancy. This survival rate is even more of a feat in a time when infant mortality was high. For example, every third child in 18th-century Sweden died before reaching adulthood. Because they're often born prematurely, twins, triplets, and quadruplets are less likely to live - as are children born into poverty. Despite those odds, the Vassilyevs managed to produce 82 children who survived.
Many people can't quite believe the spectacular fertility claims made about the Vassilyevs. The chances of conceiving, carrying, and delivering that many children seem low, at best, and there's no definitive proof it truly occurred. That said, it's not entirely impossible.
Mrs. Vassilyev spent a total of 18 years being pregnant. Even accounting for breaks in between pregnancies to nurse the newly delivered children, she technically had enough time for 27 pregnancies. Because the tendency toward multiple births is genetically determined, it makes sense why she had so many twins and triplets.
That said, a theory isn't necessarily reality. Mrs. Vassilyev's chances of surviving childbirth 27 times, as well as her kids' chances of surviving childhood, seems to many like a pipe dream.
It isn't only modern scientists who balk at the concept of one man fathering close to 100 children. Those seeking proof in the 18th century asked the Imperial Academy of St. Petersburg, who claimed no evidence was needed since the Vassilyev children resided in Moscow and received government assistance. One could also look at the records kept by the Monastery of Nikolsk, which documented births in Moscow at the time.