List of diseases that include fever as a symptom. Any major, well-known medical conditions associated with fever are included below, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Any maladies, sicknesses or illnesses with fever as a symptom can be seen below. For any real, further diagnosis of something you feel you might have, please consult a doctor. This list includes information about each disease, such as what risks are associated with it. Illnesses include everything from HIV to AIDS.This list answers the questions, "What risks are associated with fever?" and "What disease can I have if I have fever?"